Brigadeiro Eduardo Gomes–Manaus International Airport (IATA: MAO, ICAO: SBEG) is the main airport serving Manaus, Brazil. It is named after the Brazilian politician and military figure Air Marshall Eduardo Gomes (1896–1981).
Brigadeiro Eduardo Gomes International Airport replaced Ponta Pelada Airport as the main public airport of Manaus in 1976. Ponta Pelada was then given the name Manaus Air Force Base and began handling exclusively military operations.
The construction of the airport began in 1972 and it was officially inaugurated on 31 March 1976. It was then the most modern airport in Brazil and the first one to operate with jet bridges. Though originally planned to be named Supersonic Airport of Manaus, it had its official name changed to Eduardo Gomes by the law 5.967 of 11 December 1973.
The airport has two passenger terminal buildings. Passenger Terminal 1 receives domestic and international flights and Passenger Terminal 2, opened on 12 March 1985, receives general aviation. Furthermore, the airport has three cargo terminals, opened in 1976, 1980 and 2004. They have a total area of 49,000 m² and can process up to 12,000 t/month of cargo. Cargo Terminals 1 and 2 handle goods for export and Cargo Terminal 3 for import.
The Brazilian Integrated Air Traffic Control and Air Defense Center section 4 (Cindacta IV) is located in the vicinity of the airport.
On 31 August 2009, Infraero unveiled a BRL793.5 million (USD316.1 million; EUR292.2 million) investment plan to upgrade Eduardo Gomes International Airport focusing on the preparations for the 2014 FIFA World Cup which will be held in Brazil, Manaus being one of the venue cities. The investment will invested as follows:
Enlargement of apron and existing runway. Construction of second runway. Value BRL600.0. Completion: July 2013
Enlargement and renovation of the passenger terminal. Value BRL193.5. Completion: December 2013
Even though the World Cup starts in June 2014, the Airport's Refurbishment will not be completed in time for the event, however the works being held at the Airport will not interfere in the Airport's activities throughout the World Cup.
21 April 1983: three Libyan Air ForceIl-76TDs landed at Manaus after one of the Il-76s developed some technical problems while crossing the Atlantic Ocean. The aircraft were then searched by the Brazilian authorities: instead of medical supplies – as quoted in the transport documentation – the crate of the first of 17 Aero L-39 Albatros light training and attack aircraft bound for Nicaragua together with arms and parachutes, to support the country's war against US-backed Contras were found. The cargo was impounded, while the transports were permitted to return to Libya.