2009 flu pandemic in India

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Outbreak evolution in India
  Deaths
  Confirmed cases

2009 flu pandemic in India is the outbreak of swine flu in various parts of India. Soon after the outbreak of H1N1 virus in the United States and Mexico in March, the Government of India started screening people coming from the affected countries at airports for swine flu symptoms.[1] The first case of the flu in India was found on the Hyderabad airport on 13 May, when a man traveling from US to India was found H1N1 positive.[2] Subsequently, more confirmed cases were reported and as the rate of transmission of the flu increased in the beginning of August, with the first death due to swine flu in India in Pune,[3] panic began to spread. As of 24 May 2010, 10193 cases of swine flu have been confirmed with 1035 deaths.[4]

The only known drug to work against H1N1(Tamiflu) was not sold in general medical stores, to prevent the virus from developing antibiotic resistance due to excessive use. The government feared that people would pop in pills for no reason, thereby making the virus resistant to its only known cure. The problem facing the state machinery was the fact that flu infected cases were coming from across the country.

Generic version of Tamiflu (Oseltamivir) was made available in Indian market, after several months of swine flu attack. Natco Pharma and Strides Arcolabs have launched their generic version of Oseltamivir, Natflu and Starflu. These drugs were made available to the customers directly under prescription.[5][6][7][8]

On August 8, 2010 the Indian government reported there had been 1833 deaths from swine flu in the country.[9]

Bharat Biotech, a biotechnology firm, on Monday announced the launch of India's first indigenously developed cell culture H1N1 Swine Flu Vaccine under the brand name HNVAC. HNVAC, is manufactured using cell culture technology, a complex process by which cells are grown under controlled conditions, the company said.[10]

Background[edit]

Main article: 2009 flu pandemic

A new strain of influenza virus, officially named the "new H1N1", first identified in April 2009, and commonly called "Swine flu" initially spread in Mexico and then globally by transmission. It is thought to be a mutation of four known strains of the influenza A virus, subtype H1N1: one endemic in (normally infecting) humans, one endemic in birds, and two endemic in pigs (swine). Experts assume the virus "most likely" emerged from pigs in Asia, and was carried to North America by infected persons.[11] The virus typically spreads from coughs and sneezes or by touching contaminated surfaces and then touching the nose or mouth. Symptoms, which can last up to a week, are similar to those of seasonal flu, and may include fever, sneezes, sore throat, coughs, headache, and muscle or joint pains.

Deaths[edit]

The first death was a 14-year-old girl. On 8th and 9 August a 43-year-old man in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, a 42-year-old teacher in Pune and a 53-year-old woman in Mumbai died. On August 10 a 53-year-old doctor in Pune and a 4-year-old in Chennai died.[12] On August 11 a 7-year-old girl in Vadodara, Gujarat died. On August 13, a 26-year-old woman became Bangalore's first victim of swine flu. An eleven-month-old boy, a 75-year-old woman and a 37 year old woman died taking the toll in Pune, severely hit by the virus, to 15 and across the country, to 24.A lady having a young daughter of 5 yrs died near Mumbai in Khopoli on August 14. On August 16, three people died at different hospitals in Bangalore, according to the reports.[citation needed]

Swine flu death toll crosses 500 in India. New Delhi, November 10—The death toll of the H1N1 flu in India is rising in leaps and bounds with 18 new fatalities reported Monday. Within the short space of a little over three months, the mortality figure has shot up to 503.[13]

Influenza A H1N1 status[edit]

As of August 8, 2010 there had been 1833 deaths from H1N1 swine influenza reported.

As of January 31 the death toll of A/H1N1 influenza was 1229,and the number of laboratory confirmed cases of A/H1N1 (including uncomplicated cases) was 28,810.[14]

As of February 8, the number of confirmed deaths due to A/H1N1 in India had risen to 1270.[15]

As of February 12, the number of confirmed deaths from A/H1N1 pandemic influenza had risen to 1302.[16]

As of February 24, 1357 confirmed deaths from H1N1 have been reported in India, and 29,583 confirmed cases of H1N1 have been reported.[17]

As of March 12, 2010, 1404 confirmed deaths from H1N1 influenza have been reported, and at lest 29,904 laboratory-confirmed cases of H1N1 have been reported.[18]

States of India per confirmed deaths
  0 deaths
  1+ deaths
  10+ deaths
  100+ deaths
  200+ deaths
States of India per confirmed cases
  4000+ cases
  2000+ cases
  1000+ cases
  500+ cases
  100+ cases
  1+ cases
  no case confirmed

Consolidated Status of Influenza A H1N1 : 2 January 2011[19]

Consolidated Status of Influenza A H1N1 : 8 August 2010
Sl. State Lab confirmed cases reported during the week Lab confirmed cases cumulative Death of Lab confirmed cases during the week Death of Lab confirmed cases cumulative
1 Delhi 106 11156 0 149
2 Andhra Pradesh 105 1506 6 102
3 Karnataka 200 4409 12 251
4 Tamil Nadu 36 3143 0 14
5 Maharashtra 400 9943 51 937
6 Kerala 17 2850 2911 121
7 Punjab 1 205 0 47
8 Haryana 2 2070 0 51
9 Chandigarh 0 331 0 8
10 Goa 15 129 1 6
11 West Bengal 23 256 1 4
12 Uttarakhand 0 152 0 17
13 Himachal Pradesh 0 24 0 10
14 Jammu & Kashmir 0 112 0 4
15 Gujarat 21 2243 7 488
16 Manipur 0 2 0 0
17 Meghalaya 0 8 0 0
18 Mizoram 0 4 0 1
19 Assam 0 52 0 2
20 Jharkhand 0 2 0 0
21 Rajasthan 2 3932 0 296
22 Bihar 0 7 0 0
23 Uttar Pradesh 5 1601 1 43
24 Puducherry 0 132 0 12
25 Chhattisgarh 0 96 0 14
26 Madhya Pradesh 3 410 1 118
27 Daman & Diu 0 1 0 0
28 Orissa 4 118 2 32
29 Nagaland 0 2 0 0
30 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 0 27 0 1
31 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 2 3 0 1
Total
942 44987 83 2728

Deaths by cities[edit]

Total deaths till date[edit]

  • March 24, 2010 - 1,444
  • Maharashtra reported the maximum number of 487 cases and 20 deaths; Andhra Pradesh reported 115 cases and 12 deaths; Rajasthan reported 116 cases with 12 deaths; Karnataka had 171 cases were reported, including eight deaths.

Total cases till date[edit]

  • March 24, 2010 – 20,164[20][21]
  • India has reported 1000 cases of swine flu (H1N1) virus, including 59 deaths which occurred this spring 2012

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dhar, Aarti (April 28, 2009). "Swine flu: India on alert". The Hindu. Retrieved 2009-08-13. 
  2. ^ "First case of swine flu confirmed in India". IBNLive. May 16, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-13. [dead link]
  3. ^ "First swine flu death confirmed in India". PTI. August 4, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-13. 
  4. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2009_flu_pandemic_in_Asia#India"number of deaths"
  5. ^ "Anti-swine flu drug Tami flu now available across India". Door Darshan, India. Archived from the original on 25 November 2009. Retrieved 10 November 2009. 
  6. ^ "Retail sale of Tamiflu from next week". One India. September 15, 2009. Retrieved 10 November 2009. 
  7. ^ "India allows retail sale of swine flu drugs oselatamivir and zanamivir". Dance With Shadows. September 16, 2009. Retrieved 10 November 2009. 
  8. ^ "Swine flu drug FLUVIR available in retail market". The Med-Guru. September 23, 2009. Retrieved 10 November 2009. 
  9. ^ http://www.mohfw-h1n1.nic.in/documents/PDF/SituationalUpdatesArchives/august2010/Situational%20Updates%20on%2008.08.2010.pdf
  10. ^ "India's first swine flu vaccine launched". business.rediff.com. Archived from the original on 22 October 2010. Retrieved 18 Oct 2010. 
  11. ^ McNEIL, Donald (June 23, 2009). "In New Theory, Swine Flu Started in Asia, Not Mexico". New York Times. Archived from the original on 28 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-13. 
  12. ^ BBC 10 Aug, 2009 Archived 10 August 2009 at WebCite
  13. ^ Swine flu death toll crosses 500 in India Archived 10 November 2009 at WebCite
  14. ^ "8 more H1N1 deaths in India, toll rises to 1229 | NetIndian". Netindian.in. 2010-01-31. Archived from the original on 2010-01-31. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  15. ^ "2 swine flu deaths in Gujarat take India toll to 1270 | NetIndian". Netindian.in. 2010-02-08. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  16. ^ "6 more swine flu deaths in India, toll rises to 1302 | NetIndian". Netindian.in. 2010-02-12. Archived from the original on 2010-02-13. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  17. ^ "11 more swine flu deaths in India, toll rises to 1357 | NetIndian". Netindian.in. 2010-02-24. Archived from the original on 2010-02-24. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  18. ^ "Swine flu claims 3 more lives in India, toll 1404". TheMedGuru. 2010-03-12. Archived from the original on 2010-03-12. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  19. ^ "Press Information Bureau English Releases". Pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  20. ^ "/
  21. ^ 2009 flu pandemic in Asia