Chaykovsky, Perm Krai

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For other places with the same name, see Chaykovsky (inhabited locality).
Chaykovsky (English)
Чайковский (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Perm Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Perm Krai in Russia
Chaykovsky is located in Perm Krai
Chaykovsky
Chaykovsky
Location of Chaykovsky in Perm Krai
Coordinates: 56°47′N 54°09′E / 56.783°N 54.150°E / 56.783; 54.150Coordinates: 56°47′N 54°09′E / 56.783°N 54.150°E / 56.783; 54.150
Coat of Arms of Chaykovsky (2000).gif
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of December 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Perm Krai[1]
Administratively subordinated to town of krai significance of Chaykovsky[1]
Administrative center of town of krai significance of Chaykovsky[1]
Municipal status (as of October 2009)
Municipal district Chaykovsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Chaykovskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Chaykovsky Municipal District,[2] Chaykovskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Head[citation needed] Igor Andreyev[citation needed]
Statistics
Area (Chaykovskoye Urban Settlement) 56.49 km2 (21.81 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 82,895 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 200th
Density 1,467 /km2 (3,800 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone YEKT (UTC+06:00)[6]
Founded 1955[citation needed]
Town status since 1962[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[7] 617760-617766
Dialing code(s) +7 34241[citation needed]
Official website
Chaykovsky on WikiCommons

Chaykovsky (Russian: Чайко́вский) is a town in Perm Krai, Russia, located on the Kama River 325 kilometers (202 mi) southwest of Perm. Population: 82,895 (2010 Census);[4] 86,714 (2002 Census);[8] 85,849 (1989 Census).[9]

Name[edit]

The town is named after the Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, who was born in the nearby town of Votkinsk.

Geography[edit]

Map of the town

The town is located in the Cis-Ural region on left bank of the Kama River, near its confluence with the Saygatka River[10] in the southwestern part of Perm Krai. The confluence of the Kama and Saygatka Rivers and the nearby Votkinsk Reservoir form a peninsula, on which the town is situated.

The area of Chaykovskoye Urban Settlement is 56.49 square kilometers (21.81 sq mi) (including the water surface),[3] while the аrea of the town proper is about 31 square kilometers (12 sq mi).[citation needed]

Chaykovskoye Urban Settlement borders with Yelovsky District in the north, Vankovsky Rural Settlement in the northeast, Fokinsky and Bolshe-Bukorsky Rural Settlements in the east, Olkhovsky Rural Settlement in the south, and with Votkinsky District of the Udmurt Republic in the west.[2]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1955 as a settlement serving the construction of Votkinsk's hydroelectric power station.[citation needed] The village of Saygatka, known since 1646, used to occupy the place where Chaykovsky is now located. In 1956, Chaykovsky was granted urban-type settlement status, and in 1962, it was granted town status.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with fifty rural localities, incorporated as the town of krai significance of Chaykovsky—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Chaykovsky is incorporated as Chaykovskoye Urban Settlement within Chaykovsky Municipal District and serves as the municipal district's administrative center, while the fifty rural localities are grouped into nine rural settlements within Chaykovsky Municipal District.[2]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

  • Construction on the Votkinsk Hydroelectric Station began in 1955 (full power since 1962). It has ten turbines for an installed capacity of 1,020 MW. The station produce 2.2 billion kilowatt-hours on average per year. As a result of its dam, the water level rose 23 meters and the reservoir has an area 1125 square kilometers. The dam also supports a shipping lock with two lines.
  • Combine of silk textile. Construction began in 1962 and the first factory was made at 1966. At that moment the combine was a large factory of that kind in Europe. In the late eighties 100 milliones meter of textile was produced per year by the combine. Now, the combine is world famous factory "Joint Stock Company Tchaikovsky Textile"
  • Works of synthetical caoutchouc, was founded at 1979. Now, the works is "Uralorgsynthes,JSC". It produce liquefied hydrocarbon gase, benzol, butane, izo-butane etc.
  • Gazprom Transgas Chaykovsky, daughter enterprise of Gazprom, is engaged by transport of gas
  • Works of gas-stove, make stove under trade mark "Darina"

Besides, there is a lot of less large factories, for example, yard and ship repair works, metal manufacture work, meat-packing factory, dairy factory and common for a town communal plants, like water-supply plant.

Transportation[edit]

Auto[edit]

Chaykovsky is situated on the KazanYekaterinburg route. From the town to Izhevsk about 100 km, to Perm about 300 km, to Kazan about 400 km, to Yekaterinburg about 600 km. There is bus service to these cities. Into the town bus service is used, too.

Railways[edit]

Trains to Perm are possible from the town. In the town there is railway, that sides to railway Kazan — Yekaterinburg. However, it not used for passengers.

River transport[edit]

There is river station, it not used for passengers, because of high prices, and earlier ships on underwater wings were going. However, river station is used as a tourist ship.

Air transport[edit]

Chaykovsky closest airport is located in Izhevsk. Chaykovsky used to have a small airport, for small airplanes however there are now plans to develop a large modern airport.

Demographics[edit]

Church of St.George

Chaykovsky has one of the highest levels of natality in Perm Krai, because of comparatively low death-rate and comparatively high birth-rate.

Education, culture, sports[edit]

There are 13 schools, 1 gymnasium, 1 lyceum, 4 trade schools, 5 technical schools, 2 musical school. Possibility to get high education there is in Institute of physical culture and branches of two technical universities.

Chaykovsky has available museum of local lore and an art gallery, where there is a lot of works of famous Russian painters. Since 1982 there is Town Dramatic Theater. Since 1978, every three years traditional Festival of children musical art is conducted.

In Chaykovsky there is a modern mounting sky complex, biathlon complex, and many gymnasiums.

Tourism[edit]

Chaykovsky is a famous touristic center on Western Ural, especially for tourists that travel on touristic ships.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Chaykovsky is the sister city of (twinned with):

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #416-67
  2. ^ a b c d e f Law #1890-413
  3. ^ a b Город Чайковский, Официальный сайт Чайковского городского поселения — О городе — О городе — Cтруктура
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Город Чайковский на реке Кама: Воткинская ГЭС, круизы по Каме до Чайковского

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №416-67 от 28 февраля 1996 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Пермского края», в ред. Закона №328-ПК от 7 июня 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Пермской области и Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа». Вступил в силу с момента опубликования. Опубликован: "Звезда", №38, 12 марта 1996 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #416-67 of February 28, 1996 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #328-PK of June 7, 2014 On Amending Various Laws of Perm Oblast and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug. Effective as of the moment of publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №1890-413 от 9 декабря 2004 г. «Об утверждении границ и о наделении статусом муниципальных образований административной территории города Чайковского Пермского края», в ред. Закона №273-ПК от 14 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Пермской области, Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа, Пермского края». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская газета", №283, 22 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #1890-413 of December 9, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Status to the Municipal Formations of the Administrative Territory of the Town of Chaykovsky of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #273-PK of December 14, 2013 On Amending Various Laws of Perm Oblast, Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug, Perm Krai. Effective as of the day which is ten days following the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]