Giani Sant Singh Maskeen

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Sant Singh Maskeen
ਸੰਤ ਸਿੰਘ ਮਸਕੀਨ
Giani Sant Singh Ji Maskeen.jpg
Born Sant Singh
Lakki Marwat, Bannu district, (now Lakki Marwat District in Pakistan)
Died 18 February 2005
Etawah, Uttar Pradesh, India
Nationality Indian
Occupation Sikh Theologian and Scholar
Spouse(s) Sunder Kaur

Giani Sant Singh Maskeen (1934 – 18 February 2005) Punjabi: ਗਿਆਨੀ ਸੰਤ ਸਿੰਘ ਮਸਕੀਨ, Urdu: گيانى سنت سنگھ مسكين‎) was a Sikh Scholar and Theologian known for his expertise of Gurmat and Gurbani.

Early life[edit]

Maskeeen Ji was born in 1934 at Lakki Marwat (now in Pakistan) to father Kartar Singh and mother Ram Kaur. He was the only son of his parents and had an only elder sister Sujan Kaur.[1]

He pursued his schooling from Khalsa School (now in Pakistan) and went to Government High School but the turmoil of Partition in 1947, interrupted his education from the Govt. High School.

Like many Sikh families, his family migrated to India and settled in Alwar (Rajasthan) but due to some reason he could not continue with his studies. For some time he worked as a railway employee. The demise of his father in 1952 had an adverse impact on him and he started feeling very sad and isolated from worldly issues.

In 1958 he was married to Bibi Sunder Kaur and made Alwar his permanent home. He had three sons and two daughters.


He had a very simple and frugal lifestyle. He was a very simple and down-to-earth person who advocated simplicity. Wearing simple white clothes with black turban, he looked very distinguished.

He was so open-minded and fearless. In 1984, when Indian Army attacked on Sri Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple) in Amritsar, he made a fearless and critical speech.

Style of Narration

His way of narration was unique, different from all other scholars/theologians and had a tremendous impact on his audiences.


He devoted his life to religion.

As a Theologian[edit]

During the early part of his life, due to lack of resources at that time, Maskeen ji used to walk long distances to reach remote places for spreading the message of Gurbani. He was secular from heart and once agreed to perform katha in a Muslim Mosque in Rajasthan but some of the organisers did not want a non-Muslim to enter the Mosque. Maskeen ji always stayed away from politics and focused on spreading the message of Guru Nanak Dev Ji.His followers include many persons who are not even from Sikh religion.

Giani ji once promised a Sikh high priest to come to Amritsar for doing katha every year during the month of Diwali and kept his words till the end of his life for almost over 25 years. During the 300 year celebration of the Khalsa Panth, Maskeen ji was invited by the then high priest of Sri Akal Takht Sahib to perform katha, despite recovering from a heart problem in the United States and against the advice of the doctors, maskeen ji travelled to Amritsar for performing katha.

Giani Ji spread the message of the holy Guru Granth Sahib in different countries including America, England, Canada, Denmark, the Netherlands, Middle East (Dubai, Qatar, Bahrin) Kenya, Belgium, Thailand, Japan, Singapore and Pakistan etc..


He authored more than a dozen books. Maskeen Ji was infamous for exposing scams and other wrongdoings in Sikh Gurudwaras, he was known to publish books detailing how many temple's would keep a majority of the donations for themselves. His works created shock waves through Sikhism since such scams were being exposed, and for this he won the admiration of many and the hatred from some.

Some of his famous books includes Guru Chintan, Ras Dhara, Amrit Manthan, Ratnagar and Shabad Guru.


He established a meditation centre at his home town of Alwar where a samagam (function) is held every year on the eve of Hola Mahalla which is attended by many scholars, preachers, Dhadi Jathas, Kavishars and learned people of Sikh community. The Khalsa School he established at Alwar has a great success.

He started an organization named as Vishav Sikh Preacher Organization for preaching the name of the lord. This organization works under Sri Akal Takhat Sahib. Two schools named Guru Nanak Public School and Sri Guru Harkrishan Public School also run under his control. In these schools uniforms and books are provided free to the poor students.


He was honored by the Sikh community of Sri Akal Takhatkarh Sahib with the rare title of Panth Ratan for his services to mankind through the message of Gurbani. He was also honored with the Bhai Gurdas Gold posthumous award, worth rupees one lack and Gurmat Vidya Martand posthumous award by SGPC (Shromani Gurudwara Parbandhak Committee).


Maskeen Ji said:


Giani Sant Singh Maskeen died on 18 February 2005 due to a massive heart attack while attending a marriage in Etawah in Uttar Pradesh, India.


  1. ^ "ਮਸਕੀਨ ਜੀ". Article is in Punjabi. Retrieved 7 December 2011. 
  2. ^ "Giani Sant Singh Maskeen - Last Words". Rocket. Retrieved 8 December 2011. 

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