Socialist Party of Albania
|Socialist Party of Albania|
|Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë|
|Leader of the Parliamentary Group||Gramoz Ruçi|
|Founded||12 June 1991|
|Preceded by||Party of Labour of Albania|
|Newspaper||Zëri i Popullit|
|Youth wing||Euro-Socialist Youth Forum (Albanian: Forumi i Rinisë Eurosocialiste të Shqipërisë (FRESSH))|
|International affiliation||Socialist International|
|European affiliation||Party of European Socialists (associate)|
|Politics of Albania
The Socialist Party of Albania (Albanian: Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë, PS), is a social-democratic political party in Albania; it gained power following the 2013 parliamentary election. The party seated 66 MPs in the 2009 Albanian parliament (out of a total of 140). It achieved power in 1997 after a political crisis and governmental realignment. In the 2001 parliamentary election the party secured 73 seats in the Parliament, which enabled it to form the Government. In the general election of 3 July 2005, the Socialist Party lost its majority and the Democratic Party of Albania (PD) formed the new government, having secured, with its allies, a majority of 81 seats.
The Socialist Party of Albania is an associate of the Party of European Socialists (PES) and a member of the Socialist International. Its official newspaper is Zëri i Popullit, which had been the organ of its predecessor, the Communist Party of Labour of Albania.
The party was formed in 1991, in the wake of the dramatic changes that had taken place in Albania since 1989. The Communist Party of Labour of Albania (PPSh), the ruling party since the country's liberation in 1944, had been arguably the most rigidly Stalinist party in Europe under its founder and longtime leader, Enver Hoxha. However, Hoxha's successor, Ramiz Alia, had been forced to introduce limited reforms in the late 1980s. However, these only saved him from meeting the fate of Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceaucescu. Finally, on 11 December 1990, Alia bowed to the inevitable and announced the PPSh had given up its monopoly of power.
The PPSh won the Constitutional Assembly elections of March 1991--the first free elections held in the country in almost 80 years. By this time, however, it was no longer a Marxist-Leninist party. At an extraordinary congress in June 1991, the PPSh voted to dissolve itself and reform as the PPSh.
Fatos Nano, a man from the intelligentsia, was elected its first Chairman. Nano helped to reform the old communist party and made it a member of the Socialist International. On 1 September 2005 Nano resigned as the chairman of the Socialist Party, after losing the elections. He was succeeded by Edi Rama.
Fatos Nano was the head of Socialist Party of Albania from 1991 to 2005. In 2005, after a defeat in the national elections, he resigned from his post. PS's current leader is Edi Rama, former Mayor of Tirana. Gramoz Ruçi, who was Interior Minister of the last cabinet of the communist regime and is well known for his loyalty to the party, is the head of the Socialist Group, which has 64 MPs. Vice-coordinators of the group are Erjon Braçe, Vasilika Hysi, Saimir Tahiri, Eduard Shalsi and Taulant Balla. Arta Dade is the party secretary for international affairs, and she is assisted by Arben Ahmetaj, Taulant Balla, Olta Xhacka, Ditmir Bushati and Qemal Minxhozi. Ahmetaj and Balla usually deal with PS relationships with the other left parties in Europe, especially with the Greek Panhellenic Socialist Movement, with whom PS is very close. Blendi Klosi (former Culture minister and PS organizative secretary), is also seen as a very important politician in PS, as well as Fatmir Xhafaj (lawyer and former Justice Minister). Ben Blushi is a very interesting party official that has expressed his critics several times for the internal and external politics of the Socialist Party.
The party has pledged in its 2013 party platform to replace the flat-rate personal income tax with more progressive taxation. The party also supports universal health care funded by taxation. The party leader Edi Rama has indicated that he supports LGBT rights and domestic partnerships.
- Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
- "The Albanian Electoral Systems since 1990" (PDF). Albanian Elections Observatory Brief (1). 19 April 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- Hans Slomp (2011). Europe, a Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. p. 605. ISBN 978-0-313-39181-1.
- Faqja e Kuvendit te Shqiperise, Zgjedhjet e fundit parlamentare
- Nano, Rexhina. "Te jetosh kohen", pp. 230.
- Socialist Party of Albania Leadership
- Media related to Socialist Party of Albania at Wikimedia Commons