Birmingham Hodge Hill (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 52°30′N 1°49′W / 52.50°N 1.82°W / 52.50; -1.82

Birmingham, Hodge Hill
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Birmingham, Hodge Hill in Birmingham.
Outline map
Location of Birmingham within England.
County West Midlands
Electorate 75,985 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of Parliament Liam Byrne (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Birmingham Stechford
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Birmingham, Hodge Hill is a constituency[n 1] of part of the city of Birmingham represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2004 by Liam Byrne of the Labour Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

The constituency was created in 1983, largely replacing the Birmingham Stechford constituency.

Hodge Hill is a traditionally Labour-governed area, normally seeing large majorities for the party. However in 2004 the appointment of the sitting Member of Parliament (MP), Terry Davis, as secretary general of the Council of Europe resulted in a fiercely contested by-election. The seat saw a fierce challenge by the Liberal Democrats[n 3] who hoped to build on their previous by-election gain at Brent East, as well as competition for the anti-war vote from RESPECT The Unity Coalition. On a low turnout, Labour's Liam Byrne held the seat by a margin of just 460 votes over the Liberal Democrats, with RESPECT taking over 1000 votes.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency covers a diverse area of east Birmingham, including the predominantly Asian inner-city area of Washwood Heath and the mostly white area of Shard End on the city's eastern boundary, as well as Hodge Hill itself. The constituency has a high percentage of residents on a low income bracket and a roughly equal three-way split of social housing, privately rented and privately owned homes leading to a one of highest Indices of Multiple Deprivation in the West Midlands for its central area.[2]

When the Hodge Hill area committee district of Birmingham was created in 2004 its boundaries were those of the constituency.

Following the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, the Boundary Commission for England's report was accepted leading to creation a modified Hodge Hill constituency with the following electoral wards (first used in 2010):

  • Bordesley Green
  • Hodge Hill
  • Shard End
  • Washwood Heath

Members of Parliament[edit]

The current Member of Parliament is Liam Byrne of the Labour Party, who was elected in the 2004 by-election. He succeeded Terry Davis, who had held the seat since its creation in the 1983 general election. For the four years from the 1979 general election Davis held the largely predecessor constituency to the area, Birmingham Stechford.

Election Member[3] Party
1983 Terry Davis Labour
2004 by-election Liam Byrne Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Birmingham Hodge Hill[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Liam Byrne 22,077 52.0 +5.1
Liberal Democrat Tariq Khan 11,775 27.7 −2.1
Conservative Shailesh Parekh 4,936 11.6 +1.0
BNP Richard Lumby 2,333 5.5 +0.4
UKIP Waheed Rafiq 714 1.7 −1.1
Social Democrat Peter Johnson 637 1.5 N/A
Majority 10,302 24.3
Turnout 42,472 56.6 +0.9
Labour hold Swing +3.6

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

Note: percentage changes are from the figures at the 2001 general election, not the 2004 by-election.

General Election 2005: Birmingham Hodge Hill
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Liam Byrne 13,822 48.6 −15.3
Liberal Democrat Miss Nicola S. Davies 8,373 29.5 +21.4
Conservative Miss Deborah H. Thomas 3,768 13.3 −6.7
BNP Denis H. Adams 1,445 5.1 N/A
UKIP Adrian D. Duffen 680 2.4 +1.4
Peace and Progress Azmat Begg 329 1.2 N/A
Majority 5,449 19.2
Turnout 28,417 52.7 +4.8
Labour hold Swing −18.3
by-election 2004: Birmingham Hodge Hill
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Liam Byrne 7,451 36.5 −27.4
Liberal Democrat Miss Nicola S. Davies 6,991 34.2 +26.1
Conservative Stephen J.A. Eyre 3,543 17.3 −2.7
Respect John Rees 1,282 6.3 N/A
National Front Jim W. Starkey 805 3.9 N/A
English Democrats Mark K. Wheatley 277 1.4 N/A
Christian Vote Rev. George Hargreaves 90 0.4 N/A
Majority 460 2.3
Turnout 20,439 37.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 2001: Birmingham, Hodge Hill
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Terry Davis 16,901 63.9 −1.7
Conservative Mrs. Debbie A. Lewis 5,283 20.0 −4.0
Liberal Democrat Charles A. Dow 2,147 8.1 −0.4
BNP Lee Windridge 889 3.3 N/A
People's Justice Perwaz Hussain 561 2.1 N/A
Socialist Labour Dennis Cridge 284 1.1 N/A
UKIP Harvey B. Vivian 275 1.0 −0.9
Muslim Party Ayub Khan 125 0.5 N/A
Majority 11,618 43.9
Turnout 26,465 47.9
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Birmingham Hodge Hill[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Terry Davis 22,398 65.6 +12.0
Conservative Ed A.G. Grant 8,198 24.0 −12.3
Liberal Democrat Hadyn A. Thomas 2,891 8.5 −0.7
UKIP Peter F. Johnson 660 1.9 N/A
Majority 14,200 41.6 +4.3
Turnout 34,147 60.9 −9.9
Labour hold Swing +12.2
General Election 1992: Birmingham Hodge Hill[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Terry Davis 21,895 53.6 +4.9
Conservative Miss Elizabeth M. Gibson 14,827 36.3 −0.6
Liberal Democrat Sean C.G. Hagan 3,740 9.2 −5.2
National Front Eddy J. Whicker 370 0.9 N/A
Majority 7,068 17.3 +5.6
Turnout 40,832 70.8 +2.1
Labour hold Swing +2.8

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Birmingham Hodge Hill[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Terry Davis 19,872 48.7 +1.1
Conservative Stephen J.A. Eyre 15,083 37.0 +1.7
Liberal Kenneth George Hardeman 5,868 14.4 −1.5
Majority 4,789 11.7
Turnout 40,823 68.9 +1.3
Labour hold Swing −0.3
General Election 1983: Birmingham Hodge Hill[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Terry Davis 19,692 47.6 N/A
Conservative P.M. Roe 14,600 35.3 N/A
Liberal G.A. Gopsill 6,557 15.9 N/A
National Front N.D.W. Tomkinson 529 1.3 N/A
Majority 5,092 12.3 N/A
Turnout 41,378 67.6 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ In the same way as by-election in Leicester South, held on the same day by the Labour Party
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ 2001 Census
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll 2010
  5. ^ Birmingham City Council: General Election 2010
  6. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/constit/086.htm
  7. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  8. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1987. Politics Resources. 11 June 1987. Retrieved 17 September 2012. 
  9. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1983. Politics Resources. 9 June 1983. Retrieved 17 September 2012. 

External links[edit]