|Other names||Machindranath, Matsyendranath, Macchindranath|
|Known for||Founder of Nath|
Matsyendranatha (c .1st century CE) was one of the eighty-four mahasiddhas. He was the guru of Gorakshanath, with whom he founded the school of hatha yoga. He is considered as the author of the Kaulajñānanirṇaya ("Discussion of the Knowledge Pertaining to the Kaula Tradition"), one of the earliest texts on Hatha Yoga in Sanskrit. He is revered by both Hindus. Matsyendranatha is believed[by whom?] to be the founder of the Nath.
Giuseppe Tucci states, on the authority of two Tibetan works (Wylie: grub tob, Wylie: bka' babs bdun ldan) that Matsyendranath, who was looked upon in Tibet as an avatar of Avalokiteśvara, was a fisherman from Kamarupa. The statement of Haraprasad Shastri that Minanatha was a native of Bengal belonging to the "Nath" or weaver caste is evidently incorrect.
- Gorakshanath or Gorakhnath
- Jalandharnath or Jalandernath also known as Jan Peer
- Kanifnath or Kanhoba
- Gahininath also known as Gaibi Peer
- Bhartrinath or Bhartarinath or Raja Bhartari
- Naganath or Nageshnath
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- Kadri Manjunath Temple - Mangalore, Karnataka
- Madyar Sri Parashakthi temple (Sri Parashakti Temple) - situated at Madyar, near Mangalore in Dakshina Kannada District of Karnataka)
- Viratnagar in Rajasthan
- Hellapatnam in Bengal
- Chitrakoot, Madhya Pradesh - Karvi, on the border of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, near the banks of the river Piyushini.
- Gumbahatta - Kalimpong, Dist. Darjeeling, West Bengal
- Thiruparankundram - near Madurai, Tamil Nadu
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- Toyu (white) Machindranath temple in Kathmandu.
- Machhindranath temple in kille-Machhindragad Tal: Walwa (Islampur) Dist :Sangli, Maharashtra.
- Macchendranath Guru Peeth in Sri Guru Parashakthi Kshethra, Madyar, Mangalore.
- Hyangu (red) Machindranath temple in Patan
- Vishwayogi Swami Machindranath Mandir, Mitmita, Aurangabad
- The samadhi place of Machindranath is in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh
- Mayamba Temple (Garbhagiri Pravat as mentioned in Navnath Grantha) at Shri Kshetra Machindranath Devasthan at Sawargaon, Tal: Ashti, District: Beed.
- Machhindra Nath Mandir, Inside Ambagate, Amravati.
- Machindra Nath Tapobhumi,Devacho Dongar, Kudal, Maharashtra, Dist Sindhudurg.(This Holy place is mentioned in the 6th Chapter of Navnath Grantha )Lord Shiv Shankar Bholenath & Lord Machindra Nath have both together meditated at this place for three days.
In popular culture
In the Dasam Granth, Guru Gobind Singh narrated a huge discourse between Matsyendra Nath and Paras Nath on Intuitive (Bibek) and Non Intuitive Mind (Abibek). Parasnatha subdued kings of the world and turned egoistic, and was broken by Matsyendranatha's spiritual preachings. This granth is regarded among Spiritual warriors of Khalsa Panths called Nihang Singhs.
There are a few films about this legend in Indian cinema.
- The first film entitled Maya Machhindra was made in 1932 in Hindi and Marathi languages by Prabhat Film Company and directed by V. Shantaram. Govindrao Tembe portrayed the role of Machhindranath.
- The second film was made in 1939 in Tamil language directed by Raja Chandrasekhar and starring N. S. Krishnan and M. G. Ramachandran.
- Third film in Telugu language was made P. Pullaiah in 1945 starring Jandhyala Gourinatha Sastry, Addanki Srirama Murthy and Pasupuleti Kannamba.
- The fourth film was again made in Hindi and Marathi languages in 1951 directed by Aspi Irani.
- The fifth film was made in Hindi language by Babubhai Mistry in 1960/61.
- The sixth film was made in Telugu language in 1975 starring N. T. Rama Rao and directed by Kamalakara Kameswara Rao.
- Larson, Gerald James; Bhattacharya, Ram Shankar, eds. (2008). Yoga: India's Philosophy of Meditation. Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies. Vol. XII. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. p. 436. ISBN 978-81-208-3349-4.
- Flood, Gavlin (1996). An Introduction to Hinduism. Cambridge University Press. p. 98. ISBN 978-0521438780.
- Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal XXVI (1): 133–141. 1930. Missing or empty
- Pandit, M. M.; Shastri, H. P. Bauddha Gan O Doha.
- Frydman, Maurice (2012). "Navanath Sampradaya". In Dikshit, Sudhakar S. I Am That: Talks With Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj. Acorn Press. ISBN 9780893860462.
- "Historical Monuments & WHS". Lalitpur.org.np. Lalitpur Sub-Metropolitan City Office. Retrieved 2015-03-22.
- Maya Machhindra (1932) at the Internet Movie Database
- Maya Machhindra (1939) at the Internet Movie Database
- Maya Machhindra (1945) at the Internet Movie Database