Government of Vietnam

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The Government of Vietnam is the executive arm of the Vietnamese state, and the members of the Government are elected by the National Assembly of Vietnam.

Council of Ministers (1980–1992)[edit]

The Vietnamese Council of Ministers was entrusted by the 1980 Constitution with managing and implementing the governmental activities of the state. It is described in that document as "the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the highest executive state body of the highest body of state authority." It is accountable to the National Assembly of Vietnam, and, more directly, to the Vietnamese Council of State when the National Assembly is not in session. Its duties include submitting draft laws, decrees, and other bills to the National Assembly and the Council of State; drafting state plans and budgets and implementing them following the National Assembly's approval; managing the development of the national economy; organizing national defense activities and assuring the preparedness of the armed forces; and organizing and managing the state's foreign relations. Its membership includes a chairman, vice chairman, cabinet ministers, and the heads of state committees, whose terms of office coincide with that of the National Assembly. The Council of Ministers includes its own standing committee, which serves to coordinate and mobilize the council's activities. In 1986 the standing committee was expanded from ten to thirteen members.

Each ministry is headed by a minister, who is assisted by two to twelve deputy ministers. The number and functions of the ministries are not prescribed in the Constitution, but in 1987 there were twenty-three ministries, and a number of other specialized commissions and departments. In apparent response to the call by the Sixth National Party Congress in 1986 for a streamlined bureaucracy, several ministries were merged. The former ministries of agriculture, food, and food industry were joined in a newly created Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry. The ministries of power and mines were merged to form the Ministry of Energy, and a newly created Ministry of Labor, War Invalids, and Social Welfare consolidated the duties of three former ministries. The addition of two new ministerial bodies also resulted from the 6th National Party Congress: a Ministry of Information to replace the Vietnam Radio and Television Commission, and a mission for Economic Relations with Foreign Countries to act as a coordinating body for foreign aid.

Cabinet members[edit]

Portfolio Minister Central Committee Politburo
Member Rank Member Rank
Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng Yes 34th Yes 3rd
Deputy Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc Yes 108th Yes 14th
Hoàng Trung Hải Yes 48th No  —
Vũ Đức Đam Yes 96th No  —
Vũ Văn Ninh Yes 99th No  —
Minister of National Defence Phùng Quang Thanh Yes 113th Yes 2nd
Minister of Public Security Trần Đại Quang Yes 114th Yes 10th
Minister of Foreign Affairs Phạm Bình Minh Yes 84th No  —
Minister of Justice Hà Hùng Cường Yes 24th No  —
Minister of Finance Đinh Tiến Dũng Yes 62nd No  —
Minister of Industry and Trade Vũ Huy Hoàng Yes 60th No  —
Minister of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs Phạm Thị Hải Chuyền Yes 21st No  —
Minister of Transport Đinh La Thăng Yes 137th No  —
Minister of Construction Trịnh Đình Dũng Yes 37th No  —
Minister of Information and Communications Nguyễn Bắc Son Yes 124th No  —
Minister of Education and Training Phạm Vũ Luận Yes 78th No  —
Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Cao Đức Phát Yes 102nd No  —
Minister of Planning and Investment Bùi Quang Vinh Yes 170th No  —
Minister of the Interior Nguyễn Thái Bình Yes 8th No  —
Minister of Health Nguyễn Thị Kim Tiến Yes 148th No  —
Minister of Science and Technology Nguyễn Quân Yes 117th No  —
Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism Hoàng Tuấn Anh Yes 1st No  —
Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Nguyễn Minh Quang Yes 113th No  —
Head of the Office of the Government Nguyễn Văn Nên Yes 40th No  —
Inspector-General of the Government Huỳnh Phong Tranh Yes 152nd No  —
Governor of the State Bank Nguyễn Văn Bình Yes 10th No  —
Chairman of the Committee on Ethnic Minority Affairs Giàng Seo Phử Yes 110th No  —


External links[edit]