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Islam in Cyprus was introduced when Uthman the 3rd Caliph conquered Cyprus in 649. Muslims lived throughout Cyprus prior to 1974, and since have been concentrated in Northern Cyprus.
Turkish Cypriots (the Muslim community of Cyprus) made up 18% of the island's population. Today there are an estimated 264,172 Muslims based in the Turkish Republic of North Cyprus. Turkish Cypriots are exclusively Sunni, with an influential stream of Sufism underlying their spiritual heritage and development. Nazim al-Qubrusi, the leader of the Naqshbandi-Haqqani order, hails from Larnaca and currently resides in Lefka.
History [ edit ]
Islam came to Cyprus early on in the Arab conquests, which at one point had also captured the Greek island of Crete. It is rumored that an aunt of the Prophet
Mohammad, Um Haram, had accompanied the expedition. [ She fell off her mule and died and was entombed at the present Hala Sultan Tekke shrine. ] citation needed
Turkish invasion of Cyprus, Muslim population has been bolstered by settlers from Turkey who are almost exclusively Muslim.
Important landmarks [ edit ]
Islamic shrines and landmarks exist on the island including:
Gallery [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]