|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2010)|
The water tower near the township hall in Sandwich, Illinois
|Nickname: The Fair City|
|Counties||DeKalb, Kendall, LaSalle|
|Townships||Sandwich, Little Rock, Northville|
|Elevation||669 ft (204 m)|
|Area||4.71 sq mi (12 km2)|
|- land||4.69 sq mi (12 km2)|
|- water||0.02 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Density||1,582.3 / sq mi (611 / km2)|
|- location||Railroad and Pearl Streets|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Area code||815, 779|
|Wikimedia Commons: Sandwich, Illinois|
The town is inexorably tied to politician "Long John" Wentworth and his efforts to move the State of Illinois border with Wisconsin from being even with the bottom of Lake Michigan to the current line of where it is now. If the border were not changed, the State Line would actually reside along the LaSalle-DeKalb County border, splitting parts of Sandwich from the main areas of the incorporated community. The community was established when Almon Gage sought a railroad stop on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad that ran through town. Originally naming it Newark Station, (not to be confused with the nearby village of Newark), he and Wentworth worked extensively to create the community and also to get the railroad stop created. In honor of his efforts, Wentworth had been given the opportunity to name the town, and he named it after his home of Sandwich, New Hampshire. The town's Wentworth apartments and Wentworth Street are also named after Mr. Wentworth.
Sandwich is the home of the Sandwich Fair, which first started as an annual livestock show in DeKalb County. Held yearly, the Wednesday-Sunday after Labor Day since 1888, it is one of the oldest continuing county fairs in the state of Illinois, drawing daily crowds of more than 100,000, with the top attendance days reaching more than 200,000 fair-goers.
Sandwich is located at  According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 4.71 square miles (12.2 km2), of which 4.69 square miles (12.1 km2) (or 99.58%) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.052 km2) (or 0.42%) is water.(41.6499062, -88.6172910), at an elevation of 669 feet (204 m).
Within the city limit of Sandwich, there are a network of creeks, which either connect to Somonauk Creek (Lake Holiday), Little Rock Creek, or to the Fox River. Until the early part of the 1900s, there was a lake located in the southwest corner of the city, which was subsequently drained to make room for farmland. The former lake stretched from Veterans Memorial Park, to the south and west, ending near what is now Gletty Road. Through extensive reclamation and drainage efforts, the lake, named Lake Davis, is now gone. The Sandwich town site was built on a natural formation due to a geological fault line, so the city now stands on a hillside of sorts, producing a gradation in elevation. The southeast corner of the city is the lowest spot, roughly near the Harvey Creek Preserve, as well as near Little Rock Creek. The fault has been relatively quiet in recent years, and the last earthquake in Sandwich was in early 2007. The name of the fault is the Sandwich Fault, since it runs mostly through farmland and manages to miss other major populated areas.
In the immediate area of Sandwich, there are numerous communities which actually straddle, and are in some cases, split by the county borders. Sandwich and Somonauk are split by the LaSalle-DeKalb County Line, while the unincorporated community of Welland is split along the border of LaSalle and Lee; and Millington, Stavanger, and Seneca are also split along the county lines.
Humid continental climate is a climatic region typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Dfa". (Hot Summer Continental Climate).
As of the census of 2010, there were 7,421 people and 3,005 households in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 90.9% White, 0.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.6% of the population.
As of the 2010 census, the population density was 1,582.3 inhabitants per square mile (610.9 /km2). There were 2,876 housing units at an average density of 613.2 per square mile (236.8 /km2). The average household size was 2.52. The median value of owner-occupied housing units was $197,000.
In the city, the population was spread out with 6.5% under the age of 5, 25.7% under the age of 18, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age and over. 50% of the population was female.
The community is served by Sandwich Community Unit School District 430, which operates three elementary Schools, an intermediate school, a junior high, and a high school. The schools are: Prairie View Elementary, Lynn G. Haskin Elementary, W.W. Woodbury Elementary, Herman E. Dummer School, Sandwich Middle School, and Sandwich High School. Although in past years, CUSD #430 would place some students in out of district schools. The mascot is the Indian, and the school colors are Orange and Black. Sandwich High School is an active member of the Interstate Eight Conference, and competes in IHSA regulated sports competitions. The high school also has a very competitive wrestling team, and in the 2010, 2011, and 2012 high school football seasons, the teams made it to state playoffs.
Sandwich is home to the Sahara Pak Company, which is credited for creating one of the first hot-air hand dryers. Sandwich has a strong manufacturing history, which is evident by the presence of a factory for the Plano Molding Company, which makes molded plastic furniture, tackle boxes, organization equipment, and other things. Although many factories in the area have been closed down or relocated, the community will continue to be a site of manufacturing for some time to come.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Sandwich
- "Sandwich (city), Illinois". Quick Facts. U.S. Census Bureau. 6 June 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
- "City of Sandwich District Map". City of Sandwich. 31 December 2008. Retrieved 23 February 2010.
- Boies, Henry L. (1868). "The Village of Sandwich". History of De Kalb County, Illinois. Chicago: O.P. Bassett. pp. 518–520. OCLC 58671999.
- "Sandwich Fair (100th Anniversary)". American Folklife Center. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- Closest city on record to Sandwich, Illinois