Birmingham Hodge Hill (UK Parliament constituency)
|Birmingham, Hodge Hill|
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Birmingham, Hodge Hill in Birmingham.
Location of Birmingham within England.
|Electorate||75,985 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Liam Byrne (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Birmingham Stechford|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
The constituency was created in 1983, largely replacing the Birmingham Stechford constituency.
Hodge Hill is a traditionally Labour-governed area, normally seeing large majorities for the party. However in 2004 the appointment of the sitting Member of Parliament (MP), Terry Davis, as secretary general of the Council of Europe resulted in a fiercely contested by-election. The seat saw a fierce challenge by the Liberal Democrats[n 3] who hoped to build on their previous by-election gain at Brent East, as well as competition for the anti-war vote from RESPECT The Unity Coalition. On a low turnout, Labour's Liam Byrne held the seat by a margin of just 460 votes over the Liberal Democrats, with RESPECT taking over 1000 votes.
The constituency covers a diverse area of east Birmingham, including the predominantly Asian inner-city area of Washwood Heath and the mostly white area of Shard End on the city's eastern boundary, as well as Hodge Hill itself. The constituency has a high percentage of residents on a low income bracket and a roughly equal three-way split of social housing, privately rented and privately owned homes leading to a one of highest Indices of Multiple Deprivation in the West Midlands for its central area.
Following the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, the Boundary Commission for England's report was accepted leading to creation a modified Hodge Hill constituency with the following electoral wards (first used in 2010):
- Bordesley Green
- Hodge Hill
- Shard End
- Washwood Heath
Members of Parliament
The current Member of Parliament is Liam Byrne of the Labour Party, who was elected in the 2004 by-election. He succeeded Terry Davis, who had held the seat since its creation in the 1983 general election. For the four years from the 1979 general election Davis held the largely predecessor constituency to the area, Birmingham Stechford.
|2004 by-election||Liam Byrne||Labour|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Birmingham Hodge Hill|
|Liberal Democrat||Tariq Khan||11,775||27.7||−2.1|
|Social Democratic||Peter Johnson||637||1.5||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
Note: percentage changes are from the figures at the 2001 general election, not the 2004 by-election.
|General Election 2005: Birmingham Hodge Hill|
|Liberal Democrat||Miss Nicola S. Davies||8,373||29.5||+21.4|
|Conservative||Miss Deborah H. Thomas||3,768||13.3||−6.7|
|BNP||Denis H. Adams||1,445||5.1||N/A|
|UKIP||Adrian D. Duffen||680||2.4||+1.4|
|Peace and Progress||Azmat Begg||329||1.2||N/A|
|by-election 2004: Birmingham Hodge Hill|
|Liberal Democrat||Miss Nicola S. Davies||6,991||34.2||+26.1|
|Conservative||Stephen J.A. Eyre||3,543||17.3||−2.7|
|National Front||Jim W. Starkey||805||3.9||N/A|
|English Democrats||Mark K. Wheatley||277||1.4||N/A|
|Christian Vote||Rev. George Hargreaves||90||0.4||N/A|
|General Election 2001: Birmingham, Hodge Hill|
|Conservative||Mrs. Debbie A. Lewis||5,283||20.0||−4.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Charles A. Dow||2,147||8.1||−0.4|
|People's Justice||Perwaz Hussain||561||2.1||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Dennis Cridge||284||1.1||N/A|
|UKIP||Harvey B. Vivian||275||1.0||−0.9|
|Muslim Party||Ayub Khan||125||0.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Birmingham Hodge Hill|
|Conservative||Ed A.G. Grant||8,198||24.0||−12.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Hadyn A. Thomas||2,891||8.5||−0.7|
|UKIP||Peter F. Johnson||660||1.9||N/A|
|General Election 1992: Birmingham Hodge Hill|
|Conservative||Miss Elizabeth M. Gibson||14,827||36.3||−0.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Sean C.G. Hagan||3,740||9.2||−5.2|
|National Front||Eddy J. Whicker||370||0.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Birmingham Hodge Hill|
|Conservative||Stephen J.A. Eyre||15,083||37.0||+1.7|
|Liberal||Kenneth George Hardeman||5,868||14.4||−1.5|
|General Election 1983: Birmingham Hodge Hill|
|National Front||N.D.W. Tomkinson||529||1.3||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- In the same way as by-election in Leicester South, held on the same day by the Labour Party
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2001 Census
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll 2010
- Birmingham City Council: General Election 2010
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1987. Politics Resources. 11 June 1987. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1983. Politics Resources. 9 June 1983. Retrieved 17 September 2012.