List of Olympic records in athletics

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Athletics records in the Summer Olympic Games have been recorded since 1896.

The modern Summer Olympic Games have been held every four years since the first Games in 1896 and Olympic records are recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in each event. The athletics events, which take place at each Games, are divided into four groups: track events (including sprints, middle- and long-distance running, hurdling and relays), field events (including javelin, discus, hammer, pole vault, long and triple jumps), road events (such as walks and the marathon) and combined events (the heptathlon and the decathlon).[1] Women compete in 23 athletics events during the Games,[2] and men compete in 24; while 21 of the events are the same for both men and women, men exclusively compete in the 50 km walk, the women's combined event is the heptathlon while the men compete in the decathlon, and the short distance hurdles for women is contested over 100 m, ten metres shorter than the men's event.[1]

Some Olympic records have been broken but later rescinded by the IOC. In 1988, Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson broke the Olympic and World record in the 100 metres, but was subsequently disqualified after it was discovered that he had used anabolic steroids to enhance his performance. His record was expunged and the gold medal was instead awarded to American Carl Lewis.[3] Hungarian athlete Robert Fazekas broke the Olympic record in the men's discus in 2004 but was later stripped of both his gold medal and the record after it was deemed that he had "committed an anti-doping rule violation".[4][5]

The longest standing modern Olympic athletics record is Bob Beamon's achievement in the men's long jump at the 1968 Summer Olympics.[6] The jump, at 8.90 m (29 ft 2 in), also broke the existing world record by 55 cm (22 in), and stood as the world record for 23 years until Beamon's compatriot, Mike Powell, jumped farther in the 1991 World Championships in Athletics in Tokyo.[7] During the 2012 Games, six men's and five women's records were broken.

Note, only those events currently competed for and recognised by the IOC as Summer Olympic events are listed.[8]

Men's records[edit]

Black athlete Usain Bolt in a yellow running vest and green shorts just completing a race
Usain Bolt currently holds three Olympics records, two individually and one with the Jamaican 4 x 100m relay team.
Roman Sebrie headshot with him wearing a black tracksuit top with red trim
Roman Šebrle, current decathlon record holder

♦ denotes a performance that is also a current world record. Statistics are correct as of the end of the 2012 Summer Olympics.

List of Men's Olympic records in athletics
Event Record Name Nation Games Date Ref(s)
100 metres 9.63  Bolt, UsainUsain Bolt  Jamaica (JAM) 2012 London August 5, 2012 [9]
200 metres 19.30  Bolt, UsainUsain Bolt  Jamaica (JAM) 2008 Beijing August 20, 2008 [10]
400 metres 43.49  Johnson, MichaelMichael Johnson  United States (USA) 1996 Atlanta July 29, 1996 [11]
800 metres ♦1:40.91  Rudisha, DavidDavid Rudisha  Kenya (KEN) 2012 London August 9, 2012 [12]
1,500 metres 3:32.07  Ngeny, NoahNoah Ngeny  Kenya (KEN) 2000 Sydney September 29, 2000 [13]
5,000 metres 12:57.82  Bekele, KenenisaKenenisa Bekele  Ethiopia (ETH) 2008 Beijing August 23, 2008 [14]
10,000 metres 27:01.17  Bekele, KenenisaKenenisa Bekele  Ethiopia (ETH) 2008 Beijing August 17, 2008 [15]
Marathon 2:06:32  Wanjiru, SamuelSamuel Wanjiru  Kenya (KEN) 2008 Beijing August 24, 2008 [16]
110 metres hurdles 12.91  Xiang, LiuLiu Xiang  China (CHN) 2004 Athens August 27, 2004 [17]
400 metres hurdles ♦46.78  Young, KevinKevin Young  United States (USA) 1992 Barcelona August 6, 1992 [18][19]
3,000 m steeplechase 8:05.51  Kariuki, JuliusJulius Kariuki  Kenya (KEN) 1988 Seoul September 30, 1988 [20]
4×100 m relay ♦36.84  Nesta Carter
Michael Frater
Yohan Blake
Usain Bolt
 Jamaica (JAM) 2012 London August 11, 2012 [21]
4×400 m relay 2:55.39  Merritt, LaShawnLaShawn Merritt
Angelo Taylor
David Neville
Jeremy Wariner
 United States (USA) 2008 Beijing August 23, 2008 [22]
20 km walk 1:18:46  Ding, ChenChen Ding  China (CHN) 2012 London August 4, 2012 [23]
50 km walk 3:35:59  Kirdyapkin, SergeySergey Kirdyapkin  Russia (RUS) 2012 London August 11, 2012 [24]
High jump 2.39 m  Austin, CharlesCharles Austin  United States (USA) 1996 Atlanta July 28, 1996 [25]
Long jump 8.90 m  Beamon, BobBob Beamon  United States (USA) 1968 Mexico City October 18, 1968 [6]
Pole vault 5.97 m  Lavillenie, RenaudRenaud Lavillenie  France (FRA) 2012 London August 10, 2012 [26]
Triple jump 18.09 m  Harrison, KennyKenny Harrison  United States (USA) 1996 Atlanta July 27, 1996 [27]
Shot put 22.47 m  Timmermann, UlfUlf Timmermann  East Germany (GDR) 1988 Seoul September 23, 1988 [28]
Discus throw 69.89 m  Alekna, VirgilijusVirgilijus Alekna  Lithuania (LTU) 2004 Athens August 23, 2004 [29]
Hammer throw 84.80 m  Litvinov, SergeySergey Litvinov  Soviet Union (URS) 1988 Seoul September 26, 1988 [30]
Javelin throw 90.57 m  Thorkildsen, AndreasAndreas Thorkildsen  Norway (NOR) 2008 Beijing August 23, 2008 [31]
Decathlon 8893 pts  Šebrle, RomanRoman Šebrle  Czech Republic (CZE) 2004 Athens August 24, 2004 [32]

Women's records[edit]

Florence Griffith-Joyner is the current Olympic 100 m and 200 m record holder.
Tirunesh Dibaba in a green running vest covered in a flag, holding a bouquet of flowers
Tirunesh Dibaba is the current Olympic 10,000 m record holder.

♦ denotes a performance that is also a current world record. Statistics are correct as of the end of the 2012 Summer Olympics.

List of Women's Olympic records in athletics
Event Record Name Nation Games Date Ref(s)
100 metres 10.62  Griffith-Joyner, FlorenceFlorence Griffith-Joyner  United States (USA) 1988 Seoul September 24, 1988 [33]
200 metres ♦21.34  Griffith-Joyner, FlorenceFlorence Griffith-Joyner  United States (USA) 1988 Seoul September 29, 1988 [34][35]
400 metres 48.25  Pérec, Marie-JoséMarie-José Pérec  France (FRA) 1996 Atlanta July 29, 1996 [36]
800 metres 1:53.43  Olizarenko, NadezhdaNadezhda Olizarenko  Soviet Union (URS) 1980 Moscow July 27, 1980 [36]
1,500 metres 3:53.96  Ivan, PaulaPaula Ivan  Romania (ROU) 1988 Seoul September 26, 1988 [36]
5,000 metres 14:40.79  Szabo, GabrielaGabriela Szabo  Romania (ROU) 2000 Sydney September 25, 2000 [36]
10,000 metres 29:54.66  Dibaba, TiruneshTirunesh Dibaba  Ethiopia (ETH) 2008 Beijing August 15, 2008 [37]
Marathon 2:23:07  Gelana, TikiTiki Gelana  Ethiopia (ETH) 2012 London August 5, 2012 [36]
100 metres hurdles 12.35  Pearson, SallySally Pearson  Australia (AUS) 2012 London August 7, 2012 [38]
400 metres hurdles 52.64  Walker, MelaineMelaine Walker  Jamaica (JAM) 2008 Beijing August 20, 2008 [39]
3,000 m steeplechase ♦8:58.81  Galkina-Samitova, GulnaraGulnara Galkina-Samitova  Russia (RUS) 2008 Beijing August 17, 2008 [40]
4×100 m relay ♦ 40.82  Tianna Madison
Allyson Felix
Bianca Knight
Carmelita Jeter
 United States (USA) 2012 London August 10, 2012 [41]
4×400 m relay ♦3:15.17  Ledovskaya, TatyanaTatyana Ledovskaya
Olga Nazarova
Mariya Pinigina
Olga Bryzgina
 Soviet Union (URS) 1988 Seoul October 1, 1988 [42]
20 km walk ♦1:25:02  Lashmanova, ElenaElena Lashmanova  Russia (RUS) 2012 London August 11, 2012 [43]
High jump 2.06 m  Slesarenko, YelenaYelena Slesarenko  Russia (RUS) 2004 Athens August 28, 2004 [25]
Long jump 7.40 m  Joyner-Kersee, JackieJackie Joyner-Kersee  United States (USA) 1988 Seoul September 29, 1988 [44]
Pole vault 5.05 m  Isinbayeva, YelenaYelena Isinbayeva  Russia (RUS) 2008 Beijing August 18, 2008 [40][45]
Triple jump 15.39 m  Mbango Etone, FrançoiseFrançoise Mbango Etone  Cameroon (CMR) 2008 Beijing August 17, 2008 [46]
Shot put 22.41 m  Slupianek, IlonaIlona Slupianek  East Germany (GDR) 1980 Moscow July 24, 1980 [28]
Discus throw 72.30 m  Hellmann, MartinaMartina Hellmann  East Germany (GDR) 1988 Seoul September 29, 1988 [29]
Hammer throw 78.18 m  Lysenko, TatyanaTatyana Lysenko  Russia (RUS) 2012 London August 11, 2012 [47]
Javelin throw 71.53 m  Menéndez, OsleidysOsleidys Menéndez  Cuba (CUB) 2004 Athens August 27, 2004 [36]
Heptathlon ♦7291 pts  Joyner-Kersee, JackieJackie Joyner-Kersee  United States (USA) 1988 Seoul September 24, 1988 [36]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  4. ^ "Fazekas takes discus gold". BBC Sport. August 23, 2004. Retrieved September 2, 2008. 
  5. ^ "International Olympic Committee Executive Board Decision regarding Mr Robert Fazekas, born on 18 August 1975, athlete, Hungary, Men's Discus Throw" (PDF). International Olympic Committee. Retrieved September 2, 2008. 
  6. ^ a b Parker Morse (August 23, 2008). "Beijing 2008 – Day Nine Summary – 23 Aug". International Association of Athletics Federations. Retrieved September 3, 2008. 
  7. ^ Gerald Eskenazi (August 31, 1991). "Track and field; Back in Miami, Beamon Remains Down to Earth". New York Times. Retrieved September 6, 2008. 
  8. ^ "Athletics". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
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  30. ^ "Athletics – Hammer throw OR – Progression". Official website of the Olympic Movement. Retrieved September 2, 2008. 
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  32. ^ Philip Hersh (August 23, 2008). "Bryan Clay wins Olympic decathlon". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 2, 2008. 
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  35. ^ "Athletics – 200 metres WR – Progression". Official website of the Olympic Movement. Retrieved September 2, 2008. 
  36. ^ a b c d e f g "Olympic Games Records – Women". International Association of Athletics Federations. Retrieved September 3, 2008. 
  37. ^ "Dibaba smashes Olympic 10,000m record as two dip under 30 minutes!". iaaf.org. August 15, 2008. Retrieved August 25, 2008. 
  38. ^ "Women's 100 Metres Hurdles Results". IAAF. 7 August 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  39. ^ "Jamaica's Walker wins 400m hurdles". Reuters. August 20, 2008. Retrieved August 25, 2008. 
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  45. ^ Andy Bull (August 19, 2008). "Olympics: Isinbayeva raises the bar and the Bird's Nest roof". The Guardian (London). Retrieved September 3, 2008. 
  46. ^ "Etone wins again for Cameroon in triple jump". ESPN.com. Associated Press. August 17, 2008. Retrieved September 3, 2008. 
  47. ^ "Hammer Throw Results". IAAF. 10 August 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 

External links[edit]