Women in Qatar
Female Qatari basketball players
|Gender Inequality Index|
|Rank||113th out of 152|
|Maternal mortality (per 100,000)||7 (2010)|
|Women in parliament||0.1% (2013)|
|Females over 25 with secondary education||66.7% (2012)|
|Women in labour force||50.8% (2012)|
|Global Gender Gap Index|
|Rank||115th out of 136|
|Women in society|
Women in Qatar are women living in or are from Qatar. In Qatar, they live in a traditionally conservative Islamic culture.
Women and men are expected to dress in a manner that is modest and not provocative, but the dress code is generally driven by social customs and is more relaxed in comparison to other nations in the region. Qatari women generally wear customary dresses that include “long black robes” and black head cover "Hijab". But the more traditional Sunni Muslim clothing for women are the black colored body covering known as the abayah together with the black scarf used for covering their heads known as the shayla.
For social gatherings, women are generally never brought to social events except for western-style gatherings or when the attendees are composed of close relatives. Schools for girls are separate from schools for boys. In terms of employment opportunities, women are generally employed in government positions, although there are no women in high-level government positions.
Women in Qatar vote and may run for public office. Qatar enfranchised women at the same time as men in connection with the 1999 elections for a Central Municipal Council. These elections—the first ever in Qatar—were deliberately held on 8 March 1999, International Women’s Day.
Qatari women have made significant legal and social advancements since the 1990s. Sheikha Mozah has been a vocal advocate for women's issues, supporting women's conferences, higher education opportunities and the creation of a cabinet-level position in the government dedicated to women's concerns.
As a result of these advancements, Qatari women have many career opportunities, including leadership positions, in education, banking, charitable projects, health and human services, tourism, law, civil service and even diplomacy. According to the embassy of Qatar women play various roles in the field of Education, Health, Legal, Journalism, Aviation, Banking, Politics, Finance, and Tourism.
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- "The Global Gender Gap Report 2013". World Economic Forum. pp. 12–13.
- King, Courtney. For Qatari Women, Change Slow in Coming
- The Culture of Qatar
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- QATARI WOMEN
- Toumi, Habib. Qatari women moving forward with more rights, expert says, December 22, 2011
- "In Bahrain, Women Run, Women Vote, Women Lose" New York Times
- Elbagir, Nima (2007-02-08). "The Tole of Saudi Women". Channel 4. Retrieved 2008-03-25. Link to the full Channel 4 video report.
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