1965 Tour de France

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1965 Tour de France
Race details
Dates 22 June–14 July 1965
Stages 22 (24 including split stages)
Distance 4,177 km (2,595 mi)
Winning time 116h 42' 06" (35.886 km/h or 22.299 mph)
Palmares
Winner  Felice Gimondi (Italy) (Salvarani)
Second  Raymond Poulidor (France) (Mercier)
Third  Gianni Motta (Italy) (Molteni)

Points  Jan Janssen (Netherlands) (Pelforth)
Mountains  Julio Jiménez (Spain) (Kas)
Team Kas
1964
1966

The 1965 Tour de France was memorable for a number of reasons. In his first year as a professional, Felice Gimondi, a substitute replacement on the Salvarani team, captures the overall title ahead of Raymond Poulidor, last year's second place finisher. The 52nd edition of the Grand Boucle was counter-clockwise (Pyrenees first) and consisted of 22 stages and 4,177 km (2,595 mi) with an average speed of 35.886 km/h (22.3 mph).[1]

Gimondi would go on to become one of only six riders, the others being Alberto Contador and five-time Tour winners Jacques Anquetil, Eddy Merckx, Bernard Hinault and Vicenzo Nibali to have won all three of the major Tours. Besides Gimondi's first tour and win, it was a first for other reasons: the 1965 Tour started in Cologne, Germany (the first time the Tour started in Germany,[2] and only the third time it started outside France), and it was the first time the start ramp was used in time trials.

Participants[edit]

The 1965 Tour started with 130 cyclists, divided into 13 teams of 10 cyclists:[2]

The Molteni-Ignis team was a combined team, with 5 cyclists from Molteni and 5 from Ignis.

Jacques Anquetil, who won the previous four Tours de France (1961–1964), did not participate in this tour; this made Raymond Poulidor, who became second in the previous Tour, the main favourite.[2]

Race details[edit]

Jan Janssen, who won the points classification the previous year successfully defended his title; he would go onto win another points title in 1967 and the overall title at the 1968 Tour de France.

Julio Jiménez won two stages and his first of three consecutive mountains classification. Jiminez also won the mountains classification at the 1965 Vuelta a España—becoming one of (now) four riders to complete the Tour/Vuelta double by winning both races' mountains competitions in the same year.

Stages[edit]

The 1965 Tour de France started on 22 June, and had one rest day in Barcelona.[3]

Stage results[2][4]
Stage Date Route Terrain Length Winner
1A 22 June CologneLiège Plain stage 149 km (93 mi)  Rik Van Looy (BEL)
1B Liège – Liège Team time trial 22.5 km (14.0 mi) Ford-France-Gitane
2 23 June Liège – Roubaix Plain stage 200.5 km (124.6 mi)  Bernard Van De Kerkhove (BEL)
3 24 June Roubaix – Rouen Plain stage 240 km (150 mi)  Felice Gimondi (ITA)
4 25 June CaenSaint-Brieuc Plain stage 227 km (141 mi)  Edgard Sorgeloos (BEL)
5A 26 June Saint-Brieuc – Châteaulin Plain stage 147 km (91 mi)  Cees van Espen (NED)
5B Châteaulin – Châteaulin Individual time trial 26.7 km (16.6 mi)  Raymond Poulidor (FRA)
6 27 June QuimperLa Baule-Pornichet Plain stage 210.5 km (130.8 mi)  Guido Reybroeck (BEL)
7 28 June La Baule-Pornichet – La Rochelle Plain stage 219 km (136 mi)  Edward Sels (BEL)
8 29 June La Rochelle – Bordeaux Plain stage 197.5 km (122.7 mi)  Johan de Roo (NED)
9 30 June DaxBagnères-de-Bigorre Stage with mountain(s) 226.5 km (140.7 mi)  Julio Jiménez (ESP)
10 1 July Bagnères-de-Bigorre – Ax-les-Thermes Stage with mountain(s) 222.5 km (138.3 mi)  Guido Reybroeck (BEL)
11 2 July Ax-les-Thermes – Barcelona Stage with mountain(s) 240.5 km (149.4 mi)  José Perez-Frances (ESP)
12 4 July BarcelonaPerpignan Plain stage 219 km (136 mi)  Jan Janssen (NED)
13 5 July Perpignan – Montpellier Plain stage 164 km (102 mi)  Adriano Durante (ITA)
14 6 July Montpellier – Mont Ventoux Stage with mountain(s) 173 km (107 mi)  Raymond Poulidor (FRA)
15 7 July Carpentras – Gap Stage with mountain(s) 167.5 km (104.1 mi)  Giuseppe Fezzardi (ITA)
16 8 July Gap – Briançon Stage with mountain(s) 177 km (110 mi)  Joaquim Galera (ESP)
17 9 July Briançon – Aix-les-Bains Stage with mountain(s) 193.5 km (120.2 mi)  Julio Jiménez (ESP)
18 10 July Aix-les-Bains – Le Revard Individual time trial with mountain(s) 26.9 km (16.7 mi)  Felice Gimondi (ITA)
19 11 July Aix-les-Bains – Lyon Stage with mountain(s) 165 km (103 mi)  Rik Van Looy (BEL)
20 12 July Lyon – Auxerre Plain stage 198.5 km (123.3 mi)  Michael Wright (GBR)
21 13 July Auxerre – Versailles Plain stage 225.5 km (140.1 mi)  Gerben Karstens (NED)
22 14 July VersaillesParis Individual time trial 37.8 km (23.5 mi)  Felice Gimondi (ITA)

Classification leadership[edit]

Stage General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification Team classification
1a  Rik Van Looy (BEL)  Rik Van Looy (BEL)  Frans Brands (BEL) Solo
1b
2  Bernard Van De Kerckhove (BEL)  Bernard Van De Kerckhove (BEL)
3  Felice Gimondi (ITA)
4
5a Televizier
5b Solo
6  Guido Reybrouck (BEL)
7  Bernard Van De Kerckhove (BEL)
8  Jo de Roo (NED)
9  Felice Gimondi (ITA)  Felice Gimondi (ITA)  Julio Jiménez (ESP) Peugeot
10  Jo de Roo (NED)
11
12
13
14  Jan Janssen (NED) Pelforth
15
16 KAS
17
18
19
20
21
22
Final  Felice Gimondi (ITA)  Jan Janssen (NED)  Julio Jiménez (ESP) KAS

Results[edit]

There were several classifications in the 1965 Tour de France, two of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[5]

Additionally, there was a points classification. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[5]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, but was not identified with a jersey.[5]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that lead this classification wore yellow caps.[6]

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[2]
Rank Name Team Time
1  Felice Gimondi (ITA) Salvarani 116h 42' 06"
2  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Mercier +2' 40"
3  Gianni Motta (ITA) Molteni +9' 18"
4  Henry Anglade (FRA) Pelforth +12' 43"
5  Jean-Claude Lebaube (FRA) Ford +12' 56"
6  José Perez-Frances (ESP) Ferrys +13' 15"
7  Guido De Rosso (ITA) Molteni +14' 48"
8  Frans Brands (BEL) Flandria +17' 36"
9  Jan Janssen (NED) Pelforth +17' 52"
10  Francisco Gabica (ESP) KAS +19' 11"

Points classification[edit]

The points classification was won by Jan Janssen.

Final points classification (1–10)[7]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Jan Janssen (NED) Pelforth 144
2  Guido Reybrouck (BEL) Flandria 130
3  Felice Gimondi (ITA) Salvarani 124
4  Rik Van Looy (BEL) Solo 109
5  Michael Wright (GBR) Wiel's 98
6  Georges Vandenberghe (BEL) Flandria 94
7  Benoni Beheyt (BEL) Wiel's 85
8  Frans Brands (BEL) Flandria 84
8  Julio Jiménez (ESP) KAS 84
8  Gianni Motta (ITA) Molteni 84

Mountains classification[edit]

The Mountains classification was won by Julio Jiménez.

Final mountains classification (1–10)[7]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Julio Jiménez (ESP) KAS 131
2  Frans Brands (BEL) Flandria 73
3  Joaquin Galera (ESP) KAS 68
4  Felice Gimondi (ITA) Salvarani 55
5  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Mercier 50
6  Henri Anglade (FRA) Pelforth 47
7  Gianni Motta (ITA) Molteni 44
8  José Perez-Frances (ESP) Ferrys 43
9  Rik Van Looy (BEL) Solo 30
10  Francisco Gabica (ESP) KAS 25

Team classification[edit]

The team classification was won by KAS.

Final team classification[7]
Rank Team Time
1 KAS 349h 29' 19"
2 Pelforth +16' 08"
3 Molteni +16' 35"
4 Peugeot +21' 36"
5 Wiel's +36' 03"
6 Salvarani +38' 17"
7 Ferrys +46' 51"
8 Mercier +50' 21"
9 Televizier +54' 51"
10 Ford +1h 03' 52"
11 Flandria +1h 10' 43"
12 Solo +1h 17' 08"
13 Margnat +1h 31' 09"

Other classifications[edit]

The combativity award was given to Felice Gimondi.[1]

Final combativity classification (1–3)[7]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Felice Gimondi (ITA) Salvarani 80
2  Henri Anglade (FRA) Pelforth 58
3  Frans Brands (BEL) Flandria 56

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 2009-10-09. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "52ème Tour de France 1965" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  3. ^ Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique, Part 4" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 9 July 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010. 
  4. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 2009-06-10. Retrieved 8 June 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 
  6. ^ Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0679729364. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c d Lonkhuyzen, Michiel van. "Tour-Giro-Vuelta". www.tour-giro-vuelta.net. Archived from the original on 15 July 2010. Retrieved 11 June 2010.