Junnar

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This article is about the Junnar city in Pune district, Maharashtra, India. For the tehsil in Pune district, see Junnar tehsil.
Junnar
जुन्नर
city
Junnar is located in Maharashtra
Junnar
Junnar
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 19°12′N 73°53′E / 19.2°N 73.88°E / 19.2; 73.88Coordinates: 19°12′N 73°53′E / 19.2°N 73.88°E / 19.2; 73.88
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Pune
Elevation 689 m (2,260 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 4,54,456
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website www.junnartourism.com

Junnar is a city with thousands of years of history in the Pune district of the Indian state of Maharashtra.[1] It is a taluka headquarters. Situated at the base of the Sahyadri mountains, it is around 94 km north of Pune and 100 km east of Mumbai. Also located near this city are Shivneri Fort, birthplace of Chhatrapati Shivaji, the famous Maratha king, Lenyadri (girijatmak) and Ozar (vighnaher) both are from Ashtavinayakas. The land surrounding Junnar is very fertile and the main crops harvested are rice, wheat, and sugarcane. The town also holds a weekly market for fruit and vegetables on Sundays. Junnar is also famous for its Ganesh decorations during the Ganesh festival, being sometimes compared with the decorations in Pune and Mumbai during the festival. Junnar taluka in Maharashtra has the largest density of leopard population within a 500 km² area. It also holds the record for the largest number of leopards trapped within that range ever. Junnar is also surrounded by much greenery and dams, such as Vadaj and Manikdoh, common picnicking locations. Also present are the ancient Naneghat caves.

Junnar has attained prominence as early as 90 B.C when king Vedishri son of the Satavahana king Satakarni, the "Lord of Dakshinapatha, wielder of the unchecked wheel of Sovereignty" made Junnar the capital of his kingdom.

Transport[edit]

State Transport buses run between Pune and Junnar from Shivajinagar ST stand from 0630 every hour. Also bus facility available from Mumbai (Kalyan).

Tourism[edit]

Naneghat:- a mountain pass, is in the Western Ghats range near Ghatgar in Pune district of Maharashtra, India. Ghatghar is the empire of Maratha Royal family Pansare. During the reign of the Satavahana, the pass was extensively used as a trade route between Kalyan and Junnar. Very beautiful temple of lord Ganesha in cave is found here. Nane Ghat is situated at about 55 km from Kalyan. One can reach the base village Vaishakare by boarding the state transport bus passing through Malshej Ghat. From Vaishakare it's about 1/2 an hour walk along the road to Malshej Ghat to reach the divergence for Nane Ghat. Now there is board indicating the divergence so there will be no difficulty in finding the divergence. Naneghat offers different beauty in different seasons. In summer and winter, when there are no clouds, view of Jivdhan and Dhakoba is awesome. Junnar is the land of mystery & the mystery of land. Junnar has 2500 yrs prosperous history, adventurous geography with Granger ghats like Malshej Ghat, Darya Ghat, Nane ghat. some bullet point of tourism potential of Junnar are

  • Junnar, subcapital of dynasty of Maharashtra, Satvahan kings known as Jirna Nagar at that time.
  • Junnar, only one tahasil in Maharashtra state having highest number of dams Pimpalgaon Joga Dam, Chilewadi Pachaghar Dam, Yadgaon Dam, Manik Doh dam, Vadaj dam.
  • World's's largest radio telescope, GMRT[Giant Meter Wave Radio Telescope, Khodad is in Junnar.

--Historical Naneghat is in Junnar from where trading with other countries was there before 2500yrs. --Junnar, Birthplace of Maratha king Chhtrapati Shivaji Maharaj [Shivneri Fort, 1630] --Junnar has highest number of mountain forts in Maharashtra state Shivneri, Chawand, Nimgiri, Dhakoba, Narayangad, Hadsar, Jivdhan, Harishchandra gad—Junnar has 2 Ashtavinayak, temples of Lord Ganesha [Lenyari, Ozar] out of 8 ashtavinayak. --Junnar has highest number of cave group in Maharashtra Lenyadri Caves, Manmodi Caves, Tulja Caves, Shivneri Caves --Junnar has several ancient religious places such as Khireshwar temple, Kukadeshwar temple. --Junnar is known for its fresh & healthy air known as "Sanitarium of India" where breathing problems can be cure easily. --Junnar has wide range of agriculture from traditional farming of rice up to the farming of export quality grapes. --Junnar Has largest density of leopord in world conserved 27 leopords in 500 sq m area. --Due to beautiful nature, attractive scenery shooting of several films is always going in Junnar. Films like Ravan, Tees Mar kHan, Tingya, Chalte Chalte & several Add films also shooted in Junnar. Doctor Sabir Lives in this Taluka. He is a well known Cancer Physician. Junnar is also well known for its historic jama masjid & Iddgah. It is also known for the tombs of virious saints. One can explore the architecture of medieval periods such as Adilshahi. Nature lovers also visit these forts for their natural beauty the rare species of flowers, trees etc. Malshej Ghat is the place to visit in rainy season it has awesome water falls. Nowadays, most of the Hindi film directors prefer shooting their films here because of its natural beauty. Agriculture is not only farming, its culture of entire human being. 3000 yrs ago Sage Parashara wrote 1st manuscripts of world on agriculture named "krushi Parashara" सुस्था भवंतु कृषकः धनधान्यसमन्विता[May farmers be happy & wealthy]was his main prayer. Junnar was his tapobhumi. his translated manuscripts are in the library of Parashar Agritourism, Junnar. Films like Raavan, Tees Mar Khan, and many south Indian films are also attracted to this location. Junnar also has many temples major two Ashtavinayak temples of lord Ganesha out of eight are situated in Junnar 1:- Ozar Ozar has the state of the art accommodation facility for tourists. Celebrity like Abhishek Bachchan, Aishwarya Rai, Govinda, Akshay Kumar, Katrina Kaif, and many more stayed there for months while shooting for their films.

Geography[edit]

Naneghat caves near Junnar
Shivneri fort, Junnar

Junnar has an average elevation of 689 metres (2260 feet).[2] State Transport buses run between Pune and Junnar from Shivajinagar ST stand. The Kukadi River flows to the north.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Junnar had a population of 24,740. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Junnar has an average literacy rate of 77%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 72%. In Junnar, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religions in Junnar
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
63%
Muslims
  
25%
Buddhists
  
8.6%
Christians
  
1.4%
Jains
  
1.7%
Others†
  
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Schools and colleges[edit]

**Hon. Balasaheb Jadav Art, Commerce & Science College-ALE

**Dyan Mandir High Scool & Junior College, ALE.

Junnar has excellent schools with top-class facilities for studies[4] as well as extra curricular activities.

Considering the need of the population of about 55 thousand, need was felt to start a school for the Hearing and speech-impaired. In 1985 due to the combined efforts of J.E.S., Rotary Club of Junnar, and Surud Mandal (Pune) an effort was made and the school for the hearing and speech impaired children was started.

Shri Shiv Chhatrapati College (SSC College, Junnar) (श्रीशिवछत्रपति महाविद्यालय) and Jaihind Technical College provide facilities for further studies in non-technical and technical areas respectively.

Shankararao Butte Patil Vidyalaya SBPV Junnar (शंकरराव बुटे पाटिल विधालय), previously known as New School Junnar. Annasaheb Awate vidhyalay, Krushnarao munde Vidhyala, Anjuman Urdu high school This is a well-known school, which has students placed in merit list of state board merit list And has active alumni named Back2School to guide new students for their career. Junnar has a Urdu Medium School And Junior college (Anjuman High School ) which established in 1960 also more than 100 year old Urdu primary school. For Islamic studies Darululoom has been started in the recent past.

Ganesh co-operative Milk Dairy[edit]

This is a milk collecting center located at village Rajuri. For contributing to large extent to the progress of the village, this dairy was named "Shakarita Gaurav Puraskat" by the Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh.[5]

Cave temples[edit]

Surroundings of Junnar are very rich with ancient cave temples. In total there are more than 200 individual rock-cut caves located in four hills around Junnar.[6] The largest and best known group is 30–40 Lenyadri Caves to the north from Junnar. Other groups of ancient temples are Tuljalena, Manmodi and Sivaneri. Junnar has Hindu and Muslim mix population. along with various femouse temple there are various Dargha of Sufi saint. Prominently Shahensha-e-Junnar, Harrat Ishaqe sha Qadri ra' 'PeerPahadi Baba, Ahele quresh, Khaja bande Nawaz,Peer Known as Bawen Mile and various other Sufis Mazar in Junnar City.

Narayangaon[edit]

Narayangaon is one of the most important town in Pune District, popular for its natural beauty. Water is abundant because of its proximity to the major dams, the western ghats, and the Sahyadri mountain range.

Narayangaon is renowned for the famous folk art 'Tamasha'. Renowmed Tamasha artists like Vithabai Bhau Mang Narayangaonkar was resident of Narayangaon. Late Vithabai Bhau Mang has received President award for her contribution to the folk art. Narayangaon also called as 'Tamasha Pandhari'.

Belhe[edit]

This place is known as "Belhe Market". It is famous all over Junnar and in nearby Sangamner, Parner, Shirur, Murbad and Khed for its oxen and goat market. Belhe is situated towards the north-east of Junnar Tehsil of Pune on the Nagar - Kalyan Highway (NH 222). It is a large village with a population of 12816 and holds its weekly market on Mondays. Belhe belongs to a Moghal family who held a high position in Junnar in the seventeenth century and who still enjoy the title of Nawabs of Belhe. They have married with the Nawabs of Surat and the present proprietor is the son-in-law of Jafar Ali the late Nawab of Surat. They have a large mansion in Junnar town which is entered by a fine gateway. To the south-east of Belhe, near the Belheshwar Temple, is a Hemadpanti well. The well is about twenty yards square and is entered by two opposite flights of ten steps each. The walls have eighteen canopied niches four each on the sides with steps and five each on the other two sides. The niches (3' x 1' 6" x 1) are square headed with carved side pillars and a finial consisting of a canopy knobbed at the top. The south wall has a worn-out inscription.

Belheshwar Temple a temple of Lord Shiva was give name for this location, Belhe is popular for TAMASHA RASIK, [People Having interest for looking Marathi Traditional Dramatic Comedy Show]. In shravan there are many festivals are held,

Pir Shah Dawal Malik Baba Dargah & Baleshwar Temple located in Bangarwadi North West Side of Belhe. Hindu & Muslim community always prays BABA. Yatra of Dawal Malik Baba is held Last Thursday of Shravan [Hindu Month] .

Vitthal Temple another famous place, it is Temple of Lord Vishnu [Vitthal], located in Bangarwadi. This Temple divided in two Part one is cave & another is Hemadpanti temple, This cave is found in 1200 AD & Temple is renewed in last Decade, Larges size of stone are used for reconstructing this temple,

Malabai this temple is located at North side of Belhe in Gulunchwadi, Goddess Durga's Temple available here, This is nature born temple on Nagar - Kalyan highway,

Weekly Market is specialty of Belhe, large Number of bulls are sold in every week here, Not only bull but also Goat, Buffalo, Horse, Hen & Vegetable & Grain Trade done here.

Major Crops - Bajara, Jwari, Wheat, Sugar Cane, Mango, Grapes, Banana, Sitaphal.

Academic Contribution: Rayat Shikshan Sanstha's Shri Belheshwar Vidyamandir, Malshej Niketan's English Medium School, Supriaya Collage of Education.

"Muktabai" this temple is located at East side of Belhe in Pimpalzap, boundary of the Pune & A. Nagar Dist. Goddess Durga's Temple available here, This temple is stationed on Belhe - Kalas - Pimpalgaon Rotha road1.

-:bank & patsanstha :- pune dist.central co-op bank ltd, bank of India, sadhana mahila patsanstha, kalyani mahila patsanstha, rajlaxmi mahila patsanstha, jai jawan patsanstha, shripad vallabh patsanstha, yashwantrao chavan patsanstha, bangarwadi vikas patsanstha, shri vishwakalyan patsanstha, khansahab patsanstha, shri saikrupa patsanstha, vishal junnar patsanstha, belhe phal-vikri sanstha,

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Forest law trampled in Junnar, Abhi-Ash’s Ravan in trouble". Retrieved 22 August 2009. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Junnar
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ "Junnar - Junnar Area - Junnar Region - Junnar Locality - Pune". Retrieved 7 August 2008. 
  5. ^ "Junnar in Pune". Punepages.com - Social Networking Pune. Retrieved 7 August 2008. 
  6. ^ "Lenyadri Group of Caves, Junnar". Archaeological Survey of India. Retrieved 30 May 2010. 

External links[edit]

Naneghat- It is 3 km from beautiful village Ghatghar. Naneghat is a mountain pass in the Western Ghats range near Junnar in Pune district of Maharashtra, India. During the reign of the Satavahana, the pass was extensively used as a trade route between Kalyan and Junnar.