Socialist Party of Albania
|Socialist Party of Albania
Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë
|Leader of the Parliamentary Group||Gramoz Ruçi|
|Founded||5 June 1991|
|Preceded by||Party of Labour of Albania|
|Newspaper||Zëri i Popullit|
|Youth wing||Euro-Socialist Youth Forum (Albanian: Forumi i Rinisë Eurosocialiste të Shqipërisë (FRESSH))|
|International affiliation||Socialist International|
|European affiliation||Party of European Socialists (Associate)|
|Politics of Albania
The Socialist Party of Albania (Albanian: Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë), is a social-democratic political party in Albania; it is the leading opposition party in Albania. It seated 66 MPs in the 2009 Albanian parliament (out of a total of 140). It achieved power in 1997 after a political crisis and governmental realignment. In the 2001 General Election it secured 73 seats in the Parliament, which enabled it to form the Government. In the general election of 3 July 2005, the Socialist Party lost its majority and the Democratic Party of Albania formed the new Government, having secured, with its allies, a majority of 81 seats.
The Albanian Labor Party during its Tenth Congress in June 1991 changed its name to the Socialist Party of Albania, and also changed its ideology from Marxism–Leninism to Social Democracy. Fatos Nano, a man from the intelligentsia, was elected its first Chairman. Nano helped to reform the old communist party and made it a member of the Socialist International. On 1 September 2005 Nano resigned as the chairman of the Socialist Party, after losing the elections. He was succeeded by Edi Rama.
Fatos Nano was the head of Socialist Party of Albania from 1991 to 2005. In 2005, after a defeat in the national elections, he resigned from his post. SPA's current leader is Edi Rama, former Mayor of Tirana. Gramoz Ruçi, who was Interior Minister of the last cabinet of the communist regime and is well known for his loyalty to the party, is the head of the Socialist Group, which has 64 MPs. Vice-coordinators of the group are Erjon Brace, Vasilika Hysi, Saimir Tahiri, Eduard Shalsi and Taulant Balla. Arta Dade is the party secretary for international affairs, and she is assisted by Arben Ahmetaj, Taulant Balla, Olta Xhacka, Ditmir Bushati and Qemal Minxhozi. Ahmetaj and Balla usually deal with SPA relationships with the other left parties in Europe, especially with the Greek Panhellenic Socialist Movement, with whom SPA is very close. Blendi Klosi (former Culture minister and SPA organizative secretary), is also seen as a very important politician in SPA, as well as Fatmir Xhafaj (lawyer and former Justice Minister). Ben Blushi is a very interesting party official that has expressed his critics several times for the internal and external politics of the Socialist Party.
The party has pledged in its 2013 party platform to replace the flat tax on personal incomes with more progressive taxation. The party also supports universal health care paid by taxation. The party leader Edi Rama has indicated that he supports LGBT rights and domestic partnerships.
Seats in parliament
- Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
- "The Albanian Electoral Systems since 1990". Albanian Elections Observatory Brief (1). 19 April 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- Faqja e Kuvendit te Shqiperise, Zgjedhjet e fundit parlamentare
- See Albanian Labour Party
- Nano, Rexhina. "Te jetosh kohen", pp. 230.
- Socialist Party of Albania Leadership
- Media related to Socialist Party of Albania at Wikimedia Commons