2001 Tour de France

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
2001 Tour de France
Route of the 2001 Tour de France.png
Route of the 2001 Tour de France
Race details
Dates 7 – 29 July 2001
Stages 20+Prologue
Distance 3,455.2 km (2,147 mi)
Winning time 86h 17' 28"[1] (40.016 km/h or 24.865 mph)
Palmares
Winner none
Second  Jan Ullrich (Germany) (Team Telekom)
Third  Joseba Beloki (Spain) (ONCE-Eroski)

Points  Erik Zabel (Germany) (Team Telekom)
Mountains  Laurent Jalabert (France) (CSC-Tiscali)
Youth  Óscar Sevilla (Spain) (Kelme-Costa Blanca)
Team Kelme-Costa Blanca
2000
2002

The 2001 Tour de France was a Cycling road race that took place in France and Belgium from 7 July to 21 July 2001. This Tour was particularly difficult, having contained a 67-km long team time trial, two individual time trials and five mountain-top finishes on consecutive days, the second of which being the Chamrousse special category climb time trial. Thus, all the high-mountain stages were grouped one after the other, with one rest day in between, following the climbing time trial. France was ridden 'clockwise', and thus the Alps were visited before the Pyrenees. The Tour started in France, but in the first week Belgium was visited as well. The traditional finish was on the Champs-Élysées in Paris.

It has no official winner after American cyclist Lance Armstrong was disqualified. In August 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his seven Tour de France wins from 1999-2005; the Union Cycliste Internationale has confirmed this verdict.

Erik Zabel won his record sixth consecutive points classification victory.

In August 2013, Jan Ullrich—arguably Lance Armstrong's biggest Tour de France rival—reportedly said that Armstrong should have his seven stripped wins reinstated, due to the prevalence of doping at the time. He had won the 1997 Tour and finished second to Armstrong three times—in 2000, 2001 and 2003—but declined to stake a claim for his rival's stripped titles.[2]

Participants[edit]

After the Tour organisation felt that the 2000 Tour de France included not enough French teams, they changed the selection procedure as follows.[3]

In total, 21 teams participated, each with 9 cyclists, for a total of 189 cyclists.[4]

Stages[edit]

Stage results[4][5]
Stage Date Route Terrain Length Winner
P 7 July Dunkerque Individual time trial 8.2 km (5.1 mi)  Christophe Moreau (FRA)
1 8 July Saint-OmerBoulogne-sur-Mer Plain stage 194.5 km (120.9 mi)  Erik Zabel (GER)
2 9 July CalaisAnvers Plain stage 220.5 km (137.0 mi)  Marc Wauters (BEL)
3 10 July AnversSeraing Plain stage 198.5 km (123.3 mi)  Erik Zabel (GER)
4 11 July HuyVerdun Plain stage 215.0 km (133.6 mi)  Laurent Jalabert (FRA)
5 12 July VerdunBar-le-Duc Team time trial 67.0 km (41.6 mi)  Crédit Agricole (FRA)
6 13 July CommercyStrasbourg Plain stage 211.5 km (131.4 mi)  Jaan Kirsipuu (EST)
7 14 July StrasbourgColmar Hilly stage 162.5 km (101.0 mi)  Laurent Jalabert (FRA)
8 15 July ColmarPontarlier Plain stage 222.5 km (138.3 mi)  Erik Dekker (NED)
9 16 July PontarlierAix-les-Bains Plain stage 185.0 km (115.0 mi)  Serguei Ivanov (RUS)
10 17 July Aix-les-BainsAlpe d'Huez Stage with mountain(s) 209.0 km (129.9 mi)  Lance Armstrong (USA)
11 18 July GrenobleChamrousse Individual time trial 32.0 km (19.9 mi)  Lance Armstrong (USA)
12 20 July PerpignanPlateau de Bonascre Stage with mountain(s) 166.5 km (103.5 mi)  Félix Cárdenas (COL)
13 21 July FoixSaint-Lary-Soulan Pla d'Adet Stage with mountain(s) 194.0 km (120.5 mi)  Lance Armstrong (USA)
14 22 July TarbesLuz Ardiden Stage with mountain(s) 141.5 km (87.9 mi)  Roberto Laiseka (ESP)
15 24 July PauLavaur Plain stage 232.5 km (144.5 mi)  Rik Verbrugghe (BEL)
16 25 July CastelsarrasinSarran Plain stage 229.5 km (142.6 mi)  Jens Voigt (GER)
17 26 July Brive-la-GaillardeMontluçon Plain stage 194.0 km (120.5 mi)  Serge Baguet (BEL)
18 27 July MontluçonSaint-Amand-Montrond Individual time trial 61.0 km (37.9 mi)  Lance Armstrong (USA)
19 28 July OrléansÉvry Plain stage 149.5 km (92.9 mi)  Erik Zabel (GER)
20 29 July Corbeil-EssonnesParis (Champs-Élysées) Plain stage 160.5 km (99.7 mi)  Ján Svorada (CZE)

Classification leadership[edit]

Stage Winner General classification
Yellow jersey
Points classification
Green jersey
Mountains classification
Polkadot jersey
Young rider classification
White jersey
Team classification
Jersey with yellow number
Combativity award
P Christophe Moreau Christophe Moreau Christophe Moreau N/A Florent Brard Festina N/A
1 Erik Zabel Erik Zabel Jacky Durand Jacky Durand
2 Marc Wauters Marc Wauters Jaan Kirsipuu Robert Hunter Crédit Agricole Jens Voigt
3 Erik Zabel Stuart O'Grady Erik Zabel Benoît Salmon Florent Brard Nicolas Jalabert
4 Laurent Jalabert Patrice Halgand Laurent Jalabert
5 Crédit Agricole Jörg Jaksche N/A
6 Jaan Kirsipuu Rik Verbrugghe
7 Laurent Jalabert Jens Voigt Laurent Jalabert
8 Erik Dekker Stuart O'Grady Stuart O'Grady Rabobank Aitor González
9 Sergei Ivanov Bradley McGee
10 Lance Armstrong François Simon Laurent Roux Óscar Sevilla Laurent Roux
11 Lance Armstrong
12 Félix Cárdenas Paolo Bettini
13 Lance Armstrong Lance Armstrong Laurent Jalabert Kelme-Costa Blanca Laurent Jalabert
14 Roberto Laiseka Wladimir Belli
15 Rik Verbrugghe Marco Pinotti
16 Jens Voigt Jens Voigt
17 Serge Baguet Jacob Piil
18 Lance Armstrong N/A
19 Erik Zabel Guillaume Auger
20 Ján Svorada Erik Zabel Alexandre Vinokourov
Final Lance Armstrong Erik Zabel Laurent Jalabert Óscar Sevilla Kelme-Costa Blanca Laurent Jalabert
Jersey wearers when one rider is leading two or more competitions

Results[edit]

There were several classifications in the 2001 Tour de France. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[6]

Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a green jersey. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[6]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a polkadot jersey.[6]

The fourth individual classification was the young rider classification, which was marked by the white jersey. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders under 26 years were eligible.[6]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.[7]

For the combativity classification, a jury gave points after each stage to the cyclists they considered most combative. The cyclist with the most votes in all stages lead the classification.

General classification[edit]

On 24 August 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his victory in the 2001 Tour de France. The Union Cycliste Internationale, responsible for the international cycling, upheld the verdict on October 22, 2012. Organizers of the Tour de France announced that the winner's slot would remain empty in the record books.

Lance Armstrong riding to his now-negated victory at Alpe d'Huez
Final general classification (1–10)[4]
Rank Name Team Time
DSQ  Lance Armstrong (USA) US Postal Service 86h 17' 28"
2  Jan Ullrich (GER) Telekom +6' 44"
3  Joseba Beloki (ESP) ONCE +9' 05"
4  Andrei Kivilev (KAZ) Cofidis +9' 53"
5  Igor González (ESP) ONCE +13' 28"
6  François Simon (FRA) Bonjour +17' 22"
7  Óscar Sevilla (ESP) Kelme +18' 30"
8  Santiago Botero (COL) Kelme +20' 55"
9  Marcos Antonio Serrano (ESP) ONCE +21' 45"
10  Michael Boogerd (NED) Rabobank +22' 38"

Points classification[edit]

Final points classification (1–10)[4][8]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Erik Zabel (GER) Telekom 252
2  Stuart O'Grady (AUS) Crédit Agricole 244
3  Damien Nazon (FRA) Bonjour 169
4  Alessandro Petacchi (ITA) Fassa Bortolo 148
5  Sven Teutenberg (GER) Festina 141
DSQ  Lance Armstrong (USA) US Postal Service 134
7  Jan Ullrich (GER) Telekom 127
8  Ján Svorada (CZE) Lampre 124
9  Christophe Capelle (FRA) Big Mat-Auber 114
10  François Simon (FRA) Bonjour 108

Mountains classification[edit]

Final mountains classification (1–10)[4][8]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Laurent Jalabert (FRA) CSC-Tiscali 258
2  Jan Ullrich (GER) Telekom 211
3  Laurent Roux (FRA) Jean Delatour 200
DSQ  Lance Armstrong (USA) US Postal Service 195
5  Stefano Garzelli (ITA) Mapei 164
6  Roberto Laiseka (ESP) Euskaltel 147
7  Joseba Beloki (ESP) ONCE 145
8  Alexandre Vinokourov (KAZ) Telekom 134
9  Patrice Halgand (FRA) Jean Delatour 123
10  Óscar Sevilla (ESP) Kelme-Costa Blanca 120

Team classification[edit]

Final team classification (1–10)[4][8]
Rank Team Time
1 Kelme-Costa Blanca 259h 14' 44"
2 ONCE-Eroski +4' 59"
3 Team Telekom +41' 06"
4 Bonjour +41' 49"
5 Rabobank +51' 53"
6 US Postal +54' 51"
7 Cofidis +1h 20' 41"
8 iBanesto.com +1h 22' 24"
9 Festina +1h 45' 33"
10 Jean Delatour +1h 49' 18"

Young rider classification[edit]

Final young rider classification (1–5)[4][8]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Óscar Sevilla (ESP) Kelme-Costa Blanca 86h 35' 58
2  Francisco Mancebo (ESP) iBanesto.com +10' 03"
3  Jörg Jaksche (DEU) ONCE-Eroski +47' 32"
4  Denis Menchov (RUS) iBanesto.com +1h 13' 20"
5  Marco Pinotti (ITA) Lampre-Daikin +1h 15' 59"

Combativity classification[edit]

Final combativity classification (1–10)[4][8]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Laurent Jalabert (FRA) CSC-Tiscali 94
2  Laurent Roux (FRA) Jean Delatour 55
3  Jens Voigt (GER) Crédit Agricole 45
4  Rik Verbrugghe (BEL) Lotto-Adecco 44
5  Paolo Bettini (ITA) Mapei-Quick Step 36
6  Jacky Durand (FRA) Française des Jeux 36
7  Bradley McGee (AUS) Française des Jeux 32
8  David Etxebarria (ESP) Euskaltel-Euskadi 30
9  Laurent Brochard (FRA) Jean Delatour 28
10  Nicolas Jalabert (FRA) CSC-Tiscali 23

Doping[edit]

In August 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency recommended the disqualification of Lance Armstrong from all his results since 1998; in October 2012, the Union Cycliste Internationale agreed to this action. Having been stripped of the win owing to his use of banned substances, Armstrong's win, his third of 7 consecutive wins and the most in Tour history, no longer applies; therefore, there was no official winner of the 2001 Tour De France.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jacques Augendre (2009). "Guide Historique" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 9 October 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2009. 
  2. ^ "Jan Ullrich supports Lance". Associated Press (ESPN). August 1, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c Knapp, Gerard (2 May 2001). "The final selection - 21 teams for-le-Tour". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "88ème Tour de France 2001" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  5. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  7. ^ Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0679729364. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c d e Jones, Jeff (2001). "Stage 20 - July 29: Corbeil Essones - Paris (Champs Elysées), 160.5 km: Zabel bags the green in exciting finale, Armstrong wins his third successive TdF". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 30 April 2012.