1972 Tour de France

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1972 Tour de France
Map of France with the route of the 1972 Tour de France
Route of the 1972 Tour de France
Race details
Dates July 1–22, 1972
Stages 20+Prologue, including four split stages
Distance 3,846.6 km (2,390 mi)
Winning time 108h 17' 18" (35.418 km/h or 22.008 mph)
Palmares
Winner  Eddy Merckx (Belgium) (Molteni)
Second  Felice Gimondi (Italy) (Salvarani)
Third  Raymond Poulidor (France) (Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson)

Points  Eddy Merckx (Belgium) (Molteni)
Mountains  Lucien Van Impe (Belgium) (Sonolor)
Combination  Eddy Merckx (Belgium) (Faema)
Sprints  Willy Teirlinck (Belgium) (Sonolor)
Team Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson
1971
1973

The 1972 Tour de France was the 59th Tour de France, taking place July 1 to July 22, 1972. It consisted of 20 stages over 3846.6 km, ridden at an average speed of 35.371 km/h.[1] The long awaited clash between Eddy Merckx and Luis Ocaña after Ocaña crashed on Col de Menté in the 1971 Tour de France. After dominating the race, Luis Ocaña crashed once more, in the Pyrenees, and left Eddy Merckx to battle Cyrille Guimard for the win. Guimard, having won four stages, had to leave the race after stage 17 in second place (he already was 7:58 behind at that point), but was given the combativity award after the race.[2]

Differences from the 1971 Tour de France[edit]

For the first time since 1947, the Tour de France was entirely in France.[3]

Three days before the Tour started, the schedule was changed: the final time trial was split, with the first 42 km as a time trial in the morning, and the last 89 km as a mass-start stage in the afternoon.[4]

Participants[edit]

The Tour started with the following 12 teams, each with 11 cyclists:[2]

In the previous year, Ocana was on his way to beat Merckx, when he fell as leader and had to give up. Everybody expected Merckx and Ocana to battle for the victory in 1972.[2] Ocana felt that he could have won the 1971 Tour, and Merckx did not like the comments that he did not deserve the 1971 victory, and both wanted to show their strengths.[5] Merckx had won important races before the Tour started, including the 1972 Giro d'Italia, and was also the reigning world champion. Ocana had won less races, but won the Criterium du Dauphiné Libéré.[5]

The most important other participants were considered Raymond Poulidor, Felice Gimondi, Joop Zoetemelk and Bernard Thevenet.[5]

José Manuel Fuente, who had won the 1972 Vuelta a España and finished second in the 1972 Giro d'Italia, did not compete, as his team decided they had already been in too many hard races.[6]

Herman Vanspringel had announced four days prior to the Tour that he would leave his team after his contract would end at the end of 1972. His team then removed him from the Tour squad.[7]

Race details[edit]

Merckx' won the prologue, beating his concurrents by some seconds.[5] In the first stage, Cyrille Guimard won the sprint, and because of the bonification seconds took over the first position in the general classification.[5] In the next stages, Merckx tried to win back time by winning bonification seconds in intermediate sprints and at the finish, but Guimard used the same tactic. Merckx won back the first position thanks to the bonification seconds after the team time trial in stage 3B, but lost it again in the fourth stage.[5] Merckx won the time trial in the second part of the fifth stage, but Guimard became third, and kept the lead. After the sixth stage, Guimard was 11 seconds ahead of Merckx. The third place was occupied by a team mate of Merckx, and Ocaña was in fourth place, one minute behind Guimard.[5]

In the seventh stage, the Tour reached the Pyrénées. Ocaña attacked two times, and the second time only Merckx could follow. When Ocaña punctured, and later crashed with Thevenet, Merckx was away without him. Another group, including Zoetemelk and Guimard, had reached Merckx, and crossed the finishline together. Ocana finished in sixth place, losing 1 minute and 49 seconds. Thevenet lost more than six minutes that stage, and had lost all hope to win. He was taken to the hospital to see if the crash had caused serious injuries, but could start the next stage.[5]

In the eighth stage, Lucien Van Impe attacked on the last climb. Merckx caught him and won the stage, with Ocana only eight seconds behind him. Guimard lost three minutes, and Merckx overtook him in the general classification.[5]

In the ninth stage, Roger Pingeon left the race. He did not play an important role in the general classification, but his team expected him to help his teammate Thevenet in the rest of the race.[5]

The eleventh stage ended with the climb up to Mont Ventoux. After Merckx' team had pushed the pace such that most cyclists in the peloton had dropped, Ocana attacked four times. Every time, Merckx was able to chase him, together with only Poulidor. Poulidor then attacked, but could not get away. Some other cyclists were able to get back, including Thevenet. Thevenet then attacked, and left the others behind, winning the stage.[5]

Merckx expected Ocana to attack in the twelfth stage, so he stayed with him. When Joaquim Agostinho and Lucien Van Impe attacked, Merckx let them go and stayed with Ocana, as Merckx only cared about Ocana; he did not want Ocana to win back time, and did not want him to win the stage which could give him inspiration in the next stages.[8]

In the thirteenth stage, Merckx' team first set a pace that eliminated all but 16 cyclists at the start of the climb of the Vars. Raymond Delisle escaped from that group, but Merckx chased him and passed him before the summit. On the way down, Guimard was able to reach Merckx. Climbing the Izoard, Merckx dropped Guimard, and soloed to the victory. By then, Merckx was leading the general classification firmly, almost five minutes ahead of Ocana.[5]

The first part of the fourteenth stage was also won by Merckx, who outsprinted Zoetemelk. Ocana lost two minutes, and Guimard overtook him in the general classification.[5] In the second part of the fourteenth stage, Ocana lost more than five minutes. Guimard and Merckx sprinted for the stage victory, and the photo finish gave the victory to Guimard.[5] Ocana left the race after that stage; he had contracted a lung infection after his fall in the seventh stage.[5] The stage ended with two laps of 1800 m; when it was found out that one group had missed one lap, the rules said that this group would have to ride that lap again, but the jury decided to use the times clocked after the first lap.[9]

The fifteenth stage was also narrowly won by Guimard; Merckx had already raised one hand to cheer.[5]

In the seventeenth stage, Guimard struggled with his health. He needed medical attention during the entire stage, and lost two minutes on the final climb. After 10 km in the eighteenth stage, he left the race.[5]

Merckx was now leading by more than ten minutes, and was certain to win the race. The second place was still not certain; Poulidor and Gimondi were separated only by one second. In the time trial on the last day, won by Merckx, the decision fell: Gimondi came in second, Poulidor fourth, and Gimondi overtook Poulidor in the general classification.

After the finish in Paris, Merckx gave the green jersey that he received for winning the points classification to Guimard, who otherwise would have been the winner of that classification.[2]

Stages[edit]

The 1972 Tour de France started on 1 July, and had two rest days, in Bayonne and Orcières.[10]

Stage results[2][11]
Stage Date Route Terrain Length Winner
P 1 July Angers Individual time trial 7.2 km (4.5 mi)  Eddy Merckx (BEL)
1 2 July AngersSaint-Brieuc Plain stage 235.5 km (146.3 mi)  Cyrille Guimard (FRA)
2 3 July Saint-BrieucLa Baule Plain stage 206.5 km (128.3 mi)  Rik Van Linden (BEL)
3a 4 July PornichetSaint-Jean-de-Monts Plain stage 161.0 km (100.0 mi)  Ercole Gualazzini (ITA)
3b Merlin-PlageMerlin-Plage Team time trial 16.2 km (10.1 mi) Molteni
4 5 July Merlin-PlageRoyan Plain stage 236.0 km (146.6 mi)  Cyrille Guimard (FRA)
5a 6 July RoyanBordeaux Plain stage 133.5 km (83.0 mi)  Walter Godefroot (BEL)
5b BordeauxBordeaux Individual time trial 12.7 km (7.9 mi)  Eddy Merckx (BEL)
6 7 July BordeauxBayonne Plain stage 205.0 km (127.4 mi)  Leo Duyndam (NED)
7 9 July BayonnePau Stage with mountain(s) 220.5 km (137.0 mi)  Yves Hézard (FRA)
8 10 July PauLuchon Stage with mountain(s) 163.5 km (101.6 mi)  Eddy Merckx (BEL)
9 11 July LuchonColomiers Hilly stage 179.0 km (111.2 mi)  Jos Huysmans (BEL)
10 12 July CastresLa Grande-Motte Plain stage 210.0 km (130.5 mi)  Willy Teirlinck (BEL)
11 13 July Carnon-PlageMont Ventoux Stage with mountain(s) 207.0 km (128.6 mi)  Bernard Thévenet (FRA)
12 14 July CarpentrasOrcières Stage with mountain(s) 192.0 km (119.3 mi)  Lucien Van Impe (BEL)
13 16 July OrcièresBriançon Stage with mountain(s) 201.0 km (124.9 mi)  Eddy Merckx (BEL)
14a 17 July BriançonCol du Galibier Stage with mountain(s) 51.0 km (31.7 mi)  Eddy Merckx (BEL)
14b ValloireAix-les-Bains Stage with mountain(s) 151.0 km (93.8 mi)  Cyrille Guimard (FRA)
15 18 July Aix-les-BainsLe Revard Stage with mountain(s) 28.0 km (17.4 mi)  Cyrille Guimard (FRA)
16 19 July Aix-les-BainsPontarlier Hilly stage 198.5 km (123.3 mi)  Willy Teirlinck (BEL)
17 20 July PontarlierBallon d’Alsace Hilly stage 213.0 km (132.4 mi)  Bernard Thévenet (FRA)
18 21 July VesoulAuxerre Plain stage 257.5 km (160.0 mi)  Marinus Wagtmans (NED)
19 22 July AuxerreVersailles Plain stage 230.0 km (142.9 mi)  Joseph Bruyère (BEL)
20a 23 July VersaillesVersailles Individual time trial 42.0 km (26.1 mi)  Eddy Merckx (BEL)
20b VersaillesParis Plain stage 89.0 km (55.3 mi)  Willy Teirlinck (BEL)

Classification leadership[edit]

Stage General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification Team classification
P  Eddy Merckx (BEL)  Eddy Merckx (BEL) no award Molteni
1  Cyrille Guimard (FRA)  Cyrille Guimard (FRA)  Cyrille Guimard (FRA)
2
3a
3b  Eddy Merckx (BEL)
4  Cyrille Guimard (FRA) Peugeot
5a
5b Molteni
6  Mathieu Pustjens (NED)
7  Wilfried David (BEL) Gan
8  Eddy Merckx (BEL)  Eddy Merckx (BEL)
9
10
11
12  Lucien Van Impe (BEL)
13  Eddy Merckx (BEL)
14a
14b
15
16  Lucien Van Impe (BEL)
17
18  Eddy Merckx (BEL)
19
20a
20b
Final  Eddy Merckx (BEL)  Eddy Merckx (BEL)  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) Gan

Results[edit]

There were several classifications in the 1972 Tour de France, three of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[12]

Additionally, there was a points classification, where cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[12]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, but was not identified with a jersey in 1972.[12]

Another classification was the combination classification. This classification was calculated as a combination of the other classifications, its leader wore the white jersey.[13]

The fifth individual classification was the intermediate sprints classification. This classification had similar rules as the points classification, but only points were awarded on intermediate sprints. In 1972, this classification had no associated jersey.[14]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that lead this classification wore yellow caps.[15]

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[2]
Rank Name Team Time
1  Eddy Merckx (BEL) Molteni 108h 17' 18"
2  Felice Gimondi (ITA) Salvarani +10' 41"
3  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Gan +11' 34"
4  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) Sonolor +16' 45"
5  Joop Zoetemelk (NED) Beaulieu +19' 09"
6  Mariano Martinez (FRA) Magniflex +21' 31"
7  Yves Hézard (FRA) Sonolor +21' 52"
8  Joaquim Agostinho (POR) Magniflex +34' 16"
9  Bernard Thevenet (FRA) Peugeot +37' 11"
10  Ward Janssens (BEL) Magniflex +42' 33"

Points classification[edit]

When Cyrille Guimard left the race in the 17th stage, he was leading the points classification with 228 points.[16]

Final points classification (1–10)[2][17]
Rank Name Team Points
1  Eddy Merckx (BEL) Molteni 197
2  Rik Van Linden (BEL) Magniflex 135
3  Joop Zoetemelk (NED) Beaulieu 133
4  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Gan 122
5  Frans Verbeeck (BEL) Watney 118
6  Felice Gimondi (ITA) Salvarani 112
7  Marino Basso (ITA) Salvarani 112
8  Willy Teirlinck (BEL) Sonolor 110
9  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) Sonolor 105
10  Mariano Martinez (FRA) Magniflex 89

Mountains classification[edit]

Final mountains classification (1–10)[2][17]
Rank Name Team Points
1  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) Sonolor 229
2  Eddy Merckx (BEL) Molteni 211
3  Joaquim Agostinho (POR) Magniflex 138
4  Mathieu Pustjens (NED) Sonolor 109
5  Joop Zoetemelk (NED) Beaulieu 104
6  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Gan 79
7  Raymond Delisle (FRA) Peugeot 55
8  Bernard Thevenet (FRA) Peugeot 49
9  Mariano Martinez (FRA) Magniflex 43
10  Roger Swerts (BEL) Molteni 35

Team classification[edit]

Final team classification[17]
Rank Team Time
1 Gan 327h 44' 34"
2 Magniflex +8' 29"
3 Molteni +12' 45"
4 Sonolor +17' 45"
5 Bic +46' 09"
6 Salvarani +56' 27"
7 Peugeot +58' 46"
8 Flandria +1h 43' 13"
9 Rokado +3h 21' 13"
10 Goudsmit +3h 21' 13"
11 Watney +3h 08' 16"
12 Gitane +4h 47' 57"

Combination classification[edit]

Final combination classification (1–5)[17]
Rank Name Team Points
1  Eddy Merckx (BEL) Molteni 4
2  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Gan 13
3  Joop Zoetemelk (NED) Beaulieu 13
4  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) Sonolor 14
5  Felice Gimondi (ITA) Salvarani 19

Intermediate sprints classification[edit]

When Cyrille Guimard left the race in the 17th stage, he was leading the intermediate sprints classification with 65 points.[16]

Final intermediate sprints classification (1–5)[17]
Rank Name Team Points
1  Willy Teirlinck (BEL) Sonolor 61
2  Robert Mintkiewicz (FRA) Sonolor 48
3  Barry Hoban (GBR) Gan 38
4  Giacinto Santambrogio (ITA) Salvarani 28
5  Raymond Riotte (FRA) Sonolor 27

Other classifications[edit]

The combativity award was given to Cyrille Guimard.[1]

Aftermath[edit]

Guimard had been treated by Bernard Sainz. After Guimard left the race, there were rumours that Guimard had been using doping in the last days of the Tour; to end these rumours, he requested that after the eighteenth stage, he would also be checked for doping.[18]

In 2000, Sainz wrote the book "The stunning revelation of Dr. Mabuse", where he denied that he was responsible.[19]

Later that year, Eddy Merckx finished second in the athlete of the year poll, behind Mark Spitz.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 2009-10-09. Retrieved 30 September 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "59ème Tour de France 1972" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Retrieved 14 May 2010. 
  3. ^ "Ronde van Frankrijk van 1 t/m 23 juli". Leeuwarder Courant (in Dutch) (De krant van toen). 18 January 1972. p. 13. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 
  4. ^ "Ocana is in het voordeel". Nieuwsblad van het Noorden (in Dutch) (De krant van toen). 28 June 1972. p. 23. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q McGann, Bill; McGann, Carol (2008). The Story of the Tour De France: 1965-2007. Dog Ear Publishing. pp. 66–73. ISBN 1-59858-608-4. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 
  6. ^ "Spaanse Kas-ploeg niet aan de start in Tour de France". Nieuwsblad van het Noorden (in Dutch) (De krant van toen). 14 June 1972. p. 23. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 
  7. ^ "Angers nog niet in ban wielercircus". Leeuwarder Courant (in Dutch) (De krant van toen). 1 July 1972. p. 11. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 
  8. ^ "Alleen Ocana gelooft in een wonder". Nieuwsblad van het Noorden (in Dutch) (De krant van toen). 15 July 1972. p. 17. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 
  9. ^ "Ocana staakt wanhopige strijd". Nieuwsblad van het Noorden (in Dutch) (De krant van toen). 18 July 1972. p. 14. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 
  10. ^ Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique, Part 4" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 9 July 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2010. 
  11. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 2009-06-10. Retrieved 31 August 2010. 
  12. ^ a b c Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  13. ^ Mark, Eddy van der. "Tour Xtra: Other Classifications & Awards". Chippewa Valley Cycling Club. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  14. ^ Mark, Eddy van der. "Tour Xtra: Intermediate Sprints Classification". Chippewa Valley Cycling Club. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 
  15. ^ Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0-679-72936-4. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 
  16. ^ a b "Clasificaciones oficiales". El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 21 July 1972. p. 17. Retrieved 30 March 2011. 
  17. ^ a b c d e "Clasificaciones oficiales". El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 24 July 1972. p. 17. Retrieved 30 March 2011. 
  18. ^ "Zoetemelk in het groen". Leeuwarder Courant (in Dutch) (De krant van toen). 22 July 1972. p. 6. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 
  19. ^ Haake, Bjorn (18 March 2010). "Sainz gets one year prison term". Velonation. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 
  20. ^ "Mark Spitz sportman van het jaar". Leeuwarder Courant (De krant van toen). 11 January 1973. Retrieved 8 March 2011.