Mill Hill East tube station
|Mill Hill East|
Location of Mill Hill East in Greater London
|Managed by||London Underground|
|Number of platforms||1|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|Original company||Edgware, Highgate and London Railway|
|Pre-grouping||Great Northern Railway|
|Post-grouping||London and North Eastern Railway|
|22 August 1867||Opened as "Mill Hill"(GNR) |
|1 March 1928||Renamed "Mill Hill East"|
|11 September 1939||Closed (LNER) |
|18 May 1941||Reopened (Northern line)|
|1 October 1962||Goods yard closed|
|Lists of stations|
|London Transport portalCoordinates:|
Mill Hill East is a London Underground station in Mill Hill of the London Borough of Barnet, North London. The station is the terminus, and only station, of a single-track branch from Finchley Central station and is in Travelcard Zone 4. It is also known as the Mill Hill Branch diverted from the High Barnet branch of the Northern line.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (February 2015)|
Mill Hill East station was built by the Edgware, Highgate and London Railway (EH&LR) and was opened as Mill Hill on 22 August 1867 by the Great Northern Railway (GNR) (which had taken over the EH&LR) in rural Middlesex to serve Mill Hill Barracks. The station was on a line from Finsbury Park to Edgware via Highgate.
The EH&LR was built as a double track formation, but only a single track was laid, with the intention of doubling the track when business developed. However, when the GNR opened a branch from Finchley Central to High Barnet in April 1872 traffic on that section was greater, and the second track was never laid from Finchley Central to Edgware. For most of its history the service between those two stations was operated as a shuttle.
The station opened as Mill Hill and was given its present name on 1 March 1928.
After the 1921 Railways Act created the Big Four companies, the line was, from 1923, part of the London & North Eastern Railway (LNER). The section of the High Barnet branch north of East Finchley was incorporated into the London Underground through the "Northern Heights" project begun in the late 1930s.
Transfer to London Underground
In preparation for transfer to London Underground operation, track laying and electrification had begun on the whole of the line from Finsbury Park when Second World War caused postponement of improvements. Passenger shuttle services on the Finchley Central to Edgware section ended on 11 September 1939 but, to provide quick rail access to Mill Hill Barracks, electrification of the short section between Finchley Central and Mill Hill East was completed although the track remained a single line. The station reopened on 18 May 1941. The work on the line from Mill Hill East to Edgware was left incomplete and after the war the proposal to electrify the line and incorporate it into the Underground system was abandoned.
Regular passenger services never used the line beyond Mill Hill East again although it was operated by steam for freight until 1962 when it closed. The track and most of the infrastructure have been removed or destroyed but the alignment can be followed for most of its length.
The Station today
Today, Mill Hill East station retains its Victorian architectural character and, as one of the two remaining original stations on the Edgware, Highgate and London Railway (along with Finchley Central), it is one of the oldest parts of the Underground, pre-dating the first tunnelled section of the Northern line (the City & South London Railway) by more than 20 years. The main low brick building is typical of the style developed by the GNR, although now altered by the crude infilling of windows to the right of the entrance to hide the ticket issuing machine inside. The single-storey building has a pitched roof in the centre; the wings either side have hipped roofs.
The platform on the embankment above is reached by an attractive brick-lined staircase. At platform level there is a small brick waiting room with a short canopy at the top of the steps. The station stands at the back of a forecourt which still includes a bus turning circle. The two-storey brick stationmaster’s house, also built to a standard GNR design, stands to one side of the forecourt. To the east of the station is a metal girder bridge which was built as part of the New Works programme while there is space available for a second track on the south side.
Refurbishment was carried out and completed in March 2007. Works included a new public address system along with improved passenger information systems. The refurbishment of the station and the platforms consisted of structural repairs, the re-decoration and re-tiling of walls and floors. There are now 17 CCTV cameras and 5 Help Points, which required over 11 km of cable had to be put in during the works.
Mill Hill East is now the only station on the underground network with a timber platform although it was covered with asphalt in the early 1990s. It is also one of only three (Chesham & Heathrow Terminal 4 are the others) London Underground stations to have only one platform and one of the twelve underground stations not to have ticket barriers due to its low usage. However, Stand alone Oyster card validators are available for Oyster Card users to touch in and out.
As of October 2006, the Northern line service is a shuttle on the single track between Finchley Central and Mill Hill East, with the exception of peak-hour services. Direct weekend trains were discontinued on 20 May 2007. There was a local desire to retain the direct peak-hour trains, particularly in the mornings, since these provide seats for passengers into central London, instead of having to change on to crowded trains from High Barnet at Finchley Central. Currently, as of 2014, direct peak times trains operate to either Kennington or Morden.
Train frequencies vary throughout the day, but generally operate every 11–15 minutes between 05:44 and 00:56 to Finchley Central, Kennington or East Finchley. During peak times, train services are extended to Morden.
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
- "Disused Stations: Mill Hill East". Retrieved 2015-04-26.
- Hardy, Brian, ed. (March 2011). "How it used to be - freight on The Underground 50 years ago". Underground News (London Underground Railway Society) (591): 175–183. ISSN 0306-8617.
- "London Underground Safety Certificate and Safety Authorisation Document" (PDF). p. 22. Retrieved 2015-04-27.
- Transport for London (December 2014). Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 February 2015.
- "Railfanning London's Railways - Northern line". Retrieved 2015-04-27.
- "Station Refurbishment Summary" (PDF). London Underground Railway Society. July 2007. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "Tube Facts - Tube Stations that have no exit barriers". Retrieved 2015-04-26.
- "Northern line timetable: From Mill Hill East Underground Station to Finchley Central Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "Buses from Mill Hill East" (PDF). Transport for London. March 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "Mill Hill East Underground Station - Bus". Retrieved 2015-04-26.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mill Hill East tube station.|
- Station information from Transport for London
- London's Transport Museum Photographic Archive Mill Hill station in 1944.
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
|Abandoned Northern Heights Extension|
towards Bushey Heath
Line and station closed
|Great Northern Railway
Edgware, Highgate and London Railway
Line and station open