Pope Innocent V
|Papacy began||21 January 1276|
|Papacy ended||22 June 1276|
|Created Cardinal||3 June 1273
by Pope Gregory X
|Birth name||Pierre de Tarentaise|
Near Champagny-en-Vanoise or La Salle, County of Savoy, Kingdom of Arles, Holy Roman Empire
|Died||22 June 1276
Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
|Coat of arms|
|Feast day||22 June|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Title as Saint||Blessed|
|Beatified||9 March 1898
by Pope Leo XIII
|Other popes named Innocent|
|Papal styles of
Pope Innocent V
|Reference style||His Holiness|
|Spoken style||Your Holiness|
|Religious style||Holy Father|
Pope Innocent V (Latin: Innocentius V; c. 1225 – 22 June 1276), born Pierre de Tarentaise, was Pope from 21 January to 22 June 1276. He was a member of the Order of Preachers and was a close collaborator of Pope Gregory X during his pontificate. He was beatified in 1898 by Pope Leo XIII.
He was born around 1225 near Moûtiers in the Tarentaise region of the County of Savoy, but another hypothesis affirms he was born in La Salle. Both places were then part of the Kingdom of Arles in the Holy Roman Empire, but now the first is in southeastern France and the second in northwestern Italy. In early life, he joined the Dominican Order, in which he acquired great fame as a preacher.
In 1259, Peter took part in the General Chapter of the Dominican Order at Valenciennes together with Albert the Great, Thomas Aquinas, and Bonushomo Britto, Florentius, establishing a ratio studiorum or program of studies for the Dominican Order that featured the study of philosophy as an innovation for those not sufficiently trained to study theology. This innovation initiated the tradition of Dominican scholastic philosophy put into practice, for example, in 1265 at the Order's studium provinciale at the convent of Santa Sabina in Rome, out of which would develop the Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum.
He was elevated to the cardinalate in 1273 by Pope Gregory X. He delivered a sermon at the funeral of Cardinal Bonaventure in 1274 and also accompanied Gregory X in his trip to Italy from 1275 to his death in 1276. This triggered a conclave to elect the late pope's successor.
At the papal conclave of January 1276, which lasted one day, he became the first Dominican to become Pope, being elected on the first ballot of the conclave. He assumed the pontifical name of "Innocent" and his coronation took place on 22 February 1276 by Cardinal Giovanni Gaetano Orsini.
The only noteworthy feature of his brief and uneventful pontificate was the practical form assumed by his desire for reunion with the Eastern Church. He was proceeding to send legates to Michael VIII Palaeologus, the Byzantine emperor, in connection with the recent decisions of the Second Council of Lyons, when he died at Rome.
Pope Innocent V was the author of several works of philosophy, theology, and canon law, including commentaries on the Pauline epistles and on the Sentences of Peter Lombard. He is sometimes referred to as famosissimus doctor.
Death and beatification
- "Pope Bl. Innocent V" in the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia.
- Maxwell-Stuart, P. G. Chronicle of the Popes: The Reign-by-Reign Record of the Papacy from St. Peter to the Present, Thames & Hudson, 2002, p. 118. ISBN 0-500-01798-0
- Jean Prieur, Hyacinte Vulliez: Saints et saintes de Savoie, édit. Le Vieil, Annecy, 1999, pages 87-88. According to this hypothesis a street in Aosta has been dedicated to Pope Innocent V.
- Histoire littéraire de la France: XIIIe siècle, Paris, Firmin-Didot, 1838, Volume 19, p. 103  Accessed October 27, 2012
- Probably Florentius de Hidinio, aka Florentius Gallicus, Histoire literaire de la France: XIIIe siècle, Volume 19, p. 104, Accessed October 27, 2012
- Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, Volume 10, p. 701. Accessed 9 June 2011
- "The Place of Study In the Ideal of St. Dominic", J. A. Weisheipl, O.P. (1923-1984), 1960. Accessed 19 March 2013
|Catholic Church titles|
Henry of Segusio
|Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia
Latino Malabranca Orsini