Shimla district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Shimla.
Shimla district
ज़िला शिमला
District
Nickname(s): The Queen of Hills
Shimla District
Shimla district is located in Himachal Pradesh
Shimla district
Shimla district
Location in Himachal Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 31°6′12″N 77°10′20″E / 31.10333°N 77.17222°E / 31.10333; 77.17222Coordinates: 31°6′12″N 77°10′20″E / 31.10333°N 77.17222°E / 31.10333; 77.17222
Country  India
State Himachal Pradesh
Headquarters Shimla
Area
 • Total 5,131 km2 (1,981 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 813,384
 • Rank 3rd
 • Density 160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Largest city Shimla
Climate ETh (Köppen)
Precipitation 1,520 millimetres (60 in)
Avg. annual temperature 17 °C (63 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 22 °C (72 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 4 °C (39 °F)
Website Official Website of Shimla district

Shimla district of Himachal Pradesh, lies between the longitude 77.00" and 78.19" east and latitude 30.45" and 31.44" north, having its headquarters situated at Shimla. It is surrounded by Mandi and Kullu in the north, Kinnaur in the east, Uttarakhand in the south-east, Solan to the south-west and Sirmaur in the south. The elevation of the district ranges from 300 metres (984 ft) to 6,000 metres (19,685 ft).

As of 2011 it is the third most populous district of Himachal Pradesh (out of 12), after Kangra and Mandi.[1] It is also most urbanized district of Himachal Pradesh.

The most commonly practised religion in the district is Hinduism. Hindi and Pahari are the languages spoken here.Tourism and Agriculture/Horticulture is the major source of income.

Administrative Structure[edit]

Sl. No. Particulars Description
1 Geographical Area 5,131 km2.
2 Area(out of total Area) of H.P. 9.22%
3 Tehsils (12) Rampur, Kumarsain, Sunni, Shimla(R), Shimla(U), Theog, Chaupal, Jubbal, Kotkhai, Rohru, Chirgaon, Dodra Kawar
4 Sub-Tehsils (5) Nankhari Rampur, Junga Shimla (R), Cheta(Kupvi) Chaupal, Nerwa Chaupal, Tikar Rohru
5 Towns (10) Rampur, Narkanda, Seoni, Kumarsain, Shimla, Theog, Chaupal, Kotkhai, Jubbal, Rohru
6 Sub-Divisions (7) Shimla(U), Shimla(R), Theog, Chaupal, Rohru, Rampur, Dodra Kawar
7 C.D.Blocks (10) Mashobra, Theog, Chaupal, Jubbal, Kotkhai, Rohru, Kumarsain, Chirgaon, Basantpur, Nankhari
8 Legislative Assembly (8) Rampur, Shimla(R), Shimla(U), Theog, Chaupal, Jubbal - Kotkhai, Rohru, Kasumpati
9 Villages 2,914
10 Inhabited 2,520
11 Un-inhabited 394
12 Density 159 person per km2
13 Panchayts 363

Access[edit]

Kalka-ShimlaWERA train
Jubbarhatti Airport

By Road[edit]

Shimla is connected by road to all the major towns. Distance between the Major Towns and Shimla :-

Shimla district Profile[edit]

View of a Himalayan valley
Ridge Shimla
Indian Institute of Advanced Studies,Shimla
Sheep flock
Dhami village near Shimla

As of Census of India 2001[2]

Population

Persons - 8,13,384
Males - 4,24,486
Females - 3,88,898
Sex ratio (females per 1000 males) - 916
Growth (2001–2011) - 12.58%
Rural - 555,269
Urban - 167,233
Sex ratio (0–6 years) -10000000
Scheduled Caste population - 188,787
Percentage to total population - 26.13%
Scheduled Tribe population - 4,112
Percentage to total population - 0 .57%

Number of households - 1 54,693
Household size (per household) - 5

Literacy and Educational level

Literates
Persons - 6,19,427
Males - 3,47,013
Females - 2,72,414

Literacy rate
Persons - 84.55 %
Males - 90.73 %
Females - 77.80%

Educational Level attained
Total - 504,330
Without level - 11,640
Below primary - 9 7,060
Primary - 1 14,805
Middle - 7 8,995
Matric/Higher Secondary/Diploma - 1 53,284
Graduate and above - 4 8,464

Age groups
0 – 4 years - 5 9,305
5 – 14 years - 1 49,801
15 – 59 years - 4 55,784
60 years and above (Incl. A.N.S.) - 5 7,612

Religions (Largest three)

1.Hindus - 704,150
2.Muslims - 8,493
3.Sikhs - 4,825

Important Towns
1.Shimla (M Corp.) - 142,555
2.Rampur (M Cl) - 9,653
3.Rohru (M CI) - 8,205
4.Chaupal (NP) - 6786
5.Theog (M CI) - 5435

Total inhabited villages - 2,520

Type of house
(% of households occupying)
Permanent - 83.2
Semi-permanent - 14.6
Temporary - 2.2

Climate data for Shimla
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21
(70)
24
(75)
26
(79)
31
(88)
33
(91)
36
(97)
30
(86)
30
(86)
28
(82)
27
(81)
24
(75)
22
(72)
36
(97)
Average high °C (°F) 11
(52)
13
(55)
18
(64)
21
(70)
23
(73)
25
(77)
22
(72)
19
(66)
18
(64)
17
(63)
13
(55)
11
(52)
17
(63)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
5
(41)
10
(50)
14
(57)
17
(63)
20
(68)
18
(64)
16
(61)
14
(57)
11
(52)
9
(48)
4
(39)
11
(52)
Record low °C (°F) −9
(16)
−8
(18)
−5
(23)
−1
(30)
3
(37)
2
(36)
7
(45)
5
(41)
4
(39)
2
(36)
0
(32)
−6
(21)
−9
(16)
Precipitation mm (inches) 61
(2.4)
69
(2.72)
61
(2.4)
53
(2.09)
66
(2.6)
175
(6.89)
424
(16.69)
434
(17.09)
160
(6.3)
33
(1.3)
13
(0.51)
28
(1.1)
1,577
(62.09)
Source: wunderground.com[3]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Shimla district has a population of 813,384,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Comoros[4] or the US state of South Dakota.[5] This gives it a ranking of 483rd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 159 inhabitants per square kilometre (410 /sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.58%.[1] Shimla has a sex ratio of 916 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 84.55%.[1] It has highest urban population of all districts in Himachal. Urban population forms 24.77% of district.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ Census of India
  3. ^ "Historical Weather for Delhi, India". Weather Underground. Retrieved November 27, 2008. 
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Comoros 794,683 July 2011 est." 
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "South Dakota 814,180" 

External links[edit]