Carbon County, Montana

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Carbon County, Montana
Map of Montana highlighting Carbon County
Location in the state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1895
Seat Red Lodge
Largest city Red Lodge
Area
 • Total 2,062 sq mi (5,341 km2)
 • Land 2,048 sq mi (5,304 km2)
 • Water 14 sq mi (36 km2), 0.69%
Population
 • (2010) 10,078
 • Density 5/sq mi (2/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.co.carbon.mt.us

Carbon County is a county located in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,078.[1] Its county seat is Red Lodge.[2]

Carbon County is part of the Billings, MT Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Carbon County was named for the rich coal deposits found in the area. Land from Park and Yellowstone counties was used to form Carbon County on March 4, 1895.[3] More than sixty federally designated historic sites are located in the county, including Petroglyph Canyon,[4] one of the state's most important rock art sites.[5]

The first commercial oil well in the state was established in Elk Basin fields in 1915.[6]

Geography[edit]

Bear's Tooth

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,062 square miles (5,340.6 km2), of which 2,048 square miles (5,304.3 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36.3 km2) (0.69%) is water.[7]

Granite Peak, the highest mountain in Montana, is found in the Beartooth Mountains. The Beartooth Highway, one of the "most spectacular alpine highways",[8] links Red Lodge to Cooke City. The Pryor Mountains are in the east of the county, along with the Big Horn River.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Economy[edit]

During the early history of Carbon County, coal mining was the predominant industry. The current economy relies on agriculture, recreation, and tourism.[9]

In 2009 the top employers were Beartooth Hospital & Health Center, Red Lodge Mountain Resort, and the Red Lodge Pizza Company.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 7,533
1910 13,962 85.3%
1920 15,279 9.4%
1930 12,571 −17.7%
1940 11,865 −5.6%
1950 10,241 −13.7%
1960 8,317 −18.8%
1970 7,080 −14.9%
1980 8,099 14.4%
1990 8,080 −0.2%
2000 9,552 18.2%
2010 10,078 5.5%
Est. 2012 10,127 0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 9,552 people, 4,065 households, and 2,707 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 5,494 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.07% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.65% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. 1.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.8% were of German, 11.5% English, 9.2% Irish, 8.9% Norwegian, 5.9% American and 5.2% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 4,065 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 6.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 27.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 100.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,139, and the median income for a family was $38,405. Males had a median income of $30,226 versus $19,945 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,204. About 8.20% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.30% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Other communities[edit]

Farm along a creek in Roscoe, Sep 1978

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 14, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Carbon County. "Welcome to Carbon County". Retrieved 20 July 2011. 
  4. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  5. ^ Vincent, William B. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Petroglyph Canyon. National Park Service, 1974-09-04, 3.
  6. ^ Merrill, Andrea; Judy Jacobson (1997). Montana almanac. Helena, Montana: Falcon Publishing. ISBN 1-56044-493-2. 
  7. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  8. ^ America's Byways. "Beartooth Highway - Montana". Retrieved 20 July 2011. 
  9. ^ a b Montana Dept. of Labor and Industry (September 2010). "Demographic & Economic Information for Carbon County". Retrieved 20 July 2011. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 14, 2013. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°14′N 109°01′W / 45.23°N 109.02°W / 45.23; -109.02