Portal:Hinduism

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Aum, an all-encompassing, mystical entity, representative of the Hindu religion and philosophy.

Hinduism (Sanskrit Hindū Dharmaहिन्दू धर्म, also known as Sanātana Dharma सनातन धर्म, and Vaidika Dharma वैदिक धर्म) is a Dharma (The Word 'Dharma' Does not have any other word in English)originating in the Indian subcontinent, based on the Vedas, and is thought to be the oldest religious tradition still practiced today. The term, "Hinduism," is heterogeneous, as Hinduism consists of several schools of thought. It encompasses many religious rituals that widely vary in practice, as well as many diverse philosophies. Most Hindus believe in a Supreme Cosmic Spirit, which may be understood in abstract terms as Brahmaand or which may be worshipped in personal forms such as Vishnu,[Krishna], Shiva or Shakti. The religion is classified by many different forms of theism such as monotheism, monism, pantheism, polytheism and even atheism. Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world with approximately 1 Billion adherents, (2010), approximately 930 million of whom are in India.

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Vithoba
Vithoba is a Hindu god, worshipped predominantly in the Indian states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. While generally considered a manifestation of the Hindu god Vishnu or his avatar Krishna, he is sometimes associated with the god Shiva, the Buddha or both. Vithoba is often depicted as a dark young boy, standing arms-akimbo on a brick, sometimes accompanied by his main consort Rakhumai (Rukmini). Vithoba is the focus of the monotheistic, non-brahminical Varkari sect of Maharashtra and the Haridasa sect of Karnataka. Vithoba's main temple stands at Pandharpur in Maharashtra, close to the Karnataka border. Vithoba legends revolve around his devotee Pundalik, who is credited with bringing the deity to Pandharpur, and around Vithoba's role as a saviour to the poet-saints of the Varkari faith. The Varkari poet-saints are known for their unique genre of devotional lyric, the abhanga, dedicated to Vithoba and composed in Marathi. Other devotional literature dedicated to Vithoba includes the Kannada hymns of the Haridasa, and Marathi versions of the generic Hindu arati songs, associated with rituals of offering light to the deity. Though the origins of both his cult and his main temple remain subjects of debate, there is clear evidence that they already existed by the 13th century.

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The Hindu goddess of wealth and beauty; Lakshmi.
Credit: Ranveig
The Hindu goddess of wealth and beauty; Lakshmi.

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Madhvacharya (1238-1317) was the chief proponent of Tattvavāda (True Philosophy), popularly known as Dvaita or dualistic school of Hindu philosophy. It is one of the three most influential Vedanta philosophies. Madhva was one of the important philosophers during the Bhakti movement. He was a pioneer in many ways, going against standard conventions and norms. Madhvacharya is believed by his followers to be the third incarnation of Vayu, aka Mukhyaprana, after Hanuman and Bhima. Madhva's Dualistic view, along with Shankara's Advaita or Nondualism and Ramanuja's Qualified Nondualism,or Vishishtadvaita form some core Indian beliefs on the nature of reality.

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The Hindu religion is the only one of the world's great faiths dedicated to the idea that the Cosmos itself undergoes an immense, indeed an infinite, number of deaths and rebirths. It is the only religion in which the time scales correspond, to those of modern scientific cosmology. Its cycles run from our ordinary day and night to a day and night of Brahma, 8.64 billion years long. Longer than the age of the Earth or the Sun and about half the time since the Big Bang. And there are much longer time scales still.

Carl Sagan (1934-1996) famous astrophysicist.

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Hinduism

Overviews: Deities • Denominations • History • Mythology

Philosophy: Advaita  • Ayurveda • Bhakti • Dharma •Jhatka • Karma • Maya • Mimāṃsā • Moksha • Nyaya • Puja (Hinduism) • Reincarnation • Samkhya • Samsara • Shaivism •Shaktism • Tantra • Vaisheshika • Vaishnavism • Vedanta • Vegetarianism • Yoga • Yuga

Scriptures: Upanishads • Vedas • Brahmana • Bhagavad Gita • Ramayana • Mahabharata • Purana • Aranyaka • Shikshapatri • Vachanamrut • Ramcharitmanas

Lists: Advaita Vedanta • Ayyavazhi •Asuras • Avatars • Converts • Deities • Entertainers • Festivals • Gurus and saints • Krishna • Warriors • Rakshasas • Soldiers • Teachers • Temples • Yoga schools

Related topics: Astronomy • Calendar • Caste system • by Country • Festivals • Glossary • Laws • Leaders • Mantra • Murti • Music • Temples • Spirituality

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