View on a cloudy monsoon day
|Region||Khandesh (North Maharashtra)|
|• Mayor||Mrs. Jayshree Kamlakar Ahirrao|
|• Total||69 km2 (27 sq mi)|
|Elevation||240 m (790 ft)|
|• Density||6,700/km2 (17,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91 2562|
|ISO 3166 code||[[ISO 3166-2:IN|]]|
|Sex ratio||52/48 ♂/♀|
|Avg. summer temperature||44 °C (111 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||20 °C (68 °F)|
Dhule (Marathi: धुळे) is a city and a Municipal Corporation in Dhule district in northwestern part of Maharashtra state, India. It is one of the very few well-planned cities of India before Indian Independence. The town planning of this city was done by Sir Mokshagundam Vishveshwariah(Visvesvaraya).
Dhule district is bounded by Gujarat State on west and by Madhya Pradesh on north along with Nandurbar, on east and south by Jalgaon and Nasik respectively. It is situated in valley of the Tapi River along the banks of Panzara River. Devi Ekveera (Goddess Ekveera) temple is a well known temple, situated at the banks of Panzara river.
|Climate data for Dhule|
|Average high °C (°F)||29
|Average low °C (°F)||12
|Precipitation mm (inches)||2.8
|Source: Dhule Weather|
As of 2011[update] India census, Dhule had a population of 376,093. At the 2001 census, males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Dhule has an average literacy rate of 85%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80% and, female literacy is 69%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Until the beginning of the 19th century, Dhule was an insignificant village, subordinate to Laling, the capital of the Laling or Fatehabad Subdivision. Under the rule of the Nizam, Laling was incorporated with the District of Daulatabad. The town passed successively through the hands of the Arab kings, the Mughals, and the Nizam, and into the power of the Peshwas about 1795. In 1803, it was completely deserted by its inhabitants on account of the ravages of Holkar and the terrible famine of that year. In the following year, Balaji Balwant, a dependant of the Vinchurkar, to whom the parganas of Laling and Songir had been granted by the Peshwa, repeopled the town, and received from the Vinchurkar, in return for his services, a grant of inam land and other privileges. He was subsequently entrusted with the entire management of the territory of Songir and Laling, and fixed his headquarters at Dhule, where he continued to exercise authority till the occupation of the country by the British in 1818. Dhule was immediately chosen as the headquarters of the newly formed District of Khandesh by Captain John Briggs. In January 1819, he obtained sanction for building public offices for the transaction of revenue and judicial business. Artificers were brought from distant places, and the buildings were erected at a total cost of £2700. Every encouragement was offered to traders and others to settle in the new town. Building sites were granted rent free in perpetuity, and advances were made both to the old inhabitants and strangers to enable them to erect substantial houses. At this time, Captain Briggs described Dhule as a small town, surrounded by garden cultivation, and shut in between an irrigation channel and the river. The town was located on the southern bank of the Panzara River with an area of about one square mile. In 1819, the population numbered only 2509 persons, living in 401 houses. In 1863, there were 10,000 inhabitants; while by 1872 the number had further increased to 12,489, with 2620 houses. From the date of its occupation by the British, the progress of Dhule had been steady. Towards the end of 19th century the town had already become significant trading centre due to the trade in cotton and linseed. Coarse cotton, woolen cloths and turbans were manufactured for local use around this time. In 1872, Dhule was visited by a severe flood, which did much damage to houses and property.
Dhule was a cantonment town, and in year 1881 had two hospitals, telegraph and post offices. In 1873-74 there were four Government schools, with 551 pupils. Historically, the town has been divided into New and Old Dhule. In the latter, the houses were irregularly built, the majority being of a very humble description.
Dhule Airport is situated at Gondur village, It is suitable for smaller planes due to its relatively short runway length of 1400 meters and is being used by the Bombay Flying Club for training activities. Nearby international airports are at Aurangabad (148 km), Pune (340 km), and Mumbai (350 km).
Dhule city has a railway terminus, which is connected to nearest railway junction at Chalisgaon. A passenger train runs between the two stations four times a day. The train also carries reserved coaches for Mumbai, which are connected to another train from Chalisgaon onwards.
From road transport point of view, Dhule serves as one of the most important junctions over NH3 (popularly known as Mumbai-Agra highway) and NH6. It is also end point for NH211. Through the Asian Highway project, portions of NH3 and NH6 passing through Dhule have been converted into numbered Asian Highways AH47 & AH46 respectively.
Dhule city is renowned for its educational heritage. It has given India some of the best minds in the business. Dhule hosts a big number of educational institutes. Following table names a few of them:
|Schools||Garud High School
Podar International School
Swami Teunram High School
Sadhvi Preeti Sudhaji Model School
NSB Day School
Maharana Pratap High School
K. S. K. New City High School
J.R. City School
Shree Ekvira Devi Madyamic High School
R. K. Chitale Madhyamik Vidhyalay
Unnati Madhyamik Vidhyalay
Jai Hind High School
Rajeev Gandhi Madhyamik Vidyalay
Kamalabai Shankarlal Kanya Shala
Jijamata Kanya High School
L.M. Sardar Urdu High School & Jr.College
Haji Badlu Sardar High School
St. Xavier's Canossa Convent School
Canossa Convent High School
New City High School
S.T.T.K Mahajan High School
R.R.Padvi Nutan High School & Jr. College
Chavara English Medium School(Nayan's school)
North Point High School
Swami Teuram High School
Agrasen Maharaj High School
Navjeewan English Medium School
Sindhuratna Sanstha's English School
Little Angels Nursery
Sant Shri Asharamji Gurukul />st.anns
WKDSPM's Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar High School
Nanasaheb Z.B. Patil High School, Deopur Dhule.
|Colleges||Z.B.Patil College, Dhule (Formerly, Jai Hind College Of Arts, Science & Commerce)
Jai Hind Junior College of Arts Commerce and Science
L.M.Sardar Urdu Jr.College
Vidya Vardhini College
Palesha College of Commerce
Institute of Management Education (Palesha Campus)
Sanmati Educational Trust's Institute of Information Technology, Deopur, Dhule
WKDSPM's Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Memorial College of Law, Dhule
|Engineering Colleges||SSVPS College of Engineering and Polytechnic
SES College of Engineering
Gangamai College of Engineering
Industrial Training of institute
Mukesh Patel Technology Park - Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies (Shirpur Campus)
Mukesh Patel School of Technology Management & Engineering
School of Pharmacy & Technology Management
|Medical Colleges||Shri Bhausaheb Hire Government Medical College
JMF's ACPM Medical College
JMF's ACPM Dental College
|Others||College of Agriculture, Dhule
SSVPS's Lalit Kala Mahavidhyalay [Fine Art College]
Annasaheb Ramesh Ajmera College of Pharmacy
KMRC's Bss Community College
Institute For Education, Training and Research, Dhule
Business and economy
In heyday it was one of the big centers for textile industry, with both spinning and weaving operations. Textile industry is still alive here though at much smaller scale than past.
Many small scale industries are shaping up in M.I.D.C. area.
Agra road is main street in the city where many important businesses/shops are located. Pach-Kandil is main wholesale market for fruits and vegetables. Pat-bazaar is another old vegetable market near an old canal (in Marathi canal is called Pat).
Suzlon Energy, which is one of the largest wind power companies in the world, is developing a wind park site near Dhule. It is spread across a vast, undulating expanse. At 1,000 MW Suzlon’s Dhule wind park is poised to take its place among the world’s largest wind parks when complete.
Agra road in downtown Dhule on the eve of Lakshmipoojan, Diwali 2007
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dhule
- Hunter, William Wilson (1881). The imperial gazetteer of India. London: Trubner and Company. p. 580.
- "The imperial gazetteer of India [by] W.W. Hunter". W.W. Hunter. Trubner and Company. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- "Busy city skies push flying club to Dhule". The Times of India. 24 May 2010. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- Dhule City Gov. Site
- Dhule.biz Dhule Online News Website
- Shirpur.in information about Shirpur