Indian Ordnance Factories Service

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Indian Ordnance Factories Service
Service Overview
Emblem of India.svg
Abbreviation I.O.F.S.
Formed 1954
Country  India
Training Ground National Academy of Defence Production, Nagpur
Controlling Authority Ministry of Defence
Department of Defence Production
Legal personality Civil Service
General nature Research & Development
General Management
Public Administration
Cadre Size 1760 members
Association IOFS officers Association (IOFSA)
Service colour Red, Navy Blue and Sky Blue
Service Chief
DGOF & Chairman, OFB
Current: M. C. Bansal
Head of the Civil Services
Cabinet Secretary
Current: Ajit Seth

The Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS) (Hindi: भारतीय आयुध निर्माणी सेवा) is a civil service of the Government of India. IOFS officers are Gazetted (Group A) defence-civilian officers under the Ministry of Defence. They are responsible for the management of the Indian Ordnance Factories, which provide the sinews of self-reliant, indigenous, defence production capabilities of the nation.


IOFS was formed in 1954 with the cadre controlling authority of Ministry of Defence – Department of Defence Production with a cadre size of 1760 posts. The source of recruitment was through direct recruitment 60%; by promotion 40% and no lateral entries.

IOFS is a multi-disciplinary composite cadre consisting of technical - engineers (Civil, Electrical, Mechanical, Electronics), technologists (Chemical, Metallurgical, Textile, Leather) and non-technical/administrative (Science, Law, Commerce, Management and Arts graduates). Technical posts comprise about 87% of the total cadre. The doctors (Surgeons and Physicians) serving in OFB belong to a separate service known as the Indian Ordnance Factories Health Service (IOFHS). IOFHS officers are responsible for the maintenance of health of the employees, and the hospitals of OFB. They report directly to the IOFS officers. IOFS and IOFHS are the only two civil services under the Department of Defence Production.[1]

OFB's background[edit]

Ordnance Factories Board is engaged in research, development, production, testing, marketing and logistics of a comprehensive product range in the areas of land, air and sea systems. It consists of forty-one Ordnance Factories, nine Training Institutes, three Regional Marketing Centres and four Regional Controllerates of Safety, which are spread all across the country.[2][3]

OFB is the world's largest government operated production organisation,[4] and the oldest industrial organisation run by the Government of India.[5][6] It has a total workforce of about 164,000.[7] It is often called the "Fourth Arm of Defence",[8][9][10] and the "Force Behind the Armed Forces" of India.[11][12] It is amongst the top 50 defence equipment manufacturers in the world.[13][14] Its total sales were at $2.7 billion (INR16,246 crores) in 2011-12. Every year, 18th March is celebrated as the Ordnance Factories' Day in India.[15][16]


The recruitment in the Indian Ordnance Factories as a Group A officer is done by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) based on the performance in the rigorous and prestigious Engineering Services Examination (ESE) and the Civil Services Examination (CSE).[17] Engineering posts are filled through the Engineering Services Examination while technologists are selected through interviews by UPSC. Posts in the non-technical streams are filled through the Civil Services Examination. IOFS is the only cadre in which officials are selected by all four means - CSE, ESE, interviews and promotions. IOFHS officers are selected through the Combined Medical Services Examination, conducted by UPSC.[18][19][20] All appointments to the Group A Civil Services are made by the President of India.[21]


National Academy of Defence Production, Nagpur provides training to the IOFS officers on the topics of technology, management, public administration as induction and re-orientation courses. IOFS officers are allowed to continue their higher studies at various national institutions such as the IITs, IIMs, IISc and DIAT, under the sponsored category.[22][23] Interestingly, most of the officers who join the ordnance factories are graduates of these institutes as the recruitment in the ordnance factories is considered quite tough, only the brightest students make it through the whole process. They are also trained at these institutes, at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, [24] Administrative Staff College of India and the Indian Institute of Public Administration, while in service.[25][26][27][28] The officers are even sent for higher education to the countries which have defence friendly relations with India, such as the countries of erstwhile USSR, USA, UK, Sweden, Japan, Austria, Germany, Russia, France, Israel, Canada, Czech Republic, Singapore.


The main functions performed by IOFS officers while at the Indian Ordnance Factories include product research & development, project management, materials management, production planning and control, quality control, supplies management, industrial safety, labour welfare, personnel management, industrial relations, management and maintenance of residential estates etc.

In discharging these functions, the IOFS officers interact extensively with:

On Deputation[edit]

IOFS is a participating civil service under the Central Staffing Scheme (CSS), which allows bureaucrats to move to any organisation, institution, agency, department, ministry of the Government of India on deputation basis (excluding posts which are specifically encadred within the organised Group A services), depending on their interests, educational qualifications, seniority, age and other eligibility criteria.[43][44]

IOFS officers also serve at key managerial posts of PSUs; as advisors and secretaries to the Union Cabinet Ministers, Prime Minister and the President of India;[45] as diplomats at various consulates, missions and embassies of India, located abroad; as Commissioned Officers in the Indian Armed Forces;[46] and as Scientists in DRDO.


Grade Designation in the field Designation in Headquarters Pay Scale
Junior Time Scale Assistant Works Manager Assistant Director INR15,600-INR39,100 plus grade pay of INR5400
Senior Time Scale Works Manager Deputy Director INR15,600-INR39,100 plus grade pay of INR6600
Senior Time Scale (Non Functional) Deputy General Manager Joint Director INR15,600-INR39,100 plus grade pay of INR7600
Junior Administrative Grade (Functional) Joint General Manager Director INR37,400-INR67,000 plus grade pay of INR8700
Senior Administrative Grade Addl. GM / General Manager / Principal Director / Regional Director / Regional Controller of Safety Deputy Director General INR37,400-INR67,000 plus grade pay of INR10000
Higher Administrative Grade Senior General Manager / Senior Principal Director Senior Deputy Director General INR67,000-INR79,000 plus grade pay-Nil
Higher Administrative Grade (+) Nil Addl. Director General & Member of the Board INR75,500-INR80,000 plus grade pay -Nil
Apex Scale Nil Director General Ordnance Factories (DGOF) & Chairman of the Ordnance Factories Board INR80,000 (fixed) plus grade pay-Nil[47]

See also[edit]

Ordnance Factories Board


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  14. ^ IANS (27 February 2012). "Three Indian entities - HAL, BEL and OFB among world's top 100 arms manufacturers - Economic Times". Retrieved 2012-07-17. 
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  16. ^ Our Bureau. "Business Line : Industry & Economy News : Ordnance Factory to invest Rs 15,000 cr for modernisation". Retrieved 2012-07-17. 
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  39. ^ "Sapling planting campaign at OFT". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 2012-10-12. 
  40. ^ "Smart techniques to prevent injuries at railway workshop". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 2012-04-12. 
  41. ^ "‘Technology can help curb corruption'". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 2012-11-07. 
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