Point Lobos

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Point Lobos State Natural Reserve
Whaler's Cove, Point Lobos, CA, US - May 2013.jpg
Looking north over Whaler's Cove, the largest of a number of coves in Point Lobos, and the location of Whaler's Cabin.
Location Monterey County, California, United States
Nearest city Carmel-by-the-Sea
Coordinates 36°31′1.56″N 121°56′33.36″W / 36.5171000°N 121.9426000°W / 36.5171000; -121.9426000Coordinates: 36°31′1.56″N 121°56′33.36″W / 36.5171000°N 121.9426000°W / 36.5171000; -121.9426000
Governing body California Department of Parks and Recreation
Designated 1967
Wildflowers at Pt. Lobos, 2006

Point Lobos is the common name for the area including Point Lobos State Natural Reserve and two adjoining marine protected areas: Point Lobos State Marine Reserve (SMR) and Point Lobos State Marine Conservation Area (SMCA). Point Lobos is just south of Carmel-by-the-Sea, California, United States, at the north end of the Big Sur coast of the Pacific Ocean.

Point Lobos contains a number of hiking trails, many next to the ocean, and a smaller number of beaches. It is the site of a historic marine reserve, which was expanded in 2007. It is also the home to a museum on whaling, which includes a historic building once used by area fishermen. The longstanding wildlife protection and scenic seascape have led to Point Lobos' reputation as an unparalleled local recreational scuba diving destination. The park's origins lie in the purchase of a large parcel of land in 1933 from engineer Alexander Allan. Alexander Allan himself bought the land to prevent it from being developed. The land that now makes up Point Lobos Natural Reserve was set up to be subdivided into 1000 lots under the name of "Carmelito."

Geography and natural features[edit]

The iconic Point Lobos area is geologically unique and contains a rich and diverse plant and animal life both on shore and in the water. Called the "greatest meeting of land and water in the world" by landscape artist Francis McComas, Point Lobos is considered a crown jewel in the California state park system. The geological history of Point Lobos describes the rocks that create the headlands and inlets that make Point Lobos famous.

Rocky coast at low tide

Carmel submarine canyon lies just north of Point Lobos. Like Monterey Canyon to the north the canyon provides cold, nutrient-rich water to the surface during upwelling events. These nutrient rich waters fuel the high primary productivity seen in Carmel and Monterey Bays, which in turn support the high diversity of life observed in the water and on land at Point Lobos.

Navigation is limited by Mile Rocks, a low shelf that is only sometimes above the surface. These rocks are at the bottom of the Point Lobos cliffs. In February, 1901, a passenger ship, City of Rio de Janeiro ran aground with 210 passengers aboard. Only 82 were saved.

As a result, great efforts were made to build a lighthouse on the rocks. Completed in 1906, the structure was well within sight of land, but was isolated by the dangerous waters. In 1965, the lighthouse was replaced by an unmanned beacon. It was demolished and only its base, now a helicopter pad, remains.[1]

A panoramic view of Headland Cove

Marine Protected Areas[edit]

The original Point Lobos Ecological Reserve was created in 1973. As one of California's oldest and best known no-take reserves, its large and diverse fish populations make Point Lobos a hot spot for non-consumptive recreational diving.

In 2007, the Ecological Reserve was expanded and renamed with the establishment of The Point Lobos SMR and Point Lobos SMCA by the California Department of Fish and Game. They were two of 29 marine protected areas adopted during the first phase of the Marine Life Protection Act Initiative, a collaborative public process to create a statewide network of marine protected areas along the California coastline.

State Marine Reserve[edit]

Point Lobos SMR covers 5.36 square miles.[2] The SMR protects all marine life within its boundaries. Fishing and take of all living marine resources is prohibited.[3] The marine reserve is bounded by the mean high tide line and straight lines connecting the following points in the order listed:[4]

  • 36° 31.70’ N. lat. 121° 55.55’ W. long.;
  • 36° 31.70’ N. lat. 121° 58.25’ W. long.;
  • 36° 28.88’ N. lat. 121° 58.25’ W. long.; and
  • 36° 28.88’ N. lat. 121° 56.30’ W. long.

State Marine Conservation Area[edit]

Point Lobos SMCA covers 8.83 square miles.[2] Harvest of all living marine resources is prohibited in the conservation area except the recreational and commercial take of salmon, albacore, and the commercial take of spot prawn.[3] The area is bounded by straight lines connecting the following points in the order listed except where noted:[4]

  • 36° 31.70’ N. lat. 121° 58.25’ W. long.;
  • 36° 31.70’ N. lat. 122° 01.30’ W. long.; thence southward along the three nautical mile offshore boundary to
  • 36° 28.88’ N. lat. 122° 00.55’ W. long.;
  • 36° 28.88’ N. lat. 121° 58.25’ W. long.; and
  • 36° 31.70’ N. lat. 121° 58.25’ W. long.

Habitat and wildlife[edit]

A Harbor Seal
Brandt's Cormorant colony

The Point Lobos marine protected areas provide shelter to a wide range of fish, invertebrates, birds, and marine mammals, from those that rely on the near-shore kelp forest to those that inhabit the deep waters of the Carmel Submarine Canyon.[5]

Western Gull at Point Lobos

Point Lobos is one of only two places where the Monterey Cypress can be found in the wild.[6] The waters around Point Lobos contain extensive kelp forests.

Whale watchings targeting several species such as curious gray,[7] humpback, and blue are available.

Whaler's Cabin Museum[edit]

Point Lobos features the Whalers Cabin, a building constructed in the 1850s to house Japanese and Chinese fishermen. This building has been preserved, and now houses a museum dedicated to cultural history of the area. Shore whaling was conducted here by the Carmel Whaling Company from 1862 to 1884 and by the Japanese Whaling Company from 1898 to 1900.[8] The museum also highlights the history of Point Lobos, including its cinematic appearances and plans at the turn of the 20th century to develop the area for densely packed suburban housing.

Recreation[edit]

Point Lobos State Natural Reserve offers outstanding coastal scenery, hiking trails, and dive sites. The adjacent marine protected areas provide ample opportunities for scuba diving.

California's marine protected areas encourage recreational and educational uses of the ocean.[9] Activities such as kayaking, diving, snorkeling and swimming are allowed unless otherwise restricted.

Scientific monitoring[edit]

As specified by the Marine Life Protection Act, select marine protected areas along California's central coast are being monitored by scientists to track their effectiveness and learn more about ocean health. Similar studies in marine protected areas located off of the Santa Barbara Channel Islands have already detected gradual improvements in fish size and number.[10]

Government[edit]

At the county level, Point Lobos is represented on the Monterey County Board of Supervisors by Supervisor Dave Potter.[11]

In the California State Legislature, Point Lobos is in the 17th Senate District, represented by Democrat Bill Monning, and in the 29th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Mark Stone.[12]

In the United States House of Representatives, Point Lobos is in California's 20th congressional district, represented by Democrat Sam Farr.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mile Rocks a reminder of tower, tragedies, by Gary Kamiya, San Francisco Chronicle, 28 June 2013
  2. ^ a b California Department of Fish and Game. “California Marine Life Protection Act Initiative Summary of Central Coast MPAs as Adopted by the California Fish and Game Commission”. Retrieved on December 22, 2008.
  3. ^ a b California Department of Fish and Game. "Online Guide to California’s Central Coast Marine Protected Areas". Retrieved on December 18, 2008.
  4. ^ a b California Department of Fish and Game. "Central Coast Marine Protected Areas". Retrieved December 18, 2008.
  5. ^ Department of Fish and Game. "Appendix O. Regional MPA Management Plans". Master Plan for Marine Protected Areas (approved February 2008). Retrieved December 18, 2008.
  6. ^ C.Michael Hogan and Michael P. Frankis. 2009. Monterey Cypress: Cupressus macrocarpa, GlobalTwitcher.com ed. N. Stromberg
  7. ^ http://anywater.com/p/2013/01/whale-swims-by-at-pt-lobos-on-jan-26-photo-by-clinton-bauder/
  8. ^ Bertao, David. The Portuguese Shore Whalers of California, 1854-1904. San Jose, CA: Portuguese Heritage Publications, 2006. See page 106.
  9. ^ Department of Fish and Game. "California Fish and Game Code section 2853 (b)(3)". Marine Life Protection Act. Retrieved December 18, 2008.
  10. ^ Castell, Jenn, et al. "How do patterns of abundance and size structure differ between fished and unfished waters in the Channel Islands? Results from SCUBA surveys". Partnership for Interdisciplinary Studies of Coastal Oceans (PISCO) at University of California, Santa Barbara and University of California, Santa Cruz; Channel Islands National Park. Retrieved December 18, 2008.
  11. ^ "Monterey County Supervisorial District 5 Map (North District 5)". County of Monterey. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  12. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved February 2, 2015. 
  13. ^ "California's 20th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 

External links[edit]