1991 in poetry
|List of years in poetry (table)|
|... 1981 . 1982 . 1983 . 1984 . 1985 . 1986 . 1987 ...
1988 1989 1990 -1991- 1992 1993 1994
... 1995 . 1996 . 1997 . 1998 . 1999 . 2000 . 2001 ...
In literature: 1988 1989 1990 -1991- 1992 1993 1994
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- 1 Events
- 2 Works published in English
- 3 Works published in other languages
- 4 Awards and honors
- 5 Deaths
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes
- Forward Poetry Prize created
- Dana Gioia, writing in The Atlantic Monthly suggests (in an article titled "Can Poetry Matter?") that poets recite the works of other poets at public readings.
- Joseph Brodsky, the United States poet laureate, suggests in The New Republic that an anthology of American poetry be put beside the Bible and telephone directory in every hotel room in the country.
Works published in English
Listed by nation where the work was first published and again by the poet's native land, if different; substantially revised works listed separately:
- Les Murray, The Rabbiter's Bounty
Anthologies in Australia
- Philip Mead and John Tranter, The Penguin Book of Modern Australian Poetry a major anthology of Twentieth century poetry from that nation
- Les Murray, editor, The New Oxford Book of Australian Verse (editor), Melbourne, Oxford University Press, 1986 and Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1991, 1999
- Margaret Avison, Selected Poems Canada
- Earle Birney, Last Makings: Poems. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.
- Don Domanski, Wolf-Ladder (nominated for a Governor General's Award)
- Jeffery Donaldson, Once out of Nature, McClelland & Stewart.
- Louis Dudek, Europe. Erin, ON: Porcupine's Quill, 1991.
- Louis Dudek, Small Perfect Things. Montreal: DC Books.
- Robert Finch, Miracle at the Jetty. Port Rowan, ON: Leeboard Press.
- Dorothy Livesay, The Woman I Am. Montreal: Guernica.
- Laura Lush, Hometown, Montreal: Vehicle Press.
- Anne Marriott, Aqua, Toronto: Wolsak & Wynn.
- Don McKay, Night Field (Canada)
- Roy Miki, In Saving Face: Poems Selected, 1976-1988, Canada
- P. K. Page, The Glass Air: Selected Poems (an expanded edition; original edition published in 1985)
- John Pass, The Hour's Acropolis, shortlisted for the 1993 Dorothy Livesay Poetry Prize, ISBN 1-55017-043-0
- Raymond Souster, 'Running Out the Clock. Ottawa: Oberon Press.
- George Woodcock, Tolstoy at Yasnaya Polyana & other Poems, Kingston: Quarry Press, Canada
- Gieve Patel, Mirrored, Mirroring ( Poetry in English ), Oxford University Press, New Delhi
- Sujata Bhatt, Monkey Shadows ( Poetry in English ), received a Poetry Book Society Recommendation; Carcanet Press
- Ranjit Hoskote, Zones of Assault ( Poetry in English ), New Delhi: Rupa & Co., ISBN 81-7167-063-6
- Sudeep Sen:
- Dilip Chitre, Travelling in a Cage
- Brian Coffey, Poems and Versions 1929–1990, including "Death of Hektor" and "For What for Whom Unwanted"
- Gerald Dawe, Sunday School, Oldcastle: The Gallery Press, ISBN 978-1-85235-063-5
- Paul Durcan, Crazy About Women, including "The Levite and His Concubine at Gibeah"
- Eamon Grennan, As If It Matters, including "Breaking Points", Oldcastle: The Gallery Press
- John Hewitt, Collected Poems, Belfast: The Blackstaff Press
- Michael Longley:
- Thomas McGreevy, Collected Poems, including "Homage to Hieronymous Bosch" and "Recessional"
- Medbh McGuckian, Marconi's Cottage, Oldcastle: The Gallery Press
- Paula Meehan, The Man Who Was Marked by Winter, "The Pattern" and "Child Burial", Oldcastle: The Gallery Press
- Bernard O'Donoghue, The Weakness, including "A Nun Takes the Veil" and "The Weakness", Chatto and Windus
- Peter Sirr, Ways of Falling, including "A Few Helpful Hints", Oldcastle: The Gallery Press
- Fleur Adcock (New Zealand poet who moved to England in 1963):
- Jenny Bornholdt, Waiting Shelter, New Zealand
- Alan Brunton, Slow Passes 1978–1988
- Lauris Edmond, New and Selected Poems, Auckland: Oxford University Press
- Michele Leggott, Swimmers, Dancers, Auckland : Auckland University Press
- Bill Manhire, Milky Way Bar, New Zealand
- Bob Orr, Breeze
- Dannie Abse, There Was a Young Man From Cardiff, autobiography
- Fleur Adcock (New Zealand poet who moved to England in 1963):
- W. H. Auden, Collected Poems
- George Mackay Brown, Selected Poems 1954–1983
- Wendy Cope, Serious Concerns
- Paul Durcan, Crazy About Women
- Gavin Ewart, Collected Poems 1980–1991
- John Fuller, The Mechanical Body
- Lavinia Greenlaw, The Cost of Getting Lost in Space
- Philip Gross, The Son of the Duke of Nowhere
- Michael Hamburger, Roots in the Air
- Tony Harrison, A Cold Coming
- Seamus Heaney:
- Seeing Things, Faber & Faber
- Squarings, Hieroglyph Editions
- Paul Henry, Time Pieces, Seren
- Linton Kwesi Johnson, Tings an' Times
- P. J. Kavanagh, An Enchantment
- Jackie Kay, The Adoption Papers
- Thomas Kinsella, Madonna, and Other Poems
- Kenneth Koch, Selected Poems, Manchester: Carcanet, American poet's book published in the United Kingdom
- Liz Lochhead, Bagpipe Muzak
- Michael Longley, Gorse Fires
- George MacBeth, Trespassing
- Medbh McGukian, Marconi's Cottage
- Jamie McKendrick, The Sirocco Room
- Derek Mahon, Selected Poems. Viking
- Edwin Morgan, Hold Hands Among the Atoms
- Andrew Motion, Love in a Life
- Sean O'Brien, HMS Glasshouse, Oxford University Press
- Christopher Reid, In the Echoey Tunnel
- C. H. Sisson, Antidotes
- John Ashbery, Flow Chart
- Gwendolyn Brooks, Children Coming Home
- Robert Creeley, Selected Poems 1945-90
- Billy Collins, Questions About Angels (ISBN 0-8229-4211-9), the winner of the National Poetry Series competition in 1993
- Paul Hoover, The Novel: A Poem (New Directions)
- Howard Nemerov, Trying Conclusions: New and Selected Poems, 1961-1991 (University of Chicago Press)
- Grace Paley, Long Walks and Intimate Talks (stories and poems)
- Kenneth Rexroth, Flower Wreath Hill: Later Poems
- Eleanor Ross Taylor, Days Going/Days Coming Back
Poets represented in The Best American Poetry 1991 anthology
Criticism, scholarship and biography in the United States
- William Meredith, Poems Are Hard to Read, criticism
- Jacqueline Vaught Brogan, Part of the Climate: American Cubist Poetry, University of California Press, scholarship
- M.L. Rosenthal, Our Life in Poetry, collection of literary criticism, including the influential "Poetry as Confession", an article appearing in 1959 in which Rosenthall coined the term "confessional" as used in Confessional poetry
Works published in other languages
- Naja Marie Aidt. Så længe jeg er ung ("As Long as I’m Young"), first volume of a poetic trilogy which includes Et Vanskeligt mode ("A Difficult Encounter") 1992, and Det tredje landskap ("The Third Landscape") 1994
- Inger Christensen, Butterfly Valley: A Requiem (Sommerfugledalen), poems (later translated into English by Susanna Nied)
- Klaus Høeck, Salme, publisher: Brøndum
- Søren Ulrik Thomsen, Hjemfalden
- Yves Bonnefoy:
- Début et fin de neige
- Là où retombe la flèche
- Claude Esteban, Soleil dans une pièce vide, Flammarion
Listed in alphabetical order by first name:
- K. Siva Reddy, Sivareddy Kavita, Hyderabad: Jhari Poetry Circle, Telugu-language
- Mallika Sengupta, Haghare O Debdasi, Kolkata: Prativas Publication; Bengali-language
- Nirendranath Chakravarti, Aay Rongo, Kolkata: Ananda Publishers; Bengali-language
- Prathibha Nandakumar, Rasteyanchina gaadi ("Cart at the Edge of the Road"), Bangalore: Kannada Sangha, Christ College; Kannada-language
- Rajendra Kishore Panda, Bahubreehi, Jharsuguda: Soubhagya Manjari, Jharsuguda, Oraya-language
- Stanisław Barańczak, Biografioly: poczet 56 jednostek slawnych, slawetnych i oslawionych ("Biographies of 56 Celebrated, Famous or Notorious Individuals"), light verse; Poznan: a5
- Stanisław Barańczak, Zwierzeca zajadlosc: z zapiskow zniecheconego zoologa ("Animal Ferocity: From the Notes of a Discouraged Zoologist"), light verse; Poznan: a5
- Czesław Miłosz, Dalsze okolice ("Farther Surroundings"); Kraków: Znak
- Tadeusz Różewicz, Płaskorzeźba ("Bas-Relief"), Wrocław: Wydawnictwo Dolnośląskie
- Jan Twardowski,Uśmiech Pana Boga. Wiersze dla dzieci ("The Smile of God: Poems for Children"), Warsaw: Nasza Księgarnia
- Matilde Camus, Tierra de mi Cantabria ("Cantabria, my land")
- Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko, Tomoshibi ("Light"), Japan, with English translations
- Mario Benedetti, Las soledades de Babel ("The Loneliness of Babel"), Uruguay
- Odysseus Elytis, The Elegies of Oxopetras (Τα Ελεγεία της Οξώπετρας)
- Ndoc Gjetja, Kthimet ("Returns"); Albania
- Alexander Mezhirov, Избранное ("Favorite"), Russia
- Eugenio Montale, Tutte le poesie, edited by Giorgio Zampa. Jonathan Galassi in 1998 called this book the "most comprehensive edition of Montale's poems"; posthumously published; Italy
- Nizar Qabbani, Syrian, Arabic-language poet:
- Do You Hear the Cry of My Sadness?
- Marginal Notes on the Book of Defeat
- Rami Saari, Gvarim Ba-tzomet ("Men at the Crossroad"), Israeli writing in Hebrew
Awards and honors
- C. J. Dennis Prize for Poetry: Jennifer Maiden, The Winter Baby
- Kenneth Slessor Prize for Poetry: Jennifer Maiden, The Winter Baby
- Mary Gilmore Prize: Jean Kent - Verandahs
- Gerald Lampert Award
- Archibald Lampman Award
- See 1991 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.
- Pat Lowther Award
- Prix Alain-Grandbois
- Cholmondeley Award: James Berry, Sujata Bhatt, Michael Hulse, Derek Mahon
- Eric Gregory Award: Roddy Lumsden, Glyn Maxwell, Stephen Smith, Wayne Burrows, Jackie Kay
- Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry: Judith Wright
- Whitbread Award for poetry (United Kingdom): Michael Longley, Gorse Fires
- Agnes Lynch Starrett Poetry Prize: Julia Kasdorf, Sleeping Preacher
- Aiken Taylor Award for Modern American Poetry: John Frederick Nims
- AML Award for poetry Philip White for "Island Spring"
- American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medal in Poetry, Richard Wilbur
- Bernard F. Connors Prize for Poetry: Donald Hall, "Museum of Clear Ideas"
- Bollingen Prize: Laura Riding Jackson and Donald Justice
- Frost Medal: Donald Hall
- National Book Award for poetry: Philip Levine, What Work Is
- Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress: Joseph Brodsky
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Mona Van Duyn: Near Changes
- Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize: David Wagoner
- Fellowship of the Academy of American Poets: J. D. McClatchy
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- January 22 – Robert Choquette (born 1905), Canadian novelist and poet
- January 29 – John Glassco (born 1909), Canadian poet, memoirist and novelist
- February 21 – Dorothy Auchterlonie (born 1915), Australian poet, academic and literary critic
- March 10 – Etheridge Knight (born 1931), American poet
- March 22 – Paul Engle (born 1908), American poet, writer, editor, and novelist
- April 12 – James Schuyler, 67, American poet and a central figure in the New York School, of a stroke
- July 5 – Howard Nemerov, 71, former U.S. Poet Laureate, of cancer
- September 2 – Laura Riding Jackson, 90, American poet and writer, of a heart attack
- September 24 – Dr. Seuss, 87, American author of children's verse
- September 27 – Roy Fuller (born 1912), English poet and writer
- October 11 – Steven "Jesse" Bernstein (born 1950), American performance poet, suicide
- October 27 – George Barker (born 1913), English poet
- December 14 – John Arlott (born 1914), English cricket commentator and poet
- Lehman, David, preface, The Best American Poetry 1992, 1992
- "Earle Birney: Published Works," Canadian Poetry Online, UToronto.ca, Web, May 3, 2011.
- Roberts, Neil, editor, A Companion to Twentieth-century Poetry, Part III, Chapter 3, "Canadian Poetry", by Cynthia Messenger, Blackwell Publishing, 2003, ISBN 978-1-4051-1361-8, retrieved via Google Books, January 3, 2009
- "Louis Dudek: Publications," Canadian Poetry Online, UToronto.ca, Web, May 6, 2011.
- Search results: Robert Finch, Open Library, Web, May 9, 2011.
- "Dorothy Livesay (1909-1996): Works", Canadian Women Poets, Brock University. Web, Mar. 18, 2011.
- "Anne Marriott (1913-1997)", Canadian Woman Poets, BrockU.ca, Web, Apr. 21, 2011.
-  Web page titled "Don McKay" at the "writing canada into the millennium" Web site, accessed October 6, 2007
- "Notes on Life and Works," Selected Poetry of Raymond Souster, Representative Poetry Online, UToronto.ca, Web, May 7, 2011.
- Web page titled "The Works of George Woodcock" at the Anarchy Archives website, which states: "This list is based on The Record of George Woodcock (issued for his eightieth birthday) and Ivan Avakumovic's bibliography in A Political Art: Essays and Images in Honour of George Woodcock, edited by W.H. New, 1978, with additions to bring it up to date"; accessed April 24, 2008
- Web page titled "Gieve Patel", Poetry International website, retrieved July 10, 2010
- Web page titled "Sujata Bhatt", Sawnet website, retrieved July 27, 2010
- Web page titled "Ranjit Hoskote", Poetry International website, retrieved July 26, 2010
- Web page titled "Sudeep Sen", Poetry International website, retrieved July 28, 2010
- Mehrotra, Arvind Krishna, editor, A History of Indian literature in English, p 258, Columbia University Press, 2003, ISBN 0-231-12810-X, retrieved July 18, 2010
- Crotty, Patrick, Modern Irish Poetry: An Anthology, Belfast, The Blackstaff Press Ltd., 1995, ISBN 0-85640-561-2
- Web page titled "Fleur Adcock: New Zealand Literature File" at the University of Auckland Library website, accessed April 26, 2008
- Robinson, Roger and Wattie, Nelson, The Oxford Companion to New Zealand Literature, 1998, pp. 75-76, "Alan Brunton" article by Peter Simpson
- Robinson, Roger and Wattie, Nelson, The Oxford Companion to New Zealand Literature, 1998, "Lauris Edmond" article
- Web page titled "Bob Orr" at Best of New Zealand Poems 2001 website, accessed April 23, 2008
- Cox, Michael, editor, The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature, Oxford University Press, 2004, ISBN 0-19-860634-6
- Web page titled "Archives / Kenneth Koch (1925 - 2002)" at Poetry Foundation website, accessed May 15, 2008
- Everett, Nicholas, "Robert Creeley's Life and Career" at the Modern American Poetry website, accessed May 1, 2008
- News release, "Eleanor Ross Taylor Awarded 2010 Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize", April 13, 2010, The Poetry Foundation, retrieved June 9, 2010
- Preminger, Alex and T.V.F. Brogan, et al., editors, The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics, 1993, Princeton University Press and MJF Books, "American Poetry" article, "History and Criticism" section, p. 66
- Rosenthal, Our Life in Poetry pages 109 – 112
- Web page titled "Naja Marie Aidt" at the PEN World Voices Festival website, retrieved August 5, 2010
- Web page titled "Inger Christensen (b. 1935)" at Pegasos website, retrieved January 7, 2009
- Web page titled "Bibliography of Klaus Høeck", website of the Danish Arts Agency / Literature Centre, retrieved January 1, 2010
- Web page titled "K. Siva Reddy" at the "Poetry International" website, retrieved July 11, 2010
- Web page title "Mallika Sengupta", at the Poetry International website, retrieved July 15, 2010
- Web page title "Nirendranath Chakravarti", at the Poetry International website, retrieved July 15, 2010
- Web page titled "Prathibha Nandakumar" at the Poetry International website, retrieved July 25, 2010
- Web page titled "Rajendra Kishore Panda" at the "Poetry International" website, retrieved July 26, 2010
- Web page titled "Rymkiewicz Jaroslaw Marek", at the Institute Ksiazki website (in Polish), "Bibliography: Poetry" section, retrieved February 24, 2010
- Web pages titled "Miłosz Czesław" (both English version [for translated titles] and Polish version [for diacritical marks]), at the Institute Ksiazki ("Book Institute") website, "Bibliography: Poetry" section, retrieved February 26, 2010
- Web pages titled "Tadeusz Rozewicz" (in English and Polish), at the Instytut Książki ("Books Institute") website , "Bibliography" sections, retrieved February 28, 2010
- Web page titled "Jan Twardowski", at the Institute Ksiazki website (in Polish), "Bibliography: Poetry" section, retrieved February 24, 2010
- Web page titled "Biblioteca de autores contemporaneos / Mario Benedetti - El autor" (in Spanish), retrieved May 27, 2009. Archived 2009-05-30.
- "Ndoc Gjetja, hera e fundit në bibliotekën publike", June 8, 2010, Telegrafi of Pristina (Google translation of Web page), retrieved June 10, 2010
- Eugenio Montale, Collected Poems 1920-1954, translated and edited by Jonathan Galassi, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1998, ISBN 0-374-12554-6
- Page titled "Rami Saari" at the Modern Hebrew Literature Bio-Bibliographical Lexicon, 2007