Custer County, Montana

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Custer County, Montana
Miles City MT Custer County Courthouse.jpg
Custer County Courthouse in Miles City
Map of Montana highlighting Custer County
Location in the state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location in the U.S.
Founded February 2, 1865
Named for George Armstrong Custer
Seat Miles City
Largest city Miles City
Area
 • Total 3,793 sq mi (9,824 km2)
 • Land 3,783 sq mi (9,798 km2)
 • Water 10 sq mi (26 km2), 0.27%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 11,888
 • Density 3/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6

Custer County is a county located in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,699.[1] Its county seat is Miles City.[2] The county is named in honor of George Armstrong Custer.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,793 square miles (9,823.8 km2), of which 3,783 square miles (9,797.9 km2) is land and 10 square miles (25.9 km2) (0.27%) is water.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Economy[edit]

The main source of income for Custer County has largely come from cattle ranching and dryland farming.[3] Miles City serves as the center of commerce in an area extending for 100 miles in every direction.[4] As of 2009 the largest employers were Holy Rosary Healthcare, Sanjel USA, Stockman Bank and Walmart.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 38
1880 2,510 6,505.3%
1890 5,308 111.5%
1900 7,891 48.7%
1910 14,123 79.0%
1920 12,194 −13.7%
1930 11,242 −7.8%
1940 10,422 −7.3%
1950 12,661 21.5%
1960 13,227 4.5%
1970 12,174 −8.0%
1980 13,109 7.7%
1990 11,697 −10.8%
2000 11,696 0.0%
2010 11,699 0.0%
Est. 2012 11,888 1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]

At the 2000 census, there were 11,696 people, 4,768 households and 3,089 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 per square mile (1/km²). There were 5,360 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.02% White, 0.09% Black or African American, 1.27% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. 1.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.3% were of German, 12.0% Norwegian, 8.4% English, 8.3% Irish and 5.4% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.8% spoke English, 1.5% Spanish and 1.2% German as their first language.

There were 4,768 households of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.10% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.20% were non-families. 29.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.94.

25.10% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.

The median household income was $30,000 and the median family income was $38,779. Males had a median income of $27,857 compared with $18,343 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,876. About 10.10% of families and 15.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.10% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

County Courthouse in Miles City

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 14, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Merrill, Andrea; Judy Jacobson (1997). Montana almanac. Helena, Montana: Falcon Publishing. ISBN 1-56044-493-2. 
  4. ^ a b Montana Dept. of Labor and Industry (September 2010). "Demographic & Economic Information for Custer County". Retrieved 23 July 2011. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 14, 2013. 

Coordinates: 46°16′N 105°35′W / 46.27°N 105.58°W / 46.27; -105.58