Patrick V. McNamara Federal Building
|Patrick V. McNamara Federal Building|
|Location||477 Michigan Avenue
|Roof||393 ft (120 m)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Smith, Hinchman and Grylls|
The McNamara Federal Building is a class-A skyscraper in downtown Detroit, Michigan designed by the Detroit architectural firm of Smith, Hinchman and Grylls. It opened in 1976 to consolidate the offices of federal agencies which were scattered in several locations in the area. It houses offices of the Consumer Product Safety Commission, Army Corps of Engineers, Defense Contract Management Agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Internal Revenue Service, Peace Corps, Railroad Retirement Board and Social Security Administration. It is named for Patrick V. McNamara, a Democratic United States Senator from the State of Michigan from 1955 to 1966.
The tower contains approximately 1,000,000 sq ft (93,000 m2) on 27 floors and is in the brutalist architectural style. The corners are recessed providing additional strength to the structure and eliminating the battle for corner offices.
The building is surrounded by a large plaza which covers the concourse level, parking garage, loading dock and a sunken fountain. In 1987, the 14 ft (4.3 m) tall modern sculpture Detroit Deliquesence by John Chamberlain was installed on the plaza. The sculpture, which consists of crushed auto body panels, was commissioned under the Art in Architecture program by General Services Administration (GSA) in 1977 for $100,000. However, it could not be placed at its intended location due to deterioration of the plaza. After the GSA and building's contractor reached a settlement for repairs, it was installed in 1987. Between the time of its completion in 1983 and 1987, the sculpture was placed at Walter P. Reuther Library of Labor and Urban Affairs on the campus of nearby Wayne State University. From the time of its installation at Wayne State, the sculpture proved unpopular with critics and members of the public.
During additional repairs to the plaza in 2001, the sculpture was removed and sent for conservation. The years of exposure to the elements caused damage and GSA made the decision to relocate it to an interior space. After a two-year search for a recipient, the College for Creative Studies agreed to accept the work for its new A. Alfred Taubman Center for Design Education. It was installed for the center's opening in 2009.
On September 22, 2001, a Federal Officer was killed in the lobby by a visitor who became angry when told he would not be able to take his gun into the building.
References and further reading
- Hill, Eric J. and John Gallagher (2002). AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3120-3.
- Levin, Eric (November 14, 1983). "For Irate Citizens, Public Sculptures Belong Anywhere but on a Pedestal". People (people.com). Retrieved November 19, 2010.
- "Previous Archives of Art Conservation News". McKay Lodge Art Conservation Laboratory, Inc. September 9, 2007. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
- "Advancing the Creative Spirit: Taubman Center". College for Creative Studies. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
- "Federal Officer Killed in Detroit". Los Angeles Times (latimes.com). September 22, 2001. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
- Meyer, Katherine Mattingly and Martin C.P. McElroy with Introduction by W. Hawkins Ferry, Hon A.I.A. (1980). Detroit Architecture A.I.A. Guide Revised Edition. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1651-4.
- Sharoff, Robert (2005). American City: Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3270-6.
- Official Building site
- McNamara Federal Building at Emporis.com
- SkyscraperPage.com's Profile on the McNamara Federal Building