Guru Amar Das

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Guru Amar Das
Guru Amar Das - Goindwal
Guru Amar Das - Goindwal
Born May 5, 1479 (1479-05-05)
Basarke Gillan, Amritsar, Punjab, India
Died September 1, 1574 (1574-10) (aged 95)
Goindval, India
Other names The Third Master
Years active 1552–1574
Known for Introducing the Anand Karaj, Writing the Anand Sahib
Predecessor Guru Angad
Successor Guru Ram Das
Spouse(s) Mata Mansa Devi
Children Bhai Mohan, Bhai Mohri, Bibi Dani, and Bibi Bhani
Parents Tej Bhan & Mata Bakht

Guru Amar Das (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅਮਰ ਦਾਸ [ɡʊru əməɾ dɑs]; 5 May 1479 – 1 September 1574[1]) was the third of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and was given the title of Sikh Guru on 26 March 1552. He died at an age of 95.

His life[edit]

Guru Amar Das was the eldest son of Tej Bhan Bhalla, a farmer and trader, and Mata Lachmi. The Guru's father was a shopkeeper in the village of Basarke near Amritsar.

Guru married Mata Mansa Devi and had four children – two sons (Mohan & Mohri) and two daughters (Bibi Bhani & Bibi Dani). Bibi Bhani later married Bhai Jetha who became the fourth Sikh Guru, Guru Ram Das (see article Platforms of Jetha).

Guru Amar Das became Sikh Guru at the age of 72 following in the footsteps of his teacher Guru Angad, who died on 29 March 1552 at age 48. Guru Amar Das established his headquarters in the town of Goindwal Sahib, which was established by Guru Angad.

Guru Amar Das took up cudgels of spirituality to fight against caste restrictions, caste prejudices and the curse of untouchability.

He strengthened the tradition of the free kitchen, Guru Ka Langar (started by Guru Nanak), and made his disciples, whether rich or poor, whether high-born or low-born in the Hindu caste system, have their meals together sitting in one place.

He thus established social equality amongst the people. Guru Amar Das introduced the Anand Karaj marriage ceremony for the Sikhs, replacing the Hindu form.

He also completely abolished amongst the Sikhs, the custom of Sati,[citation needed] in which a married woman was forced to burn herself to death in the funeral pyre of her husband. The custom of Paradah (Purdah), in which a woman was required to cover her face with a veil,[citation needed] was also done away with.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "guru3". Retrieved 16 March 2013. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by:
Guru Angad
(31 March 1504 – 29 March 1552)
Guru Amar Das Followed by:
Guru Ram Das
(24 September 1534 – 1 September 1581)