List of Indian flags

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This is a list of flags used in India. For more information about the national flag, visit the article Flag of India.

National flag[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of India.svg 1947–present National flag of India A horizontal tricolour of saffron at the top, white in the middle, and green at the bottom. In the centre is a navy blue wheel with twenty-four spokes, known as the Ashoka Chakra

Governmental flag[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the President of India.svg 1950–present Standard of the President of India 1st quarter: state emblem (the lions of Sarnath) to represent national unity; 2nd quarter: elephant from Ajanta Caves to represent patience and strength; 3rd quarter: scales from the Red Fort, Old Delhi to represent justice; 4th quarter: lotus vase from Sarnath to represent prosperity
Flag of the Governor-General of India (1947–1950).png 1947–1950 Flag of the Governor-General of India

Ensigns[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Civil Ensign of India.svg Civil ensign A Red Ensign with the flag of India in the canton
Government Ensign of India.svg State ensign A Blue Ensign with the flag of India in the canton, and a yellow anchor horizontally in the fly

Military flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Indian Army.svg Flag of the Indian Army A red field with the flag of India in the canton, and the Army badge in the fly
Naval Ensign of India.svg Ensign of the Indian Navy It is built up of the Indian National Flag, a Vertical and a Horizontal Red Stripe, the Indian State Emblem in golden yellow colour on a white background.
Ensign of the Indian Air Force.svg Flag of the Indian Air Force A sky-blue ensign with the flag of India in the canton, and the Air Force roundel in the fly
Indian Coast Guard flag.png Ensign of the Indian Coast Guard A Blue Ensign with the flag of India in the canton, and the Coast Guard badge in the fly

Naval flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of India.svg Admiral of the Fleet (rank has never been used)
Admiral-ensign-Indian-Navy.svg Admiral (Chief of Naval Staff)
Vice Admiral of the Indian Navy rank flag.svg Vice Admiral
Rear Admiral of the Indian Navy rank flag.svg Rear Admiral
Commodore of the Indian Navy rank flag.svg Commodore

States and Union territorial flags[edit]

De jure state flags[edit]

The states and Union territories do not have official flags, except for Jammu and Kashmir.[1]

Flag Date Use Description
Jammu-Kashmir-flag.svg Jammu and Kashmir 1972–present Flag of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir The flag is red to symbolize labour, with three white vertical stripes in the hoist (which do not run the whole height of the flag). The stripes stand for the three divisions of the region namely; (Jammu, Kashmir, and Ladakh). On the right side of the flag is a white plough with the handle facing the stripes. The ratio of the flag to its width is 3:2.
Flag of Sikkim (1967-1975).svg Sikkim Flag of the Indian state of Sikkim

De facto state flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Karnataka.svg Karnataka 1965–present Kannada flag, used as a de facto state flag in Karnataka[2] Two horizontal strips of equal length and breadth with yellow strip on the top and red strip at the bottom.

The flag is not officially or unofficially the Karnataka Flag. It is actually the flag of a political party, Kannada Paksha, which was formed in 1965 by Mr Ma. Ramamurthy. The flag is now used for the Kannada Rajyothsava and Kannada-oriented celebrations.

The yellow and red colours in the flag stand for arshina (turmeric) and kumkuma (vermilion), respectively.[3] The yellow and red colours signify Peace and Courage respectively.

Historical[edit]

Pre-colonial states[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Vijayanagara Empire.png 1336–1646 Flag of the Vijayanagara Empire A flag with Vijayanagara Royal Insignia Varaha (boar), sun, moon and dagger. The empire of Vijayanagara was the largest and most effective Hindu state of pre-colonial South India.
Flag of the Mughal Empire (triangular).svg 1526–1857 Flag of the Mughal Empire A dark green flag with a rising sun, partially eclipsed by a lion
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg 1674–1818 Flag of the Maratha Empire[4] A saffron-coloured swallowtail flag
Nishan Sahib.svg 1707–1849 Flag of the Sikh Confederacy and then Sikh Empire The last state in India to be subjugated by the British Empire. The political flag is closely based on the Nishan Sahib, the Sikh religious flag.

British India[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 1858–1947 The official state flag of the Indian Empire for use on land The flag of the United Kingdom
Flag of the Governor-General of India (1885–1947).svg c. 1885–1947 Flag of the Governor-General of India The Union Flag defaced with the insignia of the Order of the Star of India beneath the Imperial Crown of India
British Raj Red Ensign.svg c. 1880–1947 An unofficial, or semi-official land flag used to represent British India in international events and associations A Red Ensign with the Union Flag at the canton, and the Star of India displayed in the fly
Flag of Imperial India.svg 1863–1947 1879–1928 ensign of Her Majesty's Indian Marine / Royal Indian Marine

1928–1947 naval jack of the Royal Indian Marine / Royal Indian Navy
A Blue Ensign with the Union Flag at the canton, and the Star of India displayed in the fly
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg 1928–1950 Ensign of the Royal Indian Marine / Royal Indian Navy The White Ensign of the Royal Navy

Flags used by the Indian independence movement[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
20th Century Pre-Independence Calcutta Flag of India.png 1906 Flag of Calcutta Three horizontal bands of equal width with the top being orange, the centre yellow, and the bottom green. It had eight half-opened lotus flowers on the top stripe, and a picture of the sun and a crescent moon on the bottom stripe. वन्दे मातरम् (Vande Mātaram) was inscribed in the centre in Devanagari.
India1907Flag.png 1907 An early Indian nationalist flag
1907-India-flag.svg 1907 An early Indian nationalist flag
Flag of India 1917.svg 1917 Flag of the Home Rule Movement Five red and four green horizontal stripes
On the upper left quadrant was the Union Jack, which signified the Dominion status that the movement sought to achieve. A crescent and a star, both in white, are set in top fly. Seven white stars are arranged as in the Saptarishi constellation (the constellation Ursa Major), which is sacred to Hindus.
1921 India flag.svg 1921 Gandhi's flag, introduced at the Indian National Congress meeting in 1921
1931 Flag of India.svg 1923–1947 The Swaraj Flag, officially adopted by the Congress in 1931
Flag of Azad Hind.svg 1942–1945 Flag of Provisional Government of Free India Three horizontal strips of saffron, white, and green, with a springing tiger in the center
Although this symbolized the armed resistance of the Azad Hind Movement lead by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose (as opposed to Gandhian pacifism), the 1931 flag of the Indian National Congress was used when the Indian National Army hoisted its flag in Moirang, Manipur. Both flags were used interchangeably.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Haynes, Ed (24 September 1996). "Jammu and Kashmir (India)". Flags of the World. Retrieved 22 October 2010. 
  2. ^ Nozomi Kariyasu (21 March 1999). "Karnataka (India)". Flags of the World. Retrieved 22 October 2010. 
  3. ^ http://flagspot.net/flags/in-ka.html
  4. ^ McMillan, Joe (26 February 2003). "India before British Rule". Flags of the World. Retrieved 22 October 2010. 

References[edit]