Latur

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Latur city
लातूर
Lattalur, Ratnapur
Semi Metropolitian City
Nickname(s): Industrial HUB of India,city of offices
Latur city is located in Maharashtra
Latur city
Latur city
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 18°24′N 76°34′E / 18.40°N 76.56°E / 18.40; 76.56Coordinates: 18°24′N 76°34′E / 18.40°N 76.56°E / 18.40; 76.56
Country  India
State Maharashtra
Region Aurangabad Division
District Latur
Settled Possibly 7th century AD
Government
 • Body Latur Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Sou Smita Khanapure
Area[1]
 • Total 117.78 km2 (45.48 sq mi)
Area rank 89
Elevation 515 m (1,690 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 382,754
 • Rank 89th
 • Density 3,200/km2 (8,400/sq mi)
Demonym Laturkar
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN
  • 413 512
  • 413 531
Telephone code 91-2382
Vehicle registration MH-24
Sex ratio 923.54 /1000
Literacy 89.67
Distance from Mumbai 497 kilometres (309 mi) E (land)
Distance from Hyderabad 337 kilometres (209 mi) NW (land)
Distance from Aurangabad, Maharashtra 294 kilometres (183 mi) SE (land)
Climate BSh (Köppen)
Precipitation 666 millimetres (26.2 in)
Avg. summer temperature 41 °C (106 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 13 °C (55 °F)
Website latur.nic.in
http://www.citypopulation.de/world/Agglomerations.html

Latur (Marathi: लातूर) is a city in the Marathwada region in the Maharashtra state of India. It is the headquarters of Latur District and Latur Taluka and administrative headquarters of the Aurangabad Division.

History[edit]

Latur has an ancient history, which probably dates to the Rashtrakuta period. It was home to a branch of Rashtrakutas which ruled the Deccan from 753 to 973 AD. The first Rashtrakuta king, Dantidurga, was from Lattalur (Kannada: ಲಟ್ಟಲೂರು), probably the ancient name for Latur. Anecdotally, Ratnapur is also mentioned as a name for Latur.

The King Amoghavarsha of Rashtrakutas developed the Latur city, originally the native place of the Rashtrakutas. The Rashtrakutas who succeeded the Chalukyas of Badami in 753 AD called themselves the residents of Lattalut.

It was, over the centuries, variously ruled by the Satavahanas, the Sakas, the Chalukyas, the Yadavas of Deogiri, the Delhi Sultans, the Bahamani rulers of South India, Adilshahi, and the Mughals.

Later in the 19th century, Latur became part of the independent princely state of Hyderabad. In 1905 it was merged with surrounding areas and renamed Latur tehsil, becoming part of Osmanabad district. Before 1948, Latur was a part of Hyderabad State under Nizam. The chief of Nizam's Razakar army, Qasim Rizwi, was from Latur.

After Indian independence and the merger of Hyderabad with the Indian Union, Osmanabad became part of Bombay Province. In 1960, with the creation of Maharashtra, Latur became one of its districts. On August 16, 1982, a separate Latur district was carved out of Osmanabad district.

The city is a tourist hub, surrounded with many historical monuments, including the Kharosa Caves and Sri Sathya Sai Baba Temple.

Education and research[edit]

Latur has developed into a strong educational hub for secondary, higher secondary, and university education. Latur is known throughout Maharashtra for its "Latur Pattern". Junior colleges in latur have a very good record of Engineering and Medical competitive Entrance Exam Results.[2]

Basic and higher education[edit]

Main article: Schools in Latur

Public schools (known locally as municipality schools) are run by the LMC, and are affiliated with the MSBSHSE. Private schools are run by educational trusts or individuals. They are usually affiliated with either the state board or national education boards, such as the ICSE or CBSE boards.

University education[edit]

Most colleges in Latur are affiliated with the Nanded University.

The M. S. Bidve Engineering College, Latur, founded in 1983, is one of the oldest engineering colleges in Marathwada. The Maharashtra Institute of Medical Science & Research Latur was founded in 1988 by social activist Vishwanath Karad. This trust currently maintains and operates 63 institutes in and around Latur. Maitree Foundation, founded in 2000, works in the field of capacity building of rural youth and women. They have worked with more than 1000 SHGs.[clarification needed]

The Border Security Force Training Center Chakur and Disaster Management Training Institute were established in Latur in 2005 and 2008, respectively.

Dayanand Law College was established by the Dayanand Education Society. Established medical schools such as the Government Medical College, Manjara Ayurvedic College, and Maitree Foundation's Maitree Institute of Management & Technology, Latur train students from all over Latur and Maharashtra. Latur is one of the fastest-growing educational hubs.[citation needed]Latur is going to have IIT & IIM at end 2014

Geography and climate[edit]

Latur
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.8
 
29
12
 
 
2.1
 
32
14
 
 
3.3
 
36
19
 
 
3.5
 
38
22
 
 
24
 
38
25
 
 
114
 
34
24
 
 
116
 
30
22
 
 
120
 
29
21
 
 
122
 
30
21
 
 
61
 
32
19
 
 
11
 
30
15
 
 
6.5
 
28
12
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: MSN Weather

Latur is situated 636 metres above mean sea level, on the Balaghat plateau, on the Maharashtra–Karnataka state boundary. Latur is bounded on the east by Bidar, Nanded is on the northeast, Parbhani on the north, Beed on the northwest, and Osmanabad on the west and south side.

Temperature : Annual temperatures in Latur range from 13 to 41 °C (55 to 106 °F), with the most comfortable time to visit in the winter, which is October to February. The highest temperature ever recorded was 45.8 °C (114.4 °F). The lowest recorded temperature was 6.9 °C (44.4 °F). In the cold season the district is sometimes affected by cold waves in association with the eastward passage of western disturbances across north India, when the minimum temperature may drop down to about 2 to 4 °C (36 to 39 °F).[3]

Rainfall : Most of the rainfall occurs in the monsoon season from June to September. Rainfall varies from 9.0 to 693 mm/month. Average annual rainfall is 725 mm.

Latur earthquake of 1993[edit]

Main article: 1993 Latur earthquake

Latur had a devastating intraplate earthquake on 30 September 1993 resulting in a huge loss of life. The earthquake measured only 6.3 on the Richter scale but more than 30,000 people were estimated to have died mainly due to poor construction of houses and village huts made of stones which just collapsed on people who were fast asleep in early morning hours. It struck southern Marathwada region of Maharashtra state in central-western part of India and affected Latur, Beed, Osmanabad and adjoining districts about 400 km south-east of Mumbai. Latur was almost completely destroyed and life came to a standstill. The earthquake's focus was around 12 km deep (relatively shallow), causing shock waves to cause more damage. The number of lives lost was high as the earthquake occurred at 03:53 a.m. local time, when people were fast asleep. After the earthquake, seismic zones were reclassified and this is big earthquake in maharashtra building codes and standards were revised all over India.

Economy[edit]

THE oxford city of Marathwada is the fastest growing economy and development in Asia as it ranks first in development and 3rd in world. There is evidence that Latur was developed as a trading hub nine decades ago. It lies on a major trade route that used to connect north-west India's sea and land ports to the Deccan region.[citation needed]

Industry[edit]

The city is a major sugarcane and edible oils, soyabean, grapes and mango production center. A fine blend of mango with locally grown mangoes was developed as Keshar Amba.

Till 1990, Latur languished as a city, remaining an industrially backward. In 1960, region of Marathwada was merged with Maharashtra. This was the time when the industrial development of the Marathwada region began, propelled through designated backward area benefits. And it was only when the MIDC (Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation) began acquiring land and setting up industrial estates that it began to grow. but still the majority small and medium scale industries are agriculture based and not industry based.

City is now home to some best known brands. There are Tinna Oils, Kirti Gold, Videocon, Kalantry Group's Agro Processing, Shivshankar Udyog (Brand: Silver Coins), dal manufacturing units to name a few. Many players have their manufacturing bases in Latur, in the sectors of Agro Processing and Edible Oils and consumer durables, plastic processing, aluminium processing, agriculture and biotech. Among Agro Processing Ramkee Infrastructure along with IL&FS would be starting their plant in Latur, which is Largest Agro Based SEZ in Maharashtra.skoda has already set up its plant at Latur .It has 67 MNcs working in present(2014)

Trade and industries[edit]

Latur has the largest trading centre for soyabean in India. The green city is inside what is called 'Sugar Belt' of Maharashtra. The district has more than eleven sugar factories, which makes it among the highest sugar-producing districts of India. It also has oil seeds, commodities and fruit market.

Latur is also known for high quality grapes and houses many state and privately owned cold storage facilities. A grape wine park spread over 1.42 square kilometres (350 acres) has been established near Ausa, 18 km from Latur city. A brand new Latur Food Park, spread across 1.2 square kilometres (300 acres) is under construction at Additional MIDC Latur. Latur is major transport junction to south India.

Latur sugar belt[edit]

The Latur region is known as the "Sugar Belt of India". This region houses over eleven large sugar factories. Most of the sugar factories of the Latur sugar belt work on the co-operative basis.

Latur food park[edit]

The park is being planned on a 50-acre (200,000 m2) plot at Harangul near Latur city. Ramky (India) is the consultant for the project. The location is best suited for processing grapes, turmeric, mangoes, pomegranates, citrus fruits and custard apple. Common facilities planned are cold-storage, effluent treatment and social infrastructure.

Information technology: Latur IT Park[edit]

The city now has an Infotech Park with state-of-the-art facilities waiting for Infotech companies to start operations. Latur Infotech Park has state-of-the-art modern facilities for software companies. The park is located in an attractive locality surrounded by greenery in Old MIDC. The IT park has total build-up area of 24,866 sq ft (2,310.1 m2) with 32 units. it has now world`s largest IT park

MIDC industrial areas in Latur[edit]

  • Latur Industrial Area
  • Additional Latur Industrial Area
  • Latur Co-Operative Industrial Estate
  • Murud Co-Operative Industrial Estate
  • Chakur Co-Operative Industrial Estate
  • Udaygiri Co-Operative Industrial Estate
  • Ausa Industrial Area
  • Ahmedpur Industrial Area
  • Nilanga Industrial Area
  • Udgir Industrial Area

Specialised industrial parks and export zones in Latur[edit]

  • Latur Food Park
  • Latur Infotech Park
  • Latur Integrated Textile Park, Latur
  • Bombay Rayon Fashions, Latur
  • Grape Yards, Ausa

Chamber of Commerce and industry associations[edit]

  • Latur Chamber of Commerce, Latur
  • Latur Manufacturers Association, MIDC, 21
  • Engineers and Architects Association, Latur
  • Latur Builders Association, Latur
  • Computers and Media Dealers Association (CMDA), Latur
  • Latur Branch of the Western India Regional Council of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India

Banking and financial services[edit]

In the first decade of the 21st century, Latur has seen a spurt in financial activities, with almost all public sector and private banks have opened up branches including the State Bank of India, State Bank of Hyderabad, Axis Bank,Latur Urban Co-op Bank, Latur ICICI Bank, Bank of India, HDFC Bank, IDBI Bank, Bank of Maharashtra, Bank of Baroda, Oriental Bank of Commerce, Allahabad Bank [uco bank] etc. Latur District Central Co-Operative Bank Ltd came into existence on 15 August 1984. Also other Urban Banks viz. Latur Urban Bank was established in 1990, Vikas Co-Operative Bank Ltd was established in 2001. Bank Of Maharashtra is having their Regional Office in Latur.Also Maharashtra Gramin Bank with their 3 branches and a regional office is at latur.

Administration and politics[edit]

Local administration[edit]

Latur Municipal Corporation (LMC) is the local civil body. It is divided into five zones. The Municipal Council was established in 1952, the Municipal Corporation area is about 96.5 km2s. It was elevated to the status of Municipal Corporation by the State Government in 2011.

The Urban Development Dept., Govt. of Maharashtra expressed its desire vide letter dated 30/10/2006 to notify fringe area of Latur and appoint CIDCO as its Special Planning Authority. CIDCO has submitted its proposal to notify the fringe area measuring approx. 26541.00 ha. inclusive of urbanizable zone of about 16696 ha. Govt. has appointed CIDCO as Special Planning Authority. The notified area covers 40 villages on the fringe of Latur Municipal Corporation. it is envisaged in the project not to acquire 100% land but to adopt minimum land acquisition model for development of infrastructure and growth corridors.

The city is divided in 67 electoral wards called as Prabhag and each ward is represented by a Corporator (called as Nagarsevak) elected by the people from each ward. LMC is responsible for providing basic amenities like drinking water, drainage facility,road,street lights, healthcare facilities, primary schools,etc. LMC collects its revenue from the urban taxes which are imposed on citizens. The administration is headed by the Commissioner of Municipal Corporation; a I.A.S. Officer, assisted by the other officers of different departments.

Latur municipal corporation formed in Nov 2011. Mrs Smita Kahanpure became the first lady mayor of Latur . Mrs Smita Khanapure is post-graduate in Public administration and politics. Smita is daughter of Mr Subhash Khumse and niece of Mr Murgappa Khumse, who belongs to Renapur.

State and central administration[edit]

Latur contributes one seat to the Lok Sabha. The seat is currently held by Dr.Sunil Gaikawad, MP of the BJP. It also holds one seat for the Assembly - Latur Indian National Congress. In latest constituency arrangements made by Election Commission of India, Latur will contribute one Loksabha seat, and two state assembly seats, i.e. Latur City and Latur Rural.

Media and communication[edit]

Newspapers: Marathwada Neta is the first Maharashtra District news paper daily having an internet edition along with an epaper. Ekmat- is the leading newspaper of the region, while Yeshwant, Lokmat, Bhukamp, Sakaal, Punyanagri, Mukteshwar samachar and Lokman and are other daily newspapers published in Marathi..

Radio: The city has been sanctioned a FM radio station - All India Radio. But Laturkars are still waiting for the same, as AIR have not yet started functioning in the City.

Internet: Internet facilities are provided by several suppliers, with BSNL, METAMAX, Tata Indicom, Reliance, Hathway [MCN] & Intek Broadband Services providing a broadband service.

Demographics[edit]

Latur population as of 2011 census is 3,82,754.

Religions in Latur
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
69%
Muslims
  
19%
Buddhists
  
8.6%
Christians
  
1.4%
Jains
  
1.7%
Others†
  
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Latur is connected by roads with various major cities of Maharashtra and other states. Road connectivity is excellent and road connecting to Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Kolhapur, Sangli, Aurangabad are being upgraded into four-lane highway. Now Latur city has 1one national highway running through it that is NH 204.

Intercity[edit]

The scheme of nationalization of passenger transport services was started as early as 1932 by the State of Hyderabad, which was one of the pioneers in the field of public road transport, first in collaboration with the railways and then as a separate Government Department. After the reorganization of States and with effect from 1 July 1961, the Marathwada State Transport was amalgamated with the Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation.[5] The "Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation" (MSRTC) and numerous other private bus operators provide a bus service to all parts of the state.

The "Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation" (MSRTC) and numerous other private bus operators provide a bus service to all parts of the state. Private buses have an established network to connect the city with all the major cities in Maharashtra and other states.

Intracity transport[edit]

"Latur Municipal Transport" (LMT) is an intra-city bus service which covers almost all parts of the city and also connects to the more distant industrial suburbs. LMT (Latur Municipal Transport) intra-city buses ply throughout the city including the outskirts and connect different parts of the city and adjoining suburbs together. The LMT bus service is affordable, efficient and safe. The LMT buses are quite crowded during morning and evening rush hours. There are also number of taxis available to commuters to travel to nearby suburbs.

Air[edit]

Latur has an airport near Chincholiraowadi, 12 Kilometres northwest of the city. It does not have any scheduled commercial air service.

Rail[edit]

Main article: Latur Railway Station

History[edit]

The Latur-Miraj Railway was established by the British in latur

The Latur-Miraj Railway (metre gauge) runs for 391 miles (629 km) north-west from Latur city to Miraj on the south-western section of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway and was built between 1929 and 1931.

Present[edit]

Latur (Station Code: LUR) is a station located on the Latur-Miraj section of Solapur (SUR) Division of Central Railway (CR). The Manmad-Kacheguda Broad gauge railway line which emanates from the Vikarabad-Latur Road-Parli trunk route at Latur Road is an important artery of traffic in Latur district. The importance of this line lies in the fact that it has opened for traffic the Coal tract in Marathwada region. It also serves as a link between Aurangabad and Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh. As a matter of fact this line was formerly the only route of traffic as there were no good roads in the Marathwada region.

Latur comes under the Solapur (SUR) Division of CR. Latur has rail connectivity with Manmad, Aurangabad, Nanded, Parbhani, Parli Vaijnath, Osmanabad, Gangakhed, Mudkhed, Adilabad, Nagpur, Basar, Nizamabad, Nasik, Mumbai, Pune, Daund, and Kachiguda (HYB). Latur will become a junction due to increase in rail traffic as it is going to be connected with Tirupati,Hubli,Coimbatore And Delhi

Departures from Latur (LUR)[edit]

Train No. Name Type Destination Dept. Days Sch. Time
17614 Hazur Sahib Nanded-Pune Express Exp Pune Jn (PUNE) x x x x x x S 02.50
17613 Pune Nanded Express Exp Hazur Sahib Nanded (NED) S x x x x x x 04.10
11403 Nagpur Kolhapur Express Exp Shahu Maharaj Terminus (KOP) S x x W x x x 05.30
17014 Hyderabad-Pune Express Exp Pune Jn. (PUNE) x M x W x x S 06.30
17013 Pune-Hyderabad Express Exp Hyderabad (HYB) x M x W x x S 21.05
11404 Kolhapur-Nagpur Express Exp Nagpur Junction (NGP) x M x x x F x 21.40

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • Siddheshwar & Ratneshwar Temple: Situated about 2 km. from the city. Latur city has the beautiful Siddheswar temple built by King Tamradwaj. It is a gramdaivat of latur town.
  • Ganj Golai: Latur city has the famous 'Ganjgolai' as the central place of the city. The town planner Shri Faiyajuddin prepared the plan for the 'Ganjgolai Chowk'. The main building of the Golai is a huge two-storied structure which was constructed around the year 1917. In the middle of the circular structure is the temple of Goddess Ambabai. There are 16 roads connecting to this Golai and along these roads are separate markets selling all kinds of traditional local wares such as gold ornaments to footwear and food items from chilli to jaggery. Thus, the 'Ganjgolai' has become the main commercial and trade centre of this city.
  • Surat Shahvali Darga: The Darga of Surat Shahvalli also deserve mention as the beautiful monuments of the city.
  • "'Uddan Pool'": It is a bridge built in centre of city at Shivaji chawk. Shooting of some scenes of Ajay Devgan, Abhishek Bachchan and the sizzling Bipasa Basu starrer Bollywood movie Zameen were shot on this bridge. It was the first bridge in Latur of its kind.
  • Kharosa Caves: Is a small village situated at 45 km from Latur city. The beautiful sculptures of Narsinha, Shiv Parvati, Kartikeya, Ravan are the example of the cultural heritage of this land. According to the historians these caves were built in the 6th century during the Gupta period.
  • Astavinayak Temple: Is two kilometres away from Latur. The present structure represents outstanding architecture and carving.
  • Hattibet-Devarjan: This is a beautiful place near Udgir. On a small hill is the Samadhi of Gangaram Maharaj. The place is also famous for cave carvings. The place has given birth to several freedom fighters who lost their lives in the Hyderabad freedom struggle.
  • Kasarshirshi: Kasarshirshi is a small town with historical significance. Ancient inscriptions dated around 696-697 AD have been found here.
  • Udgir fort: Udgir is one of the most important towns of Latur district. Udgir has a great historical significance. It has witnessed the war between the Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad which took place in 1761. The Marathas led by Sadashivrao Bhau defeated the Nizam and the treaty of Udgir was signed. The fort of Udgir stands in all its glory speaking volumes about the Indian history and Indian culture. The fort is bounded by a 40 feet (12 m) deep trench as the fort is built at the ground level. In the fort are several palaces Durbar halls and most importantly the Samadhi of Udaygir Maharaj which is 60 feet (18 m) under the normal ground level. This is a place of great reverence to the people of the region. The fort has some rare inscriptions written in Arabic and Persian.
  • Wadwal Nagnath Bet (Hill): is famous for its unique feature of producing a very rare species of Ayurvedic bushes and plants. It is 16.5 km away from Chakur and 39 km from Latur city. The hill is of 600– 700 feet (210 m) height from the ground and is 3 km near the Wadwal-Nagnath village.
  • Handarguli: is famous of Bull market. one of the Famous Bull market in India.
  • Ausa: This is a taluka headquarters, just 20 km away from Latur. Ausa also has an old historical fort which today is in ruins. The place has a huge temple of Virnath Maharaj, built by his son Mallinath Maharaj about 300 years ago.
  • Other attractions: An Ideal Gateway to Religious Destinations namely Malegaon, Parli Vaijnath, Tuljapur, Pandharpur, Akkalkot, Ganagapur, Shani Shingnapur, Aundha Nagnath, Bidar, Satya Sai Deosthan all of which are well connected by road and railways to the city.

Gallery[edit]

Latur is also called as city of politicians. Ex chief minister of the state Mr. Vilasraoji Deshmukh was born in a village named Babhalgaon. City is birthplace of other politicians also, such as Keshavraoji Sonavane(Ex. Co-operative Minister, Maharashtra State),Shivraj Patil (Chakurkar), Diliprao Deshmukh. Successful Bollywood actor Reitesh Deshmukh is son of Shri Vilasrao Deshmukh

Geographical location[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gazetteers Department - lATUR". maharashtra.gov.in (Government of Maharashtra). Retrieved 2007-02-27. 
  2. ^ "What is Latur Pattern?". Mylaturpattern.com. 25 August 2009. Retrieved 15 November 2013. 
  3. ^ Maharashtra government web site[dead link]
  4. ^ "Mahapopulation" (PDF). Census of India (in Marathi). www.maharashtra.gov.in. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  5. ^ Maharashtra government web site Public transport Latur[dead link]