Interstate 82

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This article is about the highway. For the video game, see Interstate '82.

Interstate 82 marker

Interstate 82
Interstate 82 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by WSDOT and ODOT
Length: 143.58 mi[2][3][4] (231.07 km)
Existed: 1956[1] – present
Major junctions
West end: I‑90 / US 97 in Ellensburg, WA
  US 12 in Yakima, WA
US 97 near Yakima, WA
I‑182 / US 12 near Richland, WA
US 395 near Kennewick, WA
US 395 / US 730 in Umatilla, OR
East end: I‑84 / US 30 in Umatilla County, OR
Highway system
OR 78 OR OR 82
SR 41 WA I-90

Interstate 82 (I-82) is a 143.58-mile (231.07 km) Interstate Highway that extends from I-90 in Ellensburg, Washington, to I-84 near Umatilla, Oregon, in the United States. In the state of Washington, it serves the cities of Ellensburg, Yakima, and the Tri Cities (via I-182), and in Oregon, it serves Umatilla and Hermiston. It is the major route westwards to Seattle and eastwards to Boise and Salt Lake City (via I-84 and I-15).[5][6][7][8] I-82's designation is a violation of the Interstate system's numbering rules, as it is located north of I-84, and is also primarily a north-south route. I-84 was originally designated I-80N, but received its current number in 1980 as part of efforts to eliminate suffixed routes.[9][10]

I-82 passes over Selah Creek on the Fred G. Redmon Bridge. When this bridge was opened on November 2, 1971 it was the longest concrete arch bridge in North America.[11][12] The bridge spans 549 feet (167 m) long across the creek.[11][12] In 1999, a plan surfaced to extend the Interstate down south through Oregon. Three routes were proposed but all were rejected.[13][14]

Route description[edit]

Lengths
  mi km
WA 132.57[3] 213.35
OR 11.01[4] 17.72
Total 143.58[2] 231.07

I-82 starts at an interchange with I-90 and U.S. Route 97 (US 97) in Ellensburg.[15] At this point, I-82/US 97 start heading southeast towards Yakima. Before entering Yakima, I-82/US 97 intersects State Route 821 (SR 821) and State Route 823 (SR 823) while passing the Yakima Firing Center.

Just north of Selah, the freeway passes over Selah Creek on the Fred G. Redmon Bridge, the longest concrete arch in North America at the time of its opening, spanning 549 feet (167 m) long across the creek.[11][12] From the bridge, I-82/US 97 passes from Selah into Yakima.[15] In Yakima, I-82/US 97 join US 12 and intersect SR 24.[15] After leaving Yakima and Union Gap, US 97 splits from I-82/US 12. I-82 then enters the Yakama Indian Reservation as it starts turning eastward towards the Tri-Cities. West of Toppenish, I-82/US 12 intersects SR 22, and then goes east past Zillah and into Granger, where it intersects SR 223.[16][17][18][19]

After leaving both Granger and the Yakama Indian Reservation, the freeway continues east to Sunnyside, where the highway intersects SR 241. Then, I-82/US 12 turns southeast to pass Grandview and reach Prosser, where SR 22 intersects the freeway.[15] From Prosser, the highway turns northeast into Benton City, where SR 224 and SR 225 intersect I-82/US 12. From Benton City, the freeway goes eastward towards Richland, when I-182 starts and US 12 joins I-182 into Richland.[20] From the interchange, I-82 goes southeast around the Tri-Cities and joins US 395.[21] After joining US 395, the freeway goes south and then west into Plymouth, where the highway intersects SR 14 and leaves Washington on the Umatilla Bridge over the Columbia River heading into Oregon.[15][22] [23]

After coming off the bridge, I-82/US 395 enter Umatilla, where US 395 exits off at the intersection with US 730. After leaving Umatilla, the highway goes southwest and passes the Umatilla Ordnance Depot before ending at I-84/US 30 southwest of Hermiston.[24][25][26]

History[edit]

The Fred G. Redmon Bridge carries I-82 over Selah Creek north of Selah.

As part of Washington's first connected state highway system, the Washington State Legislature designated the Inland Empire Highway between Ellensburg and Laurier in 1913.[27] The State Highway Board selected a route that would connect the main cities of Eastern Washington and the Inland Empire, which were Ellensburg, Yakima, the Tri Cities, Colfax, and Spokane.[28][29] In 1923, by which time the entire road had been improved,[30] the highway became State Road 3 (Primary State Highway 3 and Primary State Highway 3 WA after 1937), but retained its name.[31] By that time, most of the route of Interstate 82 became parts of US 410, US 97, and US 395, all three were established in 1926.[32][33][34]

The shield of Primary State Highway 3.

In 1956, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956, which started the construction of Interstate Highways.[35][36] Even though I-82 was designated in 1956, construction did not start until the early 1980s, and the last section of Interstate 82 within Washington opened in 1987.[37] Legally, the Washington section of I-82 is defined at Washington Revised Code § 47.17.135.[1] Several projects are currently ongoing and have been completed in the recent years on I-82.[38]

I-82 was meant to go from Tacoma, across Naches Pass, and then southeast into Yakima and the Tri-Cities.[not in citation given] The proposal was quickly denied and later resurfaced as the SR 168 Proposal.[39]

The original plans for the included two options. One was the current route (which was opposed by the Tri-Cities), and another had I-82 go from Prosser into Richland and Pasco, and then southeast to Wallula and then end at I-80N (present-day I-84) in Pendleton. The first option was chosen, but the Tri-Cities needed access, so the Federal Highway Administration created Interstate 182, which would serve as a connector from I-82 to the Tri-Cities.[40][41] [42]

When I-80N was renumbered I-84 in 1980, I-82's designation became a violation of the Interstate system's numbering rules, as it was now located north of I-84. The reason for the renumbering was a change in guidelines published by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials that advised renumbering suffixed routes.[9][10] In 1999, a plan surfaced to extend I-82 further south in Oregon. Three major routes were proposed including the Madras Route, from Umatilla through Heppner, Condon, Fossil, and Antelope to Madras, where I-82 would replace US 97 south through Bend to the California border, the Prineville route, from Umatilla through Heppner, Hardman, Spray, Prineville, and Powell Butte to US 97 near Bend, then continue south to the border, and the US 395 route, from Umatilla through John Day, Burns, and Lakeview, presumably to the California border and beyond.[13][14]

Exit list[edit]

County Location Mile[3][4] km Exit Destinations Notes
Kittitas   0.00 0.00 I‑90 / US 97 north – Spokane, Seattle Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
  3.22 5.18 3 SR 821 south (Thrall Road)
  11.62 18.70 11 Yakima Training Center
Yakima   26.56 42.74 26 SR 821 north (Canyon Road) to SR 823 – Selah
  28.99 46.65 29 East Selah Road
  30.59 49.23 30 SR 823 north / Rest Haven Road – Selah Signed as exits 30A (SR 823) and 30B (Rest Haven Road) westbound
Yakima 31.35 50.45 31 US 12 west / North 1st Street – Naches, White Pass West end of US 12 overlap; signed as exits 31A (US 12) and 31B (1st Street) eastbound
33.21 53.45 33A Fair Avenue, Lincoln Avenue Eastbound exit and entrance
33.21 53.45 33B Yakima Avenue – Terrace Heights Signed as exit 33 westbound
34.74 55.91 34 SR 24 east / Nob Hill Boulevard – Moxee
Union Gap 36.26 58.35 36 Valley Mall Boulevard – Union Gap
  37.81 60.85 37 US 97 south – Goldendale, Bend East end of US 97 overlap; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
  38.07 61.27 38 Union Gap Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
  40.31 64.87 40 Thorp Road, Parker Road
  44.29 71.28 44 Wapato
  50.08 80.60 50 SR 22 east – Toppenish, Buena
Zillah 52.05 83.77 52 Zillah, Toppenish
54.05 86.99 54 Division Road – Zillah
Granger 58.47 94.10 58 SR 223 south – Granger
Sunnyside 63.61 102.37 63 Sunnyside, Outlook
66.90 107.67 67 Sunnyside, Mabton
68.91 110.90 69 SR 241 Waneta Road  – Sunnyside, Mabton
Grandview 72.58 116.81 73 Stover Road – Grandview
75.02 120.73 75 County Line Road – Grandview
Benton Prosser 79.90 128.59 80 Gap Road – Prosser
82.31 132.47 82 SR 22 to SR 221 – Mabton, Paterson
  88.52 142.46 88 Gibbon Road
  93.58 150.60 93 Yakitat Road
Benton City 96.55 155.38 96 SR 224 north / SR 225 – West Richland, Benton City
  102.48 164.93 102 I‑182 east / US 12 east – Richland, Pasco East end of US 12 overlap
  104.49 168.16 104 Dallas Road
  108.91 175.27 109 Badger Road
  112.76 181.47 113 US 395 north to I‑182 – Kennewick, Pasco, Spokane West end of US 395 overlap
  114.36 184.04 114 Locust Grove Road (I-82 to SR 397 Intertie)
  122.70 197.47 122 Coffin Road
  131.55 211.71 131 SR 14 west – Plymouth, Vancouver
Columbia River 132.57
0.00
213.35
0.00
Umatilla Bridge
Washington–Oregon state line
Umatilla Umatilla 1.00 1.61 1 US 395 south / US 730 – Umatilla, Hermiston, Irrigon East end of US 395 overlap
  4.83 7.77 5 Power Line Road
  9.79 15.76 10 Westland Road
  11.21 18.04 I‑84 / US 30 – Portland, Pendleton Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Auxiliary routes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Washington State Legislature. "RCW 47.17.135: State route No. 82 — Washington green highway". Retrieved August 10, 2008. 
  2. ^ a b Federal Highway Administration (October 31, 2002). "Route Log and Finder List, Main Routes of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System Of Interstate and Defense Highways". Retrieved August 27, 2008. 
  3. ^ a b c Washington State Department of Transportation (2006). "State Highway Log" (PDF). Retrieved August 27, 2008. 
  4. ^ a b c Oregon Department of Transportation. "Public Road Inventory". Retrieved August 27, 2008. 
  5. ^ Google Inc. "overview map of I-82". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&saddr=I-82+W%2FUS-395+N+%4045.931720,+-119.328370&daddr=46.970999,-120.511265&hl=en&geocode=6148851770216159538,45.931720,-119.328370&mra=mi&mrsp=1,0&sz=14&sll=46.967485,-120.514698&sspn=0.017747,0.035706&ie=UTF8&ll=46.452997,-120.135498&spn=2.293271,4.570312&z=7. Retrieved August 22, 2008.
  6. ^ Washington State Department of Transportation (2008) (PDF). Official State Highway Map (Map). 1:842,000. Official State Highway Maps. Cartography by U.S. Geological Survey (2008-2009 ed.). Olympia, Washington. http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/NR/rdonlyres/87105CAD-83A9-49A7-80F3-5719637C1E2D/0/FrontMapBig.pdf. Retrieved August 7, 2008.
  7. ^ GM Johnson (2007). Washington Large Print (Map). GM Johnson Large Print State Maps (2007 ed.). Burnaby, British Columbia. http://store.maplink.com/map.aspx?nav=MS&cid=10056,10078&pid=538387. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
  8. ^ GM Johnson (2007). Oregon Large Print (Map). GM Johnson Large Print State Maps (2007 ed.). Burnaby, British Columbia. http://store.maplink.com/map.aspx?nav=MS&cid=10056,10078&pid=533003. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
  9. ^ a b "Highway Resolutions - Interstate 84". Utah Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 18, 2008. 
  10. ^ a b "Interstate 80 to become 84". Deseret News. August 13, 1977. pp. A3. Retrieved September 21, 2008. [dead link]
  11. ^ a b c HistoryLink (March 7, 2005). "Fred Redmon Bridge (Selah Creek Bridge) opens on November 2, 1971". Retrieved August 27, 2008. 
  12. ^ a b c Washington State Department of Transportation. "WSDOT - History of WSDOT (1978-1990)". Retrieved September 9, 2008. 
  13. ^ a b Sinks, James. "Eastern Oregon waits for new highway". The Bulletin. 
  14. ^ a b Oregon Department of Transportation. "Interstate 50th Anniversary: The Story of Oregon’s Interstates" (PDF). Retrieved August 24, 2008. 
  15. ^ a b c d e Rand McNally (2008). The Road Atlas (Map). p. 108. ISBN 0-528-93961-0.
  16. ^ Google Inc. "overview map of I-82 (Ellensurg to Granger)". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&saddr=Exit+110+%4046.963535,+-120.507446&daddr=46.345772,-120.178049&hl=en&geocode=917336435896704481,46.963535,-120.507446&mra=mi&mrsp=1,0&sz=17&sll=46.346069,-120.177984&sspn=0.002244,0.004463&ie=UTF8&ll=46.672056,-120.454102&spn=1.142049,2.285156&z=8. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
  17. ^ Rand McNally (2008). The Road Atlas (Map). p. 108, section K12. ISBN 0-528-93961-0.
  18. ^ GM Johnson (2008). Yakima, Yakima County Wineries (Map). City Street Map (2008 ed.). Burnaby, British Columbia. http://store.maplink.com/map.aspx?nav=MS&cid=10056,10078&pid=523006. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
  19. ^ Washington State Department of Transportation. "WSDOT Interchange Viewer - Interstate 82 (Exit 3 to 54)". Retrieved August 10, 2008. 
  20. ^ Rand McNally (2008). The Road Atlas (Map). p. 108, section K14. ISBN 0-528-93961-0.
  21. ^ GM Johnson (2007). Tri-Cities, Kennewick, Pasco, Richland (Map). City Street Map (2007 ed.). Burnaby, British Columbia. http://store.maplink.com/map.aspx?nav=MS&cid=10056,10078&pid=522990. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
  22. ^ Google Inc. "overview map of I-82 (Granger to Plymouth)". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&saddr=I-82+E+%4046.345763,+-120.178062&daddr=45.93164,-119.328743&hl=en&geocode=6918350065108018922,46.345763,-120.178062&mra=mi&mrsp=1&sz=18&sll=45.931707,-119.328942&sspn=0.001131,0.002232&ie=UTF8&ll=46.185535,-119.679565&spn=0.576153,1.142578&z=9. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
  23. ^ Washington State Department of Transportation. "WSDOT Interchange Viewer - Interstate 82 (Exit 58-131)". Retrieved August 10, 2008. 
  24. ^ Google Inc. "overview map of I-82 (Umatilla to Hermiston)". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&saddr=I-82+E%2FUS-395+S+%4045.931640,+-119.328730&daddr=45.798618,-119.39096&hl=en&geocode=2070871501223100006,45.931640,-119.328730%3B10765069594133851846,45.798461,-119.391166&mra=dme&mrcr=0&mrsp=1&sz=15&sll=45.796913,-119.391217&sspn=0.009066,0.017853&ie=UTF8&ll=45.863238,-119.369888&spn=0.144882,0.285645&z=11. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
  25. ^ Rand McNally (2008). The Road Atlas (Map). p. 84, section C11. ISBN 0-528-93961-0.
  26. ^ GM Johnson (2008). Walla Walla, Hermiston, Pendleton (Map). City Street Map (2008 ed.). Burnaby, British Columbia. http://store.maplink.com/map.aspx?nav=MS&cid=10056,10078&pid=523000. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
  27. ^ Washington State Legislature (1913) [1913]. "65". Session Laws of the State of Washington. Session Laws of the State of Washington (1913 ed.). Olympia, Washington: Washington State Legislature. p. 221. Retrieved August 10, 2008. 
  28. ^ State Highway Board (1912). Road Map of Washington Showing Main Traveled Roads (Map). http://www.secstate.wa.gov/history/maps_detail.aspx?m=33. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
  29. ^ State Highway Board. Map of Washington State Highways Authorized by Legislative Acts of 1913 (with 1915 changes marked) (Map). http://content.wsulibs.wsu.edu/cgi-bin/viewer.exe?CISOROOT=/maps&CISOPTR=755. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
  30. ^ Rand McNally. Official 1923 Auto Trails Map, District No. 14: Washington, Oregon, Northern California, Western Idaho (Map). http://www.usautotrails.com/MultistatePage/1923RandMcNallyATWAandORPage/image1.html. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
  31. ^ Washington State Legislature (1923) [1923]. "185". Session Laws of the State of Washington. Session Laws of the State of Washington (1923 ed.). Olympia, Washington: Washington State Legislature. pp. 627–628. Retrieved August 10, 2008. 
  32. ^ United States Department of Agriculture (November 11, 1926). Final 1926 Plan of the U.S. Highway System (Map). http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/55/1926us.jpg. Retrieved August 10, 2008.
  33. ^ Department of Highways (April 1, 1933). Highway Map: State of Washington (Map). http://www.secstate.wa.gov/history/maps_detail.aspx?m=70. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
  34. ^ Department of Highways (1939). Highways of the State of Washington (Map). http://www.secstate.wa.gov/history/maps_detail.aspx?m=28. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
  35. ^ United States Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration (July 7, 2006). "The Greatest Decade 1956-1966 Part 1 Essential to the National Interest". Retrieved August 11, 2008. 
  36. ^ United States Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration. "History of the Interstate Highway System". Retrieved August 11, 2008. 
  37. ^ Washington State Department of Transportation. "WSDOT - History of WSDOT (1978-1990)". Retrieved August 11, 2008. 
  38. ^ Washington State Department of Transportation. "WSDOT - Construction Projects on Interstate 82". Retrieved August 11, 2008. 
  39. ^ Washington State Legislature. "RCW 47.17.335: State route No. 168". Retrieved September 9, 2008. 
  40. ^ United States Department of Transportation and Federal Highway Administration (1963). Interstate Highway System (1963) (Map). http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/70/Interstate_Highway_status_unknown_date.jpg. Retrieved September 9, 2008.
  41. ^ United States Department of Transportation and Federal Highway Administration (October 1, 1970). Interstate Highway System (1970) (Map). http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e7/Interstate_Highway_plan_October_1%2C_1970.jpg. Retrieved September 9, 2008.
  42. ^ United States Department of Transportation and Federal Highway Administration (September 30, 1976). Interstate Highway System (1976) (Map). http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ac/Interstate_Highway_status_September_30%2C_1976.jpg. Retrieved September 9, 2008.

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing