|Full name||Christopher Andrew Hoy|
23 March 1976 |
Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
|Height||1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)|
|Weight||92 kg (203 lb; 14.5 st)|
GT Factory BMX Team
City of Edinburgh RC
Team Wolfson Microelectronics / Miller
|2008||Team Sky+ HD|
Sir Christopher Andrew "Chris" Hoy, MBE (born 23 March 1976) is a British former track cyclist who represented Great Britain at the Olympics and World Championships and Scotland at the Commonwealth Games. Hoy considers himself to be both Scottish and British.
With his three gold medals in 2008 Summer Olympics, Hoy became Scotland's most successful Olympian, the first Briton to win three gold medals in a single Olympic Games since Henry Taylor in 1908, and the most successful Olympic cyclist. He won a further two gold medals (in the keirin and team sprint) at the 2012 Summer Olympics, making him the most successful British Olympian of all time in terms of gold medals, and the joint most decorated athlete with fellow cyclist Bradley Wiggins with seven medals in total.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Retirement
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Medal history
- 6 Honours
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 Bibliography
- 10 External links
Hoy grew up in the suburb of Corstorphine in the west of Edinburgh, Scotland, and was educated at George Watson's College, a co-educational independent school in Edinburgh, followed by the University of St Andrews in 1996. He subsequently transferred to the University of Edinburgh, from which he graduated B.Sc. (Hons.) in Applied Sports Science in 1999.
Hoy was inspired to cycle at age six by the 1982 film E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial. Before track cycling, Hoy raced BMX between the ages of 7 and 14 and was ranked second in Britain, fifth in Europe, and ninth in the world. He received sponsorship from Slazenger and Kwik-Fit, and was competing in Europe and the U.S. He first became aware of track cycling when he watched TV coverage of Scottish sprinter Eddie Alexander winning a bronze medal at the 1986 Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh. Hoy also rowed for the Scottish junior team, coming second in the 1993 British championship with Grant Florence in the coxless pairs. He played rugby as part of his school's team.
Hoy won silver at the 1999 UCI Track Cycling World Championships in the team sprint, riding as the third man. Regular team mates in the team sprint over the years have included Craig Maclean, Ross Edgar, Jamie Staff, Jason Queally, Matthew Crampton and Jason Kenny. The team's first World Title came in 2002, in the Ballerup Velodrome, Copenhagen. Hoy also won the Kilo (1 km track time trial) title the same year beating Arnaud Tournant by 1/1000 of a second.
Following the decision to remove the Kilo from the Olympic programme after the 2004 games, Hoy sought to develop in other events. The first of these was the keirin. This event involves between six and eight riders following a small motorbike (the Derny) around the 250m track for 5.5 laps, as the bike slowly builds up the speed. The bike pulls off with 2.5 laps to go and the riders race for the line. Hoy had previously competed at the keirin in various events but one of his first major successes was at the Manchester round of the World Cup Classics Series in 2007, shortly before the World Championships, where he also won, ahead of his team mate Ross Edgar.
This showed that Hoy was developing from just a pure power sprinter, in events like the Kilo and Team Sprint, into also being one of the best in the world at more tactical sprinting events such as the keirin and the individual sprint.
2007 world record attempt
On 12 May 2007, Hoy attempted the world record for the kilometre. He fell 0.005 seconds short, clocking 58.880. He set a record for the 500m flying start at 24.758 seconds, over a second less than the 25.850 set by Arnaud Duble. Hoy set the sea-level kilometre record of 1 minute 0.711 seconds by winning the Olympics in Athens in 2004. The outright record of 58.875 seconds is held by Arnaud Tournant (France), set during 2001 at altitude in La Paz, Bolivia, where Hoy also attempted to break the record. At the time, only 3 sub-60sec kilos had ever been ridden; Hoy recorded two of these over two days in La Paz.
Hoy's main achievement is his development in the individual sprint event considered to be the blue riband event of track cycling. Kilo riders like Hoy have historically not fared as well at this event, as they were less experienced in the tactical elements required for the sprint. Previously, Hoy had competed in the sprint at various World Cup events and Revolution meetings in Manchester, but it was not one of his main events and he did not compete in it at the World Championships or the Olympics. In the semi finals Hoy defeated Italian veteran Roberto Chiappa 2–0, to set up a meeting in the final against France's Kevin Sireau. Sireau was the World Cup Classics points winner for the season and had defeated Hoy 2–0 in their previous meeting only a few weeks earlier. However with the vocal Manchester crowd behind him Hoy was not to be denied victory and he completed the win 2–0, the first British man to win the sprint title in 52 years since Reg Harris.
Hoy became the first British Olympian for 100 years to claim three golds at one games at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. This came when he won the men's keirin, the men's team sprint and also the men's individual sprint.
The three man team sprint squad included Hoy, Jason Kenny and Jamie Staff. Kenny replaced Ross Edgar just before the games. They defeated the French by a clear margin, despite the French team's previous dominance of the event.
The keirin was Hoy's second gold medal of the 2008 games, when he came home clear winner ahead of team mate Edgar.
Hoy reached the final round of the individual sprint without a glitch, setting the Olympic record in qualification along the way. In the final his opponent turned out to be his young team mate, Jason Kenny. Kenny was a junior world champion who had achieved a number of high placings. Hoy used his greater experience to defeat Kenny, completing his hat trick of Olympic titles.
Hoy did not race at the first major event of the 2009/10 season, the World Cup Classics Event in Manchester on 4 October – 2 November. He instead made an appearance to sign autographs and commentate with the BBC. He made his return to racing in the UK at the Revolution 22 event in Manchester in December. He received a standing ovation from the Manchester faithful at the start of the event when he was introduced to the crowd. At this event Hoy won both the Sprint and Keirin competitions, defeating likes of Jason Kenny, Jamie Staff, Ross Edgar, Matthew Crampton and Teun Mulder along the way. Hoy competed in the World Cup Classics series' final event in Copenhagen, Denmark in February, helping his team to a gold medal in the team sprint event. However, he crashed out during the men's Keirin final and was forced to miss the final day of competition, including the men's sprint. Although at first, his injury seemed minor, he returned to Manchester where, following a scan, he was diagnosed with a serious de-gloving injury which finished his season and kept him off his bike for almost 3 months. He was unable to compete as planned at the Revolution 24 event in Manchester the following weekend, he did however make an appearance at the event. He has had to pull out of the World Championships in Poland at the end of March, where he would have attempted to defend 2 World titles, because of the hip injury.
Hoy started the 09/10 track season at the National Cycling Centre, Manchester, at the British National Championships where he took only his second (and third) ever individual national titles. He took gold medals in the Keirin, Sprint and was part of the Team Sprint Team representing team SKY along with Jamie Staff and Jason Kenny. Two weeks later, he raced in round one of the UCI World Cup at the same venue and took gold in the Mens Keirin. He then went into day 2 of the competition and took gold in the sprint event, beating fellow Brit Matthew Crampton in the final 2–0. A third World Cup gold came in the Team Sprint on the Sunday. Having ridden and won 12 events over the weekend, he withdrew from the International Japanese Keirin which was consequently won by team mate Matt Crampton. At the 2010 UCI World Championships, Hoy was beaten in the quarter final of the men's sprint event by his German opponent, Robert Förstemann, who won after making an attack from the start line. He was part of the GB men's team sprint that took the bronze. In the Keirin event, Hoy won the gold medal, despite crashing in the heats, to take his tenth world title.
Hoy lost in the first round of the men's sprint at the European Championships to Ireland's Felix English. At the Manchester World Cup event in February 2011, Hoy lost in the semi-finals to Jason Kenny. Hoy took the match sprint title at the British National Championships in October 2011.
2011/12 track season
At the 2012 World Cup event held in the new London Velodrome, Hoy won three medals. He won gold in the keirin and bronze in the team sprint, before winning gold in the Men's Sprint, losing just one race in four rounds.
Hoy was an ambassador for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London. Hoy led Team GB out as the team's flag carrier at the opening ceremony at the London 2012 Olympic Games. He then went on to win gold in the team sprint with Jason Kenny and Philip Hindes, setting a new world record in the velodrome and becoming Team GB's joint gold record holder with Sir Steve Redgrave's tally of five gold medals with a total of six medals (5 gold, 1 silver).
On 7 August 2012 Hoy won gold in the Keirin to overtake Sir Steve Redgrave and become the most successful British olympian ever, winning a total of 6 gold medals. This also made him the joint holder of most medals won by any British athlete in the Olympic Games with fellow cyclist Bradley Wiggins.
On 18 April 2013 Hoy announced his retirement. He said he was very proud to have taken part in the transformation of the sport.
After announcing his retirement on the 22 April 2013, Hoy accepted the appointment of ambassador to the Royal Air Force Air Cadets and will assume the rank of Honorary Group Captain RAFVR. Hoy responded by saying: "I am thrilled to be invited to be an ambassador for the Air Cadets organisation. I am really impressed by the wide range of activities on offer to the cadets and by the commitment of the adult volunteers who support these young people in achieving their potential and becoming good citizens."
Hoy supports Heart of Midlothian Football Club.
- 1999 – Team sprint
- 2000 – Team sprint
- 2001 – Team sprint
- 2002 – 1 km time trial; Team sprint
- 2003 – Team sprint
- 2004 – 1 km time trial; Team sprint
- 2005 – Team sprint; 1 km time trial
- 2006 – 1 km time trial; Team sprint
- 2007 – Keirin; 1 km time trial; Team sprint
- 2008 – Sprint; Keirin; Team sprint
- 2010 – Keirin; Team sprint
- 2011 – Keirin; Team sprint; Sprint
- 2012 – Keirin; Sprint
- Olympic Games
- 2000 – Team sprint (with Craig MacLean and Jason Queally)
- 2004 – 1 km Track time trial
- 2008 – Team sprint (with Jason Kenny and Jamie Staff); Keirin; Sprint
- 2012 – Team sprint (with Jason Kenny and Philip Hindes); Keirin
- Commonwealth Games
- 2002 – 1 km time trial; Team sprint (with Craig MacLean and Ross Edgar)
- 2006 – Team sprint (with Craig MacLean and Ross Edgar); 1 km time trial
- Special awards
- 2005: Honorary Doctor of Science, University of Edinburgh
- 2005: Appointed a Member of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (MBE) "for services to cycling" in the 2005 New Year Honours.
- 2008: Sportsman of the Year, elected by the Sports Journalists' Association, winning a ballot of its membership ahead of Formula One world champion Lewis Hamilton and Olympic sailor Ben Ainslie.
- 2008: BBC Sports Personality of the Year. He finished ahead of Formula One world champion Lewis Hamilton and Olympic swimmer Rebecca Adlington. Hoy became the second cyclist ever to win the award after Tom Simpson in 1965.
- 2009: Honorary Doctor of Science, University of St Andrews
- 2009: Appointed Knight Bachelor in the 2009 New Year Honours "for services to Sport".
- 2009: Inducted to the University of Edinburgh's Sports Hall of Fame.
- 2009: Train operating company SouthEastern named a high-speed Class 395 train after him.
- 2012: The Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome, built for the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games, is named in his honour.
- 2013: Honorary Group Captain RAFVR, Ambassador to the Royal Air Force Air Cadets.
- "Chris Hoy Champion Cyclist". Chris Hoy official website.
- King, Dave (26 August 2008). "Chris Hoy: I'm proud to be Scottish.. and British too". Daily Record (Scotland). Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- "Chris Hoy is on course to become Scotland's greatest Olympian". The Scotsman. 15 August 2008.
- Christopher Hope and Jacquelin Magnay (2 August 2012). many-top-British-athletes-went-to-public-school.html "London 2012 Olympics: David Cameron says too many top British athletes went to public school". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- Deborah Charles (19 August 2008). "E.T. fan Hoy is out of this world". Reuters. Retrieved 20 August 2008.
- Philip, Robert (13 Februart 2008). "Cycling champion Chris Hoy inspired by E.T.". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- "Biography". chrishoy.com.
- "Inspiration – Heroes: Chris Hoy, cyclist". BBC Wales. Retrieved 2 February 2009.
- "Confident Hoy Right On Track". Eurosport. 25 March 2008.
- Jill Douglas (13 May 2007). "Hoy sets new world best over 500m". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
- William Fotheringham (20 August 2008). "Olympics: Impenetrable Hoy joins greats after sprinting to third gold". London: The Guardian.
- "Velodrome honour for golden Hoy". BBC Sport. 19 August 2008. Retrieved 19 August 2008.
- "Hoy resolute after strong return". BBC Sport. 8 December 2008. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
- "Crash ends keirin hopes for Hoy". BBC Sport. 15 February 2009. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
- "Hoy to miss World Championships". BBC News. 3 March 2009. Retrieved 7 March 2009.
- Bevan, Chris (25 March 2010). "Hoy claims 10th world track title". BBC News.
- Fotheringham, William (18 February 2011). "Great Britain women strike gold as Chris Hoy loses out to Jason Kenny". The Guardian (London).
- Sir Chris Hoy makes statement of intent in single match sprint victory | Sport | guardian.co.uk
- BBC Sport - Track World Cup: Sir Chris Hoy storms to sprint gold in London
- "Sir Chris Hoy's 'immense pride' at leading out Olympic Team GB". BBC Sport. BBC. 28 July 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "Joy as three golds push Team GB up medals table". bbc.co.uk. BBC. 2 August 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "Chris Hoy claims fifth Olympic gold medal as Britain win team sprint". guardian.co.uk. The Guardian. 2 August 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "Olympics cycling: Sir Chris Hoy wins sixth gold with keirin win". Retrieved 7 August 2012.
- "BBC Sport - Sir Chris Hoy retires: Six-time Olympic champion quits cycling". Bbc.co.uk. 2012-08-07. Retrieved 2013-04-18.
- "Olympic cyclist Sir Chris marries". BBC. 17 April 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2010.
- Stokes, Shane (6 January 2012). "UCI confirms Jason Kenny, Germany are upgraded to 2011 world track champions". VeloNation (VeloNation LLC). Retrieved 6 January 2012.
- The London Gazette: . 31 December 2004. Retrieved 3 September 2008.
- "Sports Personality 2008: Hoy wins Sports Personality of the Year". BBC. 14 December 2008. Retrieved 16 December 2008.
- "Honorary Degrees June 2009". 17 June 2009. Retrieved 18 June 2009.
- The London Gazette: . 31 December 2008.
- "Hoy Inducted into University's Sports Hall of Fame". Retrieved 30 June 2009.
- " 140mph Javelin trains start on South Coast run" The Independent 14 December 2009
- "Glasgow may boast the Chris Hoy velodrome but it's 'hell' for cyclists". guardian.co.uk. The Guardian. 8 August 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- Richard Moore, Heroes, Villains and Velodromes: Chris Hoy and Britain's Track Cycling Revolution, June 2008 by Harper Collins. (ISBN 9780007265312)
- Chris Hoy: the Autobiography, Harper Collins in October 2009. (ISBN 9780007311316)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chris Hoy.|
- Official website
- Chris Hoy Rider Profile – Cycling Weekly
- "Chris Hoy – Olympic Record". British Olympic Association.
|Flagbearer for Great Britain