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This article is about the year 1190.
|Centuries:||11th century – 12th century – 13th century|
|Decades:||1160s 1170s 1180s – 1190s – 1200s 1210s 1220s|
|Years:||1187 1188 1189 – 1190 – 1191 1192 1193|
|1190 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1190 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1943|
|Bahá'í calendar||−654 – −653|
|English Regnal year||1 Ric. 1 – 2 Ric. 1|
|Chinese calendar||己酉年 (Earth Rooster)
3886 or 3826
— to —
庚戌年 (Metal Dog)
3887 or 3827
|- Vikram Samvat||1246–1247|
|- Shaka Samvat||1112–1113|
|- Kali Yuga||4291–4292|
|Japanese calendar||Bunji 6 / Kenkyū 1
|Minguo calendar||722 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1733|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1190.|
- June 10 – Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowns in the Saleph River while leading an army to Jerusalem.
- November 24 – Isabella of Jerusalem marries Conrad of Montferrat at Acre, making him de jure king.
- The Teutonic Knights are founded to defend the Latin states in the Levant.
- In Myanmar, Anawrahta's lineage regains control with the assistance of Sri Lanka. Pagan has been in anarchy. The new regime reforms Burmese Buddhism on Sri Lankan Theravada models.
- The feudal era of Japan begins.
- February – Anti-Jewish riots break out in England.
- March 16 – A massacre and mass-suicide of the Jews of York, England, led by Richard Malebys, result in the deaths of 150–500 Jews in Clifford's Tower.
- July 4 – Richard I of England and Philip II of France, having met at Vézelay, set out from Marseille to join the Third Crusade.
- October 4 – Richard I of England threatens war against Tancred of Sicily, and captures Messina.
- Battle of Stara Zagora: The Bulgarians defeat Byzantine Emperor Isaac II.
- The Almohad caliph, Yaqub al-Mansur, fails to reconquer Silves, Portugal.
- Henry I becomes Duke of Brabant.
- On the Harmony of Religions and Philosophy (ar. Kitab fasl al-maqal), by Averroes, is first published.
- Speculum Virginum, a German manuscript, is published (approximate date).
- First known foreign scholar commences study at what will become the University of Oxford in England, Emo of Friesland.
- Vincent of Beauvais, Dominican friar and encyclopedist (d. 1264)
- Peter I, Duke of Brittany (d. 1251)
- William III of Sicily (d. 1198)
- March 15 – Isabella of Hainault, queen of Philip II of France (b. 1170)
- June 10 – Frederick Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor, (drowned) (b. 1122)
- July 25 – Queen Sibylla of Jerusalem (b. c. 1160)
- Ranulf de Glanvill, chief justiciar of England
- Robert de Beaumont, 3rd Earl of Leicester
- Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.