28 March 1892|
|Died||18 July 1968
|Alma mater||Ghent University|
|Doctoral students||Paul Janssen|
|Known for||Vascular Presso- and Chemo-Receptors in Respiratory Control (blood pressure)|
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (1938)|
Corneille Jean François Heymans (28 March 1892 – 18 July 1968) was a Flemish physiologist. He studied at the prestigious Jesuit College of Sainte Barbe after which he proceeded to Ghent University, where he obtained a doctor's degree in 1920.
After graduation Heymans worked at the Collège de France (under Prof. E. Gley), the University of Lausanne (under Prof. M. Arthus), the University of Vienna (under Prof. H. H. Meyer), University College London (under Prof. E. H. Starling) and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine (under Prof. C. F. Wiggers). In 1922 Heymans became Lecturer in Pharmacodynamics at Ghent University, and in 1930 succeeded his father, Jean-François Heymans, as Professor of Pharmacology, as well as being appointed Head of the Department of Pharmacology, Pharmacodynamics, and Toxicology; and Director of the J. F. Heymans Institute.
Heymans was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1938 for showing how blood pressure and the oxygen content of the blood are measured by the body and transmitted to the brain. He was the Editor-in-Chief of Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie for many years. His memberships included the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, the Academie des Sciences, and the Royal Society of Arts.
The group of physiopharmacologists working under Heymans advice at Ghent University were looking for the anatomical basis of this respiratory reflex at the carotid sinus. It was necessary that the Spanish neurohistologist Fernando de Castro (1898-1967) described in detail the innervation of the aorta-carotid region, circumscribing the presence of baroreceptors to the carotid sinus, but that of chemoreceptors to the carotid body, for the Belgian group to move their focus from the first to the very small second structure to physiologically demonstrate the nature and function of the first blood chemoreceptors <de Castro, F. (2009) Towards the sensory nature of the carotid body: Hering, De Castro and Heymans. Front. Neuroanat. 3: 23 (1-11) (doi:10.3389/neuro.05.023.2009).>. The contribution of the young De Castro, maybe the last direct disciple of Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852-1934; awarded with the 1906 Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine) was forgotten at that time, but it is world-wide recognized that he deserved to share the Nobel Prize with Heymans, his colleague and friend.
Heymans married Berthe May, an ophthalmologist, in 1929 and had four children. He died in Knokke from a stroke.
Honours and awards
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Corneille Heymans.|
- Corneille Heymans, (1892–1968), Nobel Prize Winner in Physiology and Medicine 1938
- The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics: The First Sixty Years – 1908–1969 p.145
- Dead Scientist of the Week
- "Corneille Heymans". The Notable Names Database. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-24.
- Karl Grandin, ed. (1938). "Corneille Heymans Biography". Les Prix Nobel. The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-07-24.