Joseph Alexandre Victor d'Hupay (1746–1818) was a French writer and philosopher.
Life and works
While still young he wrote texts on agriculture and economics, expressing his wish to share his land with his neighbours, thus transforming the ideals of the Enlightenment philosophers into practice. His first book, Projet de communauté philosophe, published in 1777, advocated the idea of living in a sort of commune. In 1785, just before the French revolution, he was referred to as a communist in a book review by Restif de la Bretonne; according to some sources, this was the first time that the word "communism" was used in print in its modern sense.
During his life, Victor d'Hupay divided his time between La Tour-d'Aigues, Aix-en-Provence and the neighbouring village of Fuveau, to the south of Montagne Sainte-Victoire, where he died in 1818. The restored family bastide in Fuveau was run according to his principles.
- Grandjonc, Jacques (1983), "Quelques dates à propos des termes communiste et communisme", Mots, 7 (1): 143–148, doi:10.3406/mots.1983.1122
- Nicolas Flippe, Victor d'Hupay, auteur communiste au XVIIIe siècle (to be published).
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