List of accidents and disasters by death toll

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This is a list of accidents and disasters by death toll. It shows the number of fatalities associated with various explosions, structural fires, flood disasters, coal mine disasters, and other notable accidents. This list does not include deaths by natural disasters, war, or violent acts.

Aviation[edit]

This list does not include incidents, such as terrorist attacks, where the loss of life is widely agreed to have been the deliberate consequence of a criminal act.

Deaths Incident Location Date
583 Pan Am Flight 1736 and
KLM Flight 4805
Spain-Canary Islands-TenerifeTenerife, Spain 27 March 1977
520 Japan Airlines Flight 123 Japan-UenoUeno, Japan 12 August 1985
349 Saudi Arabian Flight 763 and
Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907
India-Charkhi DadriCharkhi Dadri, India 12 November 1996
346 Turkish Airlines Flight 981 France-Fontaine-ChaalisFontaine-Chaalis, France 3 March 1974
301 Saudia Flight 163 Saudi Arabia-RiyadhRiyadh, Saudi Arabia 19 August 1980
298 Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 Ukraine-TorezTorez, Ukraine 17 July 2014
290 Iran Air Flight 655 Iran-Strait of HormuzStrait of Hormuz, Iran 3 July 1988
275 Iranian Air Force (15–2280) Iran-KermanKerman, Iran 19 February 2003
273 American Airlines Flight 191 US-Des PlainesDes Plaines, US 25 May 1979

Explosions[edit]

This list does not include bombings, aviation incidents, or mining disasters

Deaths Date Incident
6,000 November 1948 Boiler and ammunition explosion aboard an unidentified merchant ship evacuating troops of the Republic of China Army from Yingkou, China for Taiwan in early November 1948[1]
3,000 18 August 1769 A lightning bolt caused the explosion of a gunpowder depot in Brescia (Italy), destroying one-sixth of the city[2][3]
1,950 6 December 1917 Halifax Explosion in Nova Scotia, Canada[4]
1,500 8 June 1941 Ammunition plant with facilities explode at Smederevo, outskirt of Belgrade, Serbia
1,200 16 October 1926 Explosion of ammunition on the Chinese troopship Kuang Yuang, near Kiukiang, China[5]
1,200 7 August 1956 Ammunition trucks explode near a railway station in Cali, Colombia
1,121 1 September 1943 Japanese battleship Mutsu, at Hashirajima harbor, 1943 due to magazine explosion
1,100 27 January 2002 Lagos Armoury Explosion, in Lagos, Nigeria; many deaths were from drowning during the resulting panic
1,007 18 November 1918 Ammunition transporter explosion in Hamont, Belgium
1,000+ 31 August 1794 Explosion of a gunpowder factory in Grenelle, France
843 9 July 1917 Propellant explosion of the British dreadnought battleship HMS Vanguard
800 14 April 1944 Bombay Docks Explosion in Bombay, India
738 26 November 1914 British pre-dreadnought battleship HMS Bulwark destroyed due to a magazine explosion,
700 17 August 1988 Iraqi military plant with facilities explode at Al Hillah, Babil, Iraq
621 27 February 1925 Explosion of a dynamite depot in Brazil[6]
600+ 28 March 1943 Explosion of the Caterina Costa, at port of Naples; over 3000 were also injured
590 3 November 1893 Explosion of the Cabo Machichaco, at the port of Santander, Cantabria, Spain, with over 2000 injured[7]
575 4 June 1989 Ufa train disaster in Ufa, Soviet Union
568+ 16 April 1947 Texas City disaster
565 21 September 1921 Oppau explosion at a BASF plant in Germany; possibly as many as 1,500 were killed
500+ 19 November 1984 San Juanico Disaster, in Mexico City, Mexico
372 11 December 1944 Ammunition ship USS Mount Hood exploded at Seeadler Harbor, killing 372 and injuring 371
339 11 September 1905 Japanese battleship Mikasa explosion of magazine (artillery) while at port
322 17 July 1944 Port Chicago disaster at Port Chicago, California, United States
around 300 25 September 1911 An explosion occurred on the French battleship Liberté
296+ 18 March 1937 New London School explosion at New London, Texas, United States
246+ 4 March 2012 Brazzaville arms dump blasts at Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo
234 23 December 2003 PetroChina Chuandongbei natural gas field explosion, Guoqiao, Chongqing, China
233 20 October 1916 Russian battleship Imperatritsa Mariya magazine explosion
230+ 2 July 2010 South Kivu tank truck explosion in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
226+ 18 July 1806 Gunpowder explosion near Valletta, Malta
217 11 July 1978 Los Alfaques disaster, in Sant Carles de la Ràpita, Spain
207 28 July 1948 Tank car explosion at BASF, Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Germany; 3,818 were also injured[8]
206 22 April 1992 Gas explosions in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
200+ 6 June 1991 Gotera ammunition dump explosion in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
200 2 December 1984 Gas explosion in Tbilisi, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
200 1 May 1900 Scofield Mine disaster in Scofield, Utah, United States, caused by a dust explosion
200 27 February 1908 Mina Rosita Vieja disaster, San Juan de Sabinas, Coahuila, Mexico
180 26 August 1990 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Dobrnja-Jug mine disaster
177 1941 Mitsubishi Bibai, Bibai, Hokkaidō, Japan
171 15 February 1991 A trailer truck carrying dynamite exploded after a crash at Thung Maphrao, Phang Nga, Thailand
166 28 November 2004 Chenjiashan, Tongchuan, Shaanxi, China
163 21 May 1944 West Loch Disaster, where the tank landing ship LST-353 exploded at West Loch, Hawaii, United States while handling ammunition
160 20 April 1944 Vågen explosion in Norway
159 26 September 2000 Muchonggou, Shuicheng, Guizhou, China
154 22 April 2004 Ryongchon disaster in North Korea
153 1982 Tacoa Disaster (Tacoa Power Plant, Arrecife, Venezuela)
151 1807 Gunpowdership disaster in Leiden, the Netherlands
151 9 July 1930 Hausdorf, Germany (currently Jugów, Poland)
150 2 November 1773 Gunpowder explosion in Abbeville, France
150 28 March 2011 Jaʿār munitions factory explosion in Abyan Governorate, Yemen[9]
147 18 August 1947 Spanish Naval torpedo and landmine factory exploded at Cadiz, Andalusia, Spain
140 31 January 2009 Sachangwan Molo tanker explosion in Kenya
134 1 July 1918 Chilwell Munitions factory explosion in Nottingham, England
133 1917 Munitions plant in Pennsylvania, United States
130 20 October 1944 Cleveland East Ohio Gas explosion in Cleveland, Ohio, United States
126 11 March 1597 Dublin Gunpowder Disaster in Dublin, Ireland
121 12 July 2012 Road tanker explosion in Okobie, Nigeria
118 12 March 1907 Explosion on the French battleship Iéna
117 22 March 2007 2007 Maputo arms depot explosion at Mozambican Armed Forces ammunition in Laulane, Mozambique.[citation needed]
117 3 June 2010 Electrical transformer explosion in Dhaka, Bangladesh
116 1916 Munitions factory, Faversham, Kent, England
110 12 March 1995 A tanker truck carrying petrol exploded at Chennai, India
105 24 November 1980 24 houses of liquefied petroleum gas exploded at Danaciobasi, Kırıkkale, Turkey
103 26 May 1954 USS Bennington, off Quonset Point, Rhode Island, Catapult_Explosion
103 28 April 1995 Gas explosions by subway construction in Daegu, South Korea
100 12 October 1654 Delft Explosion in the Netherlands, 1654)
100 12 February 1693 Gunpowder explosion in Limerick, Ireland
100 21 June 1749 Gunpowder explosion in Wrocław, Poland
100 1918 Chemical plant in Pittsburgh, United States
100 4 October 1918 T. A. Gillespie Company Shell Loading Plant explosion in Sayreville, New Jersey, United States.[10]
100 10 June 1930 Explosion of an ammunitions dump in Chuchow, China[11]
100 10 April 1988 Pakistani Army ammunitions dump explodes at Islamabad, Pakistan
100 15 May 2008 NNPC oil pipeline explosion, which blasted a primary school at Ijegun, Nigeria
98 28 March 2007 A truck carrying 8,800 gallons of fuel exploded and caught fire at Kagarko, Kaduna, Nigeria
94 1 March 1939 Japanese Imperial Army ammunitions dump exploded at Hirakata, outskirt of Osaka, Japan
94 27 December 1924 Temiya railroad station and Otaru harbor facilities destroyed by an exploding standing freight train carrying dynamite at Otaru, Hokkaidō, Japan
92 24 October 1960 Nedelin catastrophe, at a spacecenter in Baikonur, Kazakhstan
90 31 January 1996 Explosion of a large store of dynamite in the basement of a five-story apartment building in Shaoyang, Hunan, China
90 20 June 2004 A truck carrying 3,800 gallons of gasoline with six vehicles crashed and exploded at Nosratabad, Sistan and Baluchistan, Iran
79 8 April 1970 Gas explosions by subway construction in Osaka, Japan
78 12 October 1978 Greek tanker Spyros exploded at Jurong shipyard, Singapore
75 27 November 1944 Underground ammunition store explosion at Fauld, Staffordshire, England
74 31 October 1963 Propane explosion at the Indiana State Fairgrounds Coliseum during a Holiday on Ice show at the Indiana State Fair in Indianapolis, United States
73 19 January 1917 Silvertown explosion in London, England
73 4 June 1988 Arzamas train disaster, where a railroad station exploded in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia
70 18 August 1946 Vergarolla explosion at Pula, Italy
70 6 August 1993 Shenzhen factory explosions in Shenzhen, China. A chain reaction of explosions rippled through factory district originating from an army-owned factory.[12]
63 25 September 1990 A tank truck carrying liquefied petroleum gas crashed and exploded in downtown Bangkok, Thailand
63 31 August 1987 St. Helena Gold Mine explosion by methane gas in Welkom, Free State, South Africa
60 1936 Army laboratory (near Tallinn, Estonia)
60 9 September 2000 Truck explosion in Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur, China
60 11 November 1994 Tank truck explosion, while carrying fuel oil at outskirt of Onitscha, Nigeria
57 11 November 1977 Freight train with dynamite exploded at Iri railroad station, Iksan, Jeollabukdo, South Korea
57 18 May 1980 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens
51 12 September 1940 297,000 pounds of gunpowder blew up killing 51 people at Hercules Powder Factory of Kenvil, New Jersey, U.S.[13]
50 2 July 1918 Explosion at TNT factory at Split Rock, New York, United States
50 8 January 1979 Oil tanker explosion, known as the Betelgeuse incident at Whiddy Island, West Cork, Ireland
50 28 July 1987 Three cars of passenger train from Aleppo, that exploded at Al Jazira, northern Syria
49 15 February 1979 Gas explosion in PKO Rotunda Bank, Warsaw Poland
49 23 October 1980 Gas explosion at Colegio Marcelino Ugalde, Ortuella, Vizcaya , Spain
49 12 July 1646 Explosion in Powder Tower of the castle of Bredevoort, the Netherlands
48 1980 Vostok rocket explosion (Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Soviet Union)
48 25 August 2012 Paraguana Refinery Complex explosion, Falcon State, Venezuela
47 19 April 1989 USS Iowa turret explosion
47 6 July 2013 Lac-Megantic, Quebec, freight train derailment, explosion and fire in Quebec, Canada.
45 11 June 1996 Gas explosion in Osasco Plaza Shopping Mall in Osasco, Brazil. Another 482 were injured
43 27 September 1915 Explosion of rail car that was leaking casinghead gas in Ardmore, Oklahoma; dozens injured, destroyed most of downtown area.[14]
41 6 April 1968 Richmond, Indiana explosion; more than 150 were injured
41 7 January 1993 Uam apartment complex collapsed by gas explosion at Cheongju, Chungcheongbuk-do, South Korea
40 12 July 1646 Gunpowder Tower Disaster, lightning struck the gunpowder tower of the castle, Bredevoort, the Netherlands
40 13 April 1976 Lapua ammo factory in Finland
39 29 April 1993 Hekimbasi gabage dump with twelve slum houses explosion at Umraniye, Istanbul, Turkey
36 16 August 1984 Petrobras Campos Basin exploded, off eastern Rio state, Brazil
35 1916 Ammunition factory near Leeds, England
35 19 September 1999 A potassium chloride explosion in a dried-longan factory, San Pa Tong, Chiang Mai, Thailand
33+ 30 April 1931 Explosion at a naval laboratory in Brazil[15]
33 21 November 1996 Humberto Vidal explosion in San Juan, Puerto Rico
32 29 June 2009 2009 Viareggio derailment, a gas train explosion in Italy
29 21 September 2001 AZF chemical factory explosion in Toulouse, France
29 2008 Blast in ammunition depot in Albania
28 1 June 1974 Flixborough chemical plant explosion near Scunthorpe, England
28 11 August 1871 Explosion in gun cotton factory in Stowmarket, Suffolk, England
27 19 January 2004 LNG liquefaction plant explosion, Skikda, Algeria
26 7 May 2013 2013 Ecatepec de Morelos gas tanker explosion, Ecatepec de Morelos, Mexico
25 5 September 2012 2012 Afyonkarahisar arsenal explosion, Turkey
25 16 July 1992 Tarata bombing, Lima, Peru
24 30 July 2004 Gas explosion in Ghislenghien, Belgium
23 10 January 1976 Pathfinder Hotel, Fremont, Nebraska, United States
23 23 October 1989 Phillips Disaster in Pasadena, Texas, United States
22 2014 Gas explosion in tower block, (Gdańsk, Poland)
22 1995 Gas explosion in pipeline, (Kaohsiung, Taiwan)
23 13 May 2000 Fireworks factory (Enschede, the Netherlands), Enschede fireworks disaster
21 15 January 1919 Boston Molasses Disaster in Boston, Massachusetts, United States
21 25 June 1985 Fireworks explosion in Hallet, Oklahoma, United States
21 1926 Arsenal dump in New Jersey, United States
21 22 August 2003 Brazilian rocket explosion
19 29 July 1956 McKee refinery fire in Sunray, Texas, United States
19 29 October 1951 Morania Fire, Buffalo, New York, United States – Destroyed Morania, Penobscot, and Dauntless
18 4 January 1966 Propane Sphere Explosion and Fire, Feyzin, France
18 24 May 2004 Mihăileşti explosion in Romania
16 23 May 1984 Pump House Explosion, Lune/Wyre Transfer Scheme, Abbeystead, England
15 23 March 2005 Texas City Refinery explosion, Texas City, Texas, United States
15 16 August 1980 Gas explosions from an underground shopping mall in Shizuoka, Japan, Shizuoka, Shizuoka#Post-war Shizuoka
15 17 April 2013 West Fertilizer Company explosion, West, Texas, United States
14 7 February 2008 2008 Georgia sugar refinery explosion (Port Wentworth, Georgia, United States)
14 2 February 1973 Gas explosion in downtown Eagle Grove, Iowa, United States
13 11 July 2011 Evangelos Florakis Naval Base explosion (Mari, Cyprus
15 4 October 1960 Kingsport, Tennessee Chemical Plant Explosion, October 1960#October 4.2C 1960 .28Tuesday.29
11 20 April 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, near the Mississippi River Delta
10 25 October 1960 Metropolitan Store explosion, Windsor, Ontario, Canada
10 19 August 2000 El Paso Pipeline explosion, two families camping 20 miles North of Carslbad, New Mexico, United States, off the Pecos River.[16]
8 7 December 1983 Gas explosion in Łódź, Poland
8 20 November 2002 Amunitions factory explosion in Riobamba, Ecuador[17]
7 27 December 1983 North Division Street explosion, Buffalo, New York, United States
7 7 September 1984 Illegal fireworks that were being disposed by the Maltese patrol boat C23 exploded killing seven and injuring another

Industrial disasters[edit]

Deaths Incident
3,787 to 19,000+ Bhopal disaster (India, 1984)
1,549 Benxihu Colliery explosion, China, 1942
1,129 Collapse of the Rana Plaza (Savar Upazila, Dhaka District, Bangladesh, 24 April 2013)[18]
1,099 Courrières mine disaster, Courrières, France, 10 March 1906
687 Mitsubishi Hōjō, Kyūshū, Japan, 15 December 1914
682 Laobaidong colliery coal dust explosion Datong, China, 9 May 1960
568+ Texas City Disaster (Texas City, Texas, United States, 16 & 17 April 1947)
512 Sumitomo Besshi bronze mine area, landslide with debris flow disaster, Niihama, Shikoku, Japan, 1899
500+ San Juanico Disaster (Mexico City, 19 November 1984)[19]
458 Mitsui Miike Coal Mine disaster Mitsui Miike, Ōmuta, Fukuoka, Japan, 9 November 1963[20]
439 Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, Senghenydd, Wales, 1913
437 Coalbrook, South Africa, 1960
426 Wankie coal mine disaster Wankie, Rhodesia/Zimbabwe, 1972
422 New Yubari, Yūbari, Hokkaidō, Japan, 28 November 1914
405 Bergkamen mining disaster, West Germany, 1946
388 Oaks Colliery, Barnsley, England, 1866
376 Onoura, Kirino, Kyūshū, Japan, 21 December 1917
375 Bihar, India, 1965
372 Chasnala mining disaster, Sudamdih Colliery Dhanbad, India, 1975
365 Hokoku, Itoda, Kyūshū, Japan, 20 July 1907
362 Monongah Mining disaster, Monongah, West Virginia, U.S., 1907
344 Pretoria Pit Disaster, Westhoughton, England, 1910
319 Marie iron mine fire, Příbram, Czech Republic, 31 May 1892
301 Soma mine disaster, Manisa, Turkey, 13 May 2014
300+ 2012 Pakistan garment factory fires, Karachi and Lahore, Pakistan, 11 September 2012
300+ Nambija mine disaster, landslide destroying several mines and buildings, Ecuador, 9 May 1993
298 Saarland, West Germany, 1962
277 2008 Shanxi mudslide caused by collapse of a mine landfill in Xiangfen, Linfen, Shanxi, China, 8 September 2008[21]
266 Gresford Disaster Gresford, Wales, 1934
263 Dawson, New Mexico, U.S., 1913
263 Incirharmani, Kozlu, Zonguldak, Turkey, 3 March 1992
262 Marcinelle, Belgium, 1956
259 1909 Cherry Mine disaster, Cherry, Illinois, U.S., 1909
254 Kogushi sulfur mine collapse, western Gunma, Japan, 1937
243 Onoura, Kirino, Kyūshū, Japan, 5 August 1909
243 PetroChina Chuandongbei natural gas field explosion, Guoqiao, Kai County, Chongqing, China, 2003[22]
239 Darr Mine Disaster, Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania, U.S., 1907
236 Chikuho Yamano, Kyūshū, Japan, 1 June 1965
235 Larisch's mines (Jan and Františka), Karviná, Czech Republic, 14 June 1894
220 El Cobre tailing dam and copper mine failure by earthquake in Chile on 28 March 1965
216 Fraterville, Tennessee, U.S., 19 May 1902
214 2005 Sunjiawan mine disaster, Sunjiawan, Fuxin, Liaoning, China, 15 February 2005
210 Hokoku, Itoda, Kyūshū, Japan, 15 June 1899
204 Hartley Colliery Disaster, New Hartley, Northumberland, 16 January 1862
202 Bolevec ammunition factory explosion, Plzeň, Czech Republic, 25 May 1917
200+ Vila Socó oil spill fire (Cubatão, São Paulo, Brazil, 25 February 1984)
200+ Scofield Mine disaster, Scofield, Utah, U.S., 1900
200+ Mina Rosita Vieja disaster, San Juan de Sabinas, Coahuila, Mexico, 27 February 1908
189 Hillcrest mine disaster, Hillcrest, Alberta, Canada, 1914
183 Chosei, Ube, Japan, 3 February 1942
181 Mine disaster with flooding, Huayuan, Xintai, Shandong, China, 17 August 2007
180 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1990
177 Kinross gold mine fire, Transvaal, South Africa, on 16 September 1986[23]
177 Mitsubishi Bibai, Bibai, Hokkaidō, Japan, 1941
169 Hanna Mine Disaster, Hanna, Wyoming, U.S., 1903
168 Speculator Mine disaster, (Butte, Montana, 8 June 1917)
167 Piper Alpha oil rig disaster (North Sea, 6 July 1988)
166 Chenjiashan, Tongchuan, Shaanxi, China, 28 November 2004
160+ Tacoa powerplant fire, Vargas State, Venezuela, 19 December 1982.[citation needed]
159 Muchonggou, Shuicheng, Guizhou, China, 26 September 2000
155 Minnie Pit, Podmore Hall, Halmer End, Staffordshire, UK, 12 January 1918
153 Mina de Barroteran, Coahuila, Mexico, 31 March 1969
151 Hausdorf, Germany, currently Jugów, Poland, 9 July 1930
150 Nanaimo mine explosion, Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada, 1887
148 Daping[disambiguation needed], Tongchuan, Henan, China, 20 October 2004
147 Sanjiaohe, Hongdong, Shanxi, China, 21 April 1991
146 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire, (New York City, 1911)
144 Aberfan landslide disaster (Wales, 1966)
142 Nelson, Osek, Czech Republic, 3 January 1934
134 Uchigo, Iwaki, Japan, 27 March 1927
134 Dongfeng, Qitaihe, Heilongjiang, China, 27 November 2005
125 Buffalo Creek Flood / Pittston Coal Company dam failure, (West Virginia, United States, 1972)
125 Springhill mining disaster, Canada, 21 February 1891
125 Amaga, Angelopolis, Antioquia, Colombia, 15 July 1977
124 Chengzihe, Jixi, Heilongjiang, China, 20 June 2002
123 Alexander Kielland wreck, oil platform destroyed by high wind, Ekofisk oil field, Norway, 1980
123 Daxing, Xingning, Guangdong, China, 6 August 2005
121 Victor American Hastings Mine Disaster, near Ludlow, Colorado, 27 April 1917
119 Orient No. 2 Mine, West Frankfort, Illinois, U.S., 25 December 1951
111 1947 Centralia mine disaster, Centralia, Illinois, U.S., 25 March 1947
110 Avondale Mine Disaster, Plymouth, Pennsylvania, U.S., 6 September 1869
109 Everettville, West Virginia, U.S., 30 April 1927
108 Ulyanovskaya, Novokuznetsk, Kuzbass Region, Siberia, Russia, 19 March 2007
108 Dukla, Dolná Súča, Slovakia, 7 July 1961
108 Jan, Karviná, Czech Republic, 5 March 1885
105 Vaal Reef gold mine elevator failure, Orkney, Klerksdorp, South Africa, 11 May 1995
105 Ruizhiyuan, Linfen, Shanxi, China, 5 December 2007
104 William pit disaster, Whitehaven, Cumberland, United Kingdom, 15 August 1947
101 (methane explosion) Zasyadko, Donetsk, Ukraine, 18 November 2007
100 Armutçuk, Ereğli, Zonguldak, Turkey, 8 March 1983
94 Haishan, Taipei, Taiwan, 5 December 1984
93 Hokutan Yubari, Yubari, Hokkaidō, Japan, 16 October 1981
92 Nová Jáma, Orlová, Czech Republic, 20 May 1919
92 Rudnici, Aleksinac, Nisava District, Serbia, 18 November 1989
92 Gangzi, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China, 22 July 2001
92 Baltimore Colliery explosion, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, U.S., 5 June 1919
91 Dongcun, Datong, Shanxi, China, 27 November 1996
91 Bartley, West Virginia, U.S., 10 January 1940
91 Hard rock mine fire (Sunshine mine, Kellogg, Idaho, 2 May 1972)
89 Xingsheng, Pingdingshan, Henan, China, 11 March 1997
86 Luling coal mine, Hefei, Anhui, China, 13 May 2003
84 Ocean Ranger oil platform sinking, Grand Banks of Newfoundland, Canada, 15 February 1982
84 Cross Mountain Mine disaster, Briceville, Tennessee, U.S., 9 December 1911
83 Mitsui Miike coal mine, Ōmuta, Fukuoka, Japan, 18 January 1984
83 Shenlong, Fukang, Xinjiang Uygur, China, 13 July 2005
82 Barakova, Krasnodon, Ukraine, 11 March 2000
82 Millfield Mine disaster, Dover Township, Athens County, Ohio, U.S., 5 November 1930
78 Farmington Mine disaster, Farmington, West Virginia, U.S., 20 November 1968
76 Spyros disaster, Singapore, 12 October 1978
75 2014 Kunshan explosion, Kunshan, Jiangsu Province, China, 1 August 2014[24]
74 Springhill mining disaster, Springhill, Nova Scotia, Canada, 23 October 1958
74 Smith Mine disaster, Bearcreek, Montana, U.S., 27 February 1943
73 San Fernando, Amaga, Antioquia, Colombia, 17 June 2010.[citation needed]
72 Willow Grove No. 10 explosion, Neffs, Ohio, U.S., 16 March 1940[25]
72 Price-Pancoast Colliery fire, Throop, Pennsylvania, 7 April 1911
71 Ueda Kamikiyo, Kawara, Kyūshū, Japan, 9 March 1961
71 Trimdon Grange, County Durham, England, 16 February 1882[26]
68 Kukje Rubber Manufacturing plant No.2 fire at Busan, South Korea, 2 March 1960
68 Zyryanouskaya, Novokuznetsk, Kuzbass Siberia, Russia, 2 December 1997
66 Mossfield, Longton, Staffordshire, U.K., 16 October 1889
65 KTS Composite Textile factory fire, at Chittagong, Bangladesh on 24 February 2006
65 Brunner Mine disaster, West Coast, New Zealand, 26 March 1896
65 Pluto, Záluží, Czech Republic, 4 September 1981[27] Hlobane, Vryheid, Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa, 3 September 1983
64 Sverdlovsk anthrax leak (Yekaterinburg, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia, 2 April 1979)
63 St. Helena gold mine explosion by methane gas, Welkom, Free State, South Africa on 31 August 1987
63 Skochynsky, Donetsk, Ukraine, 4 April 1998
63 Sonman Mine explosion, Portage, Pennsylvania, U.S., 15 July 1940
62 Hlubina, Ostrava, Czech Republic, 29 July 1867
61 Trojice, Ostrava, Czech Republic, 3 January 1891
60 Shahe iron mine caught fire, Hebei, China, 22 November 2004
60 Beilongfeng, Fushun, Liaoning, China, 28 May 1997
59 Xishui mine, Shanxi province, China, 20 March 2005
59 Bettina, Orlová, Czech Republic, 26 March 1885
58 Twin Shaft Disaster, Pittston, Pennsylvania, U.S., 28 June 1896
56 Bright Sparkler fireworks factory explosion at Sungai Buloh, Malaysia, 1991
55 Four-story Rosamor Furniture ameublements plant fire, Lissasfa, Casablanca, Morocco on 25 April 2008
54 Hlubina, Ostrava, Czech Republic, 22 May 1960
54 Františka, Záluží, Czech Republic, 1860
54 1932 Moweaqua Coal Mine disaster, Moweaqua, Illinois, 24 December 1932
53 Secunda, Mpumalanga, East Transvaal, South Africa, 13 May 1993
52 Zasyadka, Donetsk, Ukraine, 19 August 2001
47 Auchinloch, North Lanarkshire, Scotland, 18 September 1959
45 Surran range, Quetta, Pakistan, 21 March 2011
45 Abertillery, Blaenau Gwent, Wales, 28 June 1960
43 Staříč, Czech Republic, 30 December 1976
43 Muchonggou, Shuicheng, Guizhou, China, 24 February 2003
40 Lapua ammunition factory explosion (Finland, 1976)
39 Springhill, Nova Scotia, Canada, 1 November 1956
38 Hurricane Creek mine disaster, Hyden, Kentucky, U.S., 30 December 1970
37 Czechowice-Dziedzice Refinery fire, Poland, 26–27 June 1971
36 Michálka, Ostrava, Czech Republic, 4 October 1950
36 Donbass, Donetsk, Ukraine, 19 July 2004
36 Lancashire Mine, Shanktown, Pennsylvania, U.S., 26 January 1924
35 West Gate Bridge collapse (during construction), Melbourne, Australia. 15 October 1970
34 Naomi Mine explosion, Fayette City, Pennsylvania, U.S., 1 December 1907
34 Dukla, Šardice, Czech Republic, 9 June 1970
33 Anna, Souš, Czech Republic, 1890
31 Industria Mirafe Toy Factory blast, Ibi, Alicante, Spain on 16 August 1968.[citation needed]
31 ČSA, Karviná, Czech Republic, 22 March 1977
30 Osceola Mine fire, copper mine fire in Osceola Township, Houghton County, Michigan, on 7 September 1895[28]
30 Holditch Colliery, Chesterton, Staffordshire, UK, 2 July 1937
30 Barbora, Karviná, Czech Republic, 18 October 1990
30 Abaiskaya, Abai, Karaganda Oblast, Kazakhstan, 11 January 2008
29 AZF factory explosion (chemical), Toulouse, France, 21 September 2001
29 Pike River Mine disaster, Greymouth, New Zealand, 19 November 2010
29 Upper Big Branch mine explosion, Montcoal, West Virginia, 5 April 2010
29 Nordegg, Alberta, Canada, 31 October 1941
28 Flixborough disaster, (England, 1 June 1974)
26 Paskov, Paskov, Czech Republic, 4 April 1970
26 Westray Mine, Nova Scotia, Canada, 9 May 1992
25 Doubrava, Czech Republic, 7 May 1985
25 Chatterley Whitfield, Staffordshire, 7 February 1881
24 Nanshan Colliery disaster, Shanxi Province, China, 13 November 2006
24 Doubrava, Czech Republic, 12 February 1949
23 Phillips Disaster (Pasadena, Texas, USA, 23 October 1989)
23 Methane explosion in Halemba coal mine, Ruda Śląska, Poland, 21 November 2006
22 Hindustan Petroleum Refinery fire – 14 September 1997, Vishakapatnam, Andhra pradesh, India[29]
21 Boston Molasses Disaster (Boston, 1919)
21 Kings Bay, Svalbard, Norway, 5 November 1962[30]
20 2009 Handlová mine blast, Handlová, Slovakia, 10 August 2009
19 (with 20 injured) methane explosion in Halemba coal mine, Ruda Śląska Poland 10 January 1990
17 Ganglu Iron and Steel Co Ltd., gas leak (Hebei, China, 24 December 2008)
17 Merriespruit tailings dam disaster, Virginia, Free State, South Africa, 22 February 1994
17 Mine No. 9, Sturgis, Union County, Kentucky, U.S., 8 June 1925
16 Ningxia, China, 16 October 2008
15 West Fertilizer Company explosion, West, Texas, USA, 17 April 2013
15 BP Americas Texas City isomerization unit explosion (Texas City, Texas, USA, 23 March 2005)
11 Kingsport, TN Chemical Plant Explosion, Oct 1960
11 Robin Hood Flour Company grain storage elevator explosion (Davenport, Iowa, USA, 1975)
11 Benton fireworks disaster, illegal fireworks operation in Benton, Tennessee (27 May 1983)[31]
11 BP Deepwater Horizon explosion (Gulf of Mexico, 20 April 2010)
7 Tesoro Refinery [Anacortes, Washington] (2 April 2010)
5 Xcel Energy Cabin Creek Hydroelectric Plant Fire (Georgetown, Colorado 2 October 2007)

Maritime[edit]

This section lists peacetime shipping disasters only. For wartime shipping disasters, see List of battles and other violent events by death toll.
Deaths Incident
1,565–4,400 MV Doña Paz (Tablas Strait, Philippines, 1987). Casualty estimates vary because of overloading and unmanifested passengers
2,750–3,920 SS Kiangya (off Shanghai, 1948). Estimates of casualties vary due to large number of stowaways on board
1,863 MV Joola (Senegal, 2002)
1,547 SS Sultana (Mississippi River, 1865)
1,517 RMS Titanic (North Atlantic, 1912)
1,500 Steamer Hai Chu (Bocca Tigris, 1945)[32]
1,500 Taiping, (East China Sea, 1949)
1,159 Toya Maru (Tsugaru Strait, 1954)
1,021 SS General Slocum (New York, 1904)
1,018 MS al-Salam Boccaccio 98 (Red Sea, 2006)
1,012 RMS Empress of Ireland, (Saint Lawrence River, 1914)
1,000 SS Kiche Maru (off Honshu, Japan, 1912)
1,000 SS Hsin-Yu (Zhoushan, 1916)
~1,000 SS Hong Moh (South China Sea, 1921)
894 MV Bukoba (Lake Victoria, Tanzania, 1996)
852 MS Estonia (Baltic Sea, 1994)
844 SS Eastland (Chicago, 1915)
832 MV Princess of Stars capsized by Typhoon Fengshen off Sibuyan Island, Philippines, 21 June 2008
737 SS Camorta (Irrawaddy Delta, 1902)
702 Slave trade ship Leusden, (Marowijne Suriname, 18 January 1738)
673 HMS Queen Charlotte (Cabrera, 1800)
~640 SS Princess Alice and SS Bywell Castle (River Thames, 1878)
627 SS Norge (Rockall, 1904)
625 1947 Ramdas Ship Disaster, SS Ramdas (Bombay, 1947)
608 Novorossiysk (Sevastopol, 1955)
600 Shamia (Meghna River, southern Barisa, Bangladesh, May 1986)
587 Ertuğrul (off Kushimoto, Japan, 1890)
580 Indonesian passenger ship Tampomas 2 (caught fire and sank in Java Sea, January 1981)
570 HMS Minotaur (off Texel, Netherlands, 22 December 1810)
558 SS Principe de Asturias (off Brazil, 1916)
550 Cahaya Bahari (off Sulawesi, Indonesia, 2000)
546 RMS Atlantic (Nova Scotia, 1873)
528 MV Nazreen 1 (Chandpur, Bangladesh, July 2003)
500 Atlas Star (Dhaleswar River, Munshiganj, Bangladesh, 1986)
497 Ebisu Maru (off Tokushima, Japan, 1946)
496 Saint-Philibert (off Île de Noirmoutier, France, 1931)
464 Salem Express (off Safaga, Egypt, 1991)
461 MV Senopati Nusantara (off Mandalika Island, Indonesia, 2006)
438 Baccha Singh (Manihari Ghat, Bihar, River Ganges, 6 August 1988)
423 SS Admiral Nakhimov (Black Sea, 1986)
400 Reina Regenta (off Gibraltar, 11 March 1895)
400 PS Lady Elgin (Chicago, 1860)
400 Cataraqui (King Island, Australia, 1865)
397 Toyo Maru 10 (near Kurushima, Japan, 1945)
392 SS Himera (off Athens, Greece, 19 January 1947)
361 KM Bismas Raya 2 (off Merauke, Irian Jaya, Indonesia, October 1999)
358 Drummond Castle, (off Ouessant, France, 16 June 1896)
358 HMS Victoria (near Tripoli, Lebanon, 1893)
357 10th of Ramadan (Lake Nasser, Egypt, 1983)
353 SIEV-X (off Indonesia, 2001)
350 Annie James (off Vatersay, Outer Hebrides, United Kingdom, 1853)
340 Shalahuddin 2 (Meghna River, Bangladesh, 2002)
338 Gurita (off Sabang, Aceh, Indonesia, January 1996)
325 Harta Limba (off Kalimantan, Indonesia, 1999)
314 Principessa Mafalda (off Porto Seguro, Bahia, Brazil, 25 October 1927)
308 Namyong-Ho (Korean Strait, 1970)
304 Japanese passenger boat Sekirei Maru capsized with crush by windy conditions (off northwestern Awaji Island, Japan, 9 December 1945.)
304 An unnamed immigrant vessel sinks off Lampedusa (3 October 2013)
302 Sewol-Ho sinks off South-Korea (16 April 2014)
300 Steamer "Hsinwah" sinks off Waglan Island, Hongkong, China (15 January 1929)[33]
300 Brazilian river boat Sobral Santos capsized (Amazon River, Óbidos, Brazil, 20 September 1981)
300 Filipino motor vessel Dumagnete capsized off Zamboanga, Mindanao, Philippines, 11 October 1968
297 RMS Tayleur, (Lambay, Ireland, 1854)
292 A Seohae, South Korean ferry, West Sea, overloaded with 362 people, capsized off Puan county 10 October 1993[34]
289 A boat of clandestine immigrants sank near Portopalo, Italy, 1996
288 SS Heraklion (Souda, Crete, Greece, 1966)
280 Chinese ferry Dashun caught fire and capsized in rough seas off Yellow Sea, Yantai, Shandong, China, 24 November 1999
280 Nigerian passenger boat capsized at Ibaka, Akwa Ibom, Nigeria, April 1998
280 Myanmar passenger ferry U Hla Myist sunk by colliding with Japanese vessel Bombei Maru at Yangon Bay, Myanmar, February 1973
279 Filipino floating pagoda capsized in Bocaue river, northern Manila, Philippines, 2 July 1993
274 USS Maine (Havana, Cuba, 1898) it is disputed whether this was accidental or an act of terrorism
272 Turkish ferry SS Üsküdar capsized and sank at Bay of İzmit, Kocaeli, Turkey, 1 March 1958
272 Kenyan ferry MV Mtongwe sank at Mtongwe, Mombasa, Kenya, 1994
260 Earl of Abergavenny (off Portland Bill, 1805)
260 Nuestra Señora de Atocha (Florida Keys, 1622)
259 Portuguese passenger ship Save ran aground off Mozambique, 8 July 1961
254 Vietnamese refugee boat capsized off Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia, 22 November 1978
250 Powhattan sunk off New Jersey, 16 April 1854[35]
250 Great Lakes Storm of 1913 (Great Lakes Basin, 1913)
250 Russian liner Ogoza sank in the Black Sea, 1928[36]
250 Filipino ferry Dona Marylin capsized by Typhoon Ruby off Maripipi Island, Philippines, October 1988
250 Bangladeshi ferry MV Dinar gone down in strong whirlpool at Meghna River, Chandpul, Bangladesh, 20 August 1994
250 Chinese steamer Lee Cheong sank in a storm off Swabue (21 December 1929)[37]
249 Chang Tyong-Ho (Busan, South Korea, 1953)
240+ MV Teratai Prima sinking (near Sulawesi, Indonesia, 11 January 2009)
230 Brazilian double-decker boat Novo Amapá capsized (Amazon River, Pará, Brazil, 1981)
230 Bangladeshi ferry Rushi capsized by stormy condition at Padma River, Bangladesh, April 1980
226 Ville du Havre (North Atlantic, 1873)
224 Neva sunk off (King Island, Tasmania Australia) 13 May 1835
220 Nigerian passenger boat capsized by stormy sea off Uyo, Akwa Ibom, Nigeria, 24 January 1996
215 Myanmar double-decker ferry sank during storm at Gyaing River, 1990
211 SS Waratah, disappeared without trace off Durban, South Africa, July 1909
210 Illegal African immigrants boat sank off Sfax, Tunisia, 2003
209 Naval transport ship Angamos sank during a storm in the Bay of Arauco, Chile, 7 July 1928[38][39]
209 Seven Japanese fishing boats sunk by Super typhoon Carmen (off Agrihan, 1965)
206 Egyptian ferry boat Adel capsized at Upper Nile, Maghagha, Governorate, Egypt, May 1963
205 HMS Iolaire (off Stornoway, 1919)
205 SS Hungarian Wrecked off Cape Sable, Shelburne County, Nova Scotia, Canada 20 February 1860
200 Explosion on the Chinese passenger steamer Pa Shi, 1931[40]
200 Victoria (London, Ontario, 1881)
200 Indonesian passenger ferry KMP Digul capsized in rough sea off Merakuke, Papua, Indonesia, July 2005
200 Bangladeshi passenger ferry Haisal rammed by collide with cargo vessel at Dhaleswari river, Bangladesh, December 1988
200 SS Xi'an passenger ferry fire in Hong Kong (4 February 1947[41]
193 Herald of Free Enterprise (English Channel, 1987)
192 Two illegal immigrants boats sank off Gulf of Aden, Yemen, 2007
189 MV Maharaj (Buriganga River, Bangladesh, 2005)
189 HMS Orpheus, (Auckland, 1863)
185 Batavia (off Australia, 1629) includes both drowned and murdered
182 Congo ferry Dieu Merci capsized at Mai-Ndombe Lake, Bandunu, Democratic Republic of Congo, 27 November 2003
180 Somali refugee boat capsized off Gulf of Aden, Yemen, 31 March 1998
177 Russian cruise ship Aleksandr Suvorov crashed into a railroad bridge at Volga River, Ulyanovsk, southwestern Russia, 5 June 1983
171 Chinese sightseeing boat sank at Songhua River, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China, August 1985
170 Staffordshire (Cape Sable, 1853)
168 Shiun Maru (Takamatsu, Japan, 1955)
167 Japanese ferry Nankai Maru capsized off southern Awaji Island, Japan, 26 January 1958
167 Dona Cassandra sunk by typhoon Orchid (off Mindanao, 1983)
165 Tamil refugees boat capsized off Nanchchikuddah, Sri Lanka, 20 February 1997
161 Romanian passenger boat Mogosoaia sunk by collision with Bulgarian barge Peter Karaminchev at Danube River, Galaţi, Romania, 10 September 1989
158 Scandinavian Star (Skagerrak, 1990)
158 Sierra Leone boat Amunafa capsized off coast Bailor, Sierra Leone, 3 August 2007
150 Peruvian ferry La Chachita capsized at Marañón River, central Peru, 7 May 1991
150 Overloaded motorized canoe capsized off Tasso Island, Sierra Leone, 25 March 1999
150 A pontoon ferry sink by overturned on Shire River, Malawi, 23 May 1965
150 Colombian excursion ship Vencedor capsized off Buenaventura, Valle del Cauca, Colombia, September 1961
148 French frigate Méduse (off Senegal, 1816)
147 Chinese passenger ferry Red Star 312 capsized at Shanshui, Guangdong, China on 2 March 1983
140 SS Koombana (off Port Hedland, Western Australia, 1912)
140 Danish passenger ship Kjoebenhavn capsized after striking mine off coast of Jutland, Denmark, June 1948
140 Italian ferry Moby Prince collide with oil tanker, dense fog off Livorno, Tuscany, Italy, 1991
140 Two African immigrants boat sank off Seferihisar, Turkey, 2007
140 Filipino ferry MV Cebu City capsized and collision with freighter Kota Suria off Manila Bay, Philippines, 2 December 1994
136 SS Valencia wrecked off the coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, in late January 1906
136 Finnish steamer SS Kuru capsized in autumnal storms at Lake Näsijärvi, near city of Tampere, 7 September 1929
134 SS Morro Castle (off Asbury Park, New Jersey, 1934)
134 Peruvian passenger boat Adresito capsized at Amazon River, Iquitos, Loreto Maynas, Peru, 6 March 1990
134 RMS Quetta struck a rock in the Adophus Channel of Cape York, Queensland on 28 February 1890
131 Chinese passenger boat Rong Jian capsized at Hejiang River, Rongshan, Sichuan, China, June 2000
131 Tararua (off Waipapa Point, New Zealand, 1881)
130 SS Hankow fire (Hong Kong, 14 October 1906)[42][43]
130 SS Volturno (Burned and sank in the North Atlantic, 1913)
130 MV Princess Victoria (Scotland, 1953)
130 Nigerian ferry Olodiama collided with a tugboat off Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria, September 1997
130 Thai ferry boat Sathit collided with chemical tanker at Gulf of Thailand, Si Racha, Thailand, March 1992
129 USS Thresher (N. Atlantic, 1963)
128 SS City of Rio de Janeiro (San Francisco Bay, 1901)
128 Ferry SS Berlin struck the pier near Hook of Holland (the Netherlands), 21 February 1907
128 HMS Gladiator (Isle of Wight, 1908)
128 Greek cruise ship TSMS Lakonia sunk after fire on board off Madeira, Portugal, 28 December 1962
125 SS Bokhara (Formosa, 1892)
124 SS Yongala (Townsville, Australia, 1911)
124 Djibouti ferry Al Baraqua 2 capsized off Tadjoura, Djibouti, 6 April 2006
122+ Russian river cruise ship Bulgaria capsized on the Kuybyshev Reservoir of the Volga River in Tatarstan, Russia, 10 July 2011
120 Ghanan motorboat capsized at Lake Volta, Jasikan, Ghana, 10 April 2006
118 Kursk (Barents Sea, 2000)
117 Kinka Maru (Onagawa, northeastern Miyagi, Japan, 1946)
113 Japanese wooden passenger boat Kitagawa Maru 5 capsized at Onomichi, Japan, April 1957
111 SS Vestris (North Atlantic, 1928)
105 Iranian motor vessel Viaqtar capsized off Abu Dhabi, UAE, on 14 March 1970
104 Yugoslav river boat Niš, capsized on the Danube River near Belgrade, Serbia, 9 September 1952
102 SS Gothenburg. (Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, 24 February 1875)
100 Brazilian cruise boat Bateau Mouche capsized at Copacabana beach, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1 January 1989
99 USS Scorpion (near Azores, 1968)
92 Japanese passenger boat Koun Maru sunk by rough sea off Misumi, Amakusa, western Kyūshū, Japan, 1 October 1933
89 SS Admella wrecked off South Australia, Australia, 6 August 1859
85 Illegal African immigrants boat sank Mareg, Puntland, Yemen, 2003
84 Paisley Canal Disaster, canal pleasure boat capsized, Paisley 10 November 1810
82 STV Royston Grange (off Montevideo, Uruguay, 1972)
81 MS Express Samina (near Paros, Greece, 2000)
81 Turkish submarine TCG Dumlupınar collided with the Swedish freighter Naboland and sunk at Dardanelles Turkey, 4 April 1953
80 Pamir (1957)
80 Hong Kong ferry Fatshan plunged by torrential typhoon Rose, 17 August 1971
78 Greek tanker Spyros exploded at Jurong shipyard, Singapore, 12 October 1978
78 MV George Prince ferry sank after colliding with the Norwegian tanker SS Frosta on the Mississippi River, 20 October 1976
74 MV Princess Ashika sunk while on a regular ferry service in Tonga due to the combined effects of the boats age and lack of maintenance leading to its unseaworthiness, 5 August 2009.
70 Ming 361 (2003)
61 Turkish fishing boat carrying illegal migrants sank after hitting rocks (2012)
58 Bahrain wooden plesure boat al-Dana capsized off Gulf of Bahrain, 2006
57 Danish passenger boat Turisten Killing 57 pass. after fire on board on Haderslev Dam, 8 July 1959
54 MS Jan Heweliusz (Baltic Sea, 1993)
53 Finnish torpedo boat S2, in autumnal storms at Outoori, near Pori, 1925
53 TEV Wahine (Wellington, NZ, 1968)
51 SS Andrea Doria (off Nantucket, Massachusetts 1956)
51 Marchioness ( River Thames, London 1989). 131 people on board leisure craft for a birthday party when accidentally rammed and sunk by Thames dredger Bowbelle
48 Brazilian river boat Comandante Sales capsized at Solimoes River, on the outskirts of Manacapura, Amazonas, Brazil, 4 May 2008
46 PCC-772 Cheonan Pohang class corvette (Baengnyeong-do island, South Korea, 26 March 2010)
45 SS Elingamite (Three Kings Islands, NZ, 1902)
44 British bulk carrier MV Derbyshire capsized by structural failure and Typhoon Orchid off Ryukyu Island, 9 September 1980
42 Masbate, Philippines (including 11 children) crowded Don Dexter Cathlyn, inter-island ferry was hit by a squall and overturned; 76 of 119 passengers were rescued, but 10 were still missing, on 4 November 2008.[44][45]
39 Lamma IV, collision by Sea Smooth (Hong Kong, 1 October 2012)
36 FV Gaul (Barents Sea, 1974)
36 Ellan Vannin (Liverpool, United Kingdom en route from the Isle of Man), December 1909
35 HMS Pandora (Torres Strait, 1791)
32 River Dee Ferry Boat Disaster (Aberdeen, United Kingdom, 1876)
32 Costa Concordia (cruise ship capsized off the coast of Isola del Giglio, Italy, 13 January 2012)
31 SS Carnatic (Red Sea, 1869)
29 SS Edmund Fitzgerald (Lake Superior, 1975)
28 Soviet sdubmarine K-19 (to fire, 24 February 1972)
23 Pajtás passenger boat (Hungary, Lake Balaton, 30 May 1954, capsized by design flaws, when all passengers gathered on one side of the ship to watch a sailing competition to start)[46]
22 Shek Kong Vietnamese refugee detention centre fire (Hong Kong, 3 February 1992)[41]
20 Ethan Allen (Lake George, 2 October 2005)
18 Migrant boat sank off Lesbos, Greece (2012)
17 1979 Fastnet race (Fastnet Rock, 1979)
16 MS Sleipner (Norway, 1999)
14 Danish passenger ship SS Agda sank after striking mine near by the coast of Horsens, Denmark, 15 January 1944
13 Essex (South Pacific, 1819)
8 Bourbon Dolphin (Offshore of Shetland, 2007) The ship capsized and sank three days later.
6 Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race (Bass Strait, 1998)07)

Nuclear and radiation accidents[edit]

Deaths Incident
200 Mayak nuclear waste storage tank explosion, (Chelyabinsk, Soviet Union, 29 September 1957), 270,000 people were exposed to dangerous radiation levels.[47]
31 to 4,000+[48][49] Chernobyl disaster, Ukraine, 26 April 1986. The official report is 31 immediate deaths, 64 recorded cancer deaths by 2008, and potentially up to, but no more than 4,000 total cancer deaths.[50] Far higher death toll estimates have been made, but are disputed.
17 Instituto Oncologico Nacional of Panama, August 2000 – March 2001; patients receiving treatment for cancer receive lethal doses of radiation.[51][52]
13 Radiotherapy accident in Costa Rica, 1996 (114 patients received an overdose of radiation)[53]
11 Radiotherapy accident in Zaragoza, Spain, December 1990 (27 patients were injured)[54]
10 Soviet submarine K-431 accident, 10 August 1985 (49 people suffered radiation injuries)[55]
10 Columbus radiotherapy accident, 1974–1976, 88 injuries[52][56]
9 Soviet submarine K-27 accident, 24 May 1968. (83 people were injured)[52]
8 Soviet submarine K-19 accident, 4 July 1961. (More than 30 people were over-exposed to radiation)[57]
8 Radiation accident in Morocco, March 1984[58]
7 Houston radiotherapy accident, 1980[52][56]
5 Mihama Nuclear Power Plant accident, 9 August 2004. Hot water and steam leaked from a broken pipe[59]
5 Lost radiation source, Baku, Azerbaidjan, USSR, 5 October 1982. 13 injuries[52]
4 Goiânia accident, 13 September 1987 (249 people received serious radiation contamination)[60]
4 Radiation accident in Mexico City, 1962
3 SL-1 reactor explosion and melt-down (US Army) 1961
3 Samut Prakan radiation accident: Three deaths and ten injuries resulted when a radiation-therapy unit was dismantled, February 2000[61]
2 Tokaimura nuclear accident, nuclear fuel reprocessing plant (Japan, 30 September 1999)[59]

Road[edit]

Smog[edit]

Deaths Incident
12,000 The Great Smog (London, 5–9 December 1952)
2,200 Coal smog (London, 1880)[62]
160 Smog (London, 12–15 December 1991)[63]
60 Meuse Valley smog (Belgium, 1930)[62]
50 The 1948 Donora smog (Donora, Pennsylvania, 27–31 October 1948)[62]

Space exploration[edit]

For a more comprehensive list, see List of spaceflight-related accidents and incidents.
Deaths Incident
7 Space Shuttle Columbia disaster (over Texas/Louisiana, 2003)
7 Space Shuttle Challenger disaster (over Florida, 1986)
3 Soyuz 11 (space, 1971)
3 Apollo 1 (Kennedy Space Center, 1967) – occurred on ground before launch
1 Soyuz 1 (SE of Orenburg, Russia, 1967)
1 X-15 Flight 191 (suborbital, crashed ~50 miles NE of Edwards AFB, 1967)

Sporting events[edit]

This list does not include aviation or other transport accidents involving sporting teams traveling to or from a sporting event.
Deaths Incident
590 Happy Valley Racecourse fire, (Happy Valley, Hong Kong, 26 February 1918)
328 1964 Lima football riot tragedy, (Lima, Peru, 24 May 1964)[64]
~200 Collapse of wooden bleachers at Corralejas bullring/stadium, Sincelejo, Sucre, Colombia, 20 January 1980[65]
96 Hillsborough stadium crush (Sheffield, England, 1989)
93 Hailstorm & Stadium crush (Kathmandu, Nepal, 1988)[66]
84 1955 Le Mans disaster (motor racing accident) (Le Mans, France, 1955)
79 Port Said Stadium disaster (Port Said, Egypt, 1 February 2012)
71 Puerta 12 crush (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 23 June 1968)[67]
66 Second Ibrox stadium disaster, stairway crowd crush (Glasgow, Scotland, 1971)
66 Luzhniki disaster, stairway crowd crush on a stadium in Moscow, USSR (20 October 1982)[68]
56 Bradford City stadium fire (Bradford, England, 1985)
43 Ellis Park Stadium disaster, football match crush (Johannesburg, South Africa, 11 April 2001)
40 Kayseri Atatürk Stadium disaster football stadium hooliganism (Kayseri, Central Anatolia, Turkey, 17 September 1967)
39 Heysel Stadium disaster football stadium hooliganism (Brussels, Belgium, 1985)
33 Burnden Park disaster (Bolton, England, 1946)
28 Italian Grand Prix, Emilio Materassi and 27 spectators was killed when Materassi's car crashed into a grandstand, (Monza, Italy, 1928)
26 First Ibrox stadium disaster, terracing collapse (Glasgow, Scotland, 1902)
24 Drunken football fan provoked a stampede at game Deportivo Cali and América de Cali, Estadio Olímpico Pascual Guerrero, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia, 18 November 1982[69]
22 Spectators on roof of glass factory observing 1900 Big Game college football game caused roof to collapse, causing deaths from falls and burns (San Francisco, 1900)[70]
21 Gate 7 stampede at the old Karaiskakis Stadium at the end of a football game between Olympiacos and AEK Athens (Piraeus, Greece, 8 February 1981)[71]
18 Temporary grand stand collapsed, before French Cup semi-final match SC Bastia and Olympique Marseille, Bastia, Corsica, France, 5 May 1992.)[72]
17 1979 Fastnet yachting race storms (Fastnet Rock, Ireland, 1979)
15 1961 Italian Grand Prix, Autodromo Nazionale Monza (Formula 1 race): Wolfgang Von Trips and 14 spectators were killed when Von Trips' car was thrown amidst the audience (Monza, Italy, 1961)
13 Mille Miglia road race: driver Alfonso de Portago, his co-driver/navigator, Ed Nelson and nine spectators was killed when Portago and Nelson ploughed into spectators.(Guidizzolo, Mantua; Italy, 12 May 1957). Also includes 2 separate deaths earlier in the race. (Reggio Emilia and Florence)[73][74]
13 1953 Argentine Grand Prix: driver Nino Farina ploughed into the crowds on lap 31, killing 13 spectators, Autódromo Juan y Oscar Gálvez, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 18 January 1953
13 Democratic Republic of Congo football league second division of Socozaki and Nyuki System match riot at Matokeo stadium, Butembo, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo, 14 September 2008
13 Grenzlandring, 13 killed and 42 injured including the driver himself when his car went out of control and plunged into spectators, Wegberg, Mönchengladbach, Germany; 31 August 1952
12 Yellow River Dragstrip, an out of control dragster crashed through a chain-link fence into a spectator area, killing 11 instantly. The twelfth person died later in hospital. (Covington, Georgia, 1969)
12 Baker Bowl bleachers collapse, Philadelphia, 8 August 1903
11 Egyptian Premier League cross ryval Koroum and Al-Ittihad football match stampede at Alexandria Stadium, northern Egypt, 11 January 1999
11 Auto race at New York State Fairgrounds, when a car went through a rail fence into the crowd, (Syracuse, New York, 1911)
11 2011 Reno Air Races crash, 11 killed including the pilot Jimmy Leeward when his aircraft plunged into VIP booths in front of the grandstands (Reno Stead Airport, Reno, Nevada; 16 September 2011)
9 The Racetrack Disaster of Berlin: 9 killed, 52 injured in a cycling event when a motorcycle pacemaker crashed into spectators at a newly built velodrome (Berlin Botanical Garden, Berlin, Germany; 18 July 1909)[75][76]
8 1903 Paris-Madrid race, a chain of accidents occurred causing deaths to drivers and spectators and destruction to properties. The race which was called to a halt at Bordeaux.[77][78]
8 2010 California 200 Off Road race, eight spectators killed when an off road truck rolled into the gallery[79][80]
6 1998 Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race, in which six sailors died and many other yachts had to retire after been caught in a large storm
6 Saloon car race at the 1977 Malaysian Grand Prix, six children killed when a car struck into a fence, following a tire blowout; Batu Tiga Circuit, Selangor, Shah Alam.[81]
6 Vailsburg Motordrome, two riders including Eddie Hasha and four spectators died and 17 injured through a chain of events that began when Hasha collided into a rail (Vailsburg, Newark; September 8, 1912).[82]

Stampedes and panics[edit]

Deaths Incident
6,000 Ponte das Barcas disaster in Porto, 1809. A multitude of civilians fleeing from an advancing French army tried to cross the Douro river passing over a fragile pontoon bridge, which collapsed
4,000 Mass panic at air raid shelter, during Japanese bombing of Chongqing, most deaths caused by suffocation (Chongqing, China, 1941)
1,426 Stampede by pilgrims inside a pedestrian tunnel (Mecca, 1990)
1,389 Khodynka Tragedy at coronation of Nicholas II, (Moscow, 1896)
953 Baghdad bridge stampede, (Baghdad, Iraq, 2005) (note: because the stampede was triggered by reports of a bombing, this figure is also included in the higher estimate for casualties of the War in Iraq)
800 1954 Kumbh Mela stampede, crowd crush at religious festival (Allahabad, India, 1954)
357 Phnom Penh stampede (Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 2010)
362 Stampede at the stoning of the devil ritual (Mecca, 2006)
270 Stampede at the stoning of the devil ritual (Mecca, 1994)
258 Crowd crush at religious festival (Wai, Maharashtra, India, 2005)
251 Stampede at the stoning of the devil ritual (Mecca, 2004)
224 2008 Jodhpur stampede disaster in Chamunda Devi temple (Rajasthan, India, 30 September 2008)
200 Stampede in the central place of Nagpur (Maharashtra, India, 1992)
183 Victoria Hall theatre stairway crush (Sunderland, 1883)
173 Bethnal Green tube station panic (London, 1943)
162 Naina Devi Temple stampede disaster (Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, India, 3 August 2008)
130 1994 Gowari stampede in Maharashtra State Legislature building (Nagpur, India, 23 November 1994)
124 New Year event stampede at Yahiko Shrine (Yahiko, central Niigata, Japan, 1 January 1956)
123 Hearts of Oak vs. Kumasi Ashanti Kotoko football match crush (Accra, Ghana, 2001)
118 Pilgrims trampled to death (Mecca, 1998)
105 Yingze Park lantern festival stampede disaster in Taiyuan, Shanxi, China, (10 October 1991)
102 2011 Sabarimala stampede, broken out during an annual pilgrimage (Sabarimala, Kerala, India, 14 January 2011)
96 Hillsborough disaster crush (Sheffield, England, 1989)
84 Guatemala and Costa Rica football match crush (Guatemala City, 16 October 1996)
78 PhilSports Arena stampede, (Manila, Philippines, 4 February 2006)[83]
77 Stampede and panics at Kyoto railroad station (Japan, 8 January 1934)
73 Italian Hall disaster (Calumet, Michigan, 1913)[84]
72 River Plate vs Boca Juniors football match, stampede at gate 12 (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 23 June 1968)
70 Glen Cinema Disaster, panic caused by smouldering cinema film, Glen Cinema, (Paisley, Scotland, 31 December 1929)
67 1959 Busan stadium stampede disaster, (Busan, South Korea, 17 July 1959)[citation needed]
66 Second Ibrox disaster crush (Glasgow, Scotland, 1971)
66 Luzhniki disaster, football match crush (Moscow, USSR. 20 October 1982)[68]
61 Abidjan stampede disaster, (Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, 1 January 2013)
60 Jean Monthe Institute secondary school panic disaster, (Yaoundé, Cameroon, 6 December 1988)
60 A tent fire after stampede, during local festival parade (Jamshedpur, Bihar, India on 3 March 1989)
56 Los Angeles de San Rafael square stampede disaster, during contest event (Segovia, Castile-León, Spain, 15 June 1969)
53 Niamiha metro station stampede (Minsk, Belarus, 31 May 1999)
52 Hengyang railroad station stampede disaster, during Lunar New Year holidays of final day, Hengyang, Hunan, China (14 February 1994)
51 Yemeni presidential candidate Ali Abdullah Saleh election rally stampede disaster (Zunjubar, Ibb Governorate, Yemen, 13 September 2006)
50 Mahamaham Stampede disaster (Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu, India on 18 February 1992)[85]
45 Qutab Minar Tower stampede disaster by electric power failure (Delhi, India, 4 December 1981)
44 Kayseri Atatürk Stadium disaster (Kayseri, Central Anatolia, Turkey, 17 September 1968)
42 Ellis Park Stadium Disaster (Johannesburg, South Africa, 11 April 2001)
39 Heysel Stadium disaster (Brussels, 29 May 1985)
37 Mihong Park Lantern Festival stampede disaster (Miyun, Beijing, China, 5 February 2004)
36 Modibo Keita Stadium stampede disaster (Bamako, Mali on 21 February 2011)[citation needed], 2013 Kumbh Mela stampede at train station in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
33 Kumbh Mela bathing festival stampede disaster (Nasik, Maharashtra, India, 26 August 2003)
29 Mosque stampede (Karachi, 2006)[86]
27 Granadilla Civil Governor Office stapede disaster, during waiting to apply for local identify card (Granadilla, Tenerife Island, Spain, 2 February 1963)[citation needed]
26 Djinuereber Mosque stampede disaster (Timbuktu, Mali, February 2010)[citation needed]
25 A stampede by building collapse, during Shiva ratri festival (Patna, Bihar, India, 6 March 1989)
24 Estadio Olímpico Pascual Guerrero Stampede Disaster (Cali, Colombia, 18 November 1982)
23 al-Mureikh Stadium stampede disaster, during graduation ceremony (Omdurman, Sudan 13 July 2008)
21 Lan Kwai Fong stampede disaster (Hong Kong, 31 December 1992)
21 Love Parade stampede (Duisburg, Germany, 24 July 2010)
21 2003 E2 nightclub stampede (Chicago, IL, USA, 17 February 2003)
20 Steve Kekana concert stampede disaster (Maseru, Lesotho, 29 August 1980)
20 Mexican singar Martinez Gil and twist singer Pily Gaos concert stampede disaster (Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico, 31 January 1965)
19 Synagogue stampede during the fast of Yom Kippur (Ostrowo, Germany, 10 October 1872)
19 Stampede disaster after Christina Nilsson's appearance at a window of Grand Hôtel (Stockholm, Sweden, 23 September 1885)
13 News Divine nightclub stampede disaster (Nueva Atzacoalco, Mexico City, 20 June 2008)
13 Throb Nightclub stampede disaster (Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, 24 March 2000)
12 Crush on Brooklyn Bridge, four days after opening (New York City, 30 May 1883)[87]
11 Crowd crush at The Who concert at the Riverfront Coliseum (Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America, 3 December 1979)
11 Eleven killed and 247 injured in a pedestrian crush after a fireworks festival (Akashi, Hyōgo, Japan, 21 July 2001)[88]
11 Alexandria Stadium football match stampede disaster (Northern Egypt, January 1999)
10 All Africa Arts Hall concert stampede disaster (Bandung, West Java, Indonesia, 10 February 2008)
9 Pearl Jam performance at Roskilde Festival (Denmark, 30 June 2000)

Structural collapses[edit]

Deaths Incident
1,129 Collapse of the Rana Plaza (Savar Upazila, Dhaka District, Bangladesh, 24 April 2013)
502 Sampoong Department Store collapse (Seoul, South Korea, 29 June 1995)
~200 Collapse of wooden bleachers at Corralejas bullring/stadium, Sincelejo, Sucre, Colombia, 20 January 1980[65]
140 Makahali River bridge collapsed, Baitadi, Makahali, Nepal, on 19 November 1974
139 a six-story apartment collapsed at Karachi, Pakistan on 13 September 1976
135 Collapse of the Royal Plaza Hotel (Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand, 13 August 1993)
125 a wire rope style bridge collapsed over a swollen stream at Munnar, Kerala, India, 8 November 1984
120 a nuns' school chapel collapsed at Biblian, Canar, Ecuador on 1 February 1963
114 Hyatt Regency walkway collapse, (Kansas City, Missouri, 1981)
112 Yeotmal Shia Imami Ismaili mosque situated in choti gujri, Yavatmal collapsed disaster, present day of Yavatmal, Maharashtra, India on 20 August 1963.[citation needed]
100 Saque Comprehensive College collapsed at Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria, 16 June 1990
94 Eleven-story apartment building collapsed at Konya, central Turkey, on 2 February 2004
94 Pétionville school collapse, (Pétionville, Haiti, 7 November 2008)
84 Shigotani dormitory site of under construction Kurobe hydro power-plant station hit avalanche by heavy snow at Kurobe, Toyama, Japan, on 27 December 1938
82 Church tower Geldrop, Netherlands, during storm on 27 December 1627
75 Quebec Bridge, (Canada, 1907)
74 Cinema theatre roof collapse (Tokamachi, Japan, 1 January 1938)
73 Six dormitories of Abe coal mine company collapse with heavy rain at Sasebo, northwestern Kyūshū, Japan, on 16 April 1955
71 Dhaka University assembly hall collapsed, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 16 October 1985
70 116-year-old Hintze-Ribeiro Bridge collapse, with a bus and three cars plunged into Douro River at Castelo de Paiva, Aveiro, Portugal on 4 March 2001
70 A three-story house collapsed at Lal Bazzar, Srinagar, Jammu and Kasjhhimir, India on 4 May 1992
69 Gameleira Exhibition Pavilion collapse (Belo Horizonte, Brazil, 4 February 1971)
67 Six-story apartment building collapsed at Foggia, Apulia, Italy, on 13 November 1999
65 Katowice Trade Hall roof collapse (Chorzów, Poland, 28 January 2006)
64 Twelve-story upmarket building collapsed at Heliopolis, outskirt of Cairo, Egypt, 27 October 1996
61 Apartment building under construction collapsed at Moulivakkam, Chennai in India on 28 June 2014
60 Under construction Hau River bridge collapsed at Cần Thơ, Vĩnh Long, Vietnam, on 26 September 2007
60 Run Pathani bridge collapsed by flood swept in Mardan, Pashtunkhwa, Pakistan on August 2006
60 Under-construction Tuojiang bridge collapsed in Fenghuang, Hunan, China on 13 August 2007
58 Via Canosa in Barletta building collapse a five-story apartment building collapsed, Barletta, Apulia, Italy on 15 September 1959[89]
56 Market roof collapse (Moscow, Russia, 21 February 2006)
54 2013 Riga Maxima superstore collapse (Riga, Latvia, 21 November 2013)
51 Moqattam Hill rockslide disaster in Manshiyet Nasser erea, Cairo, Egypt, 6 September 2008
50 Ordzhonokidze Machine Tool factory roof collapsed by heavy snow at Moscow, Russia, 17 January 1982
49 Cais do Sodré railroad station collapsed at Lisbon, Portugal, May 1963
48 Hulu Kelang Highland Towers collapsed at Ampang, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 11 December 1993
48 Paulo de Frontin Elevated Expressway collapse (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 20 November 1971)
47 Miles City, Montana bridge collapse (United States, 1938)
46 Silver Bridge Collapse (United States, 1967)
45 Under-construction Kota Chambal River Bridge collapse in Kota, Rajasthan, India on December 2009.[citation needed]
42 Cavalese cable-car disaster, (Italy, 1976)
42 Interstate 880 (Oakland, California, Collapsed due to earthquake, 17 October 1989.)
35 West Gate Bridge collapse, (Australia, 1970)
35 Illegally built seven-story building collapse at Alexandria, Egypt, 24 December 2007
34 Six-story apartment building collapsed at Castellaneta, Puglia, Taranto, Italy, 7 February 1985
33 Hotel New World disaster, six-story building collapsed at Serangoon Road, Singapore, March 1986
32 Sultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal bridge collapsed at Butterworth, Penang, Malaysia, 31 July 1988
32 Seongsu Bridge collapsed in Han River, Seoul, South Korea on October 1994
29 Under-construction Baikong bridge collapsed, Ruyuan, Shaoguan, Guangdong, China, on 20 December 1996
28 L'Ambiance Plaza collapsed during construction, Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA, 23 April 1987
28 Transvaal Park roof collapsed, Moscow, Russia, 14 February 2004
27 The Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing collapsed during construction in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 17 June 1958
26 Shojuso elderly house with sixty apartment building destroyed by landslide (Nagano, Japan, 26 July 1985)
24 Unlicenced construct four-story apartment buildings collapsed at Cairo, Egypt, 3 May 1984
23 Versailles wedding hall, Jerusalem, Israel. Large portion of the third floor of the four-story building collapsed during a wedding, 24 May 2001
20 Cavalese cable car disaster, (Italy, 1998) cable severed by United States Marine Corps military aircraft
20 Toyohama road tunnel collapse, Furubira, Hokkaidō, Japan, February 1996
20 Chunchu suspension bridge collapse, Napalgunj, Birendranagar, Nepal, 25 December 2007. another 15 missing
19 a seven-story apartment building collapsed at Saadatabad, Teheran, Iran on 1 July 2008
17 Sete Quedas foot bridge collapsed at Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, 17 January 1982
14 Cave Creek disaster A scenic Viewing Platform in Paparoa National Park, on the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand collapses. 28 April 1995
14 I-40 bridge disaster collapse, (Webbers Falls, Oklahoma, 2002)
13 I-35W Mississippi River bridge collapse, (Minneapolis, Minnesota, 2007)
11 Petrobras 36 Oil Platform explosions (Brazil, 2001)
3 Turia disco lights collapse (Roppongi, Tokyo, Japan; 5 January 1988)[90]

Structural fires[edit]

Main article: List of fires
Deaths Incident
2000+ Church of the Company Fire (Santiago, Chile, 8 December 1863)
1995 Theater fire (Kamli, China, 1893)[91]
1670 Theater fire (Canton, China, 25 May 1845)
900 Theater fire (Shanghai, China, June 1871)
800 Lehman Theater fire (St. Petersburg, Russia, 1836)
667 Cinema fire (Xinjiang, China, 1977)
658 Antoung Movie Theater fire (China, 13 February 1937)
602 Iroquois Theater Fire (Chicago, Illinois, 30 December 1903)
600 Theater fire (Tientsin, China, 20 May 1872)
540 Dabwali tent fire (Haryana, India, 23 December 1995)
538 Dayananda Anglo Vedic private school fire (Mandi Dabwali, India, 23 December 1995)
530 Kanungu church fire (Kanungu, Uganda, 17 March 2000)
500 Gran Circus Norte-Americano – Niterói circus fire (Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 17 December 1961)
492 Cocoanut Grove fire (Boston, Massachusetts, 28 November 1942)
448 Ringtheater Fire (Vienna, Austria-Hungary, 8 December 1881)
430 Circus Ferroni fire (Berdichev, Russia, 13 January 1883)
422 Cinema Rex fire (Abadan, Iran, 20 August 1978)
400 Coliseo theater fire (Saragossa, Spain, 17 December 1778)
396 Paraguay supermarket fire (Asunción, Paraguay, 1 August 2004)
360 Comayagua prison fire (Comayagua, Honduras, 14 February 2012)
324 1994 Karamay fire (Karamay, China, 10 December 1994)
322 Ohio Penitentiary fire (Columbus, Ohio, United States, 21 April 1930)
322 L'Innovation Department Store Fire (Brussels, Belgium, 1967)
309 Dongdu Commercial shopping center fire (Luoyang, China, 25 December 2000)
278+ Brooklyn Theater Fire (Brooklyn, United States, 5 December 1876)
250 Flores Theater fire (Acapulco, Mexico, 15 February 1909)
241 Kiss nightclub fire in Santa Maria (Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 27 January 2013)
225 Mental hospital fire (Guatemala City, Guatemala, 14 July 1960)
209 Rhythm Night Club fire (Natchez, Mississippi, 23 April 1940)
208 Hoteiza theater fire (Kucchan, Japan, 6 March 1943)
200 Carslruhe theater fire (St. Petersburg, Russia, 1847)
200 Banquet theater fire (Porto, Portugal, 21 March 1888)
198 Daegu subway fire (Daegu, South Korea, 2003)
194 República Cromagnon nightclub fire (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 30 December 2004)
188 Joelma Building fire (São Paulo, Brazil, 1 February 1974)
188 Kader Toy Factory fire (Nakhon Pathom, Thailand, 10 May 1993)
186 Theatre Royal, Exeter, England, 5 September 1887
175 Collinwood school fire (Collinwood, Ohio, United States, 4 March 1908)
171 Rhoads Opera House Fire (Boyertown, Pennsylvania, 1908)
168 Hartford circus fire, (Hartford, Connecticut, 6 July 1944)
167 Piper Alpha oil platform explosions (North Sea, 1988)
165 Beverly Hills Supper Club fire (Southgate, Kentucky, 28 May 1977)
163 Cinema fire (Amude, Syria, 13 November 1960)
162 1971 Seoul hotel fire (South Korea)[92]
162 Ozone Disco Club fire (Quezon City, Philippines, 1996)
153 Perm Lame Horse club fire, (Perm, Russia, 4 December 2009)[93]
146 1970 Saint-Laurent-du-Pont fire (France)[92]
146 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire, (New York City, 1911)
144 Church fire in Costeşti, Romania, 18 April 1930[94]
139 Wing On godown fire, Sai Wan, Hong Kong, 139 killed[41][95][96]
130 Cinema fire in Kirin, China, 18 March 1930[97]
124 2010 Nimtoli Fire, Nimtoli, Old Dhaka, 3 June 2010[98]
124 2012 Dhaka fire, Tazreen Fashion factory (Dhaka, Bangladesh, 24 November 2012)[99]
119 Winecoff Hotel fire, (Downtown Atlanta, Georgia, 7 December 1946)
118 Sennichi department store fire, (Osaka, Japan, 13 May 1972)
109 1961 Elbarusovo school fire (Elbarusovo, Soviet Union, 5 November 1961)
108 Fire at San Pedro Sula's prison (San Pedro Sula, Honduras, 17 May 2004)
104 Cinema fire at the Chinkai Guard District, 10 March 1930[100]
104 Taiyo department store fire, (Kumamoto, Japan, 29 November 1973)
100 The Station nightclub fire, (West Warwick, Rhode Island, 2003)
99 Seibo-no-Sono nursery home fire, (Yokohama, Japan, 17 February 1955)
97 Dupont Plaza Hotel arson, (San Juan, Puerto Rico, 1986)
95 Our Lady of the Angels School Fire, (Chicago, Illinois, 1 December 1958)
89 AMRI hospital fire, India, 9 December 2011
87 Happyland Fire, (Bronx, New York City, 1990)
87 MGM Grand fire, (Paradise, Nevada, 21 November 1980)
82 Alcalá 20 nightclub fire, (Madrid, Spain, 17 December 1983)
80–88 Karlslust dance hall fire, (Berlin, Germany, 8 February 1947)
78 Laurier Palace Theatre fire, (Montreal, Canada, 9 January 1927)
77 Cleveland school fire, (Camden, South Carolina, 16 May 1923)
64 Restaurant fire in Taichung City, Taiwan, R.O.C., (15 February 1995)
64 Cinema Statuto fire, (Turin,Italy, 13 February 1983)
63 Gothenburg nightclub fire in (Gothenburg, Sweden, 1998)
61 La Salle Hotel fire, Chicago, Illinois, 5 June 1946
59 (to 61) Santika 2009 Bangkok nightclub fire (Bangkok, Thailand, 1 January 2009)[101]
59 Uphaar Cinema fire, India on Friday, 13 June 1997
56 Bradford City Football Club stadium fire, Bradford, West Yorkshire, 11 May 1985
50 Summerland entertainment complex fire, Douglas, Isle of Man, 2 August 1973
49 2009 Hermosillo daycare center fire, (Hermosillo, Mexico, 5 June 2009)
48 Stardust fire, (Artane, Dublin, Ireland, 14 February 1981)
44 Myojo 56 building fire, (Tokyo, Japan, 1 September 2001)
42 Dromcolliher Cinema Fire, (County Limerick, Ireland, 5 September 1926)
41 Ballantynes Fire, Christchurch, New Zealand, 18 November 1947
40 The Garley Building fire, (Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong, 20 November 1996)
38 Seacliff Lunatic Asylum Fire. near Dunedin, New Zealand, 8 December 1942
37 Blue Bird Café fire, Montreal, Canada, 1 September 1970
37 Karen refugee camp fire (Mae Hong Son, Thailand, 22 March 2013)
35 Hotel Hafnia Fire after an arson fire on the hotel, in Copenhagen, Denmark, 1 September 1973
34 Under construction Jumbo Kingdom industrial fire in Aberdeen Harbour, Hong Kong, killing up to 34 workers on 30 October 1971[102][103]
33 Hotel Polen fire, possibly after a burglary below the hotel, in Amsterdam, Netherlands, 9 May 1977
33 Hotel New Japan Fire, (Tokyo, Japan, 8 February 1982)
31 King's Cross Fire underground Tube Train station fire, London UK. 18 November 1987
30 William Booth Memorial Home Fire. Australia's Deadliest Building Fire, 13 August 1966[104]
29 Pioneer Hotel fire, after an arson fire on the hotel in Tucson, Arizona (20 December 1970)[105]
24 Gulliver's nightclub fire (Port Chester, New York, United States, 30 June 1974)
24 2009 Nakumatt supermarket fire, Nairobi, Kenya, January 2009
22 Lobohombo, Mexico City, Mexico, 20 October 2000[106]
21 Hostel for homeless fire, Kamień Pomorski, Poland, 13 April 2009
21 Andorinha Building fire (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 17 February 1986)
21 St. Johns School Fire, Peabody, Massachusetts, 28 October 1915
20 Hotel fire, Borås, Sweden, 10 June 1978[107]
19 Calderón Guardia Hospital fire, San José, Costa Rica, 12 July 2005
19 Dorothy Mae Apartment arson fire, Los Angeles, California, 4 September 1982[108]
19 Knitting factory fire in Hong Kong, spread to apartment above the factory, on 1968[109]
17 A cinefilm fire in an elementary school in Kilingi-Nõmme, Estonia, on 20 April 1937
17 Top One Karaoke Fire (fire after an arson attack in Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong, 25 January 1997)[110]

Rail accidents and disasters[edit]

Rail accidents and incidents with 90+ deaths:

Deaths Incident
1,700+ Sri Lanka tsunami-rail disaster (Sri Lanka, 2004)[Note 1][111]
800–1000 Saint-Michel-de-Maurienne derailment (France, 1917)
600–1000 Ciurea rail disaster (Romania, 1917)
500–800 Bihar train disaster (Bihar, India, 1981)[112]
600+ Guadalajara train disaster (Mexico, 1915)[113]
575 Ufa train disaster (Russia, 1989)
521–600+ Balvano train disaster (Italy, 1944)
200–500+ Torre del Bierzo rail disaster (Spain, 1944)
428 Awash rail disaster (Awash, Afar, Ethiopia, 1985)
383 Al Ayatt train disaster (Egypt, 2002)
358 Firozabad rail disaster (India, 1995)
320 Nishapur train disaster (Iran, 2004)
307 Sukkur rail disaster (Sindh, Pakistan, 1990)
~300 Montemorelos, (Mexico, 1915)[114]
300 Tolunda (Angola, 1994)[115]
289 Baku Metro fire (Azerbaijan, 1995)
285 Gaisal train disaster (India, 1999)
281 Igandu train disaster (Tanzania, 2002)
278 Genthin train disaster (Genthin, Germany, 22 December 1939)
250 Montgomery oil train disaster, (Pakistan, 1957)[116]
248 El Virilla train accident, (Costa Rica, 14 March 1926)[117]
230 Lagny-Pomponne Railroad Disaster, (France, 1933)
226 Quintinshill rail crash (Scotland, 1915)
226 Estrella del Norte (Argentina, 1978)
212 Khanna rail disaster (India, 1998)
208 Saltillo, Coahuila (Mexico, 1972)
200 Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki train disaster (Poland, 1949). Not confirmed by any official source, cf. Katastrofy kolejowe w Polsce (Polish)
192 Muamba rail disaster (Mozambique, 2002)
185 Aracaju train crash, (Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil, 20 March 1946)
184 Komagawa train disaster (Komagawa, Saitama, Japan, 1947)
181 Ajikawaguchi train disaster (Osaka, Japan, 1940)
162 Mikawashima train crash (Tokyo, Japan, 1962)
161 Tsurumi rail accident (Japan, 1963)
156 Bintaro train crash killing at least 156 people, injuring at least 300. Indonesia's worst rail accident in history. (Indonesia, 1987)
155 Kaprun disaster (Austria, 2000)
154 Ryongchon disaster (North Korea, 2004)
154 Mardaiyar river bridge derail disaster, (Tamil-Nadu, India, 1956)
153 Zagreb express train crash (Croatia, Yugoslavia 1974)
151 Tangiwai train disaster (New Zealand, 1953)
150 1965 Durban commuter train disaster, (KwaZulu Natal, South Africa, 1965)
148 Gyaneshwari Express train derailment, (India, 2010)
142–236 Benavidez rail disaster (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1970)[118]
100–140 Pontecagnano train disaster, Pontecagnano, Italy,1944
135 Maizdi Khan trains disaster (Bangladesh, 1989)
132 Ghotki rail crash (Sindh, Pakistan, 2005)
131 Bouhalouane train crash, (Algeria, 1982)
130 Rafiganj train disaster (India, 2002)
130 Liziyida bridge destroyed by mud-flow, caused a train disaster. (Sichuan, China, 9 July 1981)
130 Barwald Sredni trains disaster, (Poland, 1944)
128 Mirshah trains disaster, (Punjab, Pakistan, 1997)
128 Mangueira train disaster, (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1958)
126 Rongjiawan trains disaster, (Hunan, China, 1997)
120 Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh (India, 1997)
120 Yaoundé train explosion (Cameroon, 1998)
119 Anchieta rail disaster (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1952)
118 Stéblová train disaster (Czechoslovakia, 1960)
118 Moimenta-Alcafache train crash, (Portugal, 1985)
114 Veligonda train disaster (India, 2005)
114 Ngai Ndethya (Kenya, 1993)
112 Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash (England, 1952)
112 San Rafael River train disaster (Mexico, 1989)
112 Nebukawa, derailment caused by Great Kanto Earthquake, (Japan, 1923)[119]
110 Tsuchiura triple trains crash (Tsuchiura, Japan, 1943)
108 Tangua train disaster, (Brazil, 1950)
107 Patna train derailed, (Bihar, India, 1937)
107 Vierzy tunnel trains derailed, (Aisne, France, 1972)
107 Amagasaki rail crash (Japan, 2005)
107 Ashtamudi Lake train disaster, (Kerala, India, 1988)
106 Sakuragichō train fire commuter train fire (Yokohama, Japan, 1951)
106 Kamensk-Shakhtinsky rail disaster (Russia, 1987)
106 Yangzhuang station trains disaster, (Henan, China, 1978)
105 Tama river trains disaster, (Hachioji, Japan, 1945)
103 Šakvice train disaster, (Czechoslovakia, 1953)
93–102 Malbone Street Wreck, (Brooklyn, NY, 1918)
102 Aßling train disaster, (Aßling, Germany, 16 July 1945)
102 Wuntho train disaster, (Myanmar, 1994)
101 Markdorf train disaster, (Markdorf, Germany, 22 December 1939)
101 Eschede train disaster (Germany, 1998)
101 The Great Train Wreck of 1918 (Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 1918)
100 Col des Nuages (Pass of the Clouds) derailment, (East Indochina (Vietnam), 24 June 1953)
100 Benaleka train crash, (Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2007)
99 St-Hilaire train disaster, (Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada, 29 June 1864)
97 Eden train wreck, (Colorado, United States, 1904)
96 Great Wellington train disaster, (Sky Valley Washington, United States, 1 March 1910)
93 Harmelen train disaster, (Netherlands, 1962)
92 Ashtabula River Railroad Disaster, (Ashtabula, Ohio, 1876)
91 Lewisham rail crash, (Lewisham, England, 1957)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Part of the 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake; listed by some sources as a rail disaster [1] though primarily due to a natural disaster, rather than a failure of the rail system.

References[edit]

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