List of sole survivors of airline accidents or incidents

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
wreckage in the forest
Phil Bradley was the sole survivor in the crash of the Piedmont Airlines Flight 349 near Crozet, Virginia, in 1959.

Since 1970, one-third of lone survivors of airline crashes have been children or flight crew.[1]

Stephen Joseph, a psychologist at the University of Warwick, has studied the survivors of the capsizing of the MS Herald of Free Enterprise which killed 193 of the 459 passengers.[2] His studies showed that 60 per cent of survivors suffered from survivor guilt. Joseph went on to say: "There were three types: first, there was guilt about staying alive while others died; second, there was a guilt about the things they failed to do – these people often suffered post-traumatic 'intrusions' as they relived the event again and again; third, there were feelings of guilt about what they did do, such as scrambling over others to escape. These people usually wanted to avoid thinking about the catastrophe. They didn't want to be reminded of what really happened." Lone survivors often have a more difficult time dealing with "survivors' guilt" because unlike survivors of disasters who escaped with companions, lone survivors have no one to whom they can relate, nor support groups, nor survivors' organizations.[1]

Due to the large number of people involved in an airline flight, being a lone survivor of a crash is statistically improbable.[3] Lone survivors are often left with physical and psychological injuries.[3] The youngest sole survivor is Paul Ashton Vick who on 28 January 1947, survived a China National Aviation Corporation crash when he was just 18 months old.[4] His father survived long enough to write down directions for returning the child to his grandparents before succumbing to his wounds.[4]

Another sole survivor is a former Serbian flight attendant, Vesna Vulović. According to the Guinness Book of Records she holds the record for surviving the highest fall without a parachute at 10,160 metres (33,330 ft),[5] although further investigation after the fall of communism has cast doubt on the official story.[5]

One of the more controversial lone survivors was Wong Yu (Chinese: 黃裕, Hanyu Pinyin: Huáng Yù) who tried to hijack the Cathay Pacific aircraft Miss Macao in 1948 but ended up crashing the plane killing the other 25 people on board.[6] The earliest known sole survivor is Linda McDonald. On 5 September 1936, she survived a Skyways sightseeing plane crash that killed ten other people, including her boyfriend.[7]

List[edit]

Name Age Position [A 1] Operator Flight/info Date Fatalities Refs
Linda McDonald 17 P Skyways Skyways sightseeing plane disaster 5 September 1936 10 [7]
Clarence Bates C Northwest Airlines Flight 5 30 October 1941 14 [8]
Lt Andrew Jack 24 C RAF RAF Short Sunderland flying boat crash killing Prince George, Duke of Kent 25 August 1942 15 [9]
John Alfred Howard 26 P Pan American-Grace Airways Flight 9 22 January 1943 14 [10]
Foye Kenneth Roberts 22 P U.S. Army Air Forces Bakers Creek air crash 14 June 1943 40 [11]
Peter Link 2 P Trans-Luxury Airlines California Trans-Luxury Airlines crash 5 September 1946 20 [12]
William Ellis Keyes, Jr. 25 P Eastern Airlines Flight 665 12 January 1947 18 [13]
Paul Ashton Vick 1.5 [A 2] P China National Aviation Corporation Hankou crash 28 January 1947 25 [4]
Eugene Leonard 38 P Air France Lisbon mountain crash 1 February 1947 15 [14]
Tripolina Meo 33 P Delta Air Lines Flight 705 10 March 1948 12 [15][16]
Mark Worst P Pan Am Flight 1–10 15 April 1948 30 [17][18]
Moutafis P Sabena Douglas DC-4 crash 12 May 1948 31 [19][20]
Wong Yu [A 3] 24 P Cathay Pacific Miss Macao 17 July 1948 25 [6]
Isaac Allal 12 P Aero Holland Hurum air disaster 20 November 1949 34 [21][22]
Olga Rada 10 P LANSA Galeras Douglas C-47 crash 24 May 1950 25 [23][24]
Sgt. Haru Sazaki U.S. Air Force Douglas C-47 crash 27 July 1950 25 [25][26]
Maj. David Lowther RAF South China Sea Douglas C-47 crash 30 August 1950 9 [27]
P/O P. D. Cliff P RAF 1954 Aldbury Valetta accident 6 January 1954 16 [28]
Paul Olsen C Royal Norwegian Air Force Bjørnøya Accident 28 March 1954 8 [29]
Concetta Finamore P Linee Aeree Italiane LAI Flight 451 24 November 1956 34
Néstor Mata 31 P Philippine Air Force Cebu Douglas C-47 crash 17 March 1957 25 [30]
Phil Bradley 33 P Piedmont Airlines Flight 349 30 October 1959 26 [31][32]
Louis Matarazzo P Allegheny Airlines Flight 371 1 December 1959 25 [33]
Lt. Joseph "Leo" Guenet 29 C U.S. Air Force USAF Lockheed EC-121H Super Constellation crash 25 April 1967 15 [34]
Juan Loo 26 P LANSA Flight 502 9 August 1970 99 [35]
Juliane Koepcke 17 P LANSA Flight 508 24 December 1971 91 [1]
Vesna Vulović 22 C JAT Yugoslav Flight 367 26 January 1972 27 [36]
Neil James Campbell P Pan Am Flight 816 22 July 1973 78 [15]
John McCafferty 16 P Downeast Airlines Flight 46 30 May 1979 17 [37]
Larisa Savitskaya 20 P Aeroflot Flight 811 24 August 1981 31 [38][39]
Remberto Aparicio 26 P Taxi Aéreo El Venado 1981 Paipa Embraer Bandeirante crash 2 September 1981 21 [40]
AT2 Melissa Kelly 30 P U.S. Navy USN Convair C-131 crash 30 April 1983 14 [41]
George Lamson Jr. 17 P Galaxy Airlines Flight 203 21 January 1985 70 [36]
Prof. Neuba Yessoh P VARIG Flight 797 3 January 1987 50 [42][43]
Cecelia Cichan 4 P Northwest Airlines Flight 255 16 August 1987 154 [1]
Lt. Edilberto Villar C Peruvian Navy Alianza Lima air disaster 8 December 1987 43 [44]
Bambang Sumadi P Indonesian Air Force 1991 Indonesian Air Force Lockheed C-130 Hercules crash 5 October 1991 136 [45]
Annette Herfkens 31 P Vietnam Airlines Flight 474 14 November 1992 30 [46]
Erika Delgado 9 P Intercontinental de Aviación Intercontinental de Aviación Flight 256 11 January 1995 52 [36]
Sergei Petrov 37 C Tajik Air Flight 3183 15 December 1997 85 [47]
Youcef Djillali 28 P Air Algérie Flight 6289 6 March 2003 102 [47]
Lt. Martin Farkaš P Slovak Air Force Slovak Air Force Antonov An-24 crash 19 January 2006 42 [36]
James M. Polehinke C Comair Flight 5191 27 August 2006 49 [48]
Abdülkadir Akyüz P AerianTur-M 2007 Balad aircraft crash 9 January 2007 34 [49][50]
Surendra Kunwar C Yeti Airlines Flight 103 8 October 2008 18 [15]
Robert Decker 28 P Cougar Helicopters Flight 91 12 March 2009 17 [51]
Bahia Bakari 12 P Yemenia Flight 626 30 June 2009 152 [1]
Ruben van Assouw 9[A 4] P Afriqiyah Airways Flight 771 12 May 2010 103 [1]
P Filair 2010 Bandundu Filair Let L-410 crash 25 August 2010 20 [55]
Francis Mwamba P Georgian Airways / United Nations United Nations Bombardier CRJ-100 crash 4 April 2011 32 [56]
Alexander Sizov 52 C Yak-Service 2011 Lokomotiv Yaroslavl air disaster 7 September 2011 44 [57][57]
June Paolo Abrazado 27 C Aviatour Air 2012 Philippine Piper Seneca crash 18 August 2012 3 [58]
Nimer Djelloul 21 P Algerian Air Force 2014 Algeria Lockheed C-130 Hercules crash 11 February 2014 77 [59] [60]

Bibliography[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^
    P= Passenger
    C=Crew
  2. ^ 18 months
  3. ^ His name can be spelled alternately: (Chinese: 黃裕, Hanyu Pinyin: Huáng Yù, Cantonese: Wong Yu)
  4. ^ Due to the confusing nature of a plane crash Ruben van Assouw's true age covers a range of about three years. BBC News lists him as 10 years old.[1] CNN gives him the age of 8-year-old[52] and Dutch paper Brabants Dagblad says he was 9 years old.[53] The Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs states that he was 9 years old as well.[54]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Westcott, Kathryn (13 May 2010). "How do 'lone survivors' of air disasters cope?". BBC News. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  2. ^ "1987: Zeebrugge disaster was no accident". BBC News. 8 October 1987. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  3. ^ a b Neild, Barry (14 May 2010). "Fate or fluke? Air crash sole survivors". CNN. Retrieved 26 May 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c Poling, Dr Daniel A. (29 April 1947). "Reminded that 'Blood of Martyrs is seed of Church'". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  5. ^ a b Connolly, Kate (13 January 2009). "Woman who fell to earth: was air crash survivor's record just propaganda?". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  6. ^ a b TIME (9 August 1948). "Hong Kong: Pilots & Pirates". TIME. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  7. ^ a b McDonald, Linda (7 September 1936). "Sole crash survivor believes safety belt saved her life". The Pittsburgh Press. p. Cover. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  8. ^ AP (4 November 1941). "Pilot tells story of airliner crash". The New York Times. p. 5. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  9. ^ AP (27 August 1942). "Survivor of crash killing duke found". The Palm Beach Post. p. Cover. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  10. ^ "6 Americans victim of Air Crash in Peru". The New York Times. 27 January 1943. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  11. ^ US Congress 2003, p. 14892
  12. ^ United Press (13 January 1947). "Pilot failure given blame for 2 crashes". The Bulletin. p. Cover. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  13. ^ Associated Press (2 February 1947). "Crash kills 16 near Lisbon". The Milwaukee Journal. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  14. ^ a b c Fitzpatrick, Rita (17 March 1948). "Only air crash survivor tells takeoff dread". The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  15. ^ Aviation Safety Network Database (2010). "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  16. ^ "Only Crash Survivor Was En Route Here". Los Angeles Times. 15 April 1948. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  17. ^ Aviation Safety Network Database (2010). "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  18. ^ "Only one survivor believed on plane in Belgian Congo crash". The Chicago Tribune. 16 May 1948. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  19. ^ Aviation Safety Network Database (2010). "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  20. ^ Aviation Safety Network Database (2010). "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  21. ^ "12-year-old Boy who survived plane crash laid for 2 days in wreckage". Ludington Daily News. 23 November 1949. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  22. ^ "Girl only survivor of plane crash; 25 killed". Ellensburg Daily Record. 25 May 1950. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  23. ^ Aviation Safety Network Database (2010). "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  24. ^ Aviation Safety Network Database (2010). "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  25. ^ "Names of Air Crash Victims Released". The Lewiston Daily Sun (Tokyo). AP. 1 August 1950. p. 6. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  26. ^ Aviation Safety Network Database (2010). "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  27. ^ "15 Killed in R.A.F. Crash" The Times (London). Thursday, 7 January 1954. (52823), col A, p. 6.
  28. ^ Kjelldal, Dag Hagenæs (1974). Bjørnøya: på utpost i ishavet (in Norwegian). Oslo: Grøndahl. p. 52–54. 
  29. ^ Ty, Leon O. (6 April 1957). "Nestor Mata's story". philippines free press. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  30. ^ "About Phil". solesurvivor.info. 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  31. ^ Spencer, Hawes (8 October 2009). "Alone on a mountain: the true story of Flight 349". The Hook. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  32. ^ "Plane rams peak in snow; 24 die". The Milwaukee Sentinel. 2 December 1959. p. 11. 
  33. ^ "53-0549 Engine Disintegrating -Hole InWing- Witnesses Watch in Horror". dean-boys.com. 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  34. ^ airsafe.com (2010). "Plane Crashes with a Sole Survivor". airsafe.com. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  35. ^ a b c d Farndale, Nigel (5 July 2009). "The children who survive plane crashes". London: The Sunday Telegraph. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  36. ^ Christian, Ken (2010). "1979 Downeast Airlines crash still on many minds". WCSH. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  37. ^ "ВЫЖИЛА, ЧТОБЫ ЖИТЬ" [Survived to live] (in Russian). Retrieved 11 June 2010. 
  38. ^ Wikipedia article about Larisa Savitskaya in Russian
  39. ^ Eugene Register-Guard (3 September 1981). "Plane carrying Exxon employes crashes; 21 dies". Eugene, Oregon: Eugene Register-Guard. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  40. ^ Williamson 2000, p. 125
  41. ^ AP (7 January 1987). "Death of Briton Brings Toll To 50 in Abidjan Plane Crash". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  42. ^ Brooke, James (5 January 1987). "'No Hope' for more survivors of African crash". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  43. ^ Darby, Johnes & Mellor 2005, p. 162
  44. ^ "Sabotage Ruled Out". Library.ohiou.edu. 7 October 1991. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  45. ^ Bennetto, Jason (9 August 1993). "Inquiry demanded after air crash bodies are sent to wrong families: Just what did happen after Flight VN474 from Ho Chi Minh City hit a mountain in bad weather?". London: The Independent. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  46. ^ a b Rice-Oxley, Mark (12 May 2010). "Sole survivors of plane crashes". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  47. ^ Serrano, Alfonso (3 October 2006). "Comair Crash Survivor Leaves Hospital". CBS News. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  48. ^ "Moldovan plane that crashed in Iraq was downed – eyewitness". pub. 12 January 2007. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  49. ^ Yavuz, Ercan (27 January 2007). "The puzzle of the Moldovan plane crash continues". Today's Zaman. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  50. ^ Vallis, Mary (5 November 2009). "Robert Decker, the only Newfoundland helicopter crash survivor, testifies: updated with full statement". National Post. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  51. ^ Wire Staff (13 May 2010). "Child is lone survivor in Libya plane crash". CNN. Retrieved 26 May 2010. 
  52. ^ Tacken, Tom (13 May 2010). "Ruben is well cared for". Brabants Dagblad. Retrieved 26 May 2010. 
  53. ^ "Identity of Dutch boy now known". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 13 May 2010. Archived from the original on 23 August 2010. Retrieved 29 August 2010. 
  54. ^ The Telegraph (21 October 2010). "Aircraft crashes after crocodile on board escapes and sparks panic". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  55. ^ "Crash de ce lundi. Francis Mwamba, journaliste free lancer, le seul rescapé." [Crash on Monday. Francis Mwamba, a journalist freelancer, the only survivor.] (in (French)). Nsango04.over-blog.com. 3 February 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  56. ^ a b "Plane crashes during takeoff in Russia, killing 43 – This Just In". CNN. 7 September 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  57. ^ "Robredo aide struggles to find peace of mind after surviving crash". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 3 October 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  58. ^ Quali, Aomar (11 February 2013). "Official: 1 survivor, 77 dead in Algerian crash". USA Today. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  59. ^ "Une cérémonie de recueillement prévue à Boufarik". L'Éco News. 12 February 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 

External links[edit]