Bradford West (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°48′N 1°47′W / 53.8°N 1.79°W / 53.8; -1.79

Bradford West
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Bradford West in West Yorkshire.
Outline map
Location of West Yorkshire within England.
County West Yorkshire
Electorate 63,425 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Bradford
Current constituency
Created 1955
Member of Parliament George Galloway (Respect)
18851918
Number of members One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Created from Bradford
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Yorkshire and the Humber

Bradford West is a constituency[n 1] of the city of Bradford represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2012 by George Galloway of the Respect Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

Before 1974, the Labour and Conservative Parties held the seat marginally in various years, since which time the Labour Party always won the seat until 2012. For two years during the 1974–2012 period, 1981–83, however, the one sitting Bradford West MP joined the fledgling SDP, Edward Lyons.

George Galloway of the Respect Party won the seat in the Bradford West by-election, 2012. He achieved 55.9% of the vote.

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency covers the western part of Bradford. In the 1950s, the boundaries covered Thornton, Allerton and Manningham.[2]

Boundaries 1997–2010[edit]

From 1997 to 2010, the constituency comprised six complete wards of the City of Bradford: City, Clayton and Fairweather Green, Heaton, Manningham, Thornton and Allerton, Toller. It also included a part of Little Horton ward.

However, the Boundary Commission provisionally recommended in 2004 that the Little Horton ward should cease to be divided between three constituencies and should become part of the Bradford North constituency, which would be renamed Bradford East. Following objections from the Liberal Democrats, a public enquiry was held in July 2005. However, the Liberal Democrats did not attend to support their case, leading the Commission to uphold the proposal and describe the inquiry as "a quite unnecessary waste of public money".[3]

Boundaries from 2010[edit]

As and from the 2010 general election, the constituency consists of six wards: City, Clayton and Fairweather Green, Heaton, Manningham, Thornton and Allerton, and Toller.[4]

Members of Parliament[edit]

The constituency was originally created in 1885, but was abolished in 1918. For the 1955 general election the constituency was recreated, following a boundary review.[5]

Election Member[6][7] Party Notes
1885 Alfred Illingworth Liberal MP for Knaresborough 1868–1874, for Bradford 1880–1885
1895 Ernest Flower Conservative Knighted 1904
1906 Fred Jowett Labour Party MP for Bradford East 1922–24, 1929–31
1918 constituency abolished
1955 constituency recreated
1955 Arthur Tiley Conservative Defeated in 1966
1966 Norman Haseldine Labour Co-operative Defeated in 1970
1970 John Wilkinson Conservative Defeated in Feb 1974. MP for Ruislip-Northwood from 1979 to 2005
Feb 1974 Edward Lyons Labour Elected as a Labour MP, defected to the SDP in 1981. Defeated in 1983
1981 Social Democratic
1983 Max Madden Labour MP for Sowerby from 1974 to 1979. Replaced as Labour candidate for 1997
1997 Marsha Singh Labour Resigned due to ill health in 2012.
2012 by-election George Galloway Respect Former Respect MP for Bethnal Green & Bow from 2005 to 2010.

Elections[edit]

Elections since 1955[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
Bradford West by-election, 2012
Resignation of Marsha Singh
Turnout: 32,905 (50.0%) -14.9
Respect gain from Labour
Majority: 10,140 (30.9%)
Swing: 36.6% from Lab to Respect
George Galloway Respect 18,341 55.9 +52.8
Imran Hussain Labour 8,201 25.0 -20.3
Jackie Whiteley Conservative 2,746 8.4 -22.7
Jeanette Sunderland Liberal Democrat 1,505 4.6 -7.1
Sonja McNally UKIP 1,085 3.3 +1.3
Dawud Islam Green 481 1.5 -0.8
Neil Craig Democratic Nationalists 344 1.0 -0.1
Howling Laud Hope Monster Raving Loony 111 0.3 N/A
General Election 2010 [8][9]
New boundaries
Turnout: 40,576 (64.9%) +10.9
Labour hold
Majority: 5,763 (14.2%)
Swing: 2.9% from Con to Lab
Marsha Singh Labour 18,401 45.3 +5.6
Zahid Iqbal Conservative 12,638 31.1 −0.2
David Hall-Matthews Liberal Democrat 4,732 11.7 −7.4
Jenny Sampson BNP 1,370 3.4 −3.5
Arshad Ali Respect 1,245 3.1 +3.1
David Ford Green 940 2.3 −0.7
Jason Smith UKIP 812 2.0 +2.0
Neil Craig Democratic Nationalists 438 1.1 +1.1
General Election 2005 [10]
Turnout: 36,369 (54.0%) +0.4
Labour hold
Majority: 3,026 (8.3%)
Marsha Singh Labour 14,570 40.1 −7.9
Haroon Rashid Conservative 11,544 31.7 −5.4
Mukhtar Ali Liberal Democrat 6,620 18.2 +11.8
Paul Cromie BNP 2,525 6.9 N/A
Parvez Darr Green 1,110 3.1 −3.9
General Election 2001 [11]
Turnout: 38,370 (53.6%) −9.7
Labour hold
Majority: 4,165 (10.9%)
Marsha Singh Labour 18,401 48.0
Mohammed Riaz Conservative 14,236 37.1 +4.1
John Robinson Green 2,672 7.0 +5.1
Abdul Khan Liberal Democrat 2,437 6.4 −8.4
Imran Hussain UKIP 427 1.1 N/A
Farhan Khokhar Asian League 197 0.5 N/A
General Election 1997 [11]
Turnout: 45,568 (63.3%)
Labour hold
Majority: 3,877 (8.6%)
Marsha Singh Labour 18,932 41.6 −11.7
Mohammed Riaz Conservative 15,055 33.0 -0.8
Helen Wright Liberal Democrat 6,737 14.8 +4.0
Abdul R. Khan Socialist Labour 1,551 3.4
Christopher Royston Referendum Party 1,348 3.0
John Robinson Green 861 1.9
Gary Osborn BNP 839 1.8
Sajjad Shah Socialist Alternative 245 0.5
General election 1992 [12]
Electorate: 70,016
Turnout: 69.91%
Labour hold
Majority: 9,502 (19.41%)
Max Madden Labour 26,046 53.2
Dr. Andrew J. Ashworth Conservative 16,544 33.8
Alun O. Griffiths Liberal Democrat 5,150 10.5
Peter Braham Green 735 1.5
David Musa Pidcock Islamic Party 471 1.0
General election 1987 [13]
Electorate: 70,763
Turnout: 70.2%
Labour hold
Majority: 7,551 (15.2%)
Max Madden Labour 25,775 51.9
Iain Duncan Smith Conservative 18,224 36.7
M. Moghal Social Democrat 5,657 11.4
General election 1983 [14]
Electorate: 71,296
Turnout: 68.9%
Labour hold
Majority: 3,337 (6.8%)
Max Madden Labour 19,499 39.7
Stephen Day Conservative 16,162 32.9
Edward Lyons Social Democrat 13,301 27.1
B. Slaughter Workers Revolutionary 139 0.3
General election 1979 [15]
Electorate: 65,407
Turnout: 69.1%
Labour hold
Majority: 7,755 (17.2%)
Edward Lyons Labour 24,309 53.8
T. Stow Conservative 16,554 36.7
N. Flood Liberal 3,668 8.1
G. Brown National Front 633 1.4
General election October 1974 [16]
Electorate: 62,684
Turnout: 69.5%
Labour hold
Majority: 4,941 (11.35%)
Edward Lyons Labour 21,133 48.5
John Wilkinson Conservative 16,192 37.2
S. Harris Liberal 5,884 13.5
General election February 1974 [17]
New boundaries
Electorate: 62,157
Turnout: 77.1%
Labour gain from Conservative
Majority: 2,219 (4.6%)
Edward Lyons Labour 20,787 43.4
John Wilkinson Conservative 18,568 38.7
R. F. Taylor Liberal 7,216 15.1
J. Merrick Anti-Immigration 1,164 2.4
R.O. Herbert Ind Democratic Alliance 200 0.4
General election 1970 [18]
Electorate: 53,371
Turnout: 73.8%
Conservative gain from Labour
Majority: 1,539 (3.9%)
John Wilkinson Conservative 20,475 52.0
Norman Haseldine Labour 18,936 48.0
General election 1966
Turnout: 76.61%
Labour Co-op gain from Conservative
Majority: 1,543 (4.05%)
Norman Haseldine Labour Co-op 19,704 52.03
Arthur Tiley Conservative 18,170 47.97
General election 1964
Turnout: 76.79%
Conservative hold
Majority: 3,147 (8.05%)
Arthur Tiley Conservative 21,121 54.02
Norman Haseldine Labour Co-op 17,974 45.98
General election 1959
Turnout: 81.76%
Conservative hold
Majority: 5,106 (12.48%)
Arthur Tiley Conservative 23,012 56.24
S. Hyam Labour 17,906 43.76
General election 1955
Turnout: 81.72%
Conservative hold
Majority: 3,159 (7.62%)
Arthur Tiley Conservative 22,306 53.81
M. Ferguson Labour 19,147 46.19

Elections 1885–1918[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General election December 1910 [7]
Electorate: 14,825
Turnout: 81.4% (−8.6)
Labour hold
Majority: 3,390 (28.0%)
Swing: 2.6% from Lab to Con
Fred Jowett Labour 7,729 64.0 −2.6
Sir Ernest Flower Conservative 4,339 36.0 +2.6
General election January 1910 [7]
Electorate: 14,825
Turnout: 90.0% (−0.8)
Labour hold
Majority: 4,319 (33.2%)
Fred Jowett Labour 8,880 66.6 +27.5
Sir Ernest Flower Conservative 4,461 33.4 +0.7
General election 1906 [7]
Electorate: 13,965
Turnout: 90.8% (+10.3)
Labour gain from Conservative
Majority: 810 (6.4%)
Fred Jowett Labour 4,957 39.1 −10.7
Sir Ernest Flower Conservative 4,147 32.7 −17.5
W. Claridge Liberal 3,580 28.2 N/A
General election 1900 [7]
Electorate: 12,340
Turnout: 9,939 (80.5%) −5.8
Conservative hold
Majority: 41 (0.4%)
Ernest Flower Conservative 4,990 50.2 +9.5
Fred Jowett Labour 4,949 49.9 N/A
General election 1895 [7]
Electorate: 11,200
Turnout: 86.3% (+2.8)
Conservative gain from Liberal
Majority: 465 (4.8%)
Swing: 3.8% from Lib to Con
Ernest Flower Conservative 3,936 40.7 +7.2
J. C. Horsfall Liberal 3,471 35.9 −0.4
Ben Tillett Ind. Labour Party 2,264 23.4 −6.8
General election 1892 [7]
Electorate: 10,911
Turnout: 83.5% (+13.5)
Liberal hold
Majority: 253 (2.8%)
Alfred Illingworth Liberal 3,306 36.3 −23.9
Ernest Flower Conservative 3,053 33.5
Ben Tillett Independent labour[19] 2,749 30.2 N/A
General election 1886 [7]
Electorate: 9,424
Turnout: 70.0% (−15.9)
Liberal hold
Majority: 1,352 (20.4%)
Alfred Illingworth Liberal 3,975 60.2 +2.3
A. W. Stirling Liberal Unionist 2,623 39.8
General election 1885 [7]
New constituency
Electorate: 9,424
Turnout: 8,092 (85.9%)
Liberal win
Majority: 1,280 (15.8%)
Alfred Illingworth Liberal 4,688 57.9 N/A
Henry Byron Reed Conservative 3,408 42.1 N/A

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Ordance Survey Map 1954 Vision of Britain
  3. ^ Boundary Commission for England: Revised And Final Recommendations For Parliamentary Constituency Boundaries In West Yorkshire, January 2006, paragraph 8.
  4. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007 No. 1681". Office of Public Sector Information. 13 June 2007. p. 2. Retrieved 6 July 2010. 
  5. ^ The Bradford West Constituency was created in 1955 after a boundary review. In previous elections the city was divided into four constituencies: Bradford Central, Bradford East, Bradford North and Bradford South.
  6. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 81. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  8. ^ "Bradford West constituency: statement as to persons nominated and notice of poll". Bradford City Council. Retrieved 5 July 2010. 
  9. ^ "UK > England > Yorkshire & the Humber > Bradford West". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2010. 
  10. ^ "UK General Election results May 2005, part3". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 5 July 2010. 
  11. ^ a b "Bradford West, 1997 & 2001". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 5 July 2010. 
  12. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992, part 3". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 5 July 2010. 
  13. ^ "UK General Election results June 1987, part 3". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 6 July 2010. 
  14. ^ "UK General Election results June 1983, part 3". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 6 July 2010. 
  15. ^ "UK General Election results May 1979, part 4". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 6 July 2010. 
  16. ^ "UK General Election results October 1974, part 4". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 6 July 2010. 
  17. ^ "UK General Election results February 1974, part 4". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 6 July 2010. 
  18. ^ "UK General Election results 1970, part 4". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 6 July 2010. 
  19. ^ In 1892, Ben Tillett stood as an independent labour candidate, not as a candidate for the Independent Labour Party, which was established the following year.