Brett Lunger

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Brett Lunger
Born (1945-11-14) November 14, 1945 (age 69)
Wilmington, Delaware, USA
Formula One World Championship career
Nationality United States American
Active years 19751978
Teams Hesketh, Surtees, non-works March, non-works McLaren, Ensign
Races 43 (34 starts)
Championships 0
Wins 0
Podiums 0
Career points 0
Pole positions 0
Fastest laps 0
First race 1975 Austrian Grand Prix
Last race 1978 United States Grand Prix

Robert Brett Lunger (born November 14, 1945 in Wilmington, Delaware) is a former racecar driver from the United States. Lunger was educated in dancing schools in Wilmington, the Holderness School, and Princeton University. He dropped out of Princeton after three years to enlist for service in Vietnam. He was a political science major.[1] At the time he was preparing a thesis on U.S. policy on Southeast Asia. The Gulf of Tonkin Incident refuted much of what Lunger contended in his writing.[2] A former US Marine lieutenant[3] who served in the Vietnam war, his racing career was mostly spent in privateer cars, paid for by his family wealth (Lunger was a scion of the DuPont family). He is also known for helping to rescue Niki Lauda from his burning Ferrari in 1976 at the Nürburgring.

Lunger was not raised a car enthusiast. He was brought up to enjoy baseball, hockey, and football. He became interested in auto racing when a friend took him to a race in 1965. By 1966 he was the "rich kid" of the Can-Am series. Between 1972 and 1973 he faced the top competition in European Formula Two, from the likes of Emerson Fittipaldi, Ronnie Peterson, and Jean-Pierre Jarier. His best finish was a 4th place at Mantorp Park in Sweden, for Space Racing, in their March-Ford BDA 722. The machinery he was in at this juncture did not allow him to do better. On a single weekend in Rouen, France, Lunger blew three Ford BDA engines.[2]

He married Jo, the daughter of Sir Leonard Crossland, former chairman of Ford of Britain and an executive with Lotus in 1975. Lunger used his wife's English thatched cottage as a base to court a ride with Formula One teams in 1975.[4]

Racing career synopsis[edit]

He participated in 43 Formula One World Championship Grands Prix, debuting on August 17, 1975, without scoring any championship during his four seasons in Formula One.

Lunger's Formula One career started alongside James Hunt in the Hesketh team in 1975, followed by a season with Surtees in 1976. The 1976 British GP was probably the best race of his GP career, qualifying mid grid, he climbed through the field to challenge his team mate Alan Jones, and Lunger's fastest lap was bettered by only 5 drivers. For 1977, he started the season with a year-old March 761 run by Bob Sparshott and entered under the name of his sponsor, Chesterfield Racing, but switched to a McLaren M23 after three races. In 1978, he stayed with the McLaren M23 and also tried an M26, but now entered by Sparshott's racing outfit, BS Fabrications. After a one-off drive for Ensign at the end of the season, Lunger moved on to sports car racing.

Lunger is perhaps most renowned for being one of the drivers, along with Guy Edwards, Arturo Merzario and Harald Ertl, who saved Niki Lauda from his burning car during the 1976 German Grand Prix. Lunger described Lauda's accident which occurred on the 2nd lap. He went off at a speed of between 130 mph (210 km/h) and 140 mph (230 km/h). He had apparently crashed on exit, went through a couple of rows of catch fence, up a relatively steep bank, and back into the middle of the track, the Ferrari on fire.[citation needed] Lunger said that Edwards was able to get by Lauda's car to the left but Lunger was unable to avoid the wrecked Ferrari. He made contact about three quarters on because I was committed to a line and couldn't make it through the debris. Ertl followed, colliding with the Ferrari and knocking it into Lunger's Surtees. Lunger's fire extinguishers were set off by the collision which was fortunate and saved time in the rescue. Lunger got out of his Surtees which was tangled up with the Ferrari. The extinguishers going off had dampened the fire somewhat. Workers arrived and kept the fire down, eventually putting foam on the Ferrari. This enabled Lunger and Merzario to get close to the fire, although they could not free Lauda at first. Lauda was conscious, struggling to get free on his own. Again the fire flared up and kept the men back from the car's side. Lunger jumped on top of the Ferrari and grabbed Lauda by his shoulders. Merzario unbuckled the seatbelts and Lunger and Lauda tumbled out of the car as a portion of the cockpit broke apart. As Lauda and Lunger emerged corner workers put foam on them. They lay for a few seconds in the grass. The burning fuel was moving toward them so Lunger and Lauda walked 6 to 8 steps away from the fire.[5]

Sports Cars and Formula 5000[edit]

Lunger finished 8th in a McLaren Chevrolet in the 1966, 252-mile (406 km) Nassau Trophy race, in Nassau, Bahamas. He was only a few seconds behind Peter Gregg in a Porsche Carrera 6.[6] Lunger fielded a Lola T160 chassis in the 1968 Canadian American Challenge Cup (Can-Am). Others who drove Lola T160 cars were Swede Savage and Chuck Parsons.[7]

Following the stint in the US Marines and the rank of Captain in 1970, and competing in two SCCA National events, Lunger was among drivers in the 1971 L&M Grand Prix, at Lime Rock Park, who were competing for 2nd place in the 1971 SCCA L&M 5000 Continental Championship. Lunger started the race with a 103 degree fever having been diagnosed with mononucleosis the previous day. As race progressed he started to lose strength allowing Sam Posey to pass and moving Lunger to third in the championship. He was hospitalized after the race for several days.[citation needed] His first major win was that year at Brainerd International Raceway in the Minnesota Grand Prix. Lunger had 58 points prior to the event. Lunger came in 3rd overall in the overall standing, after David Hobbs had clinched the title with 99 points.[3] His home at the time was Pomona, California.[8][9]

In 1972 Lunger was 3rd again in the L&M Continental 5000 Championship, trailing Graham McRae and Sam Posey. He moved into 3rd place following a win at Road Atlanta in August, in the Road Atlanta Grand Prix. He followed this up with another win, this time in the Lime Rock Grand Prix.[10][11]

In 1971 and 1972, Lunger might have finished third again in 1973 had mechanical problems held him to just four finishes, and seventh overall. In addition to this, he completed in the European Formula Two Championship and Torneio Internacional de Formula 2 do Brasil.[9]

In March 1973, Lunger placed 2nd to Peter Gethin in the opening race of Rothman's Formula 5000 European Championship at Brands Hatch. He was in a Hogan Racing Lola.[12] In the April 1973 Formula 5000 race at Riverside International Raceway, Lunger finished 6th. He led the first 19 laps before a stuck throttle forced him to spin at turn 7. A 17 second pit stop to look for damage dropped him to 7th place.[13] Lunger was 3rd in a Lola Chevrolet at the L&M Watkins Glen Grand Prix, in June 1973. Jody Scheckter and Brian Redman came in ahead of him in the Formula 5000 race.[14] Lunger was 2nd in a Lola in a Formula 5000 race at Mount Pocono, Pennsylvania, in September 1973.[15] In between races in the US F5000, Lunger continued to race in the English-based Rothmans Championship, winning twice, at Snetterton and Mallory Park for Sid Taylor Racing in their Trojan T101.

Lunger drove for the Dan Gurney’s Anglo American Racers team, in their Jorgensen Eagle 73A which debuted in Formula 5000 in 1974.[16] He started all seven races of the 1974 SCCA/USAC F5000 Championship, posting a second, third and a sixth place, ending the season fifth in the overall standings.[9] The Eagle marque was introduced in Formula 5000 in preparation for an entrance into Formula One in 1975.[17] Redman won the Mid-Ohio Formula 5000 race in Lexington, Ohio, in June 1974. Lunger placed 2nd, 1 minute and 14 seconds behind.[18] Lunger was 3rd in the Mosport International Raceway Formula 5000 race on June 16.[19]

In July 1974, Lunger piloted a BMW 3.0 CSL in the six hours of Watkins Glen and competed in a Trans Am race, sponsored by the Sports Car Club of America, with George Follmer.[20] Lunger started 8th and ran as high as 4th in the Can-Am Challenge Trophy race. He developed engine problems with 4 laps to go. Lunger said, We're not ready yet, but we're getting there.[21] Lunger won 2 heat races but crashed during the 1974 California Grand Prix at Ontario Motor Speedway. He was trying to pass a slower car and at the same time hold off eventual race winner, Mario Andretti. Lunger's Eagle Chevy collided with Mickey Rupp as they entered a turn at the end of the infield straight. Their cars spun in a cloud of dust 100 feet (30 m) off the race track. Lunger assisted rescue workers in pulling Rupp from his car.[22] Lunger and Follmer secured 2nd place in a turbocharged Porsche 935of Vasek Polak, in the 1977 six hours endurance race at Watkins Glen. They were more than 3.377 mile-lap behind the winning team of Jacky Ickx and Jochen Mass. The victors drove a factory Porsche 935 with a 150 horsepower (110 kW) advantage over the 20 other customer Porsches, which composed the field of 44 cars.[23]

Lunger teamed with Follmer and Derek Bell in a Vasek Polak entry in the Los Angeles Times 6-Hour Grand Prix of Endurance in April 1979.[24] The 3-man team placed 3rd, 6 laps behind in a Porsche 935/79. The car started in the 23rd row due to engine problems during qualifying that kept it from posting a time.[25]

Formula One[edit]

1975 Hesketh[edit]

Lunger joined the Hesketh Racing Formula One team in 1975 for the running of the 1975 Austrian Grand Prix. Aside from Mario Andretti and Mark Donohue, he was the only American driver on the elite circuit. At the age of 29 Lunger found himself without a car to drive for a major team. His friends bought him a ride with the team of Alexander Hesketh, 3rd Baron Hesketh for the remainder of the 1975 Formula One season.[26] Lunger's brother, Dave, and Rod Campbell, a veteran motor racing public relations man, formed a combine in late 1975 to promote a Formula One ride for Lunger.[1] In his debut Lunger started from the 9th row.[27] He finished 13th in his Hesketh-Ford.[28] In qualifying for the 1975 United States Grand Prix, Lunger wrecked his Hesketh, sustaining superficial damage to his car. He recovered to become one of 24 qualifiers for the 199.243-mile (320.651 km) race.[4] Lunger ran as high as 8th at Watkins Glen, before he retired. In the 1975 Italian Grand Prix he came in 10th.[1]

1976 Surtees[edit]

Lunger driving for Surtees at the 1976 British Grand Prix.

In 1976 Lunger moved to the Team Surtees. The corporation obtained sponsorship from Chesterfield, Rand Time Corporation, the Delaware Trust Company, and Champion Spark Plugs Company.[1] On the 1st day of qualifying for the 1976 United States Grand Prix West in Long Beach, California, Lunger averaged only 83.61 miles per hour (134.56 km/h). Driving a Surtees-Ford, he was in 21st position. He described the dilemma of negotiating the Long Beach race track, which incorporated 85 circuits from Ocean Boulevard downtown to a parking lot and to Shoreline Drive, not far from the RMS Queen Mary, and then back to Ocean Boulevard. This course is so narrow, it's like trying to drive a Sherman tank through a parking lot.[29] Lunger failed to make the field on the 2nd day of qualifying. Only 20 cars started due to the narrowness of the Long Beach circuit. Lunger's Surtees dropped a clutch in practice and was never correctly fixed.[30]

1977 - 1978 McLaren, Ensign[edit]

In January 1977 Lunger announced that he had signed with BS Fabrications, an English race team,[31] and manufacturer of race car components.[32] He fielded a McLaren M23, the same car driven by James Hunt when he won the 1976 Formula One World Championship.[31] In his first race of the season, Lunger finished 14th in the 1977 South African Grand Prix driving a March-Ford. The week prior to the race he lost a right rear wheel and crashed. It took his crew a week to rebuild the car from the ground up. During qualifying he drove three timed laps before his car blew an engine. This meant that Lunger started the race at the rear.[32] Lunger qualified his March on the 11th row, 21st starting position for the 1977 United States Grand Prix West.[33] He did not complete the race after he was in an accident on the 4th lap.[34] He drove a McLaren to a 19th place finish in the 1977 German Grand Prix at Hockenheim.[35] Lunger qualified 17th in Zeltweg for the 1977 Austrian Grand Prix. He had a time of 1 minute, 41.40 seconds.[36] He placed 9th at Zandvoort in the 1977 Dutch Grand Prix. His McLaren was 2 laps behind winner Lauda.[37] Lunger was 10th, 2 laps down, at the 1977 United States Grand Prix.[38]

He was one lap off the pace and finished 19th at Buenos Aires in the 1978 Argentine Grand Prix.[39] Lunger's McLaren was 20th at Rio de Janeiro in the 1978 Brazilian Grand Prix[40] and was 11th at Johannesburg in the 1978 South African Grand Prix, in March.[41] Lunger started 24th, in last position, for the 1978 British Grand Prix at Brands Hatch. His qualifying time was 1:20.39.[42] He went on to score his career best F1 finish, 8th place, albeit, one lap behind winner Carlos Reutemann.[43] In the 1978 Austrian Grand Prix he finished 8th, 2 laps off the winning pace.[44][45] Lunger started an Ensign from 24th position in the 1978 United States Grand Prix. His time was 1:43.067.[46] He finished 13th.[47]

Lunger finished 4th in the non-championship 1978 BRDC International Trophy race at Silverstone. He was behind winner Keke Rosberg, 2nd place Emerson Fittipaldi, and Tony Trimmer. The $190,000 event was hampered by rain over its 117.28 miles (188.74 km).[48]

In many ways, Lunger was one of the very last privateers in Formula One, plying his trade in year-old machinery, prepared by small independent racing teams. He called time on F1, at the end of the 1978 season, and returned to US Sports Car racing.[45]

Post-race life[edit]

Lunger failed to find an acceptable ride in 1979. During his retirement from racing he worked as a journalist with CBS, covering Formula One races like the 1979 South African Grand Prix. He completed his degree at Princeton.[49]

He remains a very competitive individual, taking part in cycling competitions in his spare time, when not running a research and development business. He is also a pilot, and this work, long with his wife, includes the Angel Flight Network.[50][51]


Racing record[edit]

Career highlights[edit]

Season Series Position Team Car
1971 L&M 5000 Continental Championship [52] 3rd Competition Research & Development Lola-Chevrolet T192
1972 L&M 5000 Continental Championship [53] 3rd Hogan Racing Lola-Chevrolet T300
European Championship for Formula 2 Drivers [54] 24th Peter Bloome Racing
Space Racing
March-Ford BDA 722
1973 SCCA L&M Championship [55] 7th Hogan Racing Lola-Chevrolet T330
Rothmans F5000 Championship [56][57] 7th Hogan Racing
Sid Taylor Racing
Lola-Chevrolet T330
Trojan-Chevrolet T101
European Championship for Formula 2 Drivers [58] 32nd Space Racing Chevron -Ford BDA B25
1974 SCCA/USAC Formula 5000 Championship [59] 5th All American Racers Eagle-Chevrolet 73A
1975 CASC Player’s Challenge Series [60] 22nd Alan MacCall Racing TUI-Ford BDA BH2
1976 SCCA/USAC Formula 5000 Championship [61] 11th Hogan Racing Lola-Chevrolet T332
1978 Aurora AFX F1 Championship [62][63] 21st BS Fabrications McLaren-Cosworth M23

International Race Victories[edit]

Date Event Circuit Entrant Car – Engine
1971
15/08/71 Minnesota Grand Prix United States Brainerd Competition Research & Development Lola-Chevrolet T192
1972
20/08/72 Road Atlanta Grand Prix United States Road Atlanta Hogan Racing Lola-Chevrolet T300
04/09/72 Lime Rock Grand Prix United States Lime Rock Hogan Racing Lola-Chevrolet T300
1973
20/04/73 Rothmans F5000 Championship England Snetterton Sid Taylor Racing Trojan-Chevrolet T101
08/07/73 Rothmans F5000 Championship England Mallory Park Sid Taylor Racing Trojan-Chevrolet T101

[11][64][65][66][67]

Complete Formula One World Championship results[edit]

(key)

Year Team Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 WDC Points
1975 Hesketh Racing Hesketh 308 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 ARG BRA RSA ESP MON BEL SWE NED FRA GBR GER AUT
13
ITA
10
USA
Ret
NC 0
1976 Team Surtees Surtees TS19 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 BRA RSA
11
USW
DNQ
ESP
DNQ
BEL
Ret
MON SWE
15
FRA
16
GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
AUT
10
NED ITA
14
CAN
15
USA
11
JPN NC 0
1977 Chesterfield Racing March 761 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 ARG BRA RSA
14
USW
Ret
ESP
10
MON NC 0
McLaren M23B BEL
DNS
SWE
11
FRA
DNQ
GBR
13
GER
Ret
AUT
10
NED
9
ITA
Ret
USA
10
CAN
11
JPN
1978 Liggett Group / B & S Fabrications McLaren M23B Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 ARG
13
BRA
Ret
RSA
11
USW
DNQ
NC 0
McLaren M26 MON
DNPQ
BEL
7
ESP
DNQ
SWE
DNQ
FRA
Ret
GBR
8
GER
DNPQ
AUT
8
NED
Ret
ITA
Ret
Team Tissot Ensign Ensign N177 USA
13
CAN

Complete European Formula Two Championship results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate *fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Pos Pts
1972 Peter Bloore Racing March 722 Ford BDA MAL
10
24th 3
Space Racing March 722 Ford BDA THR
DNS
HOC
NC
PAU
-
CRY
DNQ
HOC
NC
ROU
DNQ
ÖST
DNQ
IMO
DNQ
MAN
4
ENN
-
SAL
-
ALB
-
HOC
-
1973 Space Racing Chevron B25 Ford BDA MAL
-
HOC
-
THR
-
NÜR
-
PAU
-
KIN
-
NIV
-
HOC
-
ROU
7
MON
NC
MAN
-
KAR
9
ENN
-
SAL
-
NOR
-
ALB
-
VAL
NC
32nd 1

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Lunger's Sputtering Career Revives According To Plan, New York Times, April 11, 1976, p. 164.
  2. ^ a b Brett Lunger Story: From Rich Kid To Formula 5000 Driver, New York Times, January 20, 1974, p. 213.
  3. ^ a b Cannon and Hobbs Head Field In L&M Grand Prix Tomorrow, New York Times, September 5, 1971, p. S8.
  4. ^ a b Lunger Qualifies for Glen Race As Lauda Gains Pole Position, New York Times, October 5, 1975, p. 226.
  5. ^ Ferrari 'Boycott' Is Ending In Dutch Grand Prix Today, New York Times, August 29, 1976, p. 151.
  6. ^ Donohue, in Lola-Chevrolet Sunoco, Take 252-Mile Nassau Trophy Race, New York Times, December 5, 1966, p. 86.
  7. ^ New Array of Cars to Appear in Can-Am Race Next Sunday, New York Times, August 25, 1968, p. S14.
  8. ^ New Zealand Driver Victor In U.S. Debut, New York Times, New York Times, May 8, 1972, p. 52.
  9. ^ a b c "Brett Lunger". Myf5000.com. Retrieved 2014-05-21. 
  10. ^ Big Foreign Entry Is Represented In L&M Continental 5000 Field, New York Times, August 27, 1972, p. S12.
  11. ^ a b "Lime Rock, 4 Sep 1972 « US Formula 5000 «". Oldracingcars.com. Retrieved 2014-05-21. 
  12. ^ Gethin Betters Lap Record In Formula 5000 Victory. New York Times, March 18, 1973, p. 219.
  13. ^ Redman Captures First L&M Race; Scheckter 2nd, New York Times, April 30, 1973, p. 43.
  14. ^ Scheckter Slows Down to Win By Modest Margin, New York Times, June 18, 1973, p. 39.
  15. ^ Scheckter Takes 3rd, Wins Title, New York Times, September 4, 1973, p. 47.
  16. ^ Auto Racing Sponsors Awaiting Clear Track, New York Times, January 6, 1974, p. 270.
  17. ^ Revved-Up Formula 5000 Ready To Hit High Gear, New York Times, January 13, 1974, p. 220.
  18. ^ Redman, in Lola, Wins Formula 5000 Race, New York Times, June 3, 1974, p. 42.
  19. ^ Hobbs Captures Race in Ontario, New York Times, June 16, 1974, p. 212.
  20. ^ 1,1000 Race Miles Slated at Watkins Glen, New York Times, July 10, 1974, p. 34.
  21. ^ Andretti Is Victor At Glen, New York Times, July 15, 1974, p. 19.
  22. ^ Andretti 2nd To Redman On Coast, New York Times, September 2, 1974, p. 11.
  23. ^ Ickx, Mass Win As Porsche Dominates At Glen, New York Times, July 10, 1977, p. 161.
  24. ^ Barbour Goes For 1-2-3 Finish, Los Angeles Times, April 22, 1979, p. OC A1.
  25. ^ Whittingtons Win Times Race, Los Angeles Times, April 23, 1979, p. D1.
  26. ^ People In Sports, New York Times, August 12, 1975, p. 24.
  27. ^ Lauda on Pole for Austrian Grand Prix, New York Times, August 17, 1975, p. 187.
  28. ^ Brain Surgery for Driver, New York Times, August 18, 1975, p. 17.
  29. ^ Depailler's Car Is Speediest, New York Times, March 27, 1976, p. 46.
  30. ^ Regazzoni Takes Coast Race Pole, New York Times, March 28, 1976, p. 175.
  31. ^ a b People In Sports, New York Times, January 7, 1977, p. 16.
  32. ^ a b Lunger Hopes To Bolster Confidence At Long Beach, New York Times, March 27, 1977, p. 175.
  33. ^ Hunt Still Savoring World Title; Lauda Has Pole Position For Grand Prix, Los Angeles Times, April 3, 1977, p. D1.
  34. ^ U.S. Grand Prix West, Los Angeles Times, April 4, 1977, p. D4.
  35. ^ Lauda Bests Scheckter In German Grand Prix, August 1, 1977, p. D4.
  36. ^ Auto Racing, Los Angeles Times, August 14, 1977, p. C8.
  37. ^ Hunt and Andretti Crash; Lauda Wins, Los Angeles Times, August 29, 1977, p. E7.
  38. ^ Andretti Rally Falls Short As Hunt Wins, Los Angeles Times, October 3, 1977, p. E7.
  39. ^ Andretti Wins Shortened Argentine Grand Prix, January 16, 1978, p. D14.
  40. ^ Reutemann Breezes To Formula One Win, Los Angeles Times, January 30th 1978, p. D3.
  41. ^ Peterson Wins South Africa Race on Last Turn of Last Lap, Los Angeles Times, March 5, 1978, p. C6.
  42. ^ Auto Racing Results, Los Angeles Times, July 16, 1978, p. D4.
  43. ^ Reutemann Edges Lauda In British Grand Prix, Los Angeles Times, July 17, 1978, p. G9.
  44. ^ Auto Racing, Los Angeles Times, August 14, 1978, p. F6.
  45. ^ a b "McLaren Formula 1 - Heritage - Brett Lunger". Mclaren.com. 1945-11-14. Retrieved 2014-05-21. 
  46. ^ Formula One, Los Angeles Times, October 1, 1978, p. C21.
  47. ^ Auto Racing, Los Angeles Times, October 2, 1978, p. D11.
  48. ^ Rosberg Victor, New York Times, March 20, 1978, p. C7.
  49. ^ In Grand Prix, Change Means No Change, New York Times, April 1, 1979, p. S2.
  50. ^ [1][dead link]
  51. ^ [2][dead link]
  52. ^ http://www.myf5000.com/files/71_p1.pdf
  53. ^ http://www.myf5000.com/files/72_p1.pdf
  54. ^ "Formula 2 1972 - Final Tables". Formula2.net. Retrieved 2014-05-21. 
  55. ^ http://www.myf5000.com/files/73_p1.pdf
  56. ^ "European Formula 5000 races « Formula 5000 «". Oldracingcars.com. Retrieved 2014-05-21. 
  57. ^ "Formula 5000 Great Britain 1973 standings | Driver Database". Driverdb.com. Retrieved 2014-05-21. 
  58. ^ "Formula 2 1973 - Championship Tables". Formula2.net. Retrieved 2014-05-21. 
  59. ^ http://www.myf5000.com/files/74_p1.pdf
  60. ^ "Formula Atlantic Canada 1975 standings | Driver Database". Driverdb.com. Retrieved 2014-05-21. 
  61. ^ "Formula 5000 - SCCA 1976 standings | Driver Database". Driverdb.com. Retrieved 2014-05-21. 
  62. ^ "1978 British Formula One season - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". En.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 2014-05-21. 
  63. ^ "British F1 Series 1978 standings | Driver Database". Driverdb.com. Retrieved 2014-05-21. 
  64. ^ "Brainerd, 16 Aug 1970 « US Formula 5000 «". Oldracingcars.com. Retrieved 2014-05-21. 
  65. ^ "Road Atlanta, 20 Aug 1972 « US Formula 5000 «". Oldracingcars.com. Retrieved 2014-05-21. 
  66. ^ "Snetterton, 20 Apr 1973 « European Formula 5000 «". Oldracingcars.com. Retrieved 2014-05-21. 
  67. ^ "Mallory Park, 8 Jul 1973 « European Formula 5000 «". Oldracingcars.com. Retrieved 2014-05-21.