Murree Tehsil

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Murree Tehsil
Tehsil
Location of Murree Tehsil
Country Pakistan
Region Punjab
District Rawalpindi District
Capital Murree
Towns 1
Union councils 15
Population (1998)
 • Total 176,426[1]
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC+6)

Murree Tehsil (Urdu: تحصیل مری‎) is one of the seven Tehsils (i.e. sub-divisions) of Rawalpindi District in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

Murree Tehsil is located in the northernmost part of Punjab province where it borders the North West Frontier Province. The hill resort city of Murree is the capital city of this area.

Administration[edit]

Map showing Administrative subdivisions of Murree Tehsil.

Murree Tehsil is divided into 15 Union Councils. These are:[2]

UC Name of Union
Uc-49 Murree Urban
Uc-51 Dewal
Uc-52 Phagwari
Uc-53 Potha Sharif
Uc-54 Ghel
Uc-55 Rawat
Uc-56 Sehr Bagla
Uc-57 Darya Gali
Uc-58 Gora Gali
Uc-59 Numble
Uc-60 Mussiari
Uc-61 Angoori
Uc-62 Tret
Uc-63 Charhan
Uc-64 Ban

BHUMROTE SAYDAN

Note: The UC prefix is used for administration purposes as Rawalpindi District has a total of 90 Union Councils.

History[edit]

According to the 1901 census of India, Murree Tehsil contained 1 town (Murree) and 258 villages, the total population was recorded as 52,303 which was an increase of 14.3% from 1891 - of this 1,463 were literate. The population density was 202.7 per square mile, (total area=258 square miles).[3]

2005 earthquake[edit]

During the earthquake of 2005, 40% of houses in Murree tehsil were damaged or destroyed[4]

Tribes[edit]

The Satti are the main tribe of the area. The Kethwal Rajputs are the second largest tribe in the area. Their origins lie in Kerman Persia; they travelled eastwards and settled in the hills. The Kethwals are well established in the Charhan, Ghel and Ban areas of Murree (Tehsil). The Dhanyal is the third largest tribe in area. The Jasgam are the fourth largest tribe.

See Also Demography of Rawalpindi District

According to population census of 1998 Murree has a population of 176,426 persons of which 90,780 are male while 85,646 are female and in this population include all tribes dhund Abbasi,kethwal, satti e.t.c

Tribal histories[edit]

Dhoond Khan Abbasi (from whom the Dhond Abbasi tribe descended), came to Murree in the middle of the 12th century. Dhoond Khan Abbasi was the descendant of General Zurab Khan Abbasi who was sent by an Afghan King to controle Kashmir. General Zurab Khan Abbasi's grave is marked in Kahuta near Islamabad. Dhond Abbasi also use Raja or Sardar(Which means King or Leader in local language) with their names. They were the leaders of the area and ruled this area for quiet some time. Mohazzam Shah supported Shahabuddin Ghouri intermittently to curb the activities of Dogra Rajputs, who were against his leadership. In the 13th century, Mohazzam Shah died fighting against the Hindu Dogra Rajputs, and a separate tribe, Dhanyal, was established. The followers of Mohazzam Shah have made a shrine in his memory on Lehtrar Road, a rural area of Islamabad. All Dhanyals are Alvis and are the descendants of Mohazzam Shah. As he had control over Kashmir, Murree and the surrounding area, the tribe is often called Raja, a king tribe in the locality. Between Dhanyals, they have seven or eight offshoots of the tribe living in Hazara, Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Murree, Bagh Azad Kashmir, Sialkot, Chakwal, Multan and other parts of Pakistan. All are Sunni Muslims. Although they have never participated in the national politics of Pakistan, they are well represented in the Pakistani Armed Forces. Hundreds of Dhanyals sacrificed their lives in World War II and the Indo-Pakistani wars of 1947, 1965 and 1971.

The Sheikh are also the part of the sunny bank is the other home of the Sheikhs. The Sheikhs of Dheri spent summer vacations there. Famous Sheikhs include Sheikh Abdul, Ghani the Kani, and Sarkar. The Quaid e Azam also spent vacations with Sheikhs such as Sheikh la Jalil, Sheikh Haji, and Abdul Qadir.

Most prominent and educated Tribes/Clans[edit]

Arain the decadents of the Umayyad Arab soldiers those arrived through Sindh, with Muhammad Bin Qasim and settled in the reign of Mahmud of Ghazni. Rajput, Jatt, Sheikh, Balouch, Cheema, Syed, Gujjar, Butt, Kamboh, Niazi, Darr, Daudpota Abbasi, Dhond Abbasi, Koreja, Kashmiri, Chachar, Awan, Dahar, Chouhan, Qureshi, Mahar, Channa, and Khokhar.

References[edit]