Hinduism (Sanskrit Hindū Dharma—हिन्दू धर्म, also known as Sanātana Dharma सनातन धर्म, and Vaidika Dharma वैदिक धर्म) is a religion originating in the Indian subcontinent, based on the Vedas, and is thought to be the oldest religious tradition still practiced today. The term, "Hinduism," is heterogeneous, as Hinduism consists of several schools of thought. It encompasses many religious rituals that widely vary in practice, as well as many diverse philosophies. Most Hindus believe in a Supreme Cosmic Spirit, which may be understood in abstract terms as Brahman or which may be worshipped in personal forms such as Vishnu, Shiva or Shakti. The religion is classified by many different forms of theism such as monotheism, monism, pantheism, polytheism and even atheism. Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world with approximately 1 Billion adherents, (2010), approximately 930 million of whom are in India.
is a concept that holds that God has three aspects, which are only different forms of the same one God. The three aspects of God
(the Source/Creator), Vishnu
(the Preserver/Indwelling-life) and Shiva
(the Transformer -Destroyer/Creator). According to the Trimurti belief, these three personae of God are simply different aspects of the one and the same God.
Though all the three trimurti's are males, each aspect has a female consort, all of which are manifestations of the Supreme Goddess Shakti (power/energy). Brahma was able to create because his consort is Sarasvati, the goddess of speech and learning. Similarly Vishnu's consort Lakshmi, is the Goddess of beauty and fortune making it possible for him to preserve the universe; and Durga is the consort of Shiva.
- ...that Krishna (pictured) literally means "black" or "dark one" in Sanskrit?
agnim īļe purohitam|
yajñasya devam ŗtvijam|
English: "I praise Agni, the priest of the house, the divine ministrant of sacrifice, the invoker, the best bestower of treasure.
— Rig Veda
The first words of the first hymn.
- Expand: Samyama, Tantras, Treta Yuga, Devi Mahatmya, Jnana, Gangga Negara, Kediri, Brahminicide, Brāhmanahatya, Vedanta Society, Sanatan Dharma Maha Sabha, Yogoda Satsanga, Sarsanghachalak, Thommanon, Baksei Chamkrong, Phnom Bakheng, Phimeanakas, Phnom Krom,Banteay Samré, West Mebon, Kriyamana karma, Sanchita karma, Kama (Purusharthas), Hindu marriage Ceremony, Vedic metal, Kalpa (Vedanga), Parisada Hindu Dharma
- Cleanup: History of Hinduism, Yuga, Hindu view of marriage, Devadasi, Islamic conquest of South Asia, Ancient Vedic units of measurement, Amarnath, Californian Hindu textbook controversy, Women in Hinduism, Swami Ramdev, Vedas, Sri Anandamoyi Ma