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This article is about the year 1282.
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1250s 1260s 1270s – 1280s – 1290s 1300s 1310s|
|Years:||1279 1280 1281 – 1282 – 1283 1284 1285|
|1282 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1282 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2035|
|Bahá'í calendar||−562 – −561|
|English Regnal year||10 Edw. 1 – 11 Edw. 1|
|Chinese calendar||辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
3978 or 3918
— to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
3979 or 3919
|- Vikram Samvat||1338–1339|
|- Shaka Samvat||1204–1205|
|- Kali Yuga||4383–4384|
|Japanese calendar||Kōan 5
|Minguo calendar||630 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1825|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1282.|
- March – Dafydd ap Gruffydd, brother of Prince of Wales Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, attacks an English castle; his brother feels compelled to support him despite being unprepared for war. Their actions lead to the final English conquest of Wales by King Edward I of England.
- March 30 – The Sicilian rebellion known as the Sicilian Vespers begins against the rule of Angevin King Charles I of Sicily; over the next 6 weeks, thousands of French are killed. The rebellion forces Charles to abandon the Ninth Crusade while still en route to the target city of Constantinople, and allows King Peter III of Aragon to take over rule of the island from Charles (which in turn leads to Peter's excommunication by Pope Martin IV).
- May 15 – Battle of Forlì between Guelphs and Ghibellines: the French army under Pope Martin IV is defeated by Guido I da Montefeltro.
- June – The army of Peter III of Aragon lands in North Africa in Collo to support the rebellious governor of Constantine, Ibn Wazir. But the uprising has been put down by the Hafsid ruler. Peter, wary of the situation in Sicily, quickly sails off and fails to take advantage of the state of rebellion in North Africa.
- June 26 – King Denis of Portugal marries Elizabeth of Aragon in Trancoso.
- August 30 – Peter III of Aragon, originally traveling with his fleet on a military expedition against Tunis, ends up in the Sicilian town of Trapani, after he was asked by the inhabitants of Palermo to help in the fight against Charles of Anjou.
- December 11 – At the Battle of Orewin Bridge in mid-Wales, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd is killed and the Welsh suffer their final decisive defeat at the hands of the English.
- December – Holy Roman Emperor Rudolph I of Germany invests his sons Albert I of Germany and Rudolph II of Austria as co-rulers of the duchies of Austria and Styria, thus founding the Habsburg dynasty in those territories.
- Battle of Vronen: Floris V, Count of Holland defeats the Frisians and retrieves the body of his father, some 26 years dead.
- King Stefan Dragutin of Serbia breaks his leg while hunting and becomes ill; he gives the throne to his younger brother Stefan Milutin.
- The king of Aragon, Peter III, obtains the support of Nasrid Granada in preparation for the incoming Aragonese Crusade led by Philip the Fair of France.
- The form for the Trial of the Pyx, during which it is confirmed that newly minted coins conform to required standards, is established.
- First evidence of the existence of consolidated public debt in Bruges, confirming the expansion of use of life annuities to fund government expendiiture to the Low Countries.
- The Archbishop of Canterbury orders all synagogues of London to close, and forbids Jewish doctors from practicing on non-Jews.
- Construction of Albi Cathedral in Languedoc begins.
- April 1 – Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1347)
- April 15 – Frederick IV, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1329)
- May 5 – Juan Manuel, Prince of Villena (d. 1322)
- August 2 – Maud Chaworth, Countess of Leicester.
- date unknown
- January 9 – Abû 'Uthmân Sa'îd ibn Hakam al Qurashi, Ra'îs of Manûrqa
- April 1 –Abaqa Khan, khan of the Mongol Ilkhanate
- April 10 – Ahmad Fanakati, Mongol finance official
- June 19 – Eleanor de Montfort, wife of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (b. 1252; childbirth)
- August 25 – Thomas Cantilupe, English saint
- October 13 – Nichiren, Japanese founder of Nichiren Buddhism
- October 30 – Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore
- December 11
- date unknown – George Acropolites, Byzantine historian and statesman
- Meynier, Gilbert (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte. p. 163. ISBN 978-2-7071-5231-2.
- Lourie, Elena (2004). Jews, Muslims, and Christians in and around the Crown of Aragon: essays in honour of Professor Elena Lourie. Brill. p. 295. ISBN 90-04-12951-0.
- Zuijderduijn, Jaco (2009). Medieval Capital Markets. Markets for renten, state formation and private investment in Holland (1300-1550). Leiden/Boston: Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-17565-5.