1953 Formula One season

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
1953
FIA Formula One World Championship season
Previous: 1952 Next: 1954

The 1953 Formula One season consisted of a number of non-championship motor races for Formula One cars. As in 1952, the FIA chose to limit all Grand Prix races counting towards the World Championship of Drivers to cars complying with Formula Two regulations rather than with Formula One.

The 4th FIA World Championship of Drivers,[1] which commenced on 18 January and ended on 13 September after nine races,[2] was won by Alberto Ascari,[1] driving for a Scuderia Ferrari.[3]

In addition to the non-championship Formula One races and the World Championship Formula Two races, numerous other non-championship Formula Two races were also held during the year.

World Championship season summary[edit]

Ferrari drivers again dominated the championship, taking seven of the eight grands prix, although Juan Manuel Fangio's challenge in his more fragile Maserati took him to second place in the championship and a win at Monza. Ascari extended his unbeaten run to nine consecutive World Championship grand prix wins before his team-mate Mike Hawthorn broke the sequence in becoming the first ever British winner in the French Grand Prix at Reims after a thrilling battle with Fangio.

In 1953, all races counting towards the World Championship of Drivers were run under Formula 2 regulations, excepting the Indianapolis 500. The 1953 championship was the first truly global World Championship of Drivers, with a championship event being stage outside of Europe or the United States for the first time. That race, the 1953 Argentine Grand Prix, was marred by an accident involving the Ferrari of Giuseppe Farina, which crashed into an unprotected crowd, killing nine spectators.

World Championship season review[edit]

The 1953 World Championship of Drivers was contested over a nine race series.

Rnd Race Circuit Date Pole position Fastest lap Winning driver Constructor Tyre Report
1 Argentina Argentine Grand Prix Buenos Aires 18 January Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Ferrari P Report
2 United States Indianapolis 500 Indianapolis 30 May United States Bill Vukovich United States Bill Vukovich United States Bill Vukovich United States Kurtis Kraft-Offenhauser F Report
3 Netherlands Dutch Grand Prix Zandvoort 7 June Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Luigi Villoresi Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Ferrari P Report
4 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps 21 June Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Argentina José Froilán González Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Ferrari P Report
5 France French Grand Prix Reims 5 July Italy Alberto Ascari Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn Italy Ferrari P Report
6 United Kingdom British Grand Prix Silverstone 18 July Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Alberto Ascari
Argentina José Froilán González
Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Ferrari P Report
7 West Germany German Grand Prix Nürburgring 2 August Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Giuseppe Farina Italy Ferrari P Report
8 Switzerland Swiss Grand Prix Bremgarten 23 August Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Ferrari P Report
9 Italy Italian Grand Prix Monza 13 September Italy Alberto Ascari Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Italy Maserati P Report

There was originally supposed to be a Spanish Grand Prix at the Pedralbes circuit in Barcelona on October 25, but there was no money for the race to be held, and the race was promptly cancelled.[4]

Teams and drivers[edit]

Italian Alberto Ascari won the 1953 Formula One Driver's Championship, his second championship and the last Italian to do so

The following teams and drivers competed in the 1953 FIA World Championship of Drivers.

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre Driver Rounds
Italy Officine Alfieri Maserati Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6 2.0 L6 P Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio 1, 3–9
Argentina José Froilán González 1, 3–6
Italy Felice Bonetto 1, 3, 5–9
Argentina Oscar Gálvez 1
Belgium Johnny Claes 4
Argentina Onofre Marimón 4–9
West Germany Hermann Lang 8
Italy Sergio Mantovani 9
Italy Luigi Musso 9
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500
553
Ferrari 500 2.0 L4
Ferrari 553 2.0 L4
P Italy Alberto Ascari 1, 3–9
Italy Nino Farina 1, 3–9
Italy Luigi Villoresi 1, 3–9
United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn 1, 3–9
Italy Umberto Maglioli 9
Italy Piero Carini 9
United Kingdom Cooper Car Company Cooper-Bristol
Cooper-Alta
T20
T23
T21
Bristol BS1 2.0 L6
Alta GP 2.5 L4
D United Kingdom Alan Brown 1
United Kingdom John Barber 1
Argentina Adolfo Schwelm Cruz 1
United Kingdom Stirling Moss 5, 7, 9
France Equipe Gordini Gordini
Simca-Gordini
Type 16
Type 15
Gordini 20 2.0 L6
Gordini 1500 1.5 L4
E France Robert Manzon 1
United States Harry Schell 1, 3–7, 9
France Maurice Trintignant 1, 3–9
France Jean Behra 1, 4–8
Argentina Carlos Menditeguy 1
Argentina Pablo Birger 1
Argentina Roberto Mieres 3, 5, 9
United States Fred Wacker 4
France Ecurie Rosier Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 D France Louis Rosier 3–7, 9
E 8
Switzerland Enrico Platé Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6 2.0 L6 P Switzerland Toulo de Graffenried 3
United Kingdom Connaught Engineering Connaught-Lea-Francis Type A Lea-Francis 2.0 L4 D United Kingdom Roy Salvadori 3, 5–7, 9
United Kingdom Kenneth McAlpine 3, 6–7, 9
United Kingdom Stirling Moss 3
Thailand Prince Bira 5–7
United Kingdom Jack Fairman 9
Belgium Ecurie Belge Connaught-Lea-Francis Type A Lea-Francis 2.0 L4 E Belgium Johnny Claes 3, 5, 7, 9
Belgium André Pilette 4
United Kingdom Ken Wharton Cooper-Bristol T23 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D United Kingdom Ken Wharton 3, 5–6, 8–9
United Kingdom HW Motors HWM-Alta 53 Alta GP 2.5 L4 D United Kingdom Peter Collins 3–6
United Kingdom Lance Macklin 3–6, 8–9
Belgium Paul Frère 4, 8
France Yves Giraud-Cabantous 5, 9
United Kingdom Duncan Hamilton 6
United Kingdom Jack Fairman 6
Switzerland Albert Scherrer 8
United States John Fitch 9
Switzerland Emmanuel de Graffenried Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6 2.0 L6 P Switzerland Toulo de Graffenried 4–9
Belgium Georges Berger Simca-Gordini Type 15 Gordini 1500 1.5 L4 E Belgium Georges Berger 4
Belgium Arthur Legat Veritas Meteor Veritas 2.0 L6 E Belgium Arthur Legat 4
Belgium Ecurie Francorchamps Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 E Belgium Jacques Swaters 4, 7–8
Australia Tony Gaze Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 E Belgium Charles de Tornaco 4
Monaco Louis Chiron OSCA 20 OSCA 2000 2.0 L6 P Monaco Louis Chiron 5, 9
France Élie Bayol OSCA 20 OSCA 2000 2.0 L6 P France Élie Bayol 5
United Kingdom Bob Gerard Cooper-Bristol T23 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D United Kingdom Bob Gerard 5–6
United Kingdom R.R.C. Walker Racing Team Connaught-Lea-Francis Type A Lea-Francis 2.0 L4 D United Kingdom Tony Rolt 6
United Kingdom Ecurie Ecosse Connaught-Lea-Francis
Cooper-Bristol
Type A
T20
Lea-Francis 2.0 L4
Bristol BS1 2.0 L6
D United Kingdom Ian Stewart 6
United Kingdom Jimmy Stewart 6
United Kingdom R.J. Chase Cooper-Bristol T23 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D United Kingdom Alan Brown 6
United Kingdom Atlantic Stable Cooper-Alta T24 Alta GP 2.5 L4 D United Kingdom Peter Whitehead 6
United Kingdom Tony Crook Cooper-Bristol T20 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D United Kingdom Tony Crook 6
West Germany Hans Stuck AFM-Bristol 6 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D West Germany Hans Stuck 7, 9
West Germany Wolfgang Seidel Veritas RS Veritas 2.0 L6 D West Germany Wolfgang Seidel 7
West Germany Willi Heeks Veritas Meteor Veritas 2.0 L6 D West Germany Willi Heeks 7
West Germany Theo Helfrich Veritas RS Veritas 2.0 L6 D West Germany Theo Helfrich 7
West Germany Oswald Karch Veritas RS Veritas 2.0 L6 D West Germany Oswald Karch 7
West Germany Helmut Niedermayr AFM-BMW U8 BMW 328 2.0 L6 D East Germany Theo Fitzau 7
West Germany Ernst Loof Veritas Meteor Veritas 2.0 L6 D West Germany Ernst Loof 7
West Germany Hans Herrmann Veritas Meteor Veritas 2.0 L6 D West Germany Hans Herrmann 7
West Germany Erwin Bauer Veritas RS Veritas 2.0 L6 D West Germany Erwin Bauer 7
Switzerland Ecurie Espadon Ferrari 166 C
500
Ferrari 125 1.5 V12
Ferrari 500 2.0 L4
P West Germany Kurt Adolff 7
Switzerland Peter Hirt 8
Switzerland Max de Terra 8
East Germany Rennkollektiv EMW EMW R2 EMW 6 2.0 L6 D East Germany Edgar Barth 7
East Germany Dora Greifzu Reif-BMW Eigenbau BMW 328 2.0 L6 D East Germany Rudolf Krause 7
East Germany Ernst Klodwig Heck-BMW Eigenbau BMW 328 2.0 L6 D East Germany Ernst Klodwig 7
United Kingdom Equipe Anglaise Cooper-Bristol T23 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D United Kingdom Alan Brown 7, 9
West Germany Helmut Glöckler 7
United Kingdom Rodney Nuckey Cooper-Bristol T23 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D United Kingdom Rodney Nuckey 7
West Germany Günther Bechem AFM-BMW 50–5 BMW 328 2.0 L6 D West Germany Günther Bechem 7
Brazil Escuderia Bandeirantes Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6 2.0 L6 P Brazil Chico Landi 8
Italy OSCA Automobili OSCA 20 OSCA 2000 2.0 L6 P France Élie Bayol 9
Italy Scuderia Milano Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6 2.0 L6 P Brazil Chico Landi 9
Thailand Prince Bira 9

1953 World Championship of Drivers - final standings[edit]

Pos. Driver ARG
Argentina
500
United States
NED
Netherlands
BEL
Belgium
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
West Germany
SUI
Switzerland
ITA
Italy
Pts.
1 Italy Alberto Ascari 1 1 (1) (4) 1 8† / (Ret)† 1 Ret 34.5 (46.5)
2 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Ret Ret Ret / Ret† 2 2 2 (4)† / Ret† 1 28 (29.5)
3 Italy Nino Farina Ret 2 Ret (5) (3) 1 2 2 26 (32)
4 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn 4 (4) 6 1 (5) 3 3 (4) 19 (27)
5 Italy Luigi Villoresi 2 Ret 2 6 Ret 8† / Ret† 6 3 17
6 Argentina José Froilán González 3 3† (Ret) 3 4 13.5 (14.5)
7 United States Bill Vukovich 1 9
8 Switzerland Toulo de Graffenried 5 4 7 Ret 5 Ret Ret 7
9 Italy Felice Bonetto Ret 3† Ret 6 4 4† / Ret† Ret 6.5
10 United States Art Cross 2 6
11 Argentina Onofre Marimón 3 9 Ret Ret Ret Ret 4
12 France Maurice Trintignant 7† 6 5 Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 4
13 United States Sam Hanks 3† 2
14 United States Duane Carter 3† 2
15 Argentina Óscar Alfredo Gálvez 5 2
16 United States Jack McGrath 5 2
17 West Germany Hermann Lang 5 2
18 United States Fred Agabashian 4† 1.5
19 United States Paul Russo 4† 1.5
United Kingdom Stirling Moss 9 Ret 6 13 0
France Jean Behra 6 Ret 10 Ret Ret Ret 0
Argentina Roberto Mieres NC Ret 6 0
United States Jimmy Daywalt 6 0
United States Harry Schell 7† Ret 7 Ret Ret Ret 9 0
France Louis Rosier 7 8 8 10 10 Ret 16 0
United Kingdom Ken Wharton Ret Ret 8 7 NC 0
Thailand Prince Bira Ret 7 Ret 11 0
Belgium Jacques Swaters 7 Ret 0
United States Jim Rathmann 7 0
Italy Sergio Mantovani 7† 0
Italy Luigi Musso 7† 0
United Kingdom Peter Collins 8 Ret 13 Ret 0
United Kingdom John Barber 8 0
United States Ernie McCoy 8 0
Switzerland Max de Terra 8 0
Italy Umberto Maglioli 8 0
United Kingdom Alan Brown 9 Ret Ret 12 0
United States Tony Bettenhausen 9 0
United States Fred Wacker 9 0
United Kingdom Peter Whitehead 9 0
West Germany Hans Herrmann 9 0
Switzerland Albert Scherrer 9 0
Monaco Louis Chiron 15 10 0
Belgium Paul Frère 10 Ret 0
United States Jimmy Davies 10 0
United States Duke Nalon 11 0
Belgium André Pilette 11 0
United Kingdom Bob Gerard 11 Ret 0
United Kingdom Rodney Nuckey 11 0
Belgium Johnny Claes NC Ret† 12 Ret Ret 0
United States Carl Scarborough 12 0
West Germany Theo Helfrich 12 0
United Kingdom Kenneth McAlpine Ret Ret 13 NC 0
United States Manny Ayulo 13 0
France Yves Giraud Cabantous 14 15 0
West Germany Hans Stuck Ret 14 0
United States Jimmy Bryan 14 0
East Germany Rudolf Krause 14 0
United States Bill Holland 15 0
East Germany Ernst Klodwig 15 0
United States Rodger Ward 16 0
West Germany Wolfgang Seidel 16 0
United States Walt Faulkner 17 0
United Kingdom Jack Fairman Ret NC 0
United Kingdom Lance Macklin Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
United Kingdom Roy Salvadori Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
France Élie Bayol Ret Ret 0
Brazil Chico Landi Ret Ret 0
France Robert Manzon Ret 0
Argentina Carlos Menditeguy Ret 0
Argentina Pablo Birger Ret 0
Argentina Adolfo Schwelm Cruz Ret 0
United States Marshall Teague Ret 0
United States Spider Webb Ret 0
United States Bob Sweikert Ret 0
United States Mike Nazaruk Ret 0
United States Pat Flaherty Ret 0
United States Jerry Hoyt Ret 0
United States Johnnie Parsons Ret 0
United States Don Freeland Ret 0
United States Gene Hartley Ret 0
United States Chuck Stevenson Ret 0
United States Cal Niday Ret 0
United States Bob Scott Ret 0
United States Andy Linden Ret 0
United States Johnny Thomson Ret 0
Belgium Georges Berger Ret 0
Belgium Arthur Legat Ret 0
United Kingdom Jimmy Stewart Ret 0
United Kingdom Tony Rolt Ret 0
United Kingdom Ian Stewart Ret 0
United Kingdom Duncan Hamilton Ret 0
United Kingdom Tony Crook Ret 0
East Germany Edgar Barth Ret 0
West Germany Oswald Karch Ret 0
West Germany Willi Heeks Ret 0
East Germany Theo Fitzau Ret 0
West Germany Kurt Adolff Ret 0
West Germany Günther Bechem Ret 0
West Germany Ernst Loof Ret 0
West Germany Erwin Bauer Ret 0
Switzerland Peter Hirt Ret 0
Italy Piero Carini Ret 0
United States John Fitch Ret 0
Pos. Driver ARG
Argentina
500
United States
NED
Netherlands
BEL
Belgium
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
West Germany
SUI
Switzerland
ITA
Italy
Pts.
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
  • Championship points were awarded to first five finishers in each race on an 8, 6, 4, 3, 2 basis. Points for shared drives were divided equally between the drivers, regardless of the number of laps driven by each.
  • 1 point was also awarded for the fastest lap in each race. The point was shared equally between drivers sharing the fastest lap.
  • Only the best four results from the nine races counted towards a driver’s total points in the world championship.
  • Numbers without parentheses are retained championship points and numbers within parentheses are total points scored.
  • * Italics indicate fastest lap
  • Bold indicates pole position
  • † Position shared between more drivers of the same car
  • ‡ Several cars were shared in this race. See the race page for details.

Non-Championship race results[edit]

The following Formula One/Formula Two races, which did not count towards the World Championship of Drivers, were held during 1953.

Race Name Circuit Date Winning driver Constructor Report
Italy III Gran Premio di Siracusa Syracuse 22 March Switzerland Toulo de Graffenried Italy Maserati Report
France XIV Pau Grand Prix Pau 6 April Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Ferrari Report
United Kingdom V Lavant Cup Goodwood 6 April Switzerland Toulo de Graffenried Italy Maserati Report
United Kingdom II Aston Martin Owners Club F2 Race Snetterton 18 April United Kingdom Eric Thompson United Kingdom Connaught-Lea Francis Report
France III Grand Prix de Bordeaux Bordeaux 3 May Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Ferrari Report
East Germany I Strassen-Rennen Karl-Marx-Stadt Karl-Marx-Stadt 3 May East Germany Rudolf Krause West Germany BMW-Reif Report
United Kingdom V BRDC International Trophy Silverstone 9 May United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn Italy Ferrari Report
Finland XV Eläintarhanajot Eläintarharata 10 May United Kingdom Rodney Nuckey United Kingdom Cooper-Bristol Report
Italy VI Gran Premio di Napoli Posillipo 10 May Italy Giuseppe Farina Italy Ferrari Report
United Kingdom VII Ulster Trophy Dundrod 16 May United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn Italy Ferrari Report
United Kingdom I Winfield JC Formula 2 Race Charterhall 23 May United Kingdom Ken Wharton United Kingdom Cooper-Climax Report
United Kingdom III Coronation Trophy Crystal Palace 23 May United Kingdom Tony Rolt United Kingdom Connaught-Lea Francis Report
Belgium XXIII Grand Prix des Frontières Chimay 24 May France Maurice Trintignant France Gordini Report
United Kingdom I Snetterton Coronation Trophy Snetterton 30 May United Kingdom Tony Rolt United Kingdom Connaught-Lea Francis Report
West Germany XVII Internationales ADAC Eifelrennen Nürburgring 31 May Switzerland Toulo de Graffenried Italy Maserati Report
France XV Grand Prix de l'Albigeois Albi 31 May France Louis Rosier Italy Ferrari Report
France I Coupe de Printemps Montlhéry 31 May France Marcel Balsa West Germany BMW Report
East Germany I Paul Greifzu Gedachtnisrennen Dessau 7 June East Germany Edgar Barth East Germany EMW Report
United Kingdom II West Essex CC Race Snetterton 27 June United Kingdom Kenneth McAlpine United Kingdom Connaught-Lea Francis Report
United Kingdom I Midlands MECC Race Silverstone 27 June United Kingdom Tony Crook United Kingdom Cooper-Alta Report
France III Grand Prix de Rouen-les-Essarts Rouen-les-Essarts 28 June Italy Giuseppe Farina Italy Ferrari Report
East Germany IV Strassen-rennen Halle-Saale-Schleife Halle-Saale-Schleife 5 July East Germany Edgar Barth East Germany EMW Report
United Kingdom I Crystal Palace Trophy Crystal Palace 11 July United Kingdom Tony Rolt United Kingdom Connaught-Lea Francis Report
West Germany IX Internationales Avusrennen AVUS 12 July Belgium Jacques Swaters Italy Ferrari Report
United Kingdom II United States Air Force Trophy Snetterton 25 July United Kingdom Tony Rolt United Kingdom Connaught-Lea Francis Report
France V Circuit du Lac Aix-les-Bains 26 July France Élie Bayol Italy OSCA Report
East Germany I Dresden Autobahnspinne Dresden-Hellerau 26 July East Germany Edgar Barth East Germany EMW Report
United Kingdom I Bristol MC & LCC Race Thruxton 3 August United Kingdom Tony Rolt United Kingdom Connaught-Lea Francis Report
United Kingdom I Mid-Cheshire MC Race Oulton Park 8 August United Kingdom Tony Rolt United Kingdom Connaught-Lea Francis Report
France III Grand Prix de Sables d'Olonne Les Sables-d'Olonne 9 August France Louis Rosier Italy Ferrari Report
United Kingdom II Newcastle Journal Trophy Charterhall 15 August United Kingdom Ken Wharton United Kingdom Cooper-Bristol Report
France V Circuit de Cadours Cadours 30 August France Maurice Trintignant France Gordini Report
East Germany V Sachsenringrennen Sachsenring 6 September East Germany Edgar Barth East Germany EMW-BMW Report
United Kingdom I RedeX Trophy Snetterton 12 September United Kingdom Eric Thompson United Kingdom Connaught-Lea Francis Report
Sweden III Skarpnäcksloppet Skarpnäck 13 September Sweden Erik Lundgren United States Ford Report
United Kingdom I London Trophy Crystal Palace 19 September United Kingdom Stirling Moss United Kingdom Cooper-Alta Report
Italy IV Gran Premio di Modena Modena 20 September Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Italy Maserati Report
United Kingdom VI Madgwick Cup Goodwood 26 September United Kingdom Roy Salvadori United Kingdom Connaught-Lea Francis Report
East Germany II Bernau Autobahnschleife Bernau 27 September East Germany Arthur Rosenhammer East Germany EMW Report
United Kingdom II Joe Fry Memorial Trophy Castle Combe 3 October United Kingdom Bob Gerard United Kingdom Cooper-Bristol Report
United Kingdom I Curtis Trophy Snetterton 17 October United Kingdom Bob Gerard United Kingdom Cooper-Bristol Report

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b World Championship of Drivers, 1974 FIA Yearbook, Grey section, pages 118 & 119
  2. ^ Mike Lang, Grand Prix! Volume 1, 1950 to 1965, pages 53 to 66
  3. ^ Steve Small, The Guinness Complete Grand Prix Who's Who, 1994, page 37
  4. ^ forums.autosport.com/topic/63822-grand-prix-cancelled/