Hinduism (Sanskrit Hindū Dharma—हिन्दू धर्म, also known as Sanātana Dharma सनातन धर्म, and Vaidika Dharma वैदिक धर्म) is a Dharma (The Word 'Dharma' Does not have any other word in English)originating in the Indian subcontinent, based on the Vedas, and is thought to be the oldest religious tradition still practiced today. The term, "Hinduism," is heterogeneous, as Hinduism consists of several schools of thought. It encompasses many religious rituals that widely vary in practice, as well as many diverse philosophies. Most Hindus believe in a Supreme Cosmic Spirit, which may be understood in abstract terms as Brahmaand or which may be worshipped in personal forms such as Vishnu,[Krishna], Shiva or Shakti. The religion is classified by many different forms of theism such as monotheism, monism, pantheism, polytheism and even atheism. Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world with approximately 1 Billion adherents, (2010), approximately 930 million of whom are in India.
is a well known Hindu
temple at Angkor
. The temple was built for king Suryavarman II
in the early 12th century
as his state temple and capital city. The largest and best-preserved temple at the site, it is the only one to have remained a significant religious centre—first Hindu
, then Buddhist
—since its foundation. The temple itself has become a symbol of Cambodia as it appears on its national flag
. The temple is also noted for being the country's prime tourist attraction. The temples style is an example of Khmer architecture
, or the Angkor Wat style.
Angkor Wat combines two basic plans of Khmer temple architecture: the temple mountain and the later galleried temples. This style is designed to represent Mount Meru, which is the home of the gods in Hindu mythology. Unlike most Angkorian temples, Angkor Wat is oriented to the west; scholars are divided as to the significance of this.
(1927 - 2001), affectionately known as Gurudeva by his followers, was born in Oakland, California
on January 5, 1927. He established a Hindu
monastery in Kauai
and founded the magazine Hinduism Today
. The author of many books on Hinduism and metaphysics
, Subramuniyaswami was one of the most prominent faces of Hinduism during the last two decades of the 20th century. He was one of Shaivism
's most orthodox and revered Gurus
, the founder and leader of the Saiva Siddhanta Church
, world's first Hindu church. Born with the name Robert Hansen in California in 1927, as a young man of 20, in 1947, he journeyed to India and Sri Lanka in search of his guru. Two years later was initiated into sannyasa by the renowned siddha yogi and worshiper of Shiva
, Jnanaguru Yogaswami
of Sri Lanka
Sanskrit: एकम् सत् विप्राः बहुधा वदन्ति
Transliteration: Ekam Sat Viprāha Bahudhā Vadanti
English: "Truth is One, though the Sages know it by many names.
— Rig Veda
(Book I, Hymn CLXIV, Verse 46)
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