Bruce McLaren

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Bruce McLaren
McLarenBruce.jpg
Born (1937-08-30)30 August 1937
Auckland, New Zealand
Died 2 June 1970(1970-06-02) (aged 32)
Goodwood Circuit, West Sussex, England, UK
Formula One World Championship career
Nationality  New Zealander
Active years 1958 - 1970
Teams Cooper, McLaren, Eagle
Races 104 (100 starts)
Championships 0
Wins 4
Podiums 27
Career points 188.5 (196.5)[1]
Pole positions 0
Fastest laps 3
First race 1958 German Grand Prix
First win 1959 United States Grand Prix
Last win 1968 Belgian Grand Prix
Last race 1970 Monaco Grand Prix
24 Hours of Le Mans career
Participating years 1959, 1961-1967
Teams Cooper Car Company
Briggs Cunningham
Aston Martin
Ford Motor Company
Shelby-American Inc.
Best finish 1st (1966)
Class wins 1 (1966)

Bruce Leslie McLaren (30 August 1937 – 2 June 1970) was a New Zealand race-car designer, driver, engineer and inventor.

His name lives on in the McLaren team which has been one of the most successful in Formula One championship history, with McLaren cars and drivers winning a total of 20 world championships. McLaren cars totally dominated CanAm sports car racing with 56 wins, a considerable number of them with him behind the wheel, between 1967 and 1972 (and five constructors’ championships), and have won three Indianapolis 500 races, as well as the 24 Hours of Le Mans and 12 Hours of Sebring.

Early life[edit]

Born in Auckland, New Zealand, Bruce McLaren attended Meadowbank Primary School. As a nine-year-old, he contracted Perthes disease in his hip that left his left leg shorter than the right.

His parents, Les and Ruth McLaren, owned a service station and workshop in Remuera Rd, Remuera, Auckland.[2] Bruce spent all of his free hours hanging around the workshop and developed his passion during his formative years.

Career[edit]

Les McLaren restored an aging Austin 7 Ulster which 14-year-old Bruce used in 1952 when he entered his first competition, a hillclimb. Two years later he took part in his first real race and showed promise. He moved up from the Austin to a Ford 10 special and an Austin-Healey, then an F2 Cooper-Climax sports. He immediately began to modify and improve — and master - it, so much so that he was runner-up in the 1957–8 New Zealand championship series.

Driving career[edit]

Grand Prix[edit]

His performance in the New Zealand Grand Prix in 1958 was noted by Australian driver Jack Brabham (who would later invite McLaren to drive for him). Because of his obvious potential the New Zealand International Grand Prix organisation selected him for its 'Driver to Europe' scheme designed to give a promising Kiwi driver year-round experience with the best in the world. McLaren was the first recipient, to be followed by others later including Denny Hulme.

McLaren in the 1969 German Grand Prix

McLaren went to Cooper and stayed seven years. He raced in F2 and was entered in the German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring in which F2 and F1 cars competed together. He astounded the motor racing fraternity by being first F2, and fifth overall, in a field of the best drivers in the world.

McLaren joined the Cooper factory F1 team alongside Jack Brabham in 1959 and won the 1959 United States Grand Prix at age 22 years 80 days, becoming the youngest ever GP winner up to that time. He followed that with a win in the Argentine Grand Prix, the first race of the 1960 Formula One season, and he would finish runner-up that season to Brabham.

McLaren won the 1962 Monaco Grand Prix, eventually finishing a fine third in the championship that year. The next year he founded Bruce McLaren Motor Racing Ltd, which remains in the Formula One championship simply as McLaren. McLaren continued to race and win in Coopers (including the New Zealand GP in 1964).

McLaren left Cooper at the end of 1965, and announced his own GP racing team, with co-driver and fellow Kiwi Chris Amon. Amon left in 1967 to drive for Ferrari. In 1968, McLaren was joined by another fellow Kiwi Denny Hulme, who had become world champion in 1967 with Brabham. McLaren took his fourth career win racing his own McLaren car at Spa in 1968, achieving the team's first Grand Prix win. Hulme won twice in the McLaren-Ford.

The 1969 championship was also a success, with McLaren finishing 3rd in the standings despite taking no wins. In tribute to his homeland, McLaren's cars featured the "speedy Kiwi" logo.

Can-Am Series[edit]

It was in powerful sports car racing where McLaren's design flair and ingenuity were graphically demonstrated. Just as the Can-Am began to become very popular with fans in Canada and the U.S., the new McLaren cars finished second twice, and third twice, in six races.

In 1967 they won five of six races and in 1968, four of six. The following year McLarens proved unbeatable, winning 11 of 11 races. In two races, they finished 1-2-3. (McLaren, Hulme and Mark Donohue).

In 1966 he and co-driver Chris Amon won the prestigious 24 Hour race at Le Mans in a Ford GT40.

Career as a Constructor[edit]

Bruce was a competitive driver but in many ways his legacy, the McLaren Racing Team, is testimony to his abilities as an analyst, engineer and manager that contributed much to the success of the cars that bore his name. In the early days of the McLaren sports cars Bruce was testing and as he drove out of the pits he noticed the fuel filler access door was flapping up and down as he drove. The current aerodynamic thinking was that it should have been pressed more firmly in place as the speed of the car increased. Instead, it bounced more vigorously as the speed increased. Instantly his frustration at the sloppy work changed and he had an insight. Stopping in the pits he jumped from the car, ran to a mechanics tool box, grabbed a pair of shears and started cutting the bodywork away behind the radiator. Climbing back in the car he immediately began turning lap times faster than before.

Later he explained,

I was first angry that the filler door hadn't been properly closed but then I began to wonder why it wasn't being pressed down by the airflow. The only answer was that there had to be a source of higher pressure air under it than over it.

From that session came the "nostrils" that have been a key McLaren design feature, even in the McLaren F1 road car, since that day.

Bruce McLaren noted that his team's cars were marginally less innovative than the Chaparral Cars of rival driver/designer Jim Hall but their superior reliability was rewarded by race and championship victories. Long after his death that culture prevailed and when Ron Dennis bought the team was reinforced by the lessons learned in his early career as a race mechanic.

Death[edit]

Bruce McLaren died (aged 32) when his Can-Am car crashed on the Lavant Straight just before Woodcote corner at Goodwood Circuit in England on 2 June 1970. He had been testing his new M8D when the rear bodywork came adrift at speed. The loss of aerodynamic downforce destabilized the car, which spun, left the track and hit a bunker used as a flag station.

Motorsport author Eoin Young has noted that Bruce McLaren had "virtually penned his own epitaph" in his 1964 book From the Cockpit. Referring to the death of team mate Timmy Mayer, McLaren had written:

The news that he had died instantly was a terrible shock to all of us, but who is to say that he had not seen more, done more and learned more in his few years than many people do in a lifetime? To do something well is so worthwhile that to die trying to do it better cannot be foolhardy. It would be a waste of life to do nothing with one's ability, for I feel that life is measured in achievement, not in years alone.

Legacy[edit]

  • Bruce McLaren Intermediate School in West Auckland was named after him shortly after his death. It was originally going to be called Henderson South Intermediate. The school is on Bruce McLaren Road, in the suburb of McLaren Park.
  • In 2000 Motorsport NZ and the Prodrive Trust created The Bruce McLaren Scholarship to help up and coming New Zealand racing drivers.
  • Inducted into the New Zealand Sports Hall of Fame in 1990.
  • Inducted into the International Motorsports Hall of Fame in 1991.
  • Inducted into the Motorsports Hall of Fame of America in 1995.
  • The Bruce McLaren Trust, based in Auckland, New Zealand, perpetuates his memory and runs a small museum from the flat where Bruce grew up (above a petrol station in Remuera)
  • On 20 January 2007, at New Zealand's round of the A1 Grand Prix series, it was announced that there is to be a movie made about Bruce McLaren.[3]
  • The University of Auckland Formula SAE team use Bruce's racing number 47 as their car number in memory of Bruce.

Complete Formula One World Championship results[edit]

(key) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 WDC Pts.[1]
1958 Cooper Car Company Cooper T45 F2 Climax Straight-4 ARG
MON
NED
500
BEL
FRA
GBR
GER
5*
POR
ITA
MOR
12
NC 0*
1959 Cooper Car Company Cooper T45 F2 Climax Straight-4 MON
5
500
NED
6th 16.5
Cooper T51 FRA
5
GBR
3
GER
Ret
POR
Ret
ITA
Ret
USA
1
1960 Cooper Car Company Cooper T51 Climax Straight-4 ARG
1
2nd 34 (37)
Cooper T53 MON
2
500
NED
Ret
BEL
2
FRA
3
GBR
4
POR
2
ITA
USA
3
1961 Cooper Car Company Cooper T55 Climax V8 MON
6
NED
12
BEL
Ret
FRA
5
GBR
8
GER
6
ITA
3
USA
4
8th 11
1962 Cooper Car Company Cooper T60 Climax V8 NED
Ret
MON
1
BEL
Ret
FRA
4
GBR
3
GER
5
ITA
3
USA
3
RSA
2
3rd 27 (32)
1963 Cooper Car Company Cooper T66 Climax V8 MON
3
BEL
2
NED
Ret
FRA
12
GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
ITA
3
USA
11
MEX
Ret
RSA
4
6th 17
1964 Cooper Car Company Cooper T66 Climax V8 MON
Ret
7th 13
Cooper T73 NED
7
BEL
2
FRA
6
GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
AUT
Ret
ITA
2
USA
Ret
MEX
7
1965 Cooper Car Company Cooper T73 Climax V8 RSA
5
9th 10
Cooper T77 MON
5
BEL
3
FRA
Ret
GBR
10
NED
Ret
GER
Ret
ITA
5
USA
Ret
MEX
Ret
1966 Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren M2B Ford V8 MON
Ret
USA
5
MEX
Ret
16th 3
Serenissima V8 BEL
DNS
FRA
GBR
6
NED
DNS
GER
ITA
1967 Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren M4B BRM V8 RSA
MON
4
NED
Ret
BEL
14th 3
Anglo American Racers Eagle T1G Weslake V12 FRA
Ret
GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren M5A BRM V12 CAN
7
ITA
Ret
USA
Ret
MEX
Ret
1968 Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren M7A Cosworth V8 RSA
ESP
Ret
MON
Ret
BEL
1
NED
Ret
FRA
8
GBR
7
GER
13
ITA
Ret
CAN
2
USA
6
MEX
2
5th 22
1969 Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren M7A Cosworth V8 RSA
5
3rd 26
McLaren M7C ESP
2
MON
5
NED
Ret
FRA
4
GBR
3
GER
3
ITA
4
CAN
5
USA
DNS
MEX
DNS
1970 Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren M14A Cosworth V8 RSA
Ret
ESP
2
MON
Ret
BEL
NED
FRA
GBR
GER
AUT
ITA
CAN
USA
MEX
14th 6

* McLaren was ineligible to score points in the 1958 German Grand Prix because he was driving a Formula Two car.

Non-Championship results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
1958 Cooper Car Company Cooper T45 Climax Straight-4 BUE GLV SYR AIN
13
INT
9
CAE
1959 Cooper Car Company Cooper T45 Climax Straight-4 BUE GLV
6
AIN
3
INT
Ret
Cooper T51 OUL
Ret
SIL
1960 Cooper Car Company Cooper T51 Climax Straight-4 BUE
Ret
GLV
4
Cooper T53 INT
14
SIL
3
LOM OUL
4
1961 Cooper Car Company Cooper T53 Climax V8 LOM GLV PAU BRX
2
VIE SOL
4
KAN DAN MOD FLG OUL
3
LEW VAL RAN NAT RSA
Cooper T55 AIN
2
SYR
WD
NAP LON SIL
Ret
1962 Cooper Car Company Cooper T55 Climax V8 CAP BRX LOM LAV
1
GLV
2
PAU AIN
2
INT
5
NAP MAL CLP
3
Cooper T60 RMS
1
SOL KAN MED DAN OUL
Ret
MEX
Ret
RAN NAT
1963 Cooper Car Company Cooper T66 Climax V8 LOM
4
GLV
2
PAU IMO SYR AIN
5
INT
2
ROM SOL KAN MED AUT OUL
6
RAN
1964 Cooper Car Company Cooper T66 Climax V8 DMT
3
NWT
Ret
SYR
Cooper T73 AIN
Ret
INT
15
SOL MED RAN
1965 Cooper Car Company Cooper T77 Climax V8 ROC
5
SYR SMT
4
INT
6
MED RAN
1967 Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren M4B BRM V8 ROC
Ret
SPR
5
INT
5
SYR OUL ESP
1968 Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren M7A Cosworth V8 ROC
1
INT
2
OUL
1969 Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren M7B Cosworth V8 ROC
Ret
McLaren M7C INT
6
MAD OUL
1970 Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren M14A Cosworth V8 ROC
Ret
INT
4
OUL

Complete Tasman Series results[edit]

Year Chassis 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rank Points
1964 Cooper T70 New Zealand
LEV
(3)
New Zealand
PUK
1
New Zealand
WIG
1
New Zealand
TER
1
Australia
SAN
Ret
Australia
WAR
2
Australia
LAK
(3)
Australia
LON
2
1st 39 (47)
1965 Cooper T79 New Zealand
PUK
Ret
New Zealand
LEV
(5)
New Zealand
WIG
2
New Zealand
TER
2
Australia
WAR
Ret
Australia
SAN
4
Australia
LON
1
2nd 24 (26)
1968 BRM P126 New Zealand
PUK
Ret
New Zealand
LEV
Ret
New Zealand
WIG
5
New Zealand
TER
1
Australia
SUR
Australia
WAR
Australia
SAN
Australia
LON
6th 11

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Up until 1990, not all points scored by a driver contributed to their final World Championship tally (see list of points scoring systems for more information). Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.
  2. ^ "McLaren Garage (Former)". New Zealand Historic Places Trust. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  3. ^ "McLaren film is launched". Grandprix.com. 19 January 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-20. 

Related Books:

  • From the Cockpit by Bruce McLaren
  • Bruce McLaren: Racing Car Constructor by George Begg
  • McLaren - The Man, Cars & Team by Eoin Young
  • Eoin Young's McLaren Book
  • The Last Season - The Life of Bruce McLaren by Jeanne Beeching
  • The Golden Era of New Zealand Motor Racing by Graham Vercoe

A list of further such volumes can be viewed at http://www.bruce-mclaren.com/about-bruce-mclaren/historical-books.html.

External links[edit]

Sporting positions
Preceded by
None
Tasman Series Champion
1964
Succeeded by
Jim Clark
Preceded by
Jochen Rindt
Masten Gregory
Winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans
1966 with:
Chris Amon
Succeeded by
Dan Gurney
A.J. Foyt
Preceded by
John Surtees
Can-Am Champion
1967
Succeeded by
Denny Hulme
Preceded by
Dan Gurney
Brands Hatch Race of Champions winner
1968
Succeeded by
Jackie Stewart
Preceded by
Denny Hulme
Can-Am Champion
1969
Succeeded by
Denny Hulme
Records
Preceded by
Troy Ruttman
22 years, 80 days
(1952 Indianapolis 500)
Youngest Driver to score
Points in Formula One

21 years, 253 days
(1959 Monaco Grand Prix)
Succeeded by
Ricardo Rodríguez
20 years, 123 days
(1962 Belgian GP)
Preceded by
Stirling Moss
24 years, 303 days
(1954 British GP)
Youngest driver to set
Fastest Lap in Formula One

21 years, 322 days
(1959 British Grand Prix)
Succeeded by
Fernando Alonso
21 years, 321 days
(2003 Canadian GP)
Preceded by
Troy Ruttman
22 years, 80 days
(1952 Indianapolis 500)
Youngest Driver to score a
Podium Position in Formula One

21 years, 322 days
(1959 British Grand Prix)
Succeeded by
Elio de Angelis
21 years, 307 days
(1980 Brazilian GP)