Chris Hoy

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Sir Chris Hoy
Chris Hoy at the Homecoming Parade (cropped).jpg
Hoy at the Homecoming Parade in Glasgow, to celebrate the achievements of Scottish competitors at the 2012 Summer Olympics.
Personal information
Full name Christopher Andrew Hoy
Born (1976-03-23) 23 March 1976 (age 38)
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland, United Kingdom
Height 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)[1]
Weight 92 kg (203 lb; 14.5 st)[1]
Team information
Discipline Track
Amateur team(s)
1984–1986
1986–1991
1992–1993
1994–2001
2001–2003
2004
2005–2007
Scotia BMX
GT Factory BMX Team
Dunedin CC
City of Edinburgh RC
Team Athena
Team Persil
Team Wolfson Microelectronics / Miller
Professional team(s)
2008 Team Sky+ HD

Sir Christopher Andrew "Chris" Hoy, MBE (born 23 March 1976) is a Scottish former track cyclist who represented Great Britain at the Olympics and World Championships and Scotland at the Commonwealth Games.

Hoy is an eleven-time world champion and six-time Olympic champion. With a total of seven Olympic medals, six gold and one silver, Hoy is the most decorated Olympic cyclist of all time.

With his three gold medals in 2008 Summer Olympics, Hoy became Scotland's most successful Olympian, the first British athlete to win three gold medals in a single Olympic Games since Henry Taylor in 1908, and the most successful Olympic cyclist of all time. After winning a further two gold medals (in the keirin and team sprint) at the 2012 Summer Olympics, Hoy has won more Olympic gold medals (six), and total medals (seven, tied with fellow cyclist Sir Bradley Wiggins) than any other British athlete.

Early life[edit]

Hoy grew up in the suburb of Corstorphine in the west of Edinburgh, Scotland, and was educated at George Watson's College, a co-educational independent school in Edinburgh,[2] followed by the University of St Andrews in 1996. He subsequently transferred to the University of Edinburgh, from which he graduated B.Sc. (Hons.) in Applied Sports Science in 1999.[3]

Hoy was inspired to cycle at age six by the 1982 film E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial.[4] Before track cycling, Hoy raced BMX between the ages of 7 and 14 and was ranked second in Britain, fifth in Europe, and ninth in the world. He received sponsorship from Slazenger and Kwik-Fit, and was competing in Europe and the U.S. He first became aware of track cycling when he watched TV coverage of Scottish sprinter Eddie Alexander winning a bronze medal at the 1986 Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh.[5] Hoy also rowed for the Scottish junior team, coming second in the 1993 British championship with Grant Florence in the coxless pairs. He played rugby as part of his school's team.[6]

Career[edit]

Early career[edit]

Hoy joined his first cycling club, Dunedin C.C., in 1992 aged 16, and began concentrating on track cycling in 1994, when he joined the City of Edinburgh Racing Club.[6]

Hoy won silver at the 1999 UCI Track Cycling World Championships in the team sprint, riding as the third man. Regular team mates in the team sprint over the years have included Craig Maclean, Ross Edgar, Jamie Staff, Jason Queally, Matthew Crampton and Jason Kenny. The team's first World Title came in 2002, in the Ballerup Velodrome, Copenhagen. Hoy also won the Kilo (1 km track time trial) title the same year beating Arnaud Tournant by 1/1000 of a second.

Post-2004 Olympics[edit]

Following the decision to remove the Kilo from the Olympic programme after the 2004 games, Hoy sought to develop in other events.[7] The first of these was the keirin. This event involves between six and eight riders following a small motorbike (the Derny) around the 250m track for 5.5 laps, as the bike slowly builds up the speed. The bike pulls off with 2.5 laps to go and the riders race for the line. Hoy had previously competed at the keirin in various events but one of his first major successes was at the Manchester round of the World Cup Classics Series in 2007, shortly before the World Championships, where he also won, ahead of his team mate Ross Edgar.[citation needed]

This showed that Hoy was developing from just a pure power sprinter, in events like the Kilo and Team Sprint, into also being one of the best in the world at more tactical sprinting events such as the keirin[8] and the individual sprint.

2007 world record attempt[edit]

On 12 May 2007, Hoy attempted the world record for the kilometre. He fell 0.005 seconds short, clocking 58.880. He set a record for the 500m flying start at 24.758 seconds, over a second less than the 25.850 set by Arnaud Duble. Hoy set the sea-level kilometre record of 1 minute 0.711 seconds by winning the Olympics in Athens in 2004. The outright record of 58.875 seconds is held by Arnaud Tournant (France), set during 2001 at altitude in La Paz, Bolivia, where Hoy also attempted to break the record. At the time, only 3 sub-60sec kilos had ever been ridden; Hoy recorded two of these over two days in La Paz.[9]

Hoy's main achievement is his development in the individual sprint event considered to be the blue riband event of track cycling.[10] Kilo riders like Hoy have historically not fared as well at this event, as they were less experienced in the tactical elements required for the sprint. Previously, Hoy had competed in the sprint at various World Cup events and Revolution meetings in Manchester, but it was not one of his main events and he did not compete in it at the World Championships or the Olympics. In the semi finals Hoy defeated Italian veteran Roberto Chiappa 2–0, to set up a meeting in the final against France's Kevin Sireau. Sireau was the World Cup Classics points winner for the season and had defeated Hoy 2–0 in their previous meeting only a few weeks earlier. However with the vocal Manchester crowd behind him Hoy was not to be denied victory and he completed the win 2–0, the first British man to win the sprint title in 52 years since Reg Harris.[11]

2008 Olympics[edit]

Hoy became the first British Olympian for 100 years to claim three golds at one games at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. This came when he won the men's keirin, the men's team sprint and also the men's individual sprint.[12]

The three man team sprint squad included Hoy, Jason Kenny and Jamie Staff. Kenny replaced Ross Edgar just before the games. They defeated the French by a clear margin, despite the French team's previous dominance of the event.

The keirin was Hoy's second gold medal of the 2008 games, when he came home clear winner ahead of team mate Edgar.

Hoy reached the final round of the individual sprint without a glitch, setting the Olympic record in qualification along the way. In the final his opponent turned out to be his young team mate, Jason Kenny. Kenny was a junior world champion who had achieved a number of high placings. Hoy used his greater experience to defeat Kenny, completing his hat trick of Olympic titles.

2008/09 season[edit]

Hoy did not race at the first major event of the 2009/10 season, the World Cup Classics Event in Manchester on 4 October – 2 November. He instead made an appearance to sign autographs and commentate with the BBC. He made his return to racing in the UK at the Revolution 22 event in Manchester in December. He received a standing ovation from the Manchester faithful at the start of the event when he was introduced to the crowd.[13] At this event Hoy won both the Sprint and Keirin competitions, defeating likes of Jason Kenny, Jamie Staff, Ross Edgar, Matthew Crampton and Teun Mulder along the way. Hoy competed in the World Cup Classics series' final event in Copenhagen, Denmark in February, helping his team to a gold medal in the team sprint event. However, he crashed out during the men's Keirin final and was forced to miss the final day of competition, including the men's sprint. Although at first, his injury seemed minor, he returned to Manchester where, following a scan, he was diagnosed with a serious de-gloving injury which finished his season and kept him off his bike for almost 3 months.[14] He was unable to compete as planned at the Revolution 24 event in Manchester the following weekend, he did however make an appearance at the event. He has had to pull out of the World Championships in Poland at the end of March, where he would have attempted to defend 2 World titles, because of the hip injury.[15]

2009/10 season[edit]

Hoy celebrates winning the kerin at the 2010 UCI Track Cycling World Championships in Ballerup, Denmark

Hoy started the 09/10 track season at the National Cycling Centre, Manchester, at the British National Championships where he took only his second (and third) ever individual national titles. He took gold medals in the Keirin, Sprint and was part of the Team Sprint Team representing team SKY along with Jamie Staff and Jason Kenny. Two weeks later, he raced in round one of the UCI World Cup at the same venue and took gold in the Mens Keirin. He then went into day 2 of the competition and took gold in the sprint event, beating fellow Brit Matthew Crampton in the final 2–0. A third World Cup gold came in the Team Sprint on the Sunday. Having ridden and won 12 events over the weekend, he withdrew from the International Japanese Keirin which was consequently won by team mate Matt Crampton. At the 2010 UCI World Championships, Hoy was beaten in the quarter final of the men's sprint event by his German opponent, Robert Förstemann, who won after making an attack from the start line. He was part of the GB men's team sprint that took the bronze. In the Keirin event, Hoy won the gold medal, despite crashing in the heats, to take his tenth world title.[16]

2010/11 season[edit]

Hoy lost in the first round of the men's sprint at the European Championships to Ireland's Felix English. At the Manchester World Cup event in February 2011, Hoy lost in the semi-finals to Jason Kenny.[17] Hoy took the match sprint title at the British National Championships in October 2011.[18]

2011/12 track season[edit]

At the 2012 World Cup event held in the new London Velodrome, Hoy won three medals. He won gold in the keirin and bronze in the team sprint, before winning gold in the Men's Sprint, losing just one race in four rounds.[19]

2012 Olympics[edit]

Hoy leading Team GB out as the team's flag carrier at the 2012 Summer Olympics opening ceremony

Hoy was an ambassador for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London. Hoy led Team GB out as the team's flag carrier at the opening ceremony at the London 2012 Olympic Games.[20] He then went on to win gold in the team sprint with Jason Kenny and Philip Hindes, setting a new world record in the velodrome[21] and becoming Team GB's joint gold record holder with Sir Steve Redgrave's tally of five gold medals with a total of six medals (5 gold, 1 silver).[22]

On 7 August 2012 Hoy won gold in the Keirin to overtake Sir Steve Redgrave and become the most successful British olympian ever, winning a total of 6 gold medals. This also made him the joint holder of most medals won by any British athlete in the Olympic Games with fellow cyclist Bradley Wiggins.[23]

Motor sport career[edit]

On 8 April 2014 it was announced[24] that Hoy will be joining the British GT championship driving a Nissan GT-R Nismo GT3 with the view to competing in the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 2016. Hoy has previously raced at a selection of club level race meetings.

Retirement[edit]

On 18 April 2013 Hoy announced his retirement from competitive cycling. He said he was very proud to have taken part in the transformation of the sport.[25]

After announcing his retirement on the 22 April 2013, Hoy accepted the appointment of ambassador to the Royal Air Force Air Cadets and will assume the rank of Honorary Group Captain RAFVR. Hoy responded by saying: "I am thrilled to be invited to be an ambassador for the Air Cadets organisation. I am really impressed by the wide range of activities on offer to the cadets and by the commitment of the adult volunteers who support these young people in achieving their potential and becoming good citizens."

Personal life[edit]

Hoy is married to Sarra Kemp, a lawyer from Edinburgh. They were married on 17 April 2010 at St Giles' Cathedral, Edinburgh.[26] On June 25, 2014 he announced that he and his wife were expecting their first child and that the timing couldn't be better.

Hoy supports Heart of Midlothian Football Club.

Medal history[edit]

World Championships
  • 1999Silver medal blank.svg Team sprint
  • 2000Silver medal blank.svg Team sprint
  • 2001Bronze medal blank.svg Team sprint
  • 2002Gold medal blank.svg 1 km time trial; Gold medal blank.svg Team sprint
  • 2003Bronze medal blank.svg Team sprint
  • 2004Gold medal blank.svg 1 km time trial; Bronze medal blank.svg Team sprint
  • 2005Gold medal blank.svg Team sprint; Bronze medal blank.svg 1 km time trial
  • 2006Gold medal blank.svg 1 km time trial; Silver medal blank.svg Team sprint
  • 2007Gold medal blank.svg Keirin; Gold medal blank.svg 1 km time trial; Silver medal blank.svg Team sprint
  • 2008Gold medal blank.svg Sprint; Gold medal blank.svg Keirin; Silver medal blank.svg Team sprint
  • 2010Gold medal blank.svg Keirin; Bronze medal blank.svg Team sprint
  • 2011Silver medal blank.svg Keirin; Silver medal blank.svg Team sprint;[27] Silver medal blank.svg Sprint[27]
  • 2012Gold medal blank.svg Keirin; Bronze medal blank.svg Sprint
Olympic Games
Track Cycling World Ranking
  • 2009–10 – 3rd Keirin
  • 2010–11 – 2nd Keirin, 3rd Team sprint
  • 2011–12 – 1st Keirin
Commonwealth Games
Special awards

Racing record[edit]

Complete British GT Championship results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Team Car Class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 DC Points
2014 Nissan GT Academy Team RJN Nissan GT-R Nismo GT3 GT3 OUL
1

9
OUL
2

13
ROC
1

13
SIL
1

7
SNE
1

13
SNE
2

16
SPA
1

16
SPA
2

2
BRH
1

DON
1

14th* 29*

* Season in progress.

Honours[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Chris Hoy Champion Cyclist". Chris Hoy official website. 
  2. ^ Christopher Hope and Jacquelin Magnay (2 August 2012). many-top-British-athletes-went-to-public-school.html "London 2012 Olympics: David Cameron says too many top British athletes went to public school". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  3. ^ "Alumnus of the year 2012 Chris Hoy". The University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 25 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Deborah Charles (19 August 2008). "E.T. fan Hoy is out of this world". Reuters. Retrieved 20 August 2008. 
  5. ^ Philip, Robert (13 February 2008). "Cycling champion Chris Hoy inspired by E.T.". telegraph.co.uk (London). Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "Biography". chrishoy.com. 
  7. ^ "Inspiration – Heroes: Chris Hoy, cyclist". BBC Wales. Retrieved 2 February 2009. 
  8. ^ "Confident Hoy Right On Track". Eurosport. 25 March 2008. 
  9. ^ Jill Douglas (13 May 2007). "Hoy sets new world best over 500m". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2 January 2010. 
  10. ^ William Fotheringham (20 August 2008). "Olympics: Impenetrable Hoy joins greats after sprinting to third gold". London: The Guardian. 
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ a b "Velodrome honour for golden Hoy". BBC Sport. 19 August 2008. Retrieved 19 August 2008. 
  13. ^ "Hoy resolute after strong return". BBC Sport. 8 December 2008. Retrieved 2 January 2010. 
  14. ^ "Crash ends keirin hopes for Hoy". BBC Sport. 15 February 2009. Retrieved 2 January 2010. 
  15. ^ "Hoy to miss World Championships". BBC News. 3 March 2009. Retrieved 7 March 2009. 
  16. ^ Bevan, Chris (25 March 2010). "Hoy claims 10th world track title". BBC News. 
  17. ^ Fotheringham, William (18 February 2011). "Great Britain women strike gold as Chris Hoy loses out to Jason Kenny". The Guardian (London). 
  18. ^ Sir Chris Hoy makes statement of intent in single match sprint victory | Sport | guardian.co.uk
  19. ^ BBC Sport - Track World Cup: Sir Chris Hoy storms to sprint gold in London
  20. ^ "Sir Chris Hoy's 'immense pride' at leading out Olympic Team GB". BBC Sport (BBC). 28 July 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  21. ^ "Joy as three golds push Team GB up medals table". bbc.co.uk (BBC). 2 August 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  22. ^ Fotheringham, William (2 August 2012). "Chris Hoy claims fifth Olympic gold medal as Britain win team sprint". guardian.co.uk (London: The Guardian). Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  23. ^ "Olympics cycling: Sir Chris Hoy wins sixth gold with keirin win". Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  24. ^ "Sir Chris Hoy to Compete In British GT Championship". Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  25. ^ "BBC Sport - Sir Chris Hoy retires: Six-time Olympic champion quits cycling". Bbc.co.uk. 2012-08-07. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 
  26. ^ "Olympic cyclist Sir Chris marries". BBC. 17 April 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2010. 
  27. ^ a b Stokes, Shane (6 January 2012). "UCI confirms Jason Kenny, Germany are upgraded to 2011 world track champions". VeloNation (VeloNation LLC). Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  28. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 57509. pp. 13–18. 31 December 2004. Retrieved 3 September 2008.
  29. ^ "Sports Personality 2008: Hoy wins Sports Personality of the Year". BBC. 14 December 2008. Retrieved 16 December 2008. 
  30. ^ "Honorary Degrees June 2009". 17 June 2009. Retrieved 18 June 2009. 
  31. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 58929. p. 1. 31 December 2008.
  32. ^ "Hoy Inducted into University's Sports Hall of Fame". Retrieved 30 June 2009. 
  33. ^ " 140mph Javelin trains start on South Coast run" The Independent 14 December 2009
  34. ^ Duffy, Owen (8 August 2012). "Glasgow may boast the Chris Hoy velodrome but it's 'hell' for cyclists". guardian.co.uk (London: The Guardian). Retrieved 9 August 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Olympic Games
Preceded by
Mark Foster
Flagbearer for  Great Britain
London 2012
Succeeded by
Incumbent