Fort Saskatchewan

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Fort Saskatchewan
City
City of Fort Saskatchewan
Fort Saskatchewan City Hall in December
Fort Saskatchewan City Hall in December
Flag of Fort Saskatchewan
Flag
Official logo of Fort Saskatchewan
Logo
Fort Saskatchewan is located in Alberta
Fort Saskatchewan
Fort Saskatchewan
Location of Fort Saskatchewan in Alberta
Coordinates: 53°42′46″N 113°12′48″W / 53.71278°N 113.21333°W / 53.71278; -113.21333Coordinates: 53°42′46″N 113°12′48″W / 53.71278°N 113.21333°W / 53.71278; -113.21333
Country Canada
Province Alberta
Region Edmonton Region
Census division 11
Incorporated [1]
 - Village 

March 1, 1899
 - Town July 1, 1907
 - City July 1, 1985
Government[2]
 • Mayor Gale Katchur
(Past mayors)
 • Governing body
 • Manager Kelly Kloss
 • MP Tim Uppal (Edmonton—Sherwood Park-Cons)
 • MLA Jacquie Fenske (Fort Saskatchewan-Vegreville-PC)
Area (2011)[3]
 • Total 48.12 km2 (18.58 sq mi)
Elevation[4] 610 m (2,000 ft)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 19,051
 • Density 395.9/km2 (1,025/sq mi)
 • Municipal census (2014) 22,808[5]
Time zone MST (UTC−7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC−6)
Postal code span T8L
Area code(s) +1-780
Highways Highway 15
Highway 21
Waterways North Saskatchewan River
Website Official website

Fort Saskatchewan is a city in Alberta, Canada, located 25 kilometres (16 mi) northeast of Edmonton, Alberta's capital city, along the North Saskatchewan River. Fort Saskatchewan is part of the Edmonton census metropolitan area and is one of 24 municipalities that comprise the Capital Region Board (CRB). The city's population in its 2013 municipal census was 21,795.[6]

Fort Saskatchewan is bordered by Strathcona County to the south and east, Sturgeon County to the north and west, and the City of Edmonton to the southwest. Sturgeon County and Edmonton are both located across the North Saskatchewan River.

The city is most well known for its proximity to petrochemical facilities, including Dow Chemical, Sherritt International, Agrium and Shell Canada. It is also known for its flock of 50 sheep that roam its downtown park throughout the summer months eating the grass. The city mascot is a sheep named Auggie.[7]

History[edit]

In 1875, under the command of Inspector W.D. Jarvis, the North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) established Fort Saskatchewan as a fort on the North Saskatchewan River. The community was later incorporated as a village in 1899, a town in 1904, and a city in 1985.

The Canadian Northern Railway reached Fort Saskatchewan in 1905, placing the town on a transcontinental rail line.[8] The first bridge across the river was also built at this time, with the rail company paying for it in exchange for free land for its station in Fort Saskatchewan.[9] Prior to the bridge, the only method to cross the river at Fort Saskatchewan was via ferry.[9] In the decade after the railway arrived, the town's population nearly doubled to 993.[8]

A new $200,000 provincial jail opened in 1915 at the end of what is now 100th Avenue to replace the 34-cell guard house that had been used to hold prisoners since the NWMP fort was constructed in 1875.[10] The jail would see various additions throughout the next 70 years, including the construction of more cell blocks as well as a stand-alone power plant.[10] By 1973, the jail employed 220 residents[10] and housed both male and female offenders. The jail was replaced in 1988 when a new provincial correctional centre was built south of Highway 15 on 101st Street. The original jail cell blocks were subsequently demolished in 1994. Only one building from the complex, as well as the Warden's House, still stands today.

In 1952, Sherritt Gordon Mines started construction on a $25-million nickel refinery in Fort Saskatchewan, which started production in 1954.[11] Following Sherritt Gordon's locating in Fort Saskatchewan, more industries constructed plants in the town. Between 1951 and 1956, the town's population doubled from 1,076 to 2,582.[12]

Dow Chemical acquired 700 acres in Fort Saskatchewan in 1959, opening its plant in 1961 and further expanding it in 1967.[13] Within five years of beginning operation at Dow, the population again saw a significant increase to 4,152 in 1966, up from 2,972 in 1961.[13]

Since Fort Saskatchewan was incorporated as a town in 1904, it has had 29 residents serve as its mayor.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Population history
Year Pop. ±%
1901 306 —    
1906 585 +91.2%
1911 782 +33.7%
1916 993 +27.0%
1921 982 −1.1%
1926 943 −4.0%
1931 1,001 +6.2%
1936 899 −10.2%
1941 903 +0.4%
1946 921 +2.0%
1951 1,076 +16.8%
1956 2,582 +140.0%
1961 2,972 +15.1%
1966 4,152 +39.7%
1971 5,726 +37.9%
1976 8,304 +45.0%
1981 12,169 +46.5%
1986 11,983 −1.5%
1991 12,078 +0.8%
1996 12,408 +2.7%
2001 13,121 +5.7%
2006 14,957 +14.0%
2011 19,051 +27.4%
Sources: Statistics Canada and
City of Fort Saskatchewan

[16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26]
[27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][3]

The population of the City of Fort Saskatchewan according to its 2014 municipal census is 22,808,[5] a 4.6% change from its 2013 municipal census population of 21,795.[6]

In the 2011 Census, the City of Fort Saskatchewan had a population of 19,051 living in 7,333 of its 8,109 total dwellings, a 27.4% change from its 2006 population of 14,957. With a land area of 48.12 km2 (18.58 sq mi), it had a population density of 395.9/km2 (1,025.4/sq mi) in 2011.[3]

In 2006, Fort Saskatchewan had a population of 14,957 living in 5,825 dwellings, a 14.0% increase from 2001. The median income for private households in 2005 was $89,699 but the median earnings for individuals over the age of 15 was $33,947.[37]

The city has a land area of 48.12 km2 (18.58 sq mi) and a population density of 310.8/km2 (805/sq mi).[37]

Residents work mostly in trades (2,130), retail (1,840) or business/finance (1,575).[37]

According to the 2006 census, the largest visible minorities in the community were Chinese with 95 residents followed by Filipino with 55 residents.[37]

English is the first language of 91.7% of the population. French (2.2%) is the second most common first language.[37]

Economy[edit]

Sherritt International Corporation

Fort Saskatchewan's main industries are commercial and heavy industry. Fort Saskatchewan is part of Alberta's Industrial Heartland, the largest Canadian industrial area west of Toronto. Companies with operations in the area include Dow Chemical, Sherritt International, Agrium and Shell Canada. These plants are major employers for residents of Fort Saskatchewan and the surrounding area.

With the city's growth in recent years, the commercial service sector has also grown. Multi-national corporations with stores in Fort Saskatchewan include Wal-Mart and The Home Depot, with Canadian Tire, Safeway and Sobeys acting as some of the other major employers.

Fort Mall[edit]

The Fort Mall is located on a 12-acre parcel on the east side of downtown, containing 170,000 square feet (16,000 m2) of retail space.[38][39] In February 2003, a new purchaser promised renovations,[40] but the opening of nearby larger Cornerstone Mall that year only worsened the mall's situation.[41][42] The planned renovations were never completed, and a new owner came in[43][44] and in 2007 proposed to demolish part of the mall to construct apartments or condominiums.[43] Foreclosure proceedings began in 2008, and the mall was listed for judicial sale.[39][45] The initial asking price was $8 million,[46] and a $4 million bid from the city in the fall of 2009 was rejected.[47] In February 2010, the mall was relisted for sale at $5 million dollars,[38][48] and a $4.35 million offer accepted by the court in April.[38][49][50]

Recreation and culture[edit]

The centrepiece of Fort Saskatchewan's recreation and culture is the Dow Centennial Centre (DCC), a multi-use facility that includes an ice arena, gymnasium, fieldhouse, indoor track and fitness centre. The facility, which opened in September 2004, also features a 550-seat performing arts theatre, a permanent art gallery with monthly shows, a banquet hall and the local Pottery Guild. The city also has two other indoor ice arenas—the Jubilee Recreation Centre and the Sportsplex—that are used during the winter months by hockey, ringette and figure skating associations. In the summer months, the lacrosse association uses them. Fort Saskatchewan also has Harbour Pool, which is an indoor swimming pool that includes a hot tub, sauna and slide.

Over 30 km of paved trails meander through the city's dozen parks, including Legacy Park, which is the city's main gathering place and hosts festivals in the summer.

There is one nine-hole golf course located within the city's boundaries with three others within a 10-minute drive.

The Fort Saskatchewan Museum (c. 1909) is on the Canadian Register of Historic Places.[51] The museum, which sits adjacent to Legacy Park along 101 Street, features a red brick courthouse, a historic school, church and house that were relocated to the site from their respective locations around the region.

Fort Saskatchewan is served by the Fort Saskatchewan Public Library located on 102 Street next to City Hall.

The city's west end features a boat launch into the North Saskatchewan River, called Red Coat Landing, and a provincially preserved natural area, called the Fort Saskatchewan Prairie.

Elk Island National Park is located immediately southeast of the city.


Sports[edit]

The Fort Saskatchewan Traders, of the Alberta Junior Hockey League, were long a part of the city. After the 2006-07 season, the team relocated to St. Albert and was renamed the St. Albert Steel.

The Pyramid Corp. Hawks of the Capital Junior Hockey League and the McEwen Chiefs of the Chinook Hockey League are currently the only professional hockey teams in the city. Both use the Jubilee Recreation Centre as their home rink. The Edmonton Chimos female hockey team of the Western Women's Hockey League also played some home games at the JRC during the 2008-09 season.

Fort Saskatchewan is also home to the Fort Saskatchewan Athletics of the Sunburst Baseball League. Former college and professional baseball players make up the core of the baseball club.

Fort Saskatchewan has a youth sports association for hockey, soccer (indoor and outdoor), baseball, ringette, indoor lacrosse, figure skating, as well as sports associations for cross-country skiing[dead link] and swimming.

Infrastructure[edit]

Health care[edit]

Fort Saskatchewan has one hospital—the 38 bed Fort Saskatchewan Community Hospital. [52]

The city also has a 58-bed, public-operated, supportive-living seniors lodge, called Dr. Turner Lodge. Southfort Bend, a privately operated facility, also has supportive living for seniors. The lone assisted-living facility in Fort Saskatchewan is the Rivercrest Care Centre.

Government[edit]

Fort Saskatchewan is directly governed by a city council consisting of one mayor and six councillors. Municipal elections occur every four years on the third Monday in October. The last election was held on October 21, 2013 where Gale Katchur was re-elected for a second term as mayor.[53] The next election is scheduled for October 16, 2017. The mayor is elected separately from the councillors, who are elected at-large (as opposed to the ward system).

On the provincial level of government, Fort Saskatchewan is part of the riding called Fort Saskatchewan-Vegreville. It is represented by Jacquie Fenske (Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta).

On the federal level, Fort Saskatchewan is part of the Edmonton—Sherwood Park riding and is represented by Tim Uppal (Conservative Party of Canada).

Education[edit]

Fort Saskatchewan currently has no post-secondary schools. Most residents commute or move into Edmonton to attend post-secondary classes at the University of Alberta, MacEwan University, or Northern Alberta Institute of Technology.

Fort Saskatchewan's schools are governed by two different school boards—Elk Island Public Schools (EIPS) and Elk Island Catholic Schools (EICS). Both school boards have their head offices located in Sherwood Park.

Fort Saskatchewan's elected trustees on the EIPS board are Pat McLauchlan and Harvey Stadnick. Gerald Mykytiuk is the lone Fort Saskatchewan trustee on the EICS board.

The following schools are located in Fort Saskatchewan:

Elementary Schools
  • Fort Saskatchewan Elementary School (Grades K-6)
  • James Mowat Elementary School (Grades K-6)
  • École Parc Élémentaire (K-6)
  • Win Ferguson Community School (Grades K-6)
  • Fort Saskatchewan Christian School (Grades K-9)
  • Pope John XXIII Catholic School (Grades K-4)
  • Our Lady of the Angels Catholic School (Grades 5-8)
Junior High Schools
  • Rudolph Hennig Junior High (7-9)
  • Our Lady of the Angels Catholic School (Grades 5-8)
  • Fort Saskatchewan Christian School (Grades K-9)
High Schools

Media[edit]

Fort Saskatchewan has two local newspapers. The Fort Saskatchewan Record (The Fort Record) is a weekly home-delivered newspaper published on Thursdays. It took over the offices and plant of The Conservator, the previous weekly newspaper, and was first published on Wednesday, April 5, 1922. The Sturgeon Creek Post, established in 1996, is a weekly newspaper published on Wednesdays that is available at local businesses and newsstands. Other newspapers commonly read in the Fort Saskatchewan area are the Edmonton Journal and the Edmonton Sun.

Fort Saskatchewan has an internet radio station named FortRadio.com,[54] which came online in November 2010.[citation needed] On January 10, 2012, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) approved Golden West Broadcasting's application to operate 107.9 FM out of Fort Saskatchewan.[55]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs (2010-09-17). "Municipal Profile – City of Fort Saskatchewan". Retrieved 2010-10-02. 
  2. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. 2014-11-28. Retrieved 2014-11-30. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  4. ^ "Alberta Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town)" (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012. pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Retrieved October 8, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Fort Saskatchewan still growing strong". City of Fort Saskatchewan. June 10, 2014. Retrieved June 11, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Municipal Census Results: Fort’s population sees another big bump". City of Fort Saskatchewan. June 25, 2013. Retrieved June 24, 2013. 
  7. ^ City of Fort Saskatchewan. "Our Mascot". Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  8. ^ a b Ream, Peter (1974). The Fort on the Saskatchewan. Metropolitan Printing. p. 337. 
  9. ^ a b Ream, Peter (1974). The Fort on the Saskatchewan. Metropolitan Printing. p. 339. 
  10. ^ a b c Ream, Peter (1974). The Fort on the Saskatchewan. Metropolitan Printing. pp. 420–425. 
  11. ^ Ream, Peter (1974). The Fort on the Saskatchewan. Metropolitan Printing. p. 459. 
  12. ^ Ream, Peter (1974). The Fort on the Saskatchewan. Metropolitan Printing. p. 471. 
  13. ^ a b Ream, Peter (1974). The Fort on the Saskatchewan. Metropolitan Printing. p. 465. 
  14. ^ "Fort Saskatchewan". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010 (in English & French). Environment Canada. Retrieved March 28, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000". Environment Canada. Retrieved 19 Augaust 2012.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  16. ^ "Table IX: Population of cities, towns and incorporated villages in 1906 and 1901 as classed in 1906". Census of the Northwest Provinces, 1906. Sessional Paper No. 17a. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1907. p. 100. 
  17. ^ "Table I: Area and Population of Canada by Provinces, Districts and Subdistricts in 1911 and Population in 1901". Census of Canada, 1911. Volume I. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1912. p. 2-39. 
  18. ^ "Table I: Population of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta by Districts, Townships, Cities, Towns, and Incorporated Villages in 1916, 1911, 1906, and 1901". Census of Prairie Provinces, 1916. Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1918. p. 77-140. 
  19. ^ "Table 8: Population by districts and sub-districts according to the Redistribution Act of 1914 and the amending act of 1915, compared for the census years 1921, 1911 and 1901". Census of Canada, 1921. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1922. p. 169-215. 
  20. ^ "Table 7: Population of cities, towns and villages for the province of Alberta in census years 1901-26, as classed in 1926". Census of Prairie Provinces, 1926. Census of Alberta, 1926. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1927. p. 565-567. 
  21. ^ "Table 12: Population of Canada by provinces, counties or census divisions and subdivisions, 1871-1931". Census of Canada, 1931. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1932. p. 98-102. 
  22. ^ "Table 4: Population in incorporated cities, towns and villages, 1901-1936". Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1936. Volume I: Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1938. p. 833-836. 
  23. ^ "Table 10: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1941". Eighth Census of Canada, 1941. Volume II: Population by Local Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1944. p. 134-141. 
  24. ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1926-1946". Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1946. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1949. p. 401-414. 
  25. ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1951". Ninth Census of Canada, 1951. Volume I: Population, General Characteristics. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1953. p. 6.73-6.83. 
  26. ^ "Table 6: Population by sex, for census subdivisions, 1956 and 1951". Census of Canada, 1956. Population, Counties and Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1957. p. 6.50-6.53. 
  27. ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1901–1961". 1961 Census of Canada. Series 1.1: Historical, 1901–1961. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1963. p. 6.77-6.83. 
  28. ^ "Population by specified age groups and sex, for census subdivisions, 1966". Census of Canada, 1966. Population, Specified Age Groups and Sex for Counties and Census Subdivisions, 1966. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1968. p. 6.50-6.53. 
  29. ^ "Table 2: Population of Census Subdivisions, 1921–1971". 1971 Census of Canada. Volume I: Population, Census Subdivisions (Historical). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1973. p. 2.102-2.111. 
  30. ^ "Table 3: Population for census divisions and subdivisions, 1971 and 1976". 1976 Census of Canada. Census Divisions and Subdivisions, Western Provinces and the Territories. Volume I: Population, Geographic Distributions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1977. p. 3.40-3.43. 
  31. ^ "Table 4: Population and Total Occupied Dwellings, for Census Divisions and Subdivisions, 1976 and 1981". 1981 Census of Canada. Volume II: Provincial series, Population, Geographic distributions (Alberta). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1982. p. 4.1-4.10. ISBN 0-660-51095-2. 
  32. ^ "Table 2: Census Divisions and Subdivisions – Population and Occupied Private Dwellings, 1981 and 1986". Census Canada 1986. Population and Dwelling Counts – Provinces and Territories (Alberta). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1987. p. 2.1-2.10. ISBN 0-660-53463-0. 
  33. ^ "Table 2: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 1986 and 1991 – 100% Data". 91 Census. Population and Dwelling Counts – Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1992. p. 100-108. ISBN 0-660-57115-3. 
  34. ^ "Table 10: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions, Census Subdivisions (Municipalities) and Designated Places, 1991 and 1996 Censuses – 100% Data". 96 Census. A National Overview – Population and Dwelling Counts. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1997. p. 136-146. ISBN 0-660-59283-5. 
  35. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Divisions, 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-04-02. 
  36. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2010-01-06. Retrieved 2012-04-02. 
  37. ^ a b c d e Statistics Canada (Census 2006). "Fort Saskatchewan - Community Profile". Retrieved 2008-12-31.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  38. ^ a b c Conal MacMillan (April 22, 2010). "Court accepts offer on mall". Fort Saskatchewan Record. Retrieved May 24, 2010. 
  39. ^ a b Conal MacMillan (March 11, 2010). "Fort Mall draws some interest". Fort Saskatchewan Record. Retrieved May 24, 2010. 
  40. ^ "New owners plan Fort Mall makeover". Fort Saskatchewan Record. February 7, 2003. Retrieved May 24, 2010. 
  41. ^ "Owner hopes to turn mall around". Fort Saskatchewan Record. July 27, 2004. Retrieved May 24, 2010. 
  42. ^ "The exodus continues". Fort Saskatchewan Record. September 19, 2003. Retrieved May 24, 2010. 
  43. ^ a b "Editorial: Mall owner's plan should be welcome relief". Fort Saskatchewan Record. August 10, 2007. Retrieved May 24, 2010. 
  44. ^ "Fort Mall in court-ordered sale". Sturgeon Creek Post. May 6, 2009. Retrieved May 24, 2010. 
  45. ^ Conal MacMillan (March 2, 2010). "Fort Mall on open market for $5M". Fort Saskatchewan Record. Retrieved May 24, 2010. 
  46. ^ "Fort Mall will see better days". Fort Saskatchewan Record. May 7, 2009. Retrieved May 24, 2010. 
  47. ^ Conal MacMillan (January 7, 2010). "Council offers $4M for Fort Mall". Fort Saskatchewan Record. Retrieved May 24, 2010. 
  48. ^ http://www.fortsaskatchewanrecord.com/ArticleDisplay.aspx?e=1558231
  49. ^ The mall sold in December of 2010.Johnathan Milke (December 23, 2010). "New owners step up to buy Fort Mall". Fort Saskatchewan Record. Retrieved December 23, 2010. 
  50. ^ Fort Saskatchewan Mall Website
  51. ^ Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  52. ^ The City of Fort Saskatchewan. "Fort Saskatchewan health services". Retrieved 2012-07-20. 
  53. ^ Wilkie, Trent (October 24, 2013). "Gale Katchur re-elected as Fort mayor". Edmonton Examiner. Fort Saskatchewan Record. Retrieved November 27, 2014. 
  54. ^ "FortRadio.com". Retrieved 2012-10-08. 
  55. ^ "Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2012-9". Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC). 2012-01-10. Retrieved 2012-10-08. 
  56. ^ "Mike Commodore hockey statistics & profile at hockeydb.com". hockeydb.com. Retrieved 5 August 2011. 
  57. ^ "‘Hobbit’ alert: Evangeline Lilly joins the cast of the films - thestar.com". thestar.com. Retrieved 5 August 2011. Fort Saskatchewan's own Evangeline Lilly... 
  58. ^ "Joffrey Lupul hockey statistics & profile at hockeydb.com". hockeydb.com. Retrieved 5 August 2011. 
  59. ^ Grisson, Melissa (2013). "Getting to Know: Richard Matvichuk". BlackoutDallas.com. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  60. ^ "Carl Mokosak hockey statistics & profile at hockeydb.com". hockeydb.com. Retrieved 5 August 2011. 
  61. ^ "Allen Pedersen hockey statistics & profile at hockeydb.com". hockeydb.com. Retrieved 5 August 2011. 
  62. ^ "Ray Whitney hockey statistics & profile at hockeydb.com". hockeydb.com. Retrieved 5 August 2011. 

External links[edit]