Hinduism (Sanskrit Hindū Dharma—हिन्दू धर्म, also known as Sanātana Dharma सनातन धर्म, and Vaidika Dharma वैदिक धर्म) is a Dharma (The Word 'Dharma'
Does not have any other word in English)originating in the Indian subcontinent, based on the Vedas, and is thought to be the oldest religious tradition still practiced today. The term, "Hinduism," is heterogeneous, as Hinduism consists of several schools of thought. It encompasses many religious rituals that widely vary in practice, as well as many diverse philosophies. Most Hindus believe in a Supreme Cosmic Spirit, which may be understood in abstract terms as Brahmaand or which may be worshipped in personal forms such as Vishnu, Shiva or Shakti. The religion is classified by many different forms of theism such as monotheism, monism, pantheism, polytheism and even atheism. Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world with approximately 1 Billion adherents, (2010), approximately 930 million of whom are in India.
) is a minor character from the Hindu epic
. The son of Pandava
(one of the main heroes of the Mahabharata) and the Naga
, Iravan is the central god of the cult of Kuttantavar and plays a major role in the cult of Draupadi
. Both these cults are of South Indian
origin, from a region of the country where he is worshipped as a village deity
. The Mahabharata portrays Iravan as dying a heroic death in the 18-day Kurukshetra War
, the epic's main subject. However, the South Indian cults have a supplementary tradition of honouring Iravan's self-sacrifice to the goddess Kali
to ensure her favour and the victory of the Pandavas in the war. The South Indian cult focus on three boons granted to Iravan by the god Krishna
in honour of this self-sacrifice. Iravan is also a patron god of well-known Indian transgender
communities called Ali
. In Koovagam
, Tamil Nadu
, an 18-day festival holds a ceremonial marriage of Iravan to Ali
s and male villagers and followed then by their "widowhood" after ritual re-enactment of Iravan's sacrifice. Iravan is also known in Indonesia. Independent Javanese
traditions present a dramatic marriage of Irawan to Titisari, daughter of Krishna, and a death resulting from a case of mistaken identity.
: শ্রী অরবিন্দ
; August 15, 1872–December 5, 1950) was an Indian
nationalist, scholar, poet, Hindu mystic
, evolutionary philosopher
. His followers further believe that he was an avatar
, an incarnation of the supreme being
Sri Aurobindo spent his life—through his vast writings and through his own development—working for the freedom of India, the path to the further evolution of life on earth, and to bring down what he called the Supramental Truth Consciousness Force to enable such progress. Aurobindo rejected the materialistic tendencies of both Darwinism and Samkhya, and proposed an evolution of spirit rather than matter.
- Expand: Samyama, Tantras, Treta Yuga, Devi Mahatmya, Jnana, Gangga Negara, Kediri, Brahminicide, Brāhmanahatya, Vedanta Society, Sanatan Dharma Maha Sabha, Yogoda Satsanga, Sarsanghachalak, Thommanon, Baksei Chamkrong, Phnom Bakheng, Phimeanakas, Phnom Krom,Banteay Samré, West Mebon, Kriyamana karma, Sanchita karma, Kama (Purusharthas), Hindu marriage Ceremony, Vedic metal, Kalpa (Vedanga), Parisada Hindu Dharma
- Cleanup: History of Hinduism, Yuga, Hindu view of marriage, Devadasi, Islamic conquest of South Asia, Ancient Vedic units of measurement, Amarnath, Californian Hindu textbook controversy, Women in Hinduism, Swami Ramdev, Vedas, Sri Anandamoyi Ma