List of flags of Vietnam

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The following is a list of flags of Vietnam :

National flag[edit]

For more information, see Flag of Vietnam.
Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Vietnam.svg November 30, 1955 – present State flag and civil ensign. A large yellow star centered on a red field (2:3).
Scheme Red Yellow
Pantone[1] 1788 Yellow 116
CMYK 0.88.88.11 0.0.100.0
RGB[1] (226,28,28) (255,255,0)
HTML[1] #E21C1C #FFFF00
NCS S 1085 Y80R S 0570 G70Y

Royal standards[edit]

Flag Duration Use Name/Description
Red flag.svg 1778 – 1793 Flag of Tây Sơn Dynasty (Thái Đức) Red field with yellow border.
Tay Son Dynasty Flag.svg 1788 – 1802 Flag of emperors Quang Trung and Quang Toản Quang Trung Đế kỳ[2][3] (光中帝旗) or Quang Trung Emperor Standard. Influences: link=First flag of Tây Sơn Dynasty
Early Nguyen Dynasty Flag.svg 1802 – 1885 Flag of emperors Gia Long and Tự Đức. This was originally the personal banner of Emperor Gia Long (r. 1802–1820). It was used as a national flag beginning in 1863. The Long tinh kỳ or Dragon Star Flag.[2] Influences: Yellow is the color of an emperor. ["Emperor" is hoàng đế (). Hoàng () is Sino-Vietnamese for "yellow".] The color red is connected to "south".
Flag of Central Vietnam (1885-1890).svg 1885 – 1890 Flag of emperor Đồng Khánh Đại Nam Kỳ[2] (National Flag of the Great South). Đại Nam (, great south) was the official name of Vietnam at this time. "大" is rotated 90 degrees counterclockwise, while "南" is rotated 90 degree clockwise.
First flag of the Nguyen Dynasty.svg 1920 – 1945 Flag of emperors Khải Định and Bảo Đại A yellow field with a single red stripe. Referred to as the Long tinh or Dragon Spirit Flag.[2] Influences: Flag of South Vietnam.svg
Second flag of the Nguyen Dynasty.svg May 8 – August 30, 1945 Flag of emperor Bảo Đại A yellow field with a single red stripe. Referred to as the Long tinh or Dragon Spirit Emperor Flag.[2] Influences: First flag of the Nguyen Dynasty.svg
Flag of South Vietnam.svg 1948 – 1975 The flag of South Vietnam was designed by Lê Văn Đệ in 1948 and was revived by Emperor Bảo Đại in 1948. A yellow field with three red stripes. The stripes represent the Quẻ Càn,[2] or Qian trigram, also interpreted as representing the three regions of Vietnam (North, Central, and South). Influences: Trigram hemel.png

Personal standards of the kings[edit]

Flag Duration Use Name/Description
Tay Son Dynasty Flag.svg 1788 – 1802 Standards of emperor Quang Trung Quang Trung Đế kỳ[2][4] (光中帝旗) or Quang Trung Emperor Standard. Influences: link=First flag of Tây Sơn Dynasty
Single Color Flag - FFFF00.svg 1820 – 1841 Standard of emperor Minh Mạng Yellow field with gold border. Influences: Early Nguyen Dynasty Flag.svg
Imperial Standard of Nguyen Dynasty1.svg 1922 – 1945 Standard of emperors Khải Định and Bảo Đại Flag ratio : 2:3. Influences: Early Nguyen Dynasty Flag.svg
Nguyen Imperial Pennon (m3).png 1802 – 1945 Imperial pennon of Nguyen Dynasty Influences: Early Nguyen Dynasty Flag.svg
Nguyen Imperial Pennon (m4).gif 1802 – 1945 Imperial pennon of Nguyen Dynasty Flag ratio : 1:2. Influences: Early Nguyen Dynasty Flag.svg

Governmental standards[edit]

Flag Duration Use Name/Description
Presidential Standard of South Vietnam (1955-1963).png 1955 – 1963 Presidential Standard of the First Vietnamese Republic Tiết trực tâm hư[5] (2:3).

Political flags[edit]

For more information, see List of political flags in Vietnam.

Military flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Viet Nam Peoples Army.svg 1955–present Flag of Vietnam People's Army A yellow star centered on a red field, and yellow words "Quyết thắng" (determined to win) in the upper left (2:3).
Vietnam Border Defense Force flag.png 1958–present Flag of Vietnam Border Defense Force A yellow star centered on a red field (2:3).
Flag of Vietnam Information and Communications Force.svg 1958–present Flag of Vietnam Information and Communications Force A yellow star centered on a red field (2:3).
Vietnam People's Air Force flag.png 1959–present Flag of Vietnam People's Air Force A yellow star centered on a red field (2:3).
Ensign of Vietnam People's Navy.png 2014–present Ensign of Vietnam People's Navy A white flag with emblem of Vietnam People's Navy in its upper canton with a blue strip below (2:3). Influences : USSR, Flag commander 1950 staff.svg
Flag of the Republic of Vietnam Military Forces.svg 1955 - 1975 War flag Yellow flag with three stripes, and the emblem of (gold eagle) in the middle (3:4). Influences: Flag of South Vietnam.svg
Flag of RVNMF.svg 1955 - 1975 Flag of the Republic of Vietnam Military Forces Flag ratio : 3:4.
Naval Ensign of South Vietnam.png 1952 - 1975 Ensign of the Republic of Vietnam Navy Yellow field with three red stripes and an anchor in the middle (3:4).
Influences: Flag of South Vietnam.svg
Flag of South Vietnam Navy.png 1952 - 1975 Service flag of the Republic of Vietnam Navy Flag ratio : 2:3.
Flag of the Vietnam Air Force.svg 1955 - 1975 Flag of Vietnam Air Force Flag ratio : 2:3.
Flag of South Vietnam Marine Division.svg 1968 - 1975 Flag of Republic of Vietnam Marine Division Flag ratio : 2:3.
RVN National Police Flag.svg 1955 - 1975 Flag of Republic of Vietnam National Police[6] Flag ratio : 2:3.

Areas with special status[edit]

Flag Duration Use Name/Description
Flag of French Cochinchina.png 1868–1945 Flag of French Cochinchina[7] A yellow field with black border. Cochinchina is a precursor of South Vietnam. Influences : Early Nguyen Dynasty Flag.svg
Flag of Republic of Cochinchina.svg 1946–1948 Flag of the Autonomous Republic of Cochinchina (Nam Kỳ Cộng hòa quốc) A yellow field with two white strips and three blue strips. Influences : Flag of French Cochinchina.png
Flag of Sedang.svg 1888–1889 Flag of the Kingdom of Sedang[8] A white cross centered on a blue field.
Flag of Tay Dam.png 1948–1955 Flag of Sip Song Chau Tai[9] A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red : One white stripe is between two blue stripes, a red star with 16 rays is in white field. Influences : Flag of France.svg
Flag of Khmer Mountain Tribes.svg  ? - 1975 Flag of Khmer Mountain Tribes A green field with a white star what has 16 rays charged in the left.
Flag of the Republic of Central Highlands and Champa.svg 1964 - 1965 Flag of Republic of Central Highlands and Champa Influences : Flag of FULRO.svg Bandera Front Alliberament Cham.svg
Bandera Front Alliberament Cham.svg 1965 Flag of Republic of Champa Flag ratio : 2:3.
FNL Flag.svg 1969–1976 Flag of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam. A yellow star on a red and blue background. Influences: Flag of Vietnam.svg
Lahu flag.svg  ? - ? Flag of Lahu Flag ratio : 3:5.
Flag of KKF.svg 1985 - ? Flag of Khmer Krom Rectangular tricolour with three equal-size horizontal bands : the upper one is blue, the middle yellow, and the lower red (3:5). Influences : Flag of LFKK.png

Historical flags[edit]

For more information, see History of Vietnam.
Flag Duration Use Name/Description
Flag of Ming Dynasty.svg 1407 – 1427 Flag of Ming Dynasty (Fourth Chinese domination of Vietnam)
British East India Company flag.svg 1702 – 1705 Flag of Poulo Condor[10] Prior to the Acts of Union which created the Kingdom of Great Britain, the flag contained the St George's Cross in the canton representing the Kingdom of England. Influences : link=Flag of England
Red flag.svg 1771 – 1778 Flag of Tây Sơn uprising Red field with yellow border.
Flag of France.svg 1887 – 1923 Flag of French colonial empire A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red.
 ? 1917 Flag of Empire of Daihung[11] Five red round-stars centered on a yellow field.
Flag of Colonial Annam.svg 1923 – March 9, 1945
September 23, 1945 – 1953
The "protectorate flag" of French Indochina French flag canton on a yellow field. Influences: Flag of France.svg First flag of the Nguyen Dynasty.svg
Socialist red flag.svg 1930 - 1931 Flag of the Red Guards (Nghe-Tinh Revolt) Flag ratio : 2:3. Influences : link=Flag of Communist Party of Vietnam
Drapeau de Groupe Lumière.svg 1936 - 1945 Flag of the Enlightenment Union[12] Flag ratio : 2:3.
Merchant flag of Japan (1870).svg March 9 – August 14, 1945 Flag of Empire of Japan and the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere Flag ratio : 7:10. Disc is shifted 1% towards the hoist (left).
First flag of the Nguyen Dynasty.svg March 11 – May 8, 1945 Flag of the Empire of Vietnam (Japanese puppet state) A yellow field with a single red stripe.
Flag of the Empire of Vietnam (1945).svg May 8 – August 30, 1945 Flag of the Empire of Vietnam A yellow field with three red stripes. The stripes represent the Quẻ Ly, or Li trigram. Influences : Trigram vuur.png
Flag of South Vietnam.svg June 2, 1948 – April 30, 1975 Flag of the Provisional Central Government of Vietnam (1948-1949), the State of Vietnam (1949-1955) and South Vietnam (1955-1975) A yellow field, with three red stripes. Identical to Thành Thái's flag: Flag of South Vietnam.svg
Drapeau de l'Armée Nationale Vietnamienne.png 1949 - 1955 Flag of Vietnamese National Army Yellow flag with three stripes, and the name of State of Vietnam (3:4). Influences : Flag of South Vietnam.svg
Flag of North Vietnam 1945-1955.svg September 2, 1945 – February 18, 1947
October 10, 1954 – November 30, 1955
Flag of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in Northern Vietnam A red field with a large yellow star.
Flag of Vietnam.svg November 30, 1955 – present Flag of North Vietnam (1955-1976) and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1976–present) A red field with a large yellow star. Influences : link=Flag of Democratic Republic of Vietnam link=Flag of Soviet Union
Flag of Vietnamese Revolutionary Army.svg 1929 - 1946 Flag of Vietnamese Revolutionary Army, used at Yen Bai mutiny[13] Two equal horizontal bands, red (top) and white (bottom). Influences : link=Flag of Vietnamese Nationalist Party
Vietnam People's Navy flag.png 1955 – 2014 Flag of Vietnam People's Navy A yellow star centered on a red field (2:3).
 ? 1961 - 1976 Flag of Liberation Army of South Vietnam[14] A variant of flag of Vietnam People's Army. Influences : link=Flag of National Liberation Front for South Vietnam link=Flag of Vietnam People's Army
4-T.png 1965 - 1970 Flag of 4-T Union[15] A large green four-leaf clover centered on a white field.
Flag of National Progressive Movement.svg 1968 - 1973 Flag of National Progressive Movement[16] Two horizontal red stripes enveloping a horizontal yellow stripe. The red arrow in the middle of the yellow stripe. Influences : link=Flag of New Greater Viet Party
Flag of Big Dipper Union.png 2003 - Big Dipper Union Flag ratio : 3:5.

See also[edit]

References[edit]