Communist Organization of Greece

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Communist Organization of Greece
Kommounistikí Orgánosi Elládas

Κομμουνιστική Οργάνωση Ελλάδας
Founded January 2003
Newspaper Δρόμος της Αριστεράς / Drómos tis Aristerás (Road of the Left)
Ideology Communism
Maoism
Political position Far-left
National affiliation Coalition of the Radical Left
International affiliation International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations
European affiliation Conference of Communist and Workers' Parties of the Balkans
Website
KOE
International Relations Department of the KOE
Politics of Greece
Political parties
Elections

The Communist Organization of Greece (Greek: Κομμουνιστική Οργάνωση Ελλάδας, Kommounistikí Orgánosi Elládas, KOE) is a left-wing Greek political party of Maoist origins that was founded in 2003. The KOE's ideology is revolutionary Marxism, supporting Marxist ideology with all the historical experience of the communist movement.

Origins[edit]

The KOE has its origins in the Communist Party of Greece (Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας / Kommounistikó Kómma Elládas, KKE). As a result of the KKE's revisionist turn in 1956, Nikos Zachariadis was exiled and many hard-line Stalinists were excluded from the party. A lot of former KKE members founded the Organisation of Marxists-Leninists of Greece (OMLE) in 1964, and published the Anagennissi (Rebirth) monthly review and the weekly [[Laikos Dromos|Λαϊκός Δρόμος / Laïkós Drómos (People's Road)]]. Many people who would eventually found the Communist Organization of Greece joined the OMLE.[1]

In 1984, the future founders of the KOE established A/synechia, an effort aimed at rebuilding the communist movement, without revisionist or leftist trends, based on an analysis of the world development and the crisis that was shocking both western and eastern camps. The most prominent member of them was Yannis Hotzeas, who was one of the founders of both the OMLE and the KKE and was also a member of EAM and EPON.

Ideology[edit]

The KOE supports revolutionary Marxism,[2] following the teachings of Marx and Engels as well as the experience of communist movements around the world, including Leninism and Maoism. The KOE was also against Marxist revisionism and against viewing it as merely academic or theoretical instead of practical.

Paper[edit]

The first issue of "Aristerá!" in 1996

The party paper was called Aristerá! ("Left!"). Aristerá! was first published in February 1996 as a monthly paper, eventually becoming biweekly. The last issue of the paper was published in January 2010.[3]

Since February 2010, the KOE has published the newspaper Drómos tis Aristerás[4] (Greek: Δρόμος της αριστεράς, Road of the Left) with another left party also affiliated to the Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA), KEDA (Greek: Κίνηση για την Ενότητα Δράσης της Αριστεράς, ΚΕΔΑ, Movement for the United in Action Left). The newspaper's publishing committee mostly consists of members who are unaffiliated with any Greek leftist party, and the newspaper's slogan is "from all the left, for all the left". People who collaborate with Drómos tis Aristerás include Mumia Abu-Jamal, political cartoonist Carlos Latuff, Communist Party of the Philippines leader Jose Maria Sison, and American historian, author, and social activist Max Elbaum.

Elections[edit]

A/synecheia participated in the municipal elections of 1994 and 1998, taking approximately 4% of the votes.[citation needed] The party won approximately 9,800 votes in the 1999 European parliamentary elections. The KOE supported the Coalition of the Radical Left in 2004, although it did not present its own candidates. The KOE also abstained from the 2004 European parliamentary elections.

The KOE affiliated itself with the SYRIZA on June 20, 2007. The best scores of the KOE's candidates on the joint ticket with SYRIZA in the 2007 Greek legislative elections were in Aitoloakarnania (1st with 1,126 votes), Achaia (2nd with 2,628 votes), Thessaloniki (2nd with 2,165 votes), Larissa (3rd with 1,294 votes), Attica (3rd with 4,022 votes) and Piraeus (3rd with 1,958 votes).

In the last two, consecutive national parliamentary elections in May and June 2012, KOE elected 2 and 5 respectively of its members in the national parliament as a part of SYRIZA, which ended up as the second party. Following the June 2012 elections, 5 MPs from SYRIZA were members of KOE: Vasileios Hadjilamprou (Achaia), Dimitrios Kodelas (Argolida), Alexandros Meikopoulos (Magnisia), Vasileios Kiriakakis (Fthiotida) and Maria Triantafyllou (Aitoloakarnania).

Electoral tactics since 2000
(year links to election page)
Year Coalition Type of election Votes % Seats
2000
Aristera! - M-L KKE
Parliament
5,866
0,09%
0/300
2007
Coalition of the Radical Left
Parliament
361,211
5,04%
14/300
2009
Coalition of the Radical Left
European Parliament
240,898
4,70%
1/22
2009
Coalition of the Radical Left
Parliament
315,627
4,60%
13/300
2012
Coalition of the Radical Left
Parliament
1,061,265
16.78%
52/300

Front organizations[edit]

The workers' front organization of the KOE is called the "Union of the Working People", the youth group of the KOE is simply called the "Youth of KOE" and its students are members of "Left Unity", which includes several leftist students' organizations supporting SYRIZA. Until 2008, its students led the Left Groups (Aristera Schimata), created in 1989.

International relations[edit]

The Communist Organization of Greece is a member of the International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations (ICMLPO),[5] a founding member of the Conference of Communist and Workers' Parties of the Balkans (CCWPB)[6] and a founding member of the Anti-Imperialist Space in the European Social Forum.

References[edit]

External links[edit]