Paco, Manila

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Paco
Location of Paco
Country Philippines
Region National Capital Region
City Manila
Congressional districts Part of the 5th and 6th districts of Manila
Barangays 43[1]
Population (2007[1])
 • Total 69,300

Paco, formerly known as Dilao, is a district of Manila, Philippines located south of Pasig River, and San Miguel, west of Santa Ana, southwest of Pandacan, north of Malate, northwest of San Andrés Bukid, and east of Ermita. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 64,184 people in 13,438 households. [2]

History[edit]

Paco was known as Dilao because of the Amaryllis plants that were once plentiful on this district.[3] Dilao or dilaw is a Tagalog word for the color yellow. Although, some sources say,[4][5] it was named Dilao or "Yellow Plaza" by the Spanish settlers because of the Japanese migrants who lived there, describing their physiognomy. Spanish Franciscan missionaries founded the town of Paco as early as 1580. [3]

The name Dilao was used until 1791. The name San Fernando was added, making it San Fernando de Dilao. [3] In the 19th century, the town of San Fernando de Dilao was given the nickname of Paco (which means Francisco). Paco, along with Sampaloc, Santa Ana, San Juan del Monte, and San Pedro de Macati became the second largest districts that became part of Manila.[6]It became to known as Paco de Dilao[7] and eventually as Paco as it known today.

The Japanese had established quite early an enclave at Dilao, a suburb of Manila, where they numbered between 300 to 400 in 1593. A statue of Takayama can be found there. In 1603, during the Sangley rebellion, they numbered 1,500, and 3,000 in 1606. The Franciscan friar Luis Sotelo was involved in the support of the Dilao enclave between 1600 and 1608.

The Japanese led an abortive rebellion in Dilao against the Spanish in 1606-1607. Their numbers rose again during the interdiction of Christianity by Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1614, when 300 Japanese Christian refugees under Takayama Ukon settled in the Philippines. There are today around 200,000 Japanese people in the Philippines.

Landmarks[edit]

Plaza Dilao marker on the foreground, and Takayama's statue on the background.
Facade of the Paco railway station.
The gates of Paco Park.

The San Fernando de Dilao Parish Church is a Catholic church that serves as the temporary seat of the Archdiocese of Manila until the renovations of the Manila Cathedral in Intramuros are finished

A Sikh Temple and Unilever Philippines is located on United Nations Avenue. A ten-minute walk away is a Hindu temple at Looban Street. There are car dealers like Toyota, Ford, Hyundai, Nissan, and Honda. Presently, Dilao is traversed by Quirino Avenue. A loop road from Quirino Avenue is named Plaza Dilao to commemorate the once flourishing Japanese and the Japanese-Filipino communities and districts there in Japantown in Manila.

Paco Park, was a former municipal cemetery of the old city of Manila, and once contained the remains of Philippine national hero, José Rizal and the GOMBURZA priests. But soon they were transferred to Fort Bonifacio.

The South Luzon Expressway starts in this district and it can go to CALABARZON region.

Philippine National Railways owns and operates the Paco railway station.

Schools include the Colegio de la Inmaculada Concepcion de la Concordia, or simple Concordia College, and the Paco Catholic School.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 14°34′59″N 120°58′59″E / 14.583°N 120.983°E / 14.583; 120.983