List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions

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A man in a black jacket and silver cap with his left arm held aloft
Michael Schumacher, seven-time Formula 1 Champion.

The Formula One World Drivers' Championship (WDC) is awarded by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) to the most successful Formula One racing car driver over a season, as determined by a points system based on Grand Prix results.

The Drivers' Championship was first awarded in 1950, to Giuseppe Farina. The first driver to win multiple Championships was Alberto Ascari, in 1952 and 1953. The current Drivers' Champion is Sebastian Vettel, who won his first World Championship in 2010 and successfully defended it in 2011, 2012 and 2013. He is the second German to win the title, after Michael Schumacher .

A driver becomes the World Champion as soon as it is no longer mathematically possible for another to obtain more points than he has, even if the former driver were to not compete in the remaining races of the season, and the latter to score the maximum number of points possible. The Drivers' Championship has been won in the final race of the season 27 times in the 64 seasons it has been awarded. The earliest in a season that the Drivers' Championship has been clinched was in 2002, when Michael Schumacher secured the title with six races remaining.

Overall, thirty two different drivers have won the Championship, with German Michael Schumacher holding the record for most titles, at seven. Schumacher also holds the record for most consecutive Drivers' Championships, winning five from 2000 to 2004. The United Kingdom has produced the most World Championship winning drivers with ten; Brazil and Finland are next with three each. Of the 32 drivers to win the World Championship, 21 are still alive. The most recently deceased is Phil Hill (1927–2008).

By season[edit]

Season Driver Team Engine Tyres Poles Wins Podiums Fastest Laps Points Clinched Point Margin
1950 Italy Giuseppe Farina Italy Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo P 2 3 3 3 30 Race 7 of 7 3
1951 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Italy Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo P 4 3 5 5 31 Race 8 of 8 6
19521 Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Ferrari Ferrari F P 5 6 6 6 36 Race 6 of 8 12
19531 Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Ferrari Ferrari P 6 5 5 4 34.5 Race 8 of 9 6.5
1954 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Italy Maserati2
West Germany Mercedes2
Maserati
Mercedes
P

C

5 6 7 3 42 Race 7 of 9 16.86
1955 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio West Germany Mercedes Mercedes C 3 4 5 3 40 Race 6 of 7 16.5
1956 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Italy Ferrari Ferrari E 6 3 5 4 30 Race 8 of 8 3
1957 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Italy Maserati Maserati P 4 4 6 2 40 Race 6 of 8 15
1958 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn Italy Ferrari Ferrari E 4 1 7 5 42 Race 11 of 11 1
1959 Australia Jack Brabham United Kingdom Cooper* Climax D 1 2 5 1 31 Race 9 of 9 4
1960 Australia Jack Brabham United Kingdom Cooper* Climax D 3 5 5 3 43 Race 8 of 10 9
1961 United States Phil Hill Italy Ferrari* Ferrari D 5 2 6 2 34 Race 7 of 8 1
1962 United Kingdom Graham Hill United Kingdom BRM* BRM D 1 4 6 3 42 Race 9 of 9 12
1963 United Kingdom Jim Clark United Kingdom Lotus* Climax D 7 7 9 6 54 Race 7 of 10 21
1964 United Kingdom John Surtees Italy Ferrari* Ferrari D 2 2 6 2 40 Race 10 of 10 1
1965 United Kingdom Jim Clark United Kingdom Lotus* Climax D 6 6 6 6 54 Race 7 of 10 14
1966 Australia Jack Brabham United Kingdom Brabham* Repco G 3 4 5 1 42 Race 7 of 9 14
1967 New Zealand Denny Hulme United Kingdom Brabham* Repco G 0 2 8 2 51 Race 11 of 11 5
1968 United Kingdom Graham Hill United Kingdom Lotus* Ford F 2 3 6 0 48 Race 12 of 12 12
1969 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart France Matra* Ford D 2 6 7 5 63 Race 8 of 11 26
1970 Austria Jochen Rindt United Kingdom Lotus* Ford F 3 5 5 1 45 Race 12 of 133 5
1971 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart United Kingdom Tyrrell* Ford G 6 6 7 3 62 Race 8 of 11 29
1972 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi United Kingdom Lotus* Ford F 3 5 8 0 61 Race 10 of 12 16
1973 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart United Kingdom Tyrrell Ford G 3 5 8 1 71 Race 13 of 15 16
1974 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi United Kingdom McLaren* Ford G 2 3 7 0 55 Race 15 of 15 3
1975 Austria Niki Lauda Italy Ferrari* Ferrari G 9 5 8 2 64.5 Race 13 of 14 19.5
1976 United Kingdom James Hunt United Kingdom McLaren Ford G 8 6 8 2 69 Race 16 of 16 1
1977 Austria Niki Lauda Italy Ferrari* Ferrari G 2 3 10 3 72 Race 15 of 17 17
1978 United States Mario Andretti United Kingdom Lotus* Ford G 8 6 7 3 64 Race 14 of 16 13
1979 South Africa Jody Scheckter Italy Ferrari* Ferrari M 1 3 6 0 51 Race 13 of 15 4
1980 Australia Alan Jones United Kingdom Williams* Ford G 3 5 10 5 67 Race 13 of 14 13
1981 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Brabham Ford M G 4 3 7 1 50 Race 15 of 15 1
1982 Finland Keke Rosberg United Kingdom Williams Ford G 1 1 6 0 44 Race 16 of 16 5
1983 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Brabham BMW M 1 3 8 4 59 Race 15 of 15 2
1984 Austria Niki Lauda United Kingdom McLaren* TAG M 0 5 9 5 72 Race 16 of 16 0.5
1985 France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren* TAG G 2 5 11 5 73 Race 14 of 16 20
1986 France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren TAG G 1 4 11 2 72 Race 16 of 16 2
1987 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Williams* Honda G 4 3 11 4 73 Race 15 of 16 12
1988 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren* Honda G 13 8 11 3 90 Race 15 of 16 3
1989 France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren* Honda G 2 4 11 5 76 Race 15 of 16 16
1990 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren* Honda G 10 6 11 2 78 Race 15 of 16 7
1991 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren* Honda G 8 7 12 2 96 Race 15 of 16 24
1992 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Williams* Renault G 14 9 12 8 108 Race 11 of 16 52
1993 France Alain Prost United Kingdom Williams* Renault G 13 7 12 6 99 Race 14 of 16 26
1994 Germany Michael Schumacher United Kingdom Benetton Ford G 6 8 10 8 92 Race 16 of 16 1
1995 Germany Michael Schumacher United Kingdom Benetton* Renault G 4 9 11 8 102 Race 15 of 17 33
1996 United Kingdom Damon Hill United Kingdom Williams* Renault G 9 8 10 5 97 Race 16 of 16 19
1997 Canada Jacques Villeneuve United Kingdom Williams* Renault G 10 7 8 3 81 Race 17 of 17 39 (3)4
1998 Finland Mika Häkkinen United Kingdom McLaren* Mercedes B 9 8 11 6 100 Race 16 of 16 14
1999 Finland Mika Häkkinen United Kingdom McLaren Mercedes B 11 5 10 6 76 Race 16 of 16 2
2000 Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari* Ferrari B 9 9 12 2 108 Race 16 of 17 19
2001 Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari* Ferrari B 11 9 14 3 123 Race 13 of 17 58
2002 Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari* Ferrari B 7 11 17 7 144 Race 11 of 17 67
2003 Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari* Ferrari B 5 6 8 5 93 Race 16 of 16 2
2004 Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari* Ferrari B 8 13 15 10 148 Race 14 of 18 34
2005 Spain Fernando Alonso France Renault* Renault M 6 7 15 2 133 Race 17 of 19 21
2006 Spain Fernando Alonso France Renault* Renault M 6 7 14 5 134 Race 18 of 18 13
2007 Finland Kimi Räikkönen Italy Ferrari* Ferrari B 3 6 12 6 110 Race 17 of 17 1
2008 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom McLaren Mercedes B 7 5 10 1 98 Race 18 of 18 1
2009 United Kingdom Jenson Button United Kingdom Brawn* Mercedes B 4 6 9 2 95 Race 16 of 17 11
2010 Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull* Renault B 10 5 10 3 256 Race 19 of 19 4
2011 Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull* Renault P 15 11 17 3 392 Race 15 of 19 122
2012 Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull* Renault P 6 5 10 6 281 Race 20 of 20 3
2013 Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull* Renault P 9 13 16 7 397 Race 16 of 19 155

Notes[edit]

* Indicates the team also won the Constructors' Championship (awarded since 1958).
  1. ^ The 1952 and 1953 championships were run to Formula Two regulations.
  2. ^ Fangio competed in the 1954 Argentine and Belgian Grands Prix with Maserati, then completed the season with Mercedes.
  3. ^ Rindt died during practice for the 1970 Italian Grand Prix (the tenth round of the season) but his Championship was not confirmed until two rounds later.
  4. ^ Michael Schumacher scored 78 points during the 1997 season, only 3 points behind Villeneuve. However, Schumacher was disqualified from the championship for colliding with Villeneuve at the final race of the season, the European Grand Prix. This left Villeneuve with a 39 point margin over Heinz-Harald Frentzen with 42 points.

By driver[edit]

Michael Schumacher has won the World Drivers' Championship a record seven times – two at Benetton and five at Ferrari.
Juan Manuel Fangio won the World Drivers' Championship five times with Alfa Romeo, Maserati, Mercedes and Ferrari. He held the record from 1955 until 2003.
Alain Prost has four titles, three for McLaren and one for Williams. He also came close to winning the title for Renault and for Ferrari.
Sebastian Vettel currently has four consecutive titles to his name, winning them all with Red Bull Racing.
No. Driver Flag Total Season(s)
28 Alonso, Fernando Spain 2 2005, 2006
16 Andretti, Mario United States 1 1978
3 Ascari, Alberto Italy 2 1952, 1953
5 Brabham, Jack Australia 3 1959, 1960, 1966
31 Button, Jenson United Kingdom 1 2009
8 Clark, Jim United Kingdom 2 1963, 1965
2 Fangio, Juan Manuel Argentina 5 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957
1 Farina, Giuseppe Italy 1 1950
13 Fittipaldi, Emerson Brazil 2 1972, 1974
27 Häkkinen, Mika Finland 2 1998, 1999
30 Hamilton, Lewis United Kingdom 1 2008
4 Hawthorn, Mike United Kingdom 1 1958
25 Hill, Damon United Kingdom 1 1996
7 Hill, Graham United Kingdom 2 1962, 1968
6 Hill, Phil United States 1 1961
10 Hulme, Denny New Zealand 1 1967
15 Hunt, James United Kingdom 1 1976
18 Jones, Alan Australia 1 1980
14 Lauda, Niki Austria 3 1975, 1977, 1984
23 Mansell, Nigel United Kingdom 1 1992
19 Piquet, Nelson Brazil 3 1981, 1983, 1987
21 Prost, Alain France 4 1985, 1986, 1989, 1993
29 Räikkönen, Kimi Finland 1 2007
12 Rindt, Jochen Austria 1 1970
20 Rosberg, Keke Finland 1 1982
17 Scheckter, Jody South Africa 1 1979
24 Schumacher, Michael Germany 7 1994, 1995, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004
22 Senna, Ayrton Brazil 3 1988, 1990, 1991
11 Stewart, Jackie United Kingdom 3 1969, 1971, 1973
9 Surtees, John United Kingdom 1 1964
32 Vettel, Sebastian Germany 4 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013
26 Villeneuve, Jacques Canada 1 1997

Drivers in bold are competing in the 2014 World Championship.

By nationality[edit]

Country Total Drivers Seasons Drivers by Name (titles)
 United Kingdom 14 10 1958, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1976, 1992, 1996, 2008, 2009 Jackie Stewart (3), Jim Clark (2), Graham Hill (2), Mike Hawthorn (1), John Surtees (1), James Hunt (1), Nigel Mansell (1), Damon Hill (1), Lewis Hamilton (1), Jenson Button (1)
 Germany 11 2 1994, 1995, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 Michael Schumacher (7), Sebastian Vettel (4)
 Brazil 8 3 1972, 1974, 1981, 1983, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1991 Nelson Piquet (3), Ayrton Senna (3), Emerson Fittipaldi (2)
 Argentina 5 1 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957 Juan Manuel Fangio (5)
 Finland 4 3 1982, 1998, 1999, 2007 Mika Häkkinen (2), Keke Rosberg (1), Kimi Räikkönen (1)
 Australia 4 2 1959, 1960, 1966, 1980 Jack Brabham (3), Alan Jones (1)
 Austria 4 2 1970, 1975, 1977, 1984 Niki Lauda (3), Jochen Rindt (1)
 France 4 1 1985, 1986, 1989, 1993 Alain Prost (4)
 Italy 3 2 1950, 1952, 1953 Alberto Ascari (2), Giuseppe Farina (1)
 United States 2 2 1961, 1978 Phil Hill (1), Mario Andretti (1)
 Spain 2 1 2005, 2006 Fernando Alonso (2)
 New Zealand 1 1 1967 Denny Hulme (1)
 South Africa 1 1 1979 Jody Scheckter (1)
 Canada 1 1 1997 Jacques Villeneuve (1)

Drivers in bold are competing in the 2014 World Championship.

By constructor[edit]

Constructor Country Total
Ferrari  Italy 15
McLaren  United Kingdom 12
Williams  United Kingdom 7
Lotus  United Kingdom 6
Brabham  United Kingdom 4
Red Bull  Austria 4
Cooper  United Kingdom 2
Benetton  United Kingdom 2
Tyrrell  United Kingdom 2
Renault  France 2
Mercedes1  West Germany 2
Alfa Romeo  Italy 2
Maserati1  Italy 2
BRM  United Kingdom 1
Matra  France 1
Brawn  United Kingdom 1

Constructors in bold are competing in the 2014 World Championship.

  1. ^ Fangio competed in the 1954 Argentine and Belgian Grands Prix with Maserati, then completed the season with Mercedes. This shared championship is counted for each of these constructors.

By constructor nationality[edit]

Nationality Total
 United Kingdom 37
 Italy 19
 Austria 4
 France 3
 West Germany 2

By engine[edit]

Engine Country Total
Ferrari  Italy 15
Ford  United States 13
Renault  France 11
Mercedes  West Germany
 Germany
6
Honda  Japan 5
Climax  United Kingdom 4
TAG  Luxembourg 3
Alfa Romeo  Italy 2
Maserati  Italy 2
Repco  Australia 2
BMW  West Germany 1
BRM  United Kingdom 1

Engine manufacturers in bold are competing in the 2014 World Championship.

By tyre manufacturer[edit]

Pos Manufacturer Country Total Seasons
1 G Goodyear  United States 24 (7)1 19661967, 1971, 19731978, 1980, 1982, 19851997
2 B Bridgestone  Japan 11 (6)2 19982004, 20072010
3 P Pirelli  Italy 9 (3)3 195019544 5, 1957, 20112013
4 D Dunlop  United Kingdom 8 19591965, 1969
5 M Michelin  France 6 1979, 1981, 19831984, 20052006
6 F Firestone  United States 4 19525, 1968, 1970, 1972
7 C Continental  West Germany 2 195441955
E Englebert  Belgium 2 1956, 1958

Tyre manufacturers in bold are competing in the 2014 World Championship. Numbers in parentheses indicate championships won as the sole tyre supplier.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Goodyear was the sole tyre supplier for the 1987, 1988 & 1992–1996 seasons
  2. ^ Bridgestone was the sole tyre supplier for the 1999, 2000 & 2007–2010 seasons
  3. ^ Pirelli was the sole tyre supplier for the 2011–2013 seasons
  4. ^ Fangio competed in the 1954 Argentine and Belgian Grands Prix on Pirelli with Maserati, then completed the season on Continental with Mercedes
  5. ^ Ascari competed in the 1952 Indianapolis 500 on Firestone tyres, then completed the season on Pirelli

Records[edit]

Youngest Drivers' Champion[edit]

Driver* Age** Season
1 Germany Sebastian Vettel 23 years, 133 days 2010
2 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton 23 years, 301 days 2008
3 Spain Fernando Alonso 24 years, 58 days 2005
4 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 25 years, 273 days 1972
5 Germany Michael Schumacher 25 years, 314 days 1994
6 Austria Niki Lauda 26 years, 197 days 1975
7 Canada Jacques Villeneuve 26 years, 200 days 1997
8 United Kingdom Jim Clark 27 years, 188 days 1963
9 Finland Kimi Räikkönen 28 years, 4 days 2007
10 Austria Jochen Rindt 28 years, 140 days 1970 (posthumously)

* Bold text indicates driver competed in the 2013 World Championship
** Measured at the race where the driver secured the championship

Oldest Drivers' Champion[edit]

Driver Age Season
1 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio 46 years, 41 days 1957
2 Italy Giuseppe Farina 43 years, 308 days 1950
3 Australia Jack Brabham 40 years, 155 days 1966
4 United Kingdom Graham Hill 39 years, 262 days 1968
5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 39 years, 8 days 1992
6 France Alain Prost 38 years, 214 days 1993
7 United States Mario Andretti 38 years, 193 days 1978
8 United Kingdom Damon Hill 36 years, 26 days 1996
9 Austria Niki Lauda 35 years, 242 days 1984
10 Germany Michael Schumacher 35 years, 239 days 2004

Bold text indicates driver competed in the 2013 World Championship.

Consecutive Drivers' Championships[edit]

Nine separate drivers have achieved consecutive wins in the Formula One Drivers' Championship. Michael Schumacher is the only driver to have won two sets of consecutive Formula One Drivers' Championships.

Championships Driver Seasons
5 Germany Michael Schumacher 20002004
4 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio 19541957
Germany Sebastian Vettel 20102013
2 Italy Alberto Ascari 19521953
Australia Jack Brabham 19591960
France Alain Prost 19851986
Brazil Ayrton Senna 19901991
Germany Michael Schumacher 19941995
Finland Mika Häkkinen 19981999
Spain Fernando Alonso 20052006

Bold text indicates driver competed in the 2013 World Championship.

See also[edit]

References[edit]