Ascott d’Oyley is recorded in the 1086 Domesday Book as having 14 households and a mill, under the lordship of Roger d'Oilly, and tenanted by Robert d’Oilly, whose family gives the village its name. 
An earthmound marks the remains of Ascott d’Oyley Castle  dating from c.1130.
Today the village consists of stone-built houses and cottages grouped around the High Street and Mill Lane. It is served by Windrush Valley School and Ascott-under-Wychwood railway station.
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