Vishvayogi Svami Machindranath
|Other names||Swami Machindranath, Matsyendranath, Macchindranath|
|Known for||Founder of Natha Pantha|
Matsyendranatha (Assamese: মৎস্যেন্দ্রনাথ-Motxendronath, Sanskrit: मत्स्येन्द्रनाथ-Matsyendranātha, Bengali: মৎস্যেন্দ্রনাথ:Motshændronath) or Machindranath (9th-10th century) was one of the eighty-four Mahasiddhas. He was the guru of Gorakshanath, with whom he founded the school of Hatha yoga. He is considered as the author of the Kaulajñānanirṇaya ("Discussion of the Knowledge Pertaining to the Kaula Tradition"), one of the earliest texts on Hatha Yoga in Sanskrit. He is revered by both Hindus. Machindranath is believed to be the founder of the Natha Pantha. Machindranath is called "Vishwayogi" because his teachings are universal.
Giuseppe Tucci states, on the authority of two Tibetan works viz "Grub To'b" and the "Bka ababs bdun ldan" that the noted Buddhist Siddha Matsyendranath, who was looked upon in Tibet as an avatar of Avalokiteswara, was a fisherman from Kamarupa. The statement of Mahamohopadhya Pandit Haraprasad Sastri that Minanatha was a native of Bengal belonging to the "Nath" or weaver caste is evidently incorrect.
The fact that Minanatha, one of the 24 Kapalika siddhas, hailed from Kamrup leads one to suppose that the very revolting religious practices associated with the Kapalikaas, perhaps to some extent exaggerated by their opponents, were at one time in vogue in Kamarupa, at least among the lower classes of society, such as the fishermen. What connection these Kapalikas had with the votaries of the Sahajia cult is not known. There is however evidence to show that the Kapalika sect existed as early as the time of Asanga and Hari Varman about the fourth century A.D. Evidently both of these sects were off-shoots of Tantrik Buddhism and both practised similar rites.
According to the popular belief, Swami Machhindranath was created from a fish. But the fact is that neither was he created from a fish nor was he born from a womans' womb because Lord Shiva wanted to create him from absolute purity and absolute purity can be found in the five elements of life: fire, water, sky, earth and air. Lord Shiva took a certain percentage from each of the 5 elements and created Swami Machhindranath and gave Him a human form . Since Swamiji was created from the 5 elements he is indestructible. After creating Swamiji Lord Shiva gave him all his knowledge, thoughts, philosophies. Swamiji is a Sanyasi in the true sense because apart from being born out of purity he was endowed with pure qualities like 'Tyag' or 'Sacrifice'. 'Bhakti and Shraddha', 'Gyan or Knowledge', 'Yog and Rishimayta'.
- Kadri Manjunath Temple - Mangalore, Karnataka
- Madyar Sri Parashakthi temple (Sri Parashakti Temple) - situated at Madyar, near Mangalore in Dakshina Kannada District of Karnataka)
- Viratnagar in Rajasthan
- Hellapatnam in Bengal
- Chitrakoot - Karvi, (Border of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, near the banks of the river Piyushini.
- Gumbahatta - Kalimpong, Dist. Darjeeling, West Bengal
- Thirupparankundram - near Madurai, Tamil Nadu
- Shri Kanifnath Maharaj
- Shri Gorakshanath Maharaj
- Shri Madhavnath Maharaj
- Shri Mangalnath Maharaj
- He has eight disciples, They along with Matsyendranath are called as Navanathas.
- vijayanand swami [macchindranath gad sawargoan]
- Toyu (white) Machindranath temple in Kathmandu.
- Macchendranath Guru Peeth in Sri Guru Parashakthi Kshethra, Madyar, Mangalore.
- Hyangu (red) Machindranath temple in Patan
- Vishwayogi Swami Machindranath Mandir, Mitmita, Aurangabad 
- The samadhi place of Machindranath is in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh
- Mayamba Temple (Garbhagiri Pravat as mentioned in Navnath Grantha) at Shri Kshetra Machindranath Devasthan at Sawargaon, Tal: Ashti, District: Beed.
- Machhindra Nath Mandir, Inside Ambagate, Amravati.
- Machindra Nath Tapobhumi,Devacho Dongar, Kudal, Maharashtra, Dist Sindhudurg.(This Holy place is mentioned in the 6th Chapter of Navnath Grantha )Lord Shiv Shankar Bholenath & Lord Machindra Nath have both together meditated at this place for three days.
In Dasam Granth, Guru Gobind Singh narrated a huge discourse between Matsyendra Nath and Paras Nath on Intuitive(Bibek) and Non Intuitive Mind(Abibek). Parasnath subdued kings of world and turn egoistic which was broken by Matsyendra by his spiritual preachings. This granth is regarded among Spiritual warriors of Khalsa Panths called Nihang Singhs.
There are a few films about this legend in Indian cinema.
- The first film entitled Maya Machhindra was made in 1932 in Hindi and Marathi languages by Prabhat Film Company and directed by V. Shantaram. Govindrao Tembe portrayed the role of Machhindranath.
- The second film was made in 1939 in Tamil language directed by Raja Chandrasekhar and starring N. S. Krishnan and M. G. Ramachandran.
- Third film in Telugu language was made P. Pullaiah in 1945 starring Jandhyala Gourinatha Sastry, Addanki Srirama Murthy and Kannamba.
- The fourth film was again made in Hindi and Marathi languages in 1951 directed by Aspi Irani.
- The fifth film was made in Hindi language by Babubhai Mistri in 1960/61.
- The sixth film was made in Telugu language in 1975 starring N. T. Rama Rao and directed by Kamalakara Kameswara Rao.
- Larson, Jerald James; Ram Shankar Bhattacharya (2008). Yoga: India's Philosophy of Meditation. Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies. Vol. XII. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. p. 436. ISBN 978-81-208-3349-4.
- An Introduction to Hinduism; Gavlin Flood; 1996; pg. 98
- Tridal, Publication by Shree Pratishtan Trust, Mitmita, page:5
- J.P.A.S.B (New Series) - vol. XXVI (1930), no.1, p.133-141
- M.M Pandit H.P Shastri, Bauddha Gan O Doha
- J.P.A.S.B, vol.XXVI (1930), p.133-141
- Lalitpur city official website - historical monuments
- Last cover page of Tridal Book
- Maya Machhindra, 1932 film at IMDb.
- Maya Machhindra, 1939 film at IMDb.
- Maya Machhindra, 1945 film at IMDb.