Socialist Party of Albania

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For the predecessor party, see Party of Labour of Albania.
Socialist Party of Albania
Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë
Leader Edi Rama
Leader of the Parliamentary Group Gramoz Ruçi
Slogan Rilindje
Founded 12 June 1991
Preceded by Party of Labour of Albania
Headquarters Tirana
Newspaper Zëri i Popullit
Youth wing Euro-Socialist Youth Forum (Albanian: Forumi i Rinisë Eurosocialiste të Shqipërisë (FRESSH))
Ideology Social democracy[1]
Political position Centre-left[2]
International affiliation Socialist International
European affiliation Party of European Socialists (associate)
Colours Purple
National Assembly
66 / 140
35 / 65
103 / 309
Politics of Albania
Political parties

The Socialist Party of Albania (Albanian: Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë, PS), is a social-democratic[3] political party in Albania; it gained power following the 2013 parliamentary election. The party seated 66 MPs in the 2009 Albanian parliament (out of a total of 140).[4] It achieved power in 1997 after a political crisis and governmental realignment. In the 2001 parliamentary election the party secured 73 seats in the Parliament, which enabled it to form the Government. In the general election of 3 July 2005, the Socialist Party lost its majority and the Democratic Party of Albania (PD) formed the new government, having secured, with its allies, a majority of 81 seats.

The Party of Labour of Albania (PPSh) during its Tenth Congress in June 1991 changed its name to the Socialist Party of Albania, and also changed its ideology from Marxism–Leninism to social democracy.[5] Fatos Nano, a man from the intelligentsia, was elected its first Chairman.[6] Nano helped to reform the old communist party and made it a member of the Socialist International. On 1 September 2005 Nano resigned as the chairman of the Socialist Party, after losing the elections. He was succeeded by Edi Rama.

The Socialist Party of Albania is an associate of the Party of European Socialists (PES)[7] and a member of the Socialist International. Its official newspaper since 1944 is Zëri i Popullit.


Fatos Nano was the head of Socialist Party of Albania from 1991 to 2005. In 2005, after a defeat in the national elections, he resigned from his post. PS's current leader is Edi Rama, former Mayor of Tirana.[8] Gramoz Ruçi, who was Interior Minister of the last cabinet of the communist regime and is well known for his loyalty to the party, is the head of the Socialist Group, which has 64 MPs. Vice-coordinators of the group are Erjon Braçe, Vasilika Hysi, Saimir Tahiri, Eduard Shalsi and Taulant Balla. Arta Dade is the party secretary for international affairs, and she is assisted by Arben Ahmetaj, Taulant Balla, Olta Xhacka, Ditmir Bushati and Qemal Minxhozi. Ahmetaj and Balla usually deal with PS relationships with the other left parties in Europe, especially with the Greek Panhellenic Socialist Movement, with whom PS is very close.[citation needed] Blendi Klosi (former Culture minister and PS organizative secretary), is also seen as a very important politician in PS, as well as Fatmir Xhafaj (lawyer and former Justice Minister). Ben Blushi is a very interesting party official that has expressed his critics several times for the internal and external politics of the Socialist Party.[citation needed]

Political positions[edit]

The party has pledged in its 2013 party platform to replace the flat-rate personal income tax with more progressive taxation.[9] The party also supports universal health care funded by taxation.[10] The party leader Edi Rama has indicated that he supports LGBT rights and domestic partnerships.[11]

Election results[edit]

Election Votes  % Seats +/– Position Government
1992 433,602 23.7%
38 / 140
Steady Steady 2nd Opposition
1996 335,402 20.4%
10 / 140
Decrease 28 Steady 2nd Opposition
1997 413,369 31.6%
101 / 155
Increase 91 Increase 1st Coalition
2001 555,272 41.4
73 / 140
Decrease 28 Steady 1st Coalition
2005 538,906 39.4
42 / 140
Decrease 31 Decrease 2nd Opposition
2009 620,586 40.9
65 / 140
Increase 23 Steady 2nd Opposition
2013 713,407 41.36
65 / 140
Steady Increase 1st Coalition


See also[edit]



External links[edit]