|Key people||Anthony Wood, CEO|
|Products||Roku 3; Roku LT, HD; Roku 2 XD, XS|
Roku (// ROH-koo) is an American, privately held, consumer electronics company that sells home digital media products. The company is based in Saratoga, California. Roku manufactures a variety of digital media players that allow customers to access internet streamed video or audio services through televisions. This includes subscription-based services as well as services that are available through the receiver free of charge.
- 1 Company profile
- 2 Legacy products
- 3 Digital video player
- 4 Online Roku channels
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Roku's consumer products line-up included:
- Roku SoundBridge, a network music player
- SoundBridge Radio, a network music player with built-in speakers and subwoofer, AM‑FM receiver, volume-ramping alarm clock, preset buttons, SD slot and headphone jack
- PhotoBridge HD1000, a system for displaying images on a high-definition television, as well as streaming MPEG video. The unit has four card readers on the front and can read from Memory Stick, MultiMediaCard, SD Memory Card, SmartMedia Card, CompactFlash Card type II.
Roku also produced:
- the BrightSign solid-state media player, designed to drive HD displays in a retail environment.
Roku's audio products did not use internal storage but rely on Wi-Fi or Ethernet to stream digital audio over a network, either from Internet radio or a computer attached to the same network. Roku introduced the Radio Roku Internet radio directory in August 2007. Radio Roku provides a directory of Internet stations, accessible from a web browser or from SoundBridge players.
Digital video player
Prior to Autumn 2010, three versions of the Roku DVP were available: the Roku SD, HD, and HD-XR. The Roku SD only streams standard definition (SD) content. The Roku HD streams both SD and HD (720p) content. The Roku SD and HD both have an Ethernet connection and built in 802.11g Wi‑Fi compatible with wireless B, G, and N routers. Their third box was the Roku HD-XR, which streams both SD and HD (720p and 1080p) content, has built in dual-band 802.11n WiFi support, and has a USB port on the back.
In 2010, Roku revamped its lineup of devices: the revised HD is the basic model of the line, offering 720p resolution, 802.11g WiFi reception (as well as an Ethernet connection), and an HDMI output. The middle of the line, the XD, adds 1080p resolution (if channel programmers provide it), an enhanced remote with replay capabilities, and single-band wireless N WiFi. The flagship XD|S offers the same feature set as the XD but also adds component video and optical audio outputs, dual-band wireless N, and a USB port for playing videos, photos, and music (USB Playback Support is available as of February 1, 2011).
On July 20, 2011, Roku updated its product lineup with three new boxes, each in the same price range as before. However, the Ethernet connection and remote with motion control for games are available only on the XS model. The Roku Game Remote uses Hillcrest Labs' Freespace motion control technology, so users can control games with natural gestures. The Netflix application was revamped for the Roku 2 HD, Roku 2 XD and Roku 2 XS. The current models now provide the option of subtitles, when the program provides this aid.
On October 29, 2012, the feature "Roku Search" was added. This feature allows users to search movie and TV show titles, actors and directors for multiple services on Roku such as Netflix, Amazon Instant Video and HBO Go. The feature is only available on Roku 2, Roku Streaming Stick, Roku LT and HD, due to technical constraints on earlier models.
On May 14, 2013, an updated software interface was released for second generation Roku units. This is the same interface that was introduced with the release of their third generation player.
On July 26, 2013, BSkyB launched a Now TV-branded Roku LT, allowing users to stream Now TV content to their TV, as well as being able to access content from BBC iPlayer, Demand 5, Spotify and Sky News. The Now TV-branded Roku LT lacks access to Netflix, however.
On March 5, 2013, Roku announced the release of their updated media player, Roku 3, with a CPU that's five times faster than the Roku 2 XS, and a Wi-Fi Direct remote in place of Bluetooth. The Roku 3 remote includes a headphone jack (with headphones provided) for a private listening mode.
|Model||Introduced||Discontinued||Video Outputs||Video Resolutions||Audio Output||Network||USB||Remote||Processor||Channel Memory||micro
|Composite, S-Video||Component, HDMI||480i / 480p||720p / 1080p||Analog||Optical / HDMI||Ethernet||802.11
|Roku DVP (N1000)||May 2008||Oct 2009||Both||Both||Both||720p||Yes||Both||Yes||b/g||No||IR||PNX8935 400 MHz||64 MiB||No|
|Roku SD (N1050)||Oct 2009||Sep 2010||Composite||Neither||480i||Neither||Yes||Neither||Yes||b/g||No||IR||PNX8935 400 MHz||64 MiB||No|
|Roku HD (N1100)||Nov 2009||Sep 2010||Both||Both||Both||720p||Yes||Both||Yes||b/g||No||IR||PNX8935 400 MHz||64 MiB||No|
|Roku HD-XR (N1101)||Oct 2009||Sep 2010||Both||Both||Both||Both[fc 1]||Yes||Both||Yes||a/b/g/n dual-band||Yes||IR||PNX8935 400 MHz||256 MiB||No|
|Roku HD (2000)||Sep 2010||Jul 2011||Composite||HDMI||Both||720p||Yes||HDMI||Yes||b/g||No||IR||PNX8935 400 MHz||64 MiB||No|
|Roku XD (2050)||Sep 2010||Jul 2011||Composite||HDMI||Both||Both[fc 1]||Yes||HDMI||Yes||b/g/n||No||IR||PNX8935 400 MHz||64 MiB||No|
|Roku XDS (2100)||Sep 2010||Jul 2011||Composite||Both[fc 2]||Both||Both[fc 1]||Yes||Both||Yes||a/b/g/n dual-band||Yes||IR||PNX8935 400 MHz||256 MiB||No|
|Roku LT (2400, 2450)||Nov 2011||Sep 2013||Composite||HDMI||Both||720p||Yes||HDMI||No||b/g/n||No||IR||BCM2835 400 MHz||256 MiB||No|
|Roku HD (2500)||Apr 2012||Sep 2013||Composite||HDMI||Both||720p||Yes||HDMI||No||b/g/n||No||IR||BCM7208 400 MHz||256 MiB||No|
|Roku 2 HD (3000)||Jul 2011||Apr 2012||Composite||HDMI||Both||720p||Yes||HDMI||No||b/g/n||No||IR[fc 3]||BCM2835 600 MHz||256 MiB||Yes|
|Roku 2 XD (3050)||Jul 2011||Sep 2013||Composite||HDMI||Both||Both[fc 4]||Yes||HDMI||No||b/g/n||No||IR[fc 3]||BCM2835 600 MHz||256 MiB||Yes|
|Roku 2 XS (3100)||Jul 2011||Mar 2013||Composite||HDMI||Both||Both[fc 4]||Yes||HDMI||Yes||b/g/n||Yes||Bluetooth||BCM2835 600 MHz||256 MiB||Yes|
|Roku Streaming Stick (3400, 3420)||Oct 2012||Neither||MHL only||480p||Both[fc 5]||No||HDMI||No||b/g/n||No||Wi-Fi Direct||BCM2835 600 MHz||256 MiB||No|
|Roku LT (2700)||Sep 2013||Composite||HDMI||Both||720p||Yes||HDMI||No||b/g/n||No||IR||BCM2835 600 MHz||No|
|Roku 1 (2710)||Sep 2013||Composite||HDMI||Both||Both||Yes||HDMI||No||b/g/n||No||IR||BCM2835 600 MHz||No|
|Roku 2 (2720)||Sep 2013||Composite||HDMI||Both||Both||Yes||HDMI||No||a/b/g/n dual-band||No||Wi-Fi Direct||BCM2835 600 MHz||No|
|Roku 3 (4200)||Mar 2013||Neither||HDMI||Neither||Both||Remote[fc 6]||HDMI||Yes||a/b/g/n dual-band||Yes||Wi-Fi Direct||Broadcom BCM11130 Merlyn||512 MiB||Yes|
Also see Roku's product comparison table.
- 1080p at p24 or p30 only.
- The component video connector on the Roku XDS (2100X) is a nonstandard 3.5mm connector and a proprietary adapter cable, which is sold separately, is effectively required to use this. "What is the component cable?". Roku. 2010-07-22.
- Bluetooth remote optional.
- 1080p at p60 only.
- 1080p at p24.
- Analog audio output is available only through the headphone jack on the remote.
Online Roku channels
Content on the Roku DVP is provided by Roku partners, and are identified using the "channel" vernacular. Each separate channel supports content from one partner though some content partners have more than one channel. Users can add or remove different channels from the Roku Channel Store. In May 2011, Roku stated the DVP had over one million viewers and had delivered 15 million channel downloads. Both on-demand content and live streaming are supported by the devices. For live TV streams, Roku supports Apple HLS (HTTP Live Streaming) adaptive streaming technology. The primary movie channels which are available on Roku in the U.S. market are suppressed in Canada.
Service creation for Roku Player
The Roku is an open-platform device with a freely available SDK that enables anyone to create new channels. The channels are written in a Roku-specific language called BrightScript, a scripting language the company calls "similar to Visual Basic".
Developers who wish to test their channels before a general release, or who wish to limit viewership, can create "private" channels that require a code be entered by the user in the account page of the Roku website. These private channels, which are not part of the official Roku Channel Store, are not reviewed or approved by Roku.
There is a NDK (Native Developer Kit) available, though it has added restrictions – see Roku developer question "How do I develop games for Roku?"
- 3ABN (9 channel multiplex)
- ACC Digital Network
- Air 1
- Amazing Facts
- Amazon Cloud Player†
- Angie's List
- The Autism Channel
- Beyond Today TV
- The BW
- CBN TV
- CBS News (clips only)
- CNBC Real-Time
- CNET TV
- Comic Vine
- CRN Digital Talk Radio Networks
- Daystar Television Network
- Democracy Now!
- Drive-In Classics
- Cowboy Classics
- ET (clips only)
- EWTN (6 channel multiplex)
- Fox Business
- Fox News Channel
- Fox Now†♦
- Free Speech TV
- Giant Bomb
- Gospel Broadcasting Network
- Havoc Television
- The Highway Girl
- Hope Channel
- HuffPost Live
- Jewelry Television
- Jewish Life Television
- Jupiter Broadcasting
- KLAS-TV News
- K-LOVE Radio
- Kung Fu Theater
- Liberty Bell Radio
- Life+Health Network
- Liquidation Channel
- Moonlight Movies
- Mormon Channel
- NASA TV
- NBC News (clips only)
- Newsmax TV
- NFB Films (National Film Board of Canada)
- NRA Life of Duty
- Omniverse TV
- PBS Kids†
- Positive Peak Radio & TV
- Proud Television
- Radio Paradise
- Radio Time
- RealPlayer Cloud†
- Roku Newscaster
- Roku Search†
- Rutgers Channel
- Rustavi 2
- Sail TV
- SEC Digital Network
- SHOUTcast Radio
- Sky News
- Smithsonian Channel
- Streamin' Garage
- Syfy (clips only)
- Tagesschau (Germany)
- TED Talks
- TMZ (clips only)
- TBN (8 channel multiplex)
- TWiT Netcast Network
- TYT Network
- United States Hockey League
- Wall Street Journal Live
- WeatherNation TV†
- Weather Underground
- WISC News
- WTHR News
Channels with both free and premium programming
- Amazon Instant Video (U.S.only)
- Ameba (U.S. and Canada only)
- American Primetime TV
- Blockbuster on Demand†
- Epix ♦
- FlixFling (U.S. and Canada)
- Flix Universe
- HBO Go ♦
- Hulu Plus (U.S. only)
- INSP (thru Sky Angel)
- Major League Soccer
- Midwest Cage Championship (MCC)
- Mobile Tribe
- Movie Vault
- MyTV (Arabic)
- Netflix (U.S. and UK only)
- NBA League Pass
- NHL Gamecenter Live
- Nook Video†
- Now TV (UK and Ireland only)
- Rdio (U.S. and Canada only)
- Redbox Instant†
- Skitter TV
- Sky Angel
- SpiritClips from Hallmark 
- Sportskool (Multiple channels)
- Target Ticket†
- TWC TV†♦
- Warner Archive Instant
- Wealth TV
- Weiss Money Network
- Wieder.TV (German)
- Angry Birds (including special editions)†
- Castle Warriors†
- Danger Derby†
- Double Draw Solo Poker†
- Downhill Bowling 2†
- Dracula's Coffin†
- Four in a Row
- Frisbee Forever†
- Letter Mix
- Letter Mix-KJ
- Mah jongg
- Mahjong Fruits†
- Marble Puzzle
- Mouse About†
- Muffin Knight†
- Pac-Man Championship Edition†
- Rope Rescue†
- Storm in a Tea Cup†
- Super Crossfire†
- Super Stickman Golf†
- Texas hold 'em
- Video Poker
- Wheel of Fortune†
- You Don't Know Jack†
♦: Currently only available to cable and satellite subscribers of this service, no stand alone subscription is available.
†: Only available on Roku 1, Roku 2, Roku 3, Roku Streaming Stick, Roku LT and HD models
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- Introducing Roku 2
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- Rolling out the new Roku interface Retrieved May 16, 2013
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- "MIPS-Based Products". Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. Retrieved 2011-11-11. "Roku HD-XR Digital Video Player ... Roku SD Digital Video Player ... Roku HD Digital Video Player ... Licensee Chip Used: PNX8935"
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- "New Roku HD player hits the FCC with composite out, new remote, does away with microSD storage". Wireless Goodness. 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2013-07-26.
- O'Brien, Terrence (2011-06-29). "Roku 2 line passes through the FCC with modest hardware updates and a reset button". Engadget. Retrieved 2011-11-11. "Inside that tiny case is a new Broadcom 2835 SOC"
- "Roku 2 XS 3100R Streaming Media Adapter". Hearst Electronic Products and iSuppli. 2011-10-26. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. Retrieved 2011-11-11. "The new design twist on the 3100R is the use of a Broadcom (BCM2835) A/V Processor. ... BCM2835MIPPG, TE1119 P31, 136664 B3 W (Die Marking: Logo, BCM2708, 2010)"
- "Roku Bows Online Store". Home Media Magazine. 2009-11-23. Retrieved 2011-06-14.
- "Developers". Roku. Retrieved 2013-07-26.
- "What Are Private Channels?". Roku.com. Retrieved 2011-11-12.
- "Roku Channel Store". Roku.com. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
- Roku device, "Roku Channel Store"
- Roku Channel Store: The BW
- Disney Short-Form Videos Now Available on Roku Retrieved September 21, 2011
- WTHR.com: WTHR video on Roku Retrieved June 30, 2011
- Fandor on Roku
- IndieFlix on Roku
- "SpiritClips from Hallmark". SpiritClips. Retrieved 2013-07-26.
- Roku Website
- Roku 3 Streaming Player Official
- Roku Channel Store
- Roku Player by Roku Review (cnet.com)